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Virtues of their Countrymen, except their Industry CH A p. in getting Money, and they sacrificed every Thing, I. other People think honourable or most sacred, to their Gain: But I do not think it proper to give particular Instances of this. The People of New-England were engaged in a bloody War at this Time with the Owenagungas, Ouragies, and Ponacoks, the Indians that lie between them and the French Settlements. The Scahkooks were originally Part of these Indians. They left their Country about the Year 1672, and settled above Albany, on the Branch of Hudson's River that runs towards Canada. The People of New-England were jealous of the Scabkook Indians, that they remembering the old Difference they had with the People of New England, and the Relation they bore to the Eastern Indians, did countenance and assist these Indians in the War against New England. They had Reason for these Jealousies, for the Scahkook Indians received privately some Owenagunga Messen#. and kept their coming among them secret om the People of Albany ; and some Scahkooks had gone privately to the Owenagungas. They were afraid likewise, that the Mohawks might have some Inclination to favour those Indians, because some of the Eastern Indians had fled to the Mohawks, and were kindly received by them, and lived among them. ~ Notwithstanding all these Failures of good Policy, in the Government of New-7%rk, the French had not gained so great Advantages, if they had not carefully observed a different Conduct, which it is now necessary to confider. Canada was at this Time in a very distressed Condition, the Country and out Plantations burnt and destroyed, their Trade intirely at a stand, great
| Numbers of their People slain, and the remainder
in danger of perishing by Famine, as well as by the
Misfortunes happen to a Country, under any Ad
ministration, though in Truth the Condućt of Af.
his Place. This Gentleman had been formerly Go
vernor of that Country, and was perfectly acquainted with its Interest ; of a Temper of Mind fitted to such desperate Times, of undaunted Courage, and indefatigable, though in the fixty-eighth Year of his Age. The Count de Frontenac arrived the second of Ottober 1689. The Country immediately received new Life by the Arrival of a Person, of whose Courage and Condućt every one had entertained a high Opinion. Care was taken to increase this Im
mencies of the Climate and Season, and the Diffi-CH A p. culty of such a Passage. - I. When the Count de Frontenac came to Montreal, ovo he increased the Admiration the People had of his Vigour and Zeal, by pretending to go to visit Cadarackui Fort, now abandoned, which he had built in the Time he was formerly Governor. The Clergy and People of Montreal came jointly with stretched out Arms, representing the Danger of such an Attempt, and the Difficulties and Hardships that would necessarily attend it, praying him not to expose a Life that was so necessary for their Safety. He, with seeming Reluétance, yielded to their Intreaties; I say with seeming Reluctance, for it was inconfistent with his Prudence really to have such a Defign. This Shew of the Governor’s offering to go in Person, animated some of the Gentlemen of the Country, who voluntarily went in the Winter, with one Hundred Indian Traders, to visit that Fort; and finding it in better Condition than they expećted, by the Report of those who had abandoned it, they staid there, and made some small Reparations in the Walls, which the Indians had thrown down. The Count de Frontenac brought back with him Tawerahet, a Capiga Sachem, one of the thirteen Prisoners that Mr. de Nonville took at Cadarackui, and sent to France. He was in Hopes this Indian would be useful in procuring a Treaty of Peace with the Five Nations, for they had an extraordinary Opinion of Tawerabet ; and the French had found, by sad Experience, that they could not be Gainers by continuing the War: For this Purpose the Count used Tawerahet with much Kindness, during his Voyage, and, after he arrived at Quebeck, lodged him in the Castle under his own Roof, and took such Pains with this Sachem, that he forgot all the ill Usage he had formerly received. -
H - The
CH A P. i. The French had the more Reason to desire a I. Peace with the Five Nations, because they knew, “-v- that they would now certainly have the English -Colonies likewise upon them; and if the Five Nations had been able to do so much Mischief by themfelves alone, they were much more to be feared, when they would be assisted, in all Probability, with the Force and Interest of the English Colonies. ...: - Four Indians of less Note, who were brought back along with Tawerahet, were immediately dis. patched, in this Sachem's Name, to the Five Nations, to inform them of his Return, and of the kind - Usage they had received from the Count de Frontenac; and to press them to send some to visit their old Friend, who had been so kind to them when he was formerly Governor of Canada, and who still retained an Affection to the Five Nations; as appeared by the Kindness Tawerabet and they had received from him. This was the only Method left to the French of making Proposals of Peace, which it was their Interest by all Means to procure. - The Governor of Canada, as I said, conceived that there was no Way so proper to keep up the Spirits of the People, who had got new Life by his Arrival, as by putting them upon Aétion ; and indeed their present miserable Condition made them forward enough, to undertake the most desperate Enterprize, when the frequent Incursions of the Indians made it as dangerous to be at Home, as to attack the Enemy Abroad. For this Purpose he sent out three Parties in the Winter; one was designed against New-York, the other against Connefficut, and the last against NewEngland. The Five Nations followed Colonel Dungan's Advice, in endeavouring to bring off the Western Indians from the French, and had all the Success that could be expected, before Mr. de Frontenac arrived. - - They They were overjoyed when they heard, that the CH A p. English had entered into War with the French, and I. came several Times to Albany to know the Certainty -v
of it, while it was only rumoured about. The People of Albany desired them to secure any of the praying Indians that should come from Canada, if they found that they were still ruled by the Priests;
but to encourage them, if they came with a Design
to return to their own Country. - - - The Senekas, Cayugas, Onondagas, and Omeydoes,
the twenty seventh of june 1689, before any Goovernor arrived, renewed the old Covenant (as they
one Tagues, who came with a Ship into their River.
“ are now come to make the Chain clear and bright.
“Here they gave two Bevers.”