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The Merchants of New-7′ork allow our Indian Traders double the Price for Beaver, that the French Company allow their Indian Traders, the Price established by the Company for Beaver, in Canada, being two Livres, or eighteen Pence Sterling, the Pound-weight; and the current Price of Beaver in New-2 ork being five Shillings New-York Money, or three Shillings Sterling the Pound-weight. There

fore it plainly follows, that our Indian Traders could

under-sell the French Traders, tho’ they were to give as great a Price for European Goods as the French do, and did transport them at as great Charge, because of the double Price they have for their Furrs in New-2'ork.

But as our Indian Traders not only have a double

Price for their Indian Goods, but likewise buy the Goods they sell to the Indians, at half the Price the French Indian Traders do, the French Traders must be ruin’d by carrying on this Trade, in Competition with the English of New-Tork. And the French Indian Traders had been ruin’d before now, if they had not found means to carry their Beaver to Albany, where they got double the Price they must have sold for in Canada. It may be objected, against this Argument, That the Canada Company as soon as they find that the Traders cannot sell at their established Price, will allow a greater Price. But if we consider the Duties the French Company is obliged to pay to the King, they cannot allow so great a Price as the English can at New-York. And if it should be insisted, That the French Company may obtain a Remission of those, yet if the clandestine Trade with

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My Inclination led me to show what Advantages not only the Indian Trade would reap by extending


our Frontiers as far as the Lakes, but likewise the

British Trade in some other Branches, which the

Parliament of Great-Britain seem to have much at heart, viz. Naval Stores ; for the Soil on both Sides of the Mohawks River being as rich as it is possible (I believe) for any Land to be, will be found the most proper for raising of HEMP, of any Part of America, and the whole Country round it being full of the largest Pines, the royal Navy is as likely to he well provided with MAsts there, and at as

cheap a rate as any where else. But I have already

too far presum'd on your Excellency’s Patience.

Cadwallader Colden.

To this it may not be improper to add the following Orignal Letter.

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F you should be at the Pains to read these printed Papers, it will be a Pleasure to you to hear of the Success of the Measures taken by Governor Burnet for redeeming the Indian Trade out of the Hands of the French. He has succeeded far above our Ex

pečtations. Governor Burmet, through his earnest Application, and at first chiefly with his Money, Credit, and Risque, erected a Trading-House and Fortification at the Mouth of the Onond-gues River, called Osneigo, where the Province of New-York supports a Garrison of Soldiers, confisting of a Lieutenant and twenty Men, which are yearly relieved. At

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At this. Place a very great Trade is carried on with the remote Indians, who formerly used to go down to the French at Monreal, and there buy our

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one Gentleman at New-Fork, who almost entirely
engrossed the Indian Trade of this Province, and
thereby acquired a very great Estate and Influ-
ence. But the prudent Steps taken by our late
worthy Governor, to open a free Trade, was the
Cause of the Engrosser's losing his. – The Proba-
bility of doing this, was the principal Motive of
our applying to the King, which is shown by these
printed Papers. -
The Indian Trade, to the great Advantage of this
Province, is now divided into several hundred Hands,
and there have been for many Years past upwards of
one hundred young Men of this Province, who have
gone yearly among the Indians, to supply them with
our Goods.
By this means, at a modest Estimate, I am
assured, that the Indian Trade of this Province is
now far above five times as much as when Gover-
nor Burmet began to put his Scheme in execution.
And this is not all the Advantages reaped there-
by, but a much more confiderable one to this, and
all the other English Colonies is, that not only our
own six Nations, but also many far and remote In-
dian Nations are drawn off from their Dependance
on the French, and made, by Trade and Intercourse,
dependant on the English ; by this means a great

Security and Protection is acquired by the English,

in case of a War with France ; and by this Trade our Settlements in this Province are extended up to

the Onondagues Carrying-place, which is now well

attended with Waggons, for the more commodious transporting of Goods to trade in the Lakes.

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