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CH A P." make it stronger. (Then pointing to the three

“ other Nations, said,) But they are Chain-break« ers. I lay down this as a Token, that we Mos bawks have preserved the Chain intire on our “ Parts. Gives two Bevers and a Racoon.

as The Covenant must be kept; for the Fire of " Love of Virginia and Maryland burns in this Place, « as well as ours, and this House of Peace must be « kept clean. Gives two Bevers.

“ We now plant a Tree *, whose Top will reach " the Sun, and its Branches spread far abroad, fo " that it shall be seen afar off ; and we shall shelter « ourselves under it, and live in Peace without Mo“ leftation. Here he gave two Bevers.

“ You proposed Yesterday, that if we were de“ firous to see the Indians of Virginia, you are will

ing to send some of their Sachems next Summer, 6 about this Time, to this Place. This Proposal

pleases me very much, the sooner they come the " better, that we may speak with them in this “ House, which is appointed for our speaking with “ our Friends, and give two Belts to confirm it.

66 You have now heard what Exhortation we have “ made to the other three Nations ; we have taken “ the Hatchet out of their Hands; we now there“ fore pray, that both your Hatchets may likewise “ be buried in a deep Pit. Giving two Bevers.

Affarigoa, fome of us Mohawks are out against “ our Enemies, that lie afar off, they will do you “ no Harm, nor plunder, as the others do. Be 6 kind to them, if they shall happen to come to any of

your Plantations ; give them fome To« bacco and some Victuals; for they will neither “ rob nor fteal, as the Oneydoes, Onnondagas, and

Cayugas have done.

* The Five Nations always express Peace by the Metaphor of a Tree.

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" The Oneydoes particularly thank you, great Sa- CHAP: " chem of Virginia, for consenting to lay down the III. " Axe. The Hatchet is taken out of all their 66 Hands. Gives a Belt.

We again thank Afarigoa, that he has made a

new Chain. Let it be kept bright and clean, and “ held fast on all Sides ; let not any one pull his “ Arm from it. We include all the four Nations, « in giving this Belt.

" We again pray Ajarigoa, to take the Oneydoes “ into his Favour, and keep the Chain strong “ with them ; for they are our Children. Gives a 66 Belt.

“ The Oneydoes give twenty Bevers, as a Satisfac« tion for what they promised the Lord Baltimore, “ and desire that they may be discharged of that « Debt."

The two Governors told them, that they would use their Endeavours with the Lord Baltimore, to 9. persuade him to forgive what remained.

Then the Indians desired that the Hole might be dug, to bury the Axes, viz. one in Behalf of Virginia and their Indians, another in Behalf of Maryland and theirs, and three for the Onnondagas, Oneydoes, and Cayugas. The Mohawks said, there was no Need of burying any on their Account, for the first Chain had never been broke by them.

Then the three Nations spoke by an Onnondaga, called Thanohjanihta, who said :

“ We thank the great Sachem of Virginia, that he “ has so readily forgiven and forgot the Injuries " that have been done ; and we, for our Parts, glad“ ly catch at, and lay hold of the new Chain. " Then each of them delivered an Axe to be buri“ ed, and gave a Belt.

" I speak in the Name of all three Nations, and cs include them in this Chain, which we desire may

may be kept clean and bright like Silver. Gives a « Belt.

« We

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CHAP . " We desire that the Path may be open for the
II. “ Indians under Affarigod's Protection, to come

safely and freely to this place, in order to confirm “the Peace. Gives fix Fathom of Wampum.

Then the Axes were buried in the south-east End of the Court-yard, and the Indians threw the Earth upon them ; after which the Lord Howard told them, fince now a firm Peace is concluded, we shall hereafter remain Friends, and Virginia and Maryland will send once in two or three Years to bad renew it, and some of our Sachems shall come, according to your Desire, to confirm it.

Last of all the Oneydoes, the Onnondagas, and Cayugas, jointly sang the Peace-song, with Demon- tik ftrations of much Joy ; and thanked the Governor of New-York for his effectual Mediation with the Governor of Virginia in their Favour.

Colonel Dungan had gained the Affections of the Five Nations, and they esteemed him much.

They desired the Duke of York's Arms to put up. on their Castles, which, from the Sequel of their Story, we may suppose they were told would fave I them from the French. Colonel Dungan desired: them to call Home those of their Nations that had settled in Canada.* To which they answered, Cor. lear keeps a Correspondence and Friendship with CAnada, and therefore he can prevail more than we can.

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* The French Priefts had, from Time to Time, persuaded feveral of the Five Nations to leave their own Country, and to settle near Montreal; where the French are very industrious in en. couraging them. Their Numbers have been likewise increased by the Prisoners the French have taken in War, and by others that have run from their own Country ; because of fome Milchief that they had done, or Debts which they owed the Christi

These Indians are all profess’d Papists, and for that Reason are commonly called the praying Indians by their Countrymen, and they are called Cahnuagas by the People of Albany, from the Place where they live ; the French value them on Aco count of the Intelligence they give in Time of War, and their Knowledge of the Countries.


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Let Corlear use his Endeavours to draw our Indians CH À P. Home to their own Country.

III. The Government of the Massachusets Bay had appointed Colonel Stephanus Cortland, one of the CounE cil of New-York, their Agent at this Time, to reEr new their Friendship likewise with the Five Nations, a and to give them some small Presents ; which was accordingly done.

The Governor of New-York, Colonel Dungan, concluded with this Advice to them: Keep a good Un- derstanding among yourselves; if any Difference

happen, acquaint me with it, and I will compose it. FO Make no Agreement with the French, or any other 1: Nation, without my Knowledge and Approbation. + or Then he gave the Duke's Arms to be put up at each

of their Castles, in Hopes it might deter the French

from attacking them, (as they were threatened from a Canada) by this so manifest a Declaration of their

being under the Protection of the Crown of Enge land, when the two Crowns were in the strictest Friendship ; but it is probable the French chofe this very Time to attack them, to bring them off from that Confidence they seemed to have in the English.

It may be proper, before I proceed, to insert here also a remarkable Speech made by the Onnondagas and Cayugas to the two Governors, on the second Day of August, viz.

Brother Corlear,

“ Your Sachem is a great Sachem, and we are but “ a small People ; but when the English came first “ to Manbatan, * to Aragiske t and to ?ekokrana

gary ll, they were then but a small People, and we « were great. Then, because we found you a good

People, we treated you kindly, and gave you Land;
we hope therefore, now that you are great, and


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CHAP.“ we small, you will protect us from the French. If
III. “ you do not, we shall lose all our Hunting and

“ Bevers : The French will get all the Bevers. The
“ Reason they are now angry with us is, because we

carry our Bever to our Brethren.

“ We have put our Lands and ourselves under " the Protection of the great Duke of York, the Bro“ther of your great Sachem, who is likewise a great « Sachem.

“ We have annexed the Sufquebana River, which 16 we won with the Sword, to this Government ; " and we defire it may be a Branch of the great

Tree that grows in this place, the Top of which “ reaches the Sun, and its Branches shelter us from “ the French, and all other Nations. Our Fire " burns in your Houses, and your Fire burns with us ; << we defire it may be so always. But we will not " that any of the great Penn's People settle upon the

Susquehana River, for we have no other Land to
6 leave to our Children.

« Our young Men are Soldiers, and when they
are provoked, they are like Wolves in the Woods,
as you, Sachem of Virginia, very well know.

“ We have put ourselves under the great Sachem
66 Charles, that lives on the other Side the great
66 Lake.

We give you these two white dressed Deer-skins, to send to the great Sachem, that he

may write on them, and put a great red Seal to " them, to confirm what we now do ; and put the

Susquehana River above the Falls, and all the rest " of our Land under the great Duke of York, and “ give that Land to none else. Our Brethren, his " People, have been like Fathers to our Wives and « Children, and have given us Bread when we were 5 in Need of it ; we will not therefore join our“ selves, or our Land, to any other Government so but this. We desire Corlear, our Governor, may “ send this our Proposition to the great Sachem St Charles, who dwells on the other Side the great


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