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their receiving again Prisoners which had been taken Ch a p. by the Five Nations, gave the Commandant suffici- XI. ent Ground to suspect what was doing. The Dio- +

nondadies at last took seven Men of the Five Nations
Prisoners, and carried them to Missilimakinak. The
French perceiving, by their Manner of bringing
them in, that the Diomondadies intended to treat
them with the Civility they had hately used to o-
thers, murdered two of them with their Knives as
they stept ashore. On this the Dionondadies imme-
diately took to their Arms, saved the other Five,
and carried them safe to their Castle ; and continu-
ing in Arms, threatened Revenge for the Insult
they had received.
The French were forced in like Manner to stand
to their Arms, and as there are always many dif-
ferent Nations at Missilimakinak trading, some of
which were inveterate Enemies of the Five Nations,
they joined with the French. The Utawawas stood
neuter. This gave the Commandant Means of end-
ing the Dispute by Composition. He in the first
Place assured them, that the Christians abhorred all
Manner of Cruelty, and then told them, that as the
French shared with the Dionondadies in all the Dan-
gers and Losses sustained by the War, they ought
in like Manner to partake with them in any. Advan-
tage. The Diomondadies on this were persuaded to deliver
up one of the Prisoners. What I am about to relate,
I think, gives Room to charge the French with a
Piece of Policy, not only inconsistent with the Chris.
tian Religion, but likewise with the Character of a
polite People; and that all Confiderations from Religi-
on, Honour, and Virtue, must give Way to the pre-

sent Exigencies of their Affairs. That an End might

be put to the Beginnings of a Reconciliation between these People and the Five Nations, the French gave a publick Invitation to feast on the Soup to be made on this Prisoner, and, in a more particular

- Manner,

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as to have Room to move round it, a Frenchman
began the horrid Tragedy, by broiling the Flesh
of the Prisoner's Legs, from his Toes to his Knees,
with the red hot Barrel of a Gun ; his Example was
followed by an Utawawa, and they relieved one an-
other as they grew tired. The Prisoner all this

while continued his Death Song, till they clapt a

red hot Frying-pan on his Buttocks, when he cried
out, Fire is strong and too powerful ; then all their
Indians mocked him, as wanting Courage and Reso-
lution. You, they said, a Soldier and a Captain, as
you say, and afraid of Fire ; you are not a Man,
They continued their Torments for two Hours with-
out ceasing. An Utawawa being desirous to outdo
the French in their refined Cruelty, split a Furrow
from the Prisoner's Shoulder to his Garter, and fill-
ing it with Gunpowder, set Fire to it. This gave
him exquisite Pain, and raised excessive Laughter in
his Tormenters. When they found his Throat so
much parched, that he was no longer able to gratify
their Ears with his howling, they gave him Water,
to enable him to continue their Pleasure longer. But
at last his Strength failing, an Utawawa flead off his
Scalp, and threw burning hot Coals on his Scull.
Then they untied him, and bid him run for his Life:
He began to run, tumbling like a drunken Man;
they shut up the Way to the East, and made him

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parted (miserable) Souls. He had still Force left to
throw Stones, till they put an End to his Misery by
knocking him on the Head with a Stone. After

this every one cut a Slice from his Body, to con

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tion these barbarous inhuman Cruelties, transacted
by the Indians, yet I have avoided to relate the
particular Circumstances of them, because I believe
few civilized Ears can bear the reading of them
without Horror. But when they are perpetrated by
Christians, and so far gloried in, as to be recorded
in their own History, I am willing to shew it to my
Countrymen in its proper Colours. This last Piece
of French History is taken from Histoire de l’Ameri-
que Septentrionale, par Monsr. de la Poterie, publish-
ed at Paris with the Royal Licence, and recom-
mended to the Publick by Mons. Fontenelle, Vol. ii.
Page 298.
Though this cruel Aćt had its designed Effect, in
breaking off this Method of negotiating between the
Five Nations and Dionondadies, it did not prevent
the Peace; and it had very near raised a Civil War
with their own Indians, which was only prevented
by the dextrous Condućt of the French Officers,
who, in all kind of Artifice, have always been su-
perior to the Indians. But let me observe on this
Occasion, that the avoiding any Misfortune, by any
base or wicked Aétion, is commonly the Cause of
greater Mischiefs than what is thereby avoided ; and
of this numerous Examples may be given.

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The Count de Frontenac attacks Onondaga in
Person, with the whole Force of Canada.
The Five Nations continue the War with the
French, and make Peace with the Dionon-

CHA P. PTV H E Count de Frontenac having secured CoXII. darackui Fort, which was called by his Name, *-v- as a Place of Arms and Provisions, and for a Retreat to the Men that should happen to be sick or wounded, resolved to make the Five Nations feel his Resentment of their refusing his Terms of Peace. For this Purpose he assembled all the regular Troops of Canada, the Militia, the Owenagungas, the Quatogbies of Loretto, the Adirondacks, Sokokies, Nepiciriniens, the Praying Indians of the Five Nations, and a few Utawawas, at Montréal, in June 1696. The other western Indians near Miffilimakinak, by their late Correspondence with the Five Nations, and the Dissatisfaction they had manifested, were not trusted. The Manner of making War with the Indians in a Country wholly covered with Woods, must be so much different from the Methods used in Europe, that I believe the Reader will be pleased to have a particular Account of the Count de Frontemac's Condućt in this, who was an old experienced

General, in the seventy fourth Year of his Age.
It is to be observed, that it is impossible to pass
the vast Forests between the Countries of the Five
Nations with Waggons, or other Carriages, or on
: Horseback, or even on Foot, in the summer Time,
by Reason of many impassible thick Swamps and
Morasses. For this Reason, the only Method of

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travelling is in Bark Canoes, or very light Battoes, CH A p. along the Rivers, which may be easily carried on XII

Men's Shoulders, where the Stream of the River
becomes too rapid, and from one River to another;

for which Purpose the shortest Passes are always
chosen, and are called, for this Reason, Carrying
Places. . . . . . . . . • * a

The Count de Frontenac marched from la Chine,
in the south End of the Island of Montreal, the fourth
of july. He divided five hundred Indians so, that
the greatest Number of them should always be in
the Wan, which consisted of two Battalions of , the
regular Troops. They were followed by the Ca-
noes which carried the Provisions. The Van was
commanded by the Chevalier de Callieres, Goyer-
nor of Montreal ; he had with him two large Bat-

toes, which carried two small Pieces of Cannon,

small Mortars, Granadoes, and the Utensils of the
Artillery. The Count de Frontenac was at the Head
of the main Body, accompanied by the Engineer
and several Gentlemen Voluntiers. The Body con-
sisted of four Battalions of the Militia, who, in War
with Indians, were then more depended on than
the regular Troops; these were commanded by Mon-
sieur Ramsay, Governor of Trois Rivieres. The

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Troops, and of the rest of the Indians, was under
the Command of the Chevalier de Vaudreuil. All
the Indians had French Officers set over them.
In this Order the Army marched, only those that
were in the Van one Day, were in the Rear the
next ; and they always kept a Number of Indians
on the Scout, to discover the Tracks of the Enemy,
for fear of Ambuscades. And when they were obliged
to carry the Canoes, and drag the large Battoes, se-
veral Parties were detached to cover the Men that
worked. , - -


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