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“ Lake, with this Belt of Wampum, and this other CH A. P. “ smaller Belt to the Duke of York his Brother: And III. “ we give you, Corlear, this Bever, that you may –“ send over this Proposition. “You great Man of Virginia, we let you know, “ that great Penn did speak to us here in Corlear's “House by his Agents, and defired to buy the “ Susquehana River of us, but we would not heark“ en to him, for we had fastened it to this Govern** ment. “We desire you therefore to bear witness of what “ we now do, and that we now confirm what we “ have done before. Let your Friend, that lives “ on the other Side the great Lake, know this, “ that we being a free People, though united to the “ English, may give our Lands, and be joined to “ the Sachem we like best. We give this Bever to “remember what we say.” The Senekas arrived soon after, and, on the fifth of August, spoke to the Lord Howard in the following Manner: “We have heard and understood what Mischief hath been done in Virginia; we have it as perfeót as if it were upon our Fingers Ends. O Corlear ! we thank you for having been our Intercessor, so “ that the Axe has hot fallen upon us. “And you Asarigoa, great Sachem of Virginia, “we thank you for burying all Evil in the Pit. We “ are informed, that the Mohawks, Oneydoes, Onnondagas, and Cayugas, have buried the Axe already ; now we that live remotest off, are come to do the same, and to include in this Chain the “. Cahnawaas, your Friends. We defire therefore, “ that an Axe, on our Part, may be buried with one “ of Affarigoa's. O Corlearl Corlear ! we thank you “ for laying hold of one End of the Axe ; and we thank yon, great Governor of Virginia, not only “ for throwing aside the Axe, but more especially “ for your putting all Evil from your Heart. Now ! 4 - ** We

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CHA p.“ we have a new Chain, a strong and a straight III. “ Chain, that cannot be broken. The Tree of *TV- “ Peace is planted so firmly, that it cannot be

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“ the Governor of Virginia; let the Chain be for
“ever kept clean and bright by him, and we shall
“ do the same. t
“The other Nations from the Mohawks Country
“ to the Cayugas, have delivered up the Susquehana
“River, and all that Country, to Corlear’s Go-
“vernment. We confirm what they have done by
“giving this Belt.”
*- Coll.

“We have now done speaking to Corlear, and

Coll. Bird, one of the Council of Virginia, and CH A p. Edmond jenmings Esq; Attorney General of that Pro. II. vince, came with four Indian Sachems, (according “YN* to the Lord Howard's Promise) to renew and confirm the Peace, and met the Five Nations at Albany in September 1685. Coll. Bird accused them of having again broke their Promise, by taking an Indian Girl from an English Man's House, and four Indian Boys Prisoners. They excused this, by its being done by the Parties that were out when the Peace was concluded, who knew nothing of it 3 which Accident they had provided against in their Articles. They said, the four Boys were given to the Relations of those Men that were lost ; and it would be difficult to obtain their Restoration: But they at last promised to deliver them up. The Senakas and Mohawks declared themselves free of any Blame, and chid the other Nations. So that we may still observe the Influence which the French Priests had obtained over those other Nations, and to what Christian like Purpose they used it. The Mohawks Speaker said, “Where shall I seek “ the Chain of Peace P Where shall I find it but “upon our * Path And whither doth our Path “ lead us, but into this House 2 This is a House of “Peace ; ” after this he sang all the Links ofthe Chain over. He afterwards sang by Way of Admonition to the Onondagas, Omeydoes, and Cayugas, and concluded all with a Song to the Virginia Indians. The French Priests however stillemployed their Influence over the Omnondagas, Cayugas, and Oneydoes ; and it was easy for them to spiritup the Indians (natural

* The Mohawk, Country is fituated between the other Nations and Alany.

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CH A revengeful) against their old Enemies. A ParIII. ty of the Omeydoes went out two Years after this *-v- against the Wayamoak Indians, Friends of Virginia, and killed some of the People of Virginia, who asfifted those Indians. They took six Prisoners, but restored them at Albany, with an Excuse, that they did not know they were Friends of Virginia. But Coll. Dungan on this Occasion told them, That he only had kept all the English in North-America from joining together to destroy them ; that if ever he should hear of the like Complaint, he would dig up the Hatchet, and join with the rest of the English to cut them off Root and Branch; for there were many Complaints made of him to the King by the English, as well as by the Governor of Canada, for his favour

ing of them.
We have now gone through the material Trans.
aćtions which the Five Nations had with the English,
in which we find the English pursuing nothing but
peaceable and Christian-like Measures ; and the Five
Nations (tho' Barbarians) living with the People
of New-York, like good Neighbours and faithful
Friends, and generally with all the English also, ex-
cept when they were influenced by the jesuites ; at
the same Time, one cannot but admire the Zeal,
Courage, and Resolution of these Jesuites, that would
adventure to live among Indians at War with their
Nation; and the better to carry their Purposes, to
comply with all the Humours and Manners of such
a wild People, so as not to be distinguished by
Strangers from meer Indians. One of them, named
Milet, remained with the Oneydoes till after the
Year 1694; he was advanced to the Degree of a
Sachem, and had so great an Influence over them,
that the other Nations could not prevail with them
to part with him. While he lived with them, the
Oneydoes were frequently turned against the Southern
Indians (Friends of the English southern colo


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Mr. De la Barre's Expedition, and some remarkable
Transačions in 1684.

HE French, in the Time they were at Peace CH A P. with the Five Nations, built their Forts at IV. Taidonderaghi and Missilimakinak, and made a Settle- or-. ment there. They carried on their Commerce among the numerous Nations that live on the Banks of the great Lakes, and the Banks of the Mississipi; they not only prosecuted their Trade among these Nations, but did all they could to secure their Obedience, and to make them absolutely subječt to the Crown of France, by building Forts at the confiderable Passes, and placing small Garisons in them. They took in short all the Precautions in their Power, not only to restrain the Indians by Force, but likewise to gain their Affections, by sending Missionaries among them. The only Obstruction they met with was from the Five Nations, who introduced the English of New-York into the Lakes to trade with the Indians that lived round them. This gave the French much Uneasiness, because they foresaw, that the English would not only prove dangerous Rivals, but that the Advantages which they had in Trade, beyond what it was possible for the Inhabitants of Canada to have, would enable the People of New-York so far to undersel them, that their Trade would soon be ruined, and all the Interest lost which they had gained with so much Labour and Expence. The Five Nations likewise continued in , War

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