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CHA P.45 the Satanas * into their Country, to take Part

“ with them, after they had concerted ill Designs

against us. We have done less than either the

English or French, that have usurped the Lands <s of so many Indian Nations, and chased them from " their own Country, This Belt preserves my « Words. Hear, Yonnondio, what I say is the Voice

of all the Five Nations ; hear what they answer,

open your Ears to what they speak : The Senes kas, Cayugas, Onondagas, Oneydoes, and Mo" hawks say, that when they buried the Hatchet at Cadarackui (in the Presence of your Predeceffor) “ in the Middle of the Fort, they planted the Tree « of Peace in the same Place, to be there carefully “ preserved, that, in Place of a Retreat for Sol“ diers, that Fort might be a Rendezvous for Mer@s chants ; that, in Place of Arms, and Ammu& nition of War, Bevers and Merchandise should “ only enter there,

Hear, Yonnondio, take Care for the future, , « that so great a Number of Soldiers, as appear $s there, do not choak the Tree of Peace planted is in fo small a Fort. It will be a great Loss, if af“ ter it had so easily taken Root, you should ftop “ its Growth, and prevent its covering your Coun“ try and ours with its Branches. I assure you, in “ the Name of the Five Nations, that our Warriors

shall dance to the Calumet of Peace under its ç Leaves, and shall remain quiet on their Matts, « and shall never dig up the Hatchet, till their Bre“ thren, Yonnondio or Corlear, shall either jointly « or separately endeavour to attack the Country, “ which the great Spirit has given to our An( cestors. This Belt preserves my Words, and this “ other, the Authority which the Five Nations has

given me."

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Called Sawanons by the French,



Then Garangula addressing himself to Monfieur le Maine, said :

“ Take Courage, Obguesse, you have Spirit, “ speak, explain my Words, forget nothing, tell “ all that your Brethren and Friends say to Yon" nondio, your Governor, by the Mouth of Ga

rangula, who loves you, and desires you to ac

cept of this present of Bever, and take Part with " me in my Feast, to which I invite you. This 56 Present of Bever is sent to Yonnondio on the Part to of the Five Nations.

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When Garangula's Harangue was explained to Monfieur de la Barre, he returned to his Tent, much inraged at what he had heard.

Garangula feasted the French Officers, and then went Home, and Monfieur de la Barre set out in his Way towards Monreal; and as soon as the General was imbarked, with the few Soldiers that remained in Health, the Militia made the best of their Way to their own Habitations, without any Order or Discipline.

Thus a very chargeable and fatiguing Expedition (which was to strike the Terror of the French Name into the stubborn Hearts of the Five Nations ) ended in a Scold between the French General and an old Indian.

CH A P. V.

The English attempt to trade in the Lakes, and

the French attack the Senekas.


CHAP THE Marquis de Nonville having now succeeded

V. Monsieur de la Barre, in the Year 1685, and having brought a considerable Reinforcement of Soldiers with him, refolved to recover the Honour the



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CHA P. French had lost in the last Expedition, and revenge
V. the Slaughter the Five Nations continued to make

of the Twihtwies and Chietagbicks, who had put
themselves under the French Protection ; for the
Five Nations having intirely subdued the Chieta-
ghicks *, after a fix Years War, they resolved next to
fall upon the Twiltwies, and to call them to an Ac-
count for the Disturbance they had given fome of
their People in their Bever Hunting. The Five
Nations have few or no Bever in their own Country,
and for that Reason are obliged to hunt at a great
Distance, which often occasions Disputes with their
Neighbours about the Property of the Bever. The
Bever is the most valuable Branch of the Indian
Trade, and as the Twibtwies carried their Bevers to
the French, the English encouraged the Five Nations
in these Expeditions, and particularly, in the Begin-
ing of the Year 1687, made the Five Nations a
Present of a Barrel of Powder, when their whole
Force was preparing to go against the twihtwies.
The English were the better pleased with this War,
because they thought that it would divert the Five
Nations from the Virginia Indians : But the French
were resolved to support their Friends more effectu-
ally by a powerful Diversion, and to change the
Seat of the War.

For this purpose Mr. de Nonville sent, in May
1687, great Quantities of Provision to Cadarackui
Fort, and gathered the whole Force of Canada to
Montreal. His Army consisted of fifteen hundred
French of the regular Troops and Militia, and five
hundred Indians that lived near Montreal and Que-
beck. He sent likewise Orders to the Commandant
at Missilimakinak, to assemble all the Nations living
round him, and to march them to Oriagara, in or-
der to join the Forces of Canada designed against
the Senekas, and the other Officers posted a-

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* Called Illinois by the French.


mong the Indians Westward had the like Or-CHAP, ders.

V. The Twihtwies received the Hatchet with Joy from the Hands of the French Officer. The Outagamies, Kikabous, and Maskuticks, who were not ufed to Canoes, were at first persuaded to join the

I wibtwies, who were to march by Land to Teuchfagrondie, where there was a French Fort, at which they were to be supplied with Ammunition. But after the French Officer left them, the Utagamies and Maskuticks were dissuaded by some of the Mahikander Indians, who happened to be with a neighbouring Nation at that Time.

The Putewatemies, Malbominies, and Puans offered themselves willingly, and went to the Rendezvous at Mifflimakinak ; where they were received by the Utawawas with all the Marks of Honour usually paid to Soldiers.' Though the Utawawas had no Inclination to the present Enterprize; they could not tell however how to appear against it, otherwise than by inventing what Delays they could, to prevent their March.

In the mean while a Canoe arrived, which was sent by Mr. de Nonville, with his Orders to the Officers. This Canoe, in her Paffage, discovered fome English, commanded by Major Mac Gergory, in their way to Teiodonderaghié. The English thought (after they had an Account of the new Alliance their King had entered into with the French) that the French would not disturb them in prosecuting a Trade with the Indians every where, and that the Trade would be equally free and open to both Nations. With these Hopes a considerable Number of Adventurers went out, under the Conduct of Major Mac Gergory, to trade with the Indians that lived on the Banks of the Lakes ; and that they might be the more welcome, persuaded the Five Nations to set all the Dionondadie Prisoners at Liberty, who went along with the English, and conducted



CH A P. them towards Misilimckinak; or Teiodonderagbie ; but

the English found themselves mistaken, for the w French Commandant at Teiodonderagbie, as foon as

he had Notice of this, fent three hundred French to intercept the English.

* The Utawawas and Dignondadies having likewife an Account of the English, designed to fupport their own Independency, and to 'incourage the English Trade. The return of the Dionondatie Prisoners made that Nation very hearty in favouring the English, they therefore marched immediately off, with Defign' to join Major Mac Gergory; but the Utawawas were divided in their Inclinations, their Chief, with about thirty more, joined the French, the rest remained in suspence, and food neuter.

The Utawawas thus wavering, disconcerted the Measures of the Dionondadies, for they began to sufpect the Utawawas, and therefore immediately returned to fecure their Wives and Children that they had left near the French Fort with the Utawawas. The English and their Effects were seized without any Opposition, and were carried to the French Fort at Teiodonderaghie.

The English brought great Quantities of Rum with them, (which the Indians love more than their Lives) and the French being afraid, that if the Indians took to Drinking, they would grow' ungovernable, did what they could to keep them from it. They were most concerned that the Putewatemies (who had no Knowledge of the English, or of that bewitching Liquor, and were firmly attached to the French) should not taste it.

The Utawawas still contrived Delays to the March, and having got some of the Putewatemies privately by themfelves, they offered them a Cag of Rum, and said: “ We are all Brethren, we ought to make

* History de le Amerique Septentrionale, par Mr. de la Poterie, Tome ii. Cap. 16.

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