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deserted. Upon which the Onondagas thought

CH AP. After twelve Days March they arrived at Cada

XII. rackui Fort, one hundred eighty Miles from Montw real. Here they waited for the Utawawas, who

disappointed them; and in the mean Time raised Bark, which had remained sunk fince Cadarackui Ar Fort was deserted. They crossed over Cadarackui Lake to Onondaga River (now Obfwega). This River being narrow and rapid, they ordered fifty Men to march on each side of it, to prevent their being furprised, and the Army moved flowly along 1 the River, according to the Intelligence they received from their Scouts. They found a Tree, as

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= they passed along, on which the Indians had, in their | Che Manner, painted the French Army, and had laid hy bet it two Bundles of cut Rushes. This was a Defiance CAL in the Indian Manner, and to tell them by the Number of Rushes, that fourteen hundred thirty four Men would meet them. The French pasled

F the little Lake, between Objwega and Onondaga, in Order of Battle ; and the two Wings, to prevent their being surprised, and to make the Place of their Eu Landing more uncertain to the Enemy, took a Cir cuit along the Coast. As soon as they had landed they raised a Fort. A Seneka, who had been some sou time a Prisoner in Canada, and pretended an Attachment to the French, was fent out to make a Discovery. He deserted to the Onondagas

. He is found them waiting for the French, with a Resolution to defend their Castle, and to fight the French ; for which Purpose they had sent away their Women lite and Children. The Seneka told them that the French Army was as numerous as the Leaves on the Trees; kim that they had Machines which threw Balls

in the but Air, and which falling on their Castle burst to help Pieces, and spread Fire and Death every where, against which their Stockadoes could be of no De. Do fence. This was confirmed by another Seneka, who

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most adviseable to retire, leaving their poor Fort C# A P. He and bark Cottages all in Flames.

XII. After the General had an Account of this, he marched to their Village in Order of Battle. The k Army was divided into two Lines: The first comat manded by the Chevalier de Callieres, who placed him

Telf on the Left, confifted of two Battalions of the di Inhabitants in the Center, and a Battalion of the rea gular Troops on each Wing. The Artillery follow

ed them. Most of the Indians of this Divifion
were upon the Right, who continually sent out
Scouts. The second Line was commanded by the

Chevalier de Vaudreuel, composed of the same Numüber of Battalions, and in the same Order. The

Count de Frontenac was carried in a Chair directly
after the Artillery. But it was impossible for them
to keep their Order, in passing through thick
Woods, and in passing Brooks. In this formida-
ble Manner the aged General marched up to the
Ashes of the Village, and his Army exerted their
Fury on the Indian Corn, which covered a large
Field in thick Ranks.

An Indian Sachem, about one hundred Years old,
would not retire with the rest, but chose this Time
to end his Days. The French Indians had the Plea-

sure of tormenting him, which he bore with fürĮ prifing Evenness of Mind, and with that Resoluti

on which becomes a Sacbem of the Five Nations.
He told his Tormentors to remember well his Death,
when his Countrymen should come to take terrible
Vengeance of them. Upon which, one stabbing
him several Times with his Knife, he thanked him
but said, you had better make me die by Fire, that
these Dogs of Frenchmen may learn how to suffer
like Men. You Indians, their Allies, you Dogs of
Dogs, think of 'me when you shall be in the like
State. Thus this old Sachem, under all the Weak-
ness of old Age, preferved a Greatness of Soul, and

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CHA P.a due Regard for the Honour of his Country, to the
XII. last Moment of his Breath.

The Chevalier de Vaudreuil was sent with a De-
tachment of fix or seven hundred Men to destroy
the Oneydoes Corn, who liv'd but a small Distance
from Onondaga, which he performed without any
Refiftance. The Jesuit Milet had lived for the
moft Part with the Oneydoes ; he had infused into
them the moft favourable Sentiments of the French,
and they had been the most inclined to Peace on the
French Terms. Thirty five of them ftaid in their
Castle to make the French welcome ; but the only
Favour they obtained, was to be made Prisoners,
and carried to MontrealThe French Governor de-
clared his Resolutions to extirpate the Onondagas

, and for that Reason gave Orders to give no Quarter.

The Difficulty of supporting so many Men in thefe Deserts, made it neceffary for the Count de Frontenac to return as speedily as possible. Though the French Army was much an Overmatch for the Onondagas, both in Number of Men and in their Arms, the Onondagas were not so far dispirited, as not to follow them in their Return. They found Opportunities to revenge themselves in some Meafure, by cutting off every Canoe that happened at any Time to be at a Distance from the main Body. This obliged the Count to hasten his March, fo that he returned to Montreal the tenth of Au

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The Onondagas suffered nothing by, this charge, able Expedition, but the. Loss of their Corn, and their Bark Cottages. They loft not one Man, but the old Sachem, who resolved to die a Martyr to his Country's Honour. The French suffered confiderably by its Consequences ; for all the Planters being taken off from their Labour, either in this Expedition, or in watching and securing their Forts

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y" and Country, a Famine ensued; and this I find has CH A P.

often happened in Canada, where all the Men, fit XIII. to bear Arms, have been employed in such like Ex

peditions. If the One; does had not timely surrenDita

dered themselves, the Count had not been able to out ? have carried Home the least Token of a Victory. bwi And all that can be said for this Enterprize is, that it led i was a kind of heroick Dotage. Fra

The Influence that the Jesuit Milet had obtained cell over the Oneydoes was such, that some Time af

ini ter this, thirty of them deserted to the French,
the and desired that he might be appointed their Pa.
Prili
ftor.

In the following Winter the Mobawks, with the
Governor of New York's Privacy, fent one to the
Praying Indians with two Belts, and he carried two
Prifoners with him. By the first Belt he asked,
He whether the Path was entirely shut up between their

two Countries; and, by the second, demanded by the Restitution of a Prisoner the Praying Indians had

taken : But his real Design was, to learn the State of their Country, and what Designs were forming. Notwithstanding the Influence and Artibifice of the French Priests over these Converts, they

fill retained an Affection to their Countrymen ;

for which Realon the Count de Frontenac entertainBed a Jealousy of these Intercourses, and threatened th to put to Death any that should come in that Man

ner again ; but the Messenger had the Satisfaction of discovering the distressed Condition of Canada by Famine,

A Party of the French was sent out in the Winter, to make some Attempt upon the English Set

tlements near Albany ; but some Mohawks and Scabkack Indians meeting with them, before they of reached the Settlements, they were intirely routed.

The commanding Officer, one du Bau, and two others, faved themselves from the Fury of the Indi

O

ans,

CHA P.ans, by running to Albany ; the rest were either XII.

killed or perished in the Woods, so that not one w Man of this party got back to Canada.

It was much easier for the French to set the Praying Indians' upon the English, against whom it is possible many of them had personal Animofities, that made them go over to the French, than to fight their Countrymen. Several of them came this Winter skulking about Schene tady and Albany ; and being well acquainted with the Country, and speaking likewise the Mohawk's Language, by which they sometimes deceived the Inhabitants, they furprised some of the Inhabitants, and carried away their Scalps.

The Five Nations, to fhew that the Count de Frontenac's Expedition had no way discouraged them, sent out several Parties against Canada. One of them met with a Party of French upon St. Laurence River, near Montreal. The French were routed, and their Captain killed. As soon as this was heard at Montreal, Repentigni was sent out after them with a confiderable Party' of French, Nepicirinien Indians and Praying Indians ; but this Party was likewise defeated, and the Captain, with many of his Men, killed.

Thus the War was continued till the Peace of Reswick, by small Parties of Indians, on both sides, harafling, surprising, and scalping the Inhabitants near Montreal and Albany.

Some Time this Year the chief Sachem of the Dionondadies (whom the French call the Baron) went to Quebeck, pretending a strong Attachment to the French, but really to conceal the Treaty of Peace that he was on the Point of concluding with the Five Nations ; for which Purpose he had sent his Son with nineteen Belts to the Senckas. The Substance of whose Commission was as follows:

The

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