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“ Lake, with this Belt of Wampum, and this other CH AP. < smaller Belt to the Duke of York his Brother: And III. “ we give you, Corlear, this Bever, that you may

send over this Propofition.

“ You great Man of Virginia, we let you know, " that great Penn did speak to us here in Corlear's “. House by his Agents, and desired to buy the

Susquehana River of us, but we would not hearkos en to him, for we had fastened it to this Govern46 ment.

" We desire you therefore to bear witness of what Co we now do, and that we now confirm what we « have done before. Let your Friend, that lives .on the other Side the great Lake, know this, “ that we being a free People, though united to the « English, may give our Lands, and be joined to “ the Sachem we like best. We give this Bever to 6 remember what we fay."

The Senekas arrived soon after, and, on the fifth of Auguft, fpoke to the Lord Howard in the following Manner:

" We have heard and understood what Mischief “ hath been done in Virginia ; we have it as perfect “ as if it were upon our

Fingers Ends. O Corlear ! we thank you for having

been our Intercessor, so " that the Axe has not fallen upon us.

“ And you Afarigoa, great Sachem of Virginia, “ we thank you for burying all Evil in the Pit. We “ are informed, that the Mohawks, Oneydoes, Onnondagas, and Cayugas, have buried the Axe al“ ready ; now we that live remotest off, are come “ to do the same, and to include in this Chain the Cabnawaas, your Friends. We desire therefore, " that an Axe, on our Part, may be buried with one " of Ajarigoa's. O Corlear! Corlear ! we thank you “ for laying hold of one End of the Axe; and we " thank you, great Governor of Virginia, not only “ for throwing aside the Axe, but more especially “ for your putting all Evil from your Heart. Now

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CH A p.“ we have a new Chain, a strong and a straight

« Chain, that cannot be broken. The Tree of
“ Peace is planted so firmly, that it cannot be
“ moved, let us on both sides hold the Chain
66 fast.

" We understand what you said of the great
Sachem, that lives on the other Side the great
66 Water

os You tell us, that the Cabnawaas will come “ hither, to strengthen the Chain. Let them not “ make any Excuse, that they are old and feeble, or $6 that their Feet are fore. If the old Sachems can

not, let the young Men come. We shall not fail ç to come hither, tho we live fartheft off, and then “ the new Chain will be stronger and brighter.

« We understand, that because of the Mischief " that has been done to the People and Castles of

Virginia and Maryland, we must not come near " the Heads of your Rivers, nor near your Planta“tions, but keep at the Foot of the Mountains ; « for tho' we lay down our Arms, as Friends, we « shall not be trusted for the future, but looked on 5 as Robbers. We agree however to this Propofition, 66 and shall wholly stay away from Virginia : And " this we do in Gratitude to Corlear, who has been *at so great Pains to persuade you, great Governor of Virginia, to forget what is paft. You are wise « in giving Ear to Corlear's good Advice, for we “ shall now go a Path which was never trod be* fore.

« We have now done speaking to Corlear, and $ the Governor of Virginia ; let the Chain be for

ever kept clean and bright by him, and we shall ” do the same.

$ The other Nations from the Mohawks Country " to the Cayugas, have delivered up the Susquebana " River, and all that Country, to Corlear's Go66 vernment. We confirm what they have done by F giving this Belt. "


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Coll. Bird, one of the Council of Virginia, and CH A P: Edmond Jennings Esq; Attorney General of that Pro.. !II. vince, came with four Indian Sachems, (according to the Lord Howard's Promise) to renew and con. firm the Peace, and met the Five Nations at Albany in September 1685.

Coll. Bird accused them of having again broke their Promise, by taking an Indian Girl from an English Man's House, and four Indian Boys Prisoners.

They excused this, by its being done by the Parties that were out when the Peace was concluded, who knew nothing of it ; which Accident they had provided against in their Articles. They said, the four Boys were given to the Relations of those Men that were loft ; and it would be difficult to obtain their Restoration : But they at last promised to deliver them up.

The Senakas and Mohawks declared themselves free of any Blame, and chid the other Nations.

So that we may still obferve the Influence which the French Priests had obtained over those other Nations, and to what Christian like Purpose they used it.

The Mohawks Speaker said, "Where shall I seek " the Chain of Peace? Where shall I find it but upon our

* Path? And whither doth our Path “ lead us, but into this House ? This is a House of “Peace ; ” after this he sang all the Links of the Chain

He afterwards sang by Way of Admonition to the Onondagas, Oneydoes, and Cayugas, and concluded all with a Song to the Virginia Indians.

The French Priests however still employed their Influence over the Onnondagas, Cayugas, and Oneydoes ; and it was easy for them to spirit up the Indians (natural


* The Mobawks Country is situated between the other Nations and Albany.



CH A revengeful) against their old Enemies. A Par-
III. ty of the Oneydoes went out two Years after this

against the Wayanoak Indians, Friends of Virginia,
and killed some of the People of Virginia, who af-
fifted those Indians. They took fix Prisoners, but
restored them at Albany, with an Excuse, that they did
not know they were Friends of Virginia. But Coll.
Dungan on this Occafion told them, That he only
had kept all the English in North-America from join-
ing together to destroy them; that if ever he should
hear of the like Complaint, he would dig up the
Hatchet, and join with the rest of the English to cut
them off Root and Branch; for there were many
Complaints made of him to the King by the English,
as well as by the Governor of Canada, for his favour-
ing of them.

We have now gone through the material Trans-
actions which the Five Nations had with the English,
in which we find the English pursuing nothing but
peaceable and Christian-like Measures, and the Five
Nations (tho' Barbarians) living with the People
of New-York, like good Neighbours and faithful
Friends, and generally with all the English also, ex-
cept when they were influenced by the Jesuites; at
the fame Time, one cannot but admire the Zeal,
Courage, and Resolution of these Jesuites, that would
adventure to live among Indians at War with their
Nation; and the better to carry their Purposes, to
comply with all the Humours and Manners of such
a wild People, so as not to be distinguished by
Strangers from meer Indians. One of them, named
Milet, remained with the Oneydoes till after the
Year 1694; he was advanced to the Degree of a
Sachem, and had so great an Influence over them,
that the other Nations could not prevail with them
to part with him. While he lived with them, the
Oneydoes were frequently turned against the Southern
Indians (Friends of the Englih fouthern Colonies)


and were always wavering in their Resolutions against the French at Canada.

We shall now see what Effect the Policy of the French had, who pursued very different Measures from the English.


Mr. De la Barre's Expedition, and fore remarkable

Tranfačtions in 1684.


HE French, in the Time they were at Peace CH A P.

with the Five Nations, built their Forts at IV. Taidonderaghi and Misilimakinak, and made a Settle and ment there. They carried on their Commerce among the numerous Nations that live on the Banks of the great Lakes, and the Banks of the Mifilipi ; they not only prosecuted their Trade among these Nations, but did all they could to secure their Obedience, and to make them absolutely subject to the Crown of France, by building Forts at the considerable Passes, and placing small Garisons in them. They took in short all the Precautions in their Power, not only to restrain the Indians by Force, but likewise to gain their Affections, by sending Misionaries among them. The only Obstruction they met with was from the Five Nations, who introduced the Engliss of New-York into the Lakes to trade with the Indians that lived round them. This gave the French much Uneasiness, because they foresaw, that the English would not only prove dangerous Rivals, but that the Advantages which they had in Trade, beyond what it was possible for the Inhabitants of Canada to have, would enable the People of New-York so far to undersel them, that their Trade would soon be ruined, and all the Interest loft which they had gained with fo much Labour and Expence. The Five Nations likewise continued in


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