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The Merchants of New-7′ork allow our Indian Traders double the Price for Beaver, that the French Company allow their Indian Traders, the Price established by the Company for Beaver, in Canada, being two Livres, or eighteen Pence Sterling, the Pound-weight; and the current Price of Beaver in New-2 ork being five Shillings New-York Money, or three Shillings Sterling the Pound-weight. There
fore it plainly follows, that our Indian Traders could
under-sell the French Traders, tho’ they were to give as great a Price for European Goods as the French do, and did transport them at as great Charge, because of the double Price they have for their Furrs in New-2'ork.
But as our Indian Traders not only have a double
Price for their Indian Goods, but likewise buy the Goods they sell to the Indians, at half the Price the French Indian Traders do, the French Traders must be ruin’d by carrying on this Trade, in Competition with the English of New-Tork. And the French Indian Traders had been ruin’d before now, if they had not found means to carry their Beaver to Albany, where they got double the Price they must have sold for in Canada. It may be objected, against this Argument, That the Canada Company as soon as they find that the Traders cannot sell at their established Price, will allow a greater Price. But if we consider the Duties the French Company is obliged to pay to the King, they cannot allow so great a Price as the English can at New-York. And if it should be insisted, That the French Company may obtain a Remission of those, yet if the clandestine Trade with
My Inclination led me to show what Advantages not only the Indian Trade would reap by extending
our Frontiers as far as the Lakes, but likewise the
British Trade in some other Branches, which the
Parliament of Great-Britain seem to have much at heart, viz. Naval Stores ; for the Soil on both Sides of the Mohawks River being as rich as it is possible (I believe) for any Land to be, will be found the most proper for raising of HEMP, of any Part of America, and the whole Country round it being full of the largest Pines, the royal Navy is as likely to he well provided with MAsts there, and at as
cheap a rate as any where else. But I have already
too far presum'd on your Excellency’s Patience.
To this it may not be improper to add the following Orignal Letter.
F you should be at the Pains to read these printed Papers, it will be a Pleasure to you to hear of the Success of the Measures taken by Governor Burnet for redeeming the Indian Trade out of the Hands of the French. He has succeeded far above our Ex
pečtations. Governor Burmet, through his earnest Application, and at first chiefly with his Money, Credit, and Risque, erected a Trading-House and Fortification at the Mouth of the Onond-gues River, called Osneigo, where the Province of New-York supports a Garrison of Soldiers, confisting of a Lieutenant and twenty Men, which are yearly relieved. At
At this. Place a very great Trade is carried on with the remote Indians, who formerly used to go down to the French at Monreal, and there buy our
one Gentleman at New-Fork, who almost entirely
Security and Protection is acquired by the English,
in case of a War with France ; and by this Trade our Settlements in this Province are extended up to
the Onondagues Carrying-place, which is now well
attended with Waggons, for the more commodious transporting of Goods to trade in the Lakes.