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CHA P. was sent with others to Onondaga, to remove the XIII. Prejudices they had received there.

The Count de Frontenac died while these Difputes continued. Monsieur de Callieres, who fucceeded him, put an End to them, by agreeing to send to Onondaga to regulate the Exchange of Prisoners there ; for which Purpose Monsieur Maricour, Ioncaire, and the Jesuit Bruyas, were sent.

When the French Commissioners were come within less than a Mile of Onondaga Castle, they put themselves in order and marched with the French Colours carried before them, and with as much Show as they could make. Decanesora met them without the Gate, and complimented them with three Strings of Wampum. By the first he wiped away their Tears for the French that had been slain in the War. By the second he opened their Mouths, that they might speak freely; that is, promised them Freedom of Speech. By the third he cleaned the Matt, on which they were to fit

, from the Blood that had been spilt on both sides : · The Compliment was returned by the Jesuit

, then they entered the Fort, and were saluted with a general Discharge of all the fire Arms. They were carried to the best Cabin in the Fort, and there entertained with a Feast. The Deputies of the leveral Nations not being all arrived, the Jesuit

, and Monsieur Maricour, passed the Time in visiting and *: conversing with the French Prisoners. The General Council being at last met, the Jesuit made the fol lowing Speech, which I take from the Relation the Five Nations afterwards made of it to the Earl of " Bellamont.

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“ 1. I am glad to see the Five Nations, and that B “: some of them went to Canada, notwithstanding ta ". Corleer forbid them : I am sorry for the Loss of

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your People killed by the remote Indians ; I con-CHAP. “ dole their Death, and wipe away the Blood by this XIII. 56 Belt.

“ 2. The War Kettle boiled fo long, that it I would have scalded all the Five Nations had it " continued ; but now it is overset, and turned up“ fide down, and a firm Peace made.

“ 3. I now plant the Tree of Peace and Welfare " at Onondaga...!

4. Keep fast the Chain you have made with " Corlear, for now we have one Heart and one " Interest with them ; but why is Corlear against

your corresponding with us, ought we not to “ converse together when we are at Peace and in Friendship?

5. Deliver up the French Prisoners you have, " and we shall deliver not only thofe of your Na“tion we have, but all those likewise taken by

any of our Allies; and gave a Belt.

6. I offer myself to you to live with you at Onondaga, to instruct you in the Christian Re

ligion, and to drive away all Sickness, Plagues " and Diseases out of your Country, and gave a " third Belt.

7. This last Belt, he said, is from the Ron daxe, or French Indians, to desire Reftitution of " the Prisoners taken from them." The Jesuit in the Conclusion said ;' "

Why does " not Corlear tell you what paffes between the Go

vernor of Canada and him ? He keeps you in " the Dark, while the Governor of Canada con“ ceals nothing from his Children. Nor does the Governor of Canada claim your Land, as Corlear t does."

The General Council immediately rejected the Belt by which the Jesuit offered to stay with them, saying, We have already accepted Corlear's Belt, by which he offers us Pastors to instruct us. Decane

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CHA P. fora added, The Jesuits have always deceived us, XIII. for while they preached Peace, the French came

and knocked us on the Head. To this the Jesuit replied, that if he had known that Corlear intended to send them Pastors, he would not have offered this Belt.

It is to be obseryed that the Indian Council re. fused to hear the French, or to give them an Anfwer, but in Presence of the Commissioners from Albany.

The French Commiflioners having assured the Peace with the Five Nations, the Inhabitants of Canada esteemed it the greatest Blessing that could be procured for them from Heaven ; for nothing could be more terrible than this last War with the Five Nations. While this War lafted, the Inhabitants eat their Bread in continual Fear and Trembling. No Man was sure, when out of his House, of ever returning to it again. While they laboured in the fields, they were under perpetual Apprehensions of being killed or seized, and carried to the Indian Country, there to end their Days in cruel Torments. They many Times were forced to neglect both their Seed Time and Harvest. The Landlord often faw all his Land plundered, his Houfes burnt, and the whole Country ruined, while they thought their Persons not safe in their Fortifications. In short, all Trade and Business was often at an intire Stand, while Fear, Despair, and Misery appeared in the Faces of the poor Inhabitants.

The French Commissioners carried several of the principal Sachems of the Five Nations back with them, who were received at Montreal with great Joy. They were faluted by a Discharge of all the great Guns round the Place, as they entered. The French' Allies took this amiss, and asked if their Governor was entering. They were told, that it

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was a Compliment paid to the Five Nations, whose CHAP. Sachems were then entering the Town. We

We per-' XIII. ceive, they replied, that Fear makes the French 09 Thew more Respect to their Enemies, 'than Love

can make them do to their friends.

Monfieur de Callieres affembled all the French 3: Allies, (who were then very numerous at MontA real) to make the Exchange of Prisoners, and they

delivered the Prisoners they had taken, though the

Five Nations had sent none to be exchanged for rei them. Thus we see a brave People struggle with

every Difficulty, till they can get out of it with
Honour ; and such People always gain Respect,
even from their most inveterate Enemies.

I shall finish this Part by observing, that not-
E withstanding the French Commissioners took all the
I Pains possible to carry Home the French, that were

Prisoners with the Five Nations, and they had full
Liberty from the Indians, few of them could be
persuaded to return. It may be thought that this
was occafioned from the Hardships they had en-
dured in their own Country, under a tyrannical Go-
vernment and a barren Soil: But this certainly was
not the only Reason ; for the English had as much
Difficulty to persuade the People, that had been

taken Prisoners by the French Indians, to leave the Furt

Indian Manner of living, though no People enjoy more Liberty, and live in greater Plenty, than the common Inhabitants of New-York do. No Arguments, no Intreaties, nor Tears of their Friends and Relations, could persuade many of them to leave their new Indian Friends and Acquaintance ; several of them that were by the Caressings of their Relations persuaded to come Home, in a little Time grew tired of our Manner of living, and run away again to the Indiens, and ended their Days with them. On the other Hand, Indian Children have been carefully educated among the Eng

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CHA P. lish, cloathed and taught, yet, I think, there is not XIII. one Instance, that any of these, after they had Li

berty to go among their own People, and were come to Age, would remain with the Englih, but returned to their own Nations, and became as fond of the Indian Manner of Life as those that knew nothing of a civilized Manner of living. What I now tell of Christian Prisoners among Indians, relates not only to what happened at the Conclusion of this. War, but has been found true on many other Occasions.

The End of the SECOND PART.

PAPERS

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