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Chap. After twelve Days Mārch they arrived at Cal. AIL rackui Fort, one hundred eighty Miles from MontV-v- real. Here they waited for the Utawawas, who

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gainst which their Stockadoes could be of no o fence. This was confirmed by another Semeka, WI.

deserted. Upon which the Onondagas thoug. m0

most adviseable to retire, leaving their poor Fort C B A P.

and bark Cottages all in Flames. XII. After the General had an Account of this, he V-Yo,

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marched to their Village in Order of Battle. The Army was divided into two Lines: The first commanded by the Chevalier de Callieres, who placed himfelf on the Left, confisted of two Battalions of the Inhabitants in the Center, and a Battalion of the regular Troops on each Wing. The Artillery followed them. Most of the Indians of this Division were upon the Right, who continually sent out Scouts. The second Line was commanded by the Chevalier de Vaudreuel, composed of the same Number of Battalions, and in the same Order. The Count de Frontenac was carried in a Chair direét! after the Artillery. But it was impossible for them to keep their Order, in passing through thick Woods, and in passing Brooks. #, this formida

ble Manner the aged General marched up to the

Ashes of the Village, and his Army exerted their
Fury on the Indian Corn, which covered a large

Field in thick Ranks. -
An Indian Sachem, about one hundred Years old,
would not retire with the rest, but chose this Time
to end his Days. The French Indians had the Plea-
sure of tormenting him, which he bore with sur-
prising Evenness of Mind, and with that Resoluti-
on which becomes a Sachem of the Five Nations.
He told his Tormentors to remember well his Death,
when his Countrymen should come to take terrible
Vengeance of them. Upon which, one stabbing
him several Times with his Knife, he thanked him
but said, you had better make me die by Fire, that
these Dogs of Frenchmen may learn how to suffer
like Men. You Indians, their Allies, you Dogs of
Dogs, think of me when you shall be in the like
State. Thus this old Sachem, under all the Weak-
ness of old Age, preserved a Greatness of Soul, .
- - a Cille

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CH A P. a due Regard for the Honour of his Country, to the
XII. last Moment of his Breath.

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Expedition, or in watching and securing their Fort

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and they had been the most inclined to Peace on the
French Terms. Thirty five of them staid in their
Castle to make the French welcome ; but the only
Favour they obtained, was to be made Prisoners,

and carried to Montréal. The French Governor declared his Resolutions to extirpate the Onondagas,

and for that Reason gave Orders to give no Quar.

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Onondagas, both in Number of Men and in their

Arms, the Onondagas were not so far dispirited, as not to follow them in their Return. They found Opportunities to revenge themselves in some Measure, by cutting off every Canoe that happened at

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that he returned to Montreal the tenth of A

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able Expedition, but the Loss of their Corn, and their Bark Cottages. They lost not one Man, but the old Sachem, who resolved to die a Martyr to

his Country's Honour. The French suffered con- ||

fiderably by its Consequences ; for all the Planters being taken off from their Labour, either in this

and

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* and Country, a Famine ensued; and this I find has CH a P.

, often happened in Canada, where all the Men, fit XIII. : to bear Arms, have been employed in such like Ex-QoYo

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CHA P.ams, by running to Albany; the rest were either XII, killed or perished in the Woods, so that not one *- Man of this Party got back to Canada. It was much easier for the French to set the Praying Indians upon the English, against whom it is possible many of them had personal Animofities, that made them go over to the French, than to fight their Countrymen. Several of them came this Winter skulking about Schenešiady and Albany; and being well acquainted with the Country, and speaking likewise the Mohawk's Language, by which they sometimes deceived the Inhabitants, they surprised some of the Inhabitants, and carried away their Scalps. The Five Nations, to shew that the Count de Frontenac's Expedition had no Way discouraged them, sent out several Parties against Canada. One of them met with a Party of French upon St. Iaurence River, near Montréal. The French were routed, and their Captain killed. As soon as this was heard at Montreal, Repentigni was sent out aft ter them with a confiderable Party of French, Nepicirinien Indians and Praying Indians; but this Party was likewise defeated, and the Captain, with many of his Men, killed. Thus the War was continued till the Peace of Reswick, by small Parties of Indians, on both Sides, haraffing, surprising, and scalping the Inhabitants near Montreal and Albany. Some Time this Year the chief Sachem of the Dionondadies (whom the French call the Baron) went to Quebeck, pretending a strong Attachment to the French, but really to conceal the Treaty of Peace that he was on the Point of concluding with the Five Nation; ; for which Purpose he had sent his Son with nineteen Belts to the Senckas. The Substance of whose Commission was as follows:

3. The

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