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• if they do, that you will not confirm such Bargains ; 6 and that this very Affair, together with what you < have done therein, may be particularly reported

to all your Nation assembled in Council.'

The Onondago Chief promised to give such

publick Notice; and desiring Liberty to

mend his former Speech, he proceeded : <BRETHREN, • I forgot one Circumstance : Our People, who « pretended to sell the Land, demanded a Belt of

Wampum of the Buyers to carry to their Chiefs < and on their declaring they had no Wampum, "our Warriors said, they would not answer that ¢ their Chiefs would confirm this Bargain, since • they never did any thing of this Nature without



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The Governor, after a short Pause, spoke :

BRETRHEN of the Six Nations, . I take this opportunity to relate to you a Piece • of disagreeable News I received some Days ago in

a Letter from Le Tort, the Indian Trader, at

Allegheny, who says, “ That in May last some Indians of the Taway Nation, supposed by us to “ be the Twightwees, in their Return from War, 6 called and staid some Time with the Shawanese ; “ who being asked, and denying they had brought “ either Scalps or Prisoners, the Shawanese suspect“ ing them, had the Curiosity to search their Bags, " and finding two Scalps in them, that by the * Softness of the Hair did not feel like Indian « Scalps, they wash'd them clean, and found them “ to be the Scalps of fome Chriftians. On this Disco

very, the Twightwees were so much ashamed, that

they stole away from their Town in the Night“ time, and coming, as they afterwards under

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• stood,

“ ftood, to a little Village belonging to the Shaw. anese, they told our People that their Hearts were s full of Grief ; for, as they came along the Road, " they found it all bloody, and having good Cause

to believe it was made bloody with the Blood of “ some of the white Brethren, they had very for“ rowfully swept the Road; and desired them to “ inform the Governor of Pensilvania of their (the

Twightwees) Grief; and how they had swept the « Road clean." · Le Tort adds, on Behalf of the « Sbawanese, “ That they were much grieved at “ this unfortunate Accident; and prayed, as they " had no Concern in it, more than by being In“ struments to discover it, their Brethren would “ not blame them, nor suffer a Misunderstanding “ to arise between them on this Account : They “ would sweep the Road clean, and wipe all the « Blood away; and desired their Brethren would “ be satisfied with this, and not weep too much for

a Misfortune that might not happen again as “ long as the Sun and Moon shone.

« The Person who delivered me Le Tort's Let-"

ter, brought this Bundle of Skins as a Present to • me; but I told the Messenger, I would not med« dle with it; he might leave it if he pleased : The • Affair appear'd to me in a bad Light, and I ' would represent it to the Six Nations, who were

expected in Town every Day. This is the Fact, as I have it from Le Tort: I desire to be inform'd if you know any thing of this Matter, and if

you do not, that you will make diligent Enquiry < who committed the Murder, and who are the

unhappy Sufferers, and assist us to obtain Satis• faction, if it shall appear to be any, of our Fel' low-Subjects that have been treated in this Man

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To inforce this Request, I present you with

this String of Wampum.


The Onondago Chief, in Reply, said: BRETHREN, « We take this Information kindly at your « Hands; we will take this String of Wampum • home with us to our Lodgings, and there consult • about the most regular and proper Steps to be

taken by us to answer your Expectations, and · when we have duly considered the Matter, we will return you an Answer.'

Upon this the Governor put an End to the Conference; and calling for Wine, and other Liquors, according to the Indian Custom, after a decent and chearful Entertainment, the Indians withdrew.

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At a COUNCIL held at the Proprietor's

House, July 5, 1742.

The Honourable GEORGE THOMAS, Esq;


Čiement Plumsted, }Efqrs

With several Gentlemen of the Town.

The Chiefs of the Six Nations.

It being judg'd proper, at this critical Time, when we are in daily Expectation of a French War, to sound the Indians, and discover what Dependance we might have on them, in case their Aid should be wanted, an handsome Dinner was provided for their Chiefs ; and after they had made an hearty Meal, and drank his Majesty's Health, the Proprietors, and the Health of the Six Nations, the Chiefs gave the folemn Cry, in Testimony of their Thanks for the Honour done them. And foon

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after the Governor began, in a free Way, to enquire for what Reason the Senecas were not come down, since they had an equal Share of the Goods with the other Nations. Canasateego, their Speaker, said, "The Senecas were in great Distress, on Account of a Famine that raged in their Coun

which had reduced them to such Want, that • a Father had been obliged to kill two of his Chil

dren to preserve his own, and the rest of his Fa* mily's Lives; and they could not now come • down, but had given Directions about their Share < of the Goods.' The Governor express’d his Concern for the unhappy Circumstances of their Brethren of the Seneca Nation; and, after a short Respite, 'enquired if any of their Deputies were then at Canada, and whether the French Governor was making any warlike Preparations. And on their answering Yes, the Governor said, with a smiling, pleasant Countenance, I suppose, if the French

should go to War with us, you will join them. The Indians conferr'd together for some Time, and then Canassatéego, in a chearful lively Manner, made answer. We assure you, the Governor of Ca

nada pays our Nations great Court at this Time, • well knowing of what Consequence we are to the French Interest: He has already told us, he was ' uncovering the Hatchet, and sharpening it, and

hoped, if he should be obliged to lift it up against • the English, our Nations would remain neuter

, 6 and antift neither Side But we will now fpeak

plainly to ‘our Brethren: Why should we, who i are one Flesh with you, refuse to help you, when6

ever you want our Amstance? We have continued a long Time in the strictest League of Amity and Friendship with you, and we shall always be faithful and true to you our old and good Allies. The Governor of Canada talks

a great deal, but'ten of his Words do not go fo 'c får as one of yours.-- We do not look towards


"them ; we look towards you and you may de

spend on our Asistance. Whilst the Onondago ☺ Chief made this open and hearty Declaration, all

the other Indians made frequently that particular r Kind of Noise which is known to be a Mark of Ci

Approbation. The Governor bid the Interpreter 5 tell Canasateego, He did not set on foot this En

quiry from any Suspicion he had of the Six Nations wanting a due Regard for the English. Our Exi perience of their Honour and Faith, said he would not permit us to think any other of them, than that • they would esteem our Friends their Friends, and

our Enemies their Enemies, agreeable to the ftrict * Union which had ever fubfifted between us. As "to the Governor of Canada, he told them they need < not mind what he said.-The English, on equal

Terms, had beat the French, and could beat them again: And were they but to consider the Advantages which the English have, by poffeffing fo many large and populous Countries, and so many

good Ports on the Continent of America, they 6 would foon see who had most Reason to fear a

· War, the French or the English: e

Here the Conversation dropped ; and after another Glass of Wine, the Indians resumed the Difcourse, by asking whether their Brethren had not been for some Time engaged in a War with the King of Spain, and what Successes they had met with.

The Governor told them, the King of GreatBritain lived in an Inand, and being surrounded with the Sea, his chief Strength lay in his Ships; in which he was so much fuperior to his Enemies, that they were seldom to be met with on the broad Ocean, but sculk'd and hid themselves, only venturing out now and then ; and whenever they did, they were almost sure to be taken ; and

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