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their receiving again Prisoners which had been taken CH A P.
The French were forced in like Manner to stand
This gave the Commandant Means of ending the Dispute by Composition. He in the first Place assured them, that the Christians abhorred all Manner of Cruelty, and then told them, that as the French shared with the Dionondadies in all the Dangers and Losses sustained by the War, they ought in like Manner to partake with them in any, Advantage.
The Dionondadies on this were persuaded to deliver up one of the Prisoners. What I am about to relate, I think, gives Room to charge the French with a Piece of Policy, not only inconsistent with the Chriftian Religion, but likewise with the Character of a polite People ; and that all Considerations from Religion, Honour, and Virtue, must give Way to the
prefent Exigencies of their Affairs. That an End might be put to the Beginnings of a Reconciliation between these People and the Five Nations, the French gave a publick Invitation to feast on the Soup to be made on this Prisoner, and, in a nore particular
CHA P. Manner, invited the Utawawas to the Entertain-
The Prisoner being first made fast to a Stake, lo as to have Room to move round it, a Frenchman began the horrid Tragedy, by broiling the Flesh of the Prisoner's Legs, from his Toes to his Knees, with the red hot Barrel of a Gun ; his Example was followed by an Utawawa, and they relieved one another as they grew tired. The Prisoner all this while continued his Death Song, till they clapt a red hot Frying-pan on his Buttocks, when he cried out, Fire is strong and too powerful ; then all their Indians mocked him, as wanting Courage and Refolution. You, they said, a Soldier and a Captain, as you fay, and afraid of Fire ; you are not a Man. They continued their Torments for two Hours without ceafing. An Utawawa being desirous to outdo the French in their refined Cruelty, split a Furrow from the Prisoner's Shoulder to his Garter, and filling it with Gunpowder, set Fire to it. This gave him exquisite Pain, and raised excessive Laughter in his Tormenters. When they found his Throat fo much parched, that he was no longer able to gratify their Ears with his howling, they gave him Water, to enable him to continue their Pleasure longer. But at last his Strength failing, an Utawawa flead off his Scalp, and threw burning hot Coals on his Scull
. Then they untied him, and bid him run for his Life: He began to run, tumbling like a drunken Man ; they shut up the Way to the East, and made him run Westward, the Country, as they think, of departed (miserable) Souls. He had ftill Force left to throw Stones, till they put an End to his Misery by knocking him on the Head with a Stone. After this every one cut a Slice from his Body, to conclude the Tragedy with a Feaft. It is doing no In. jury, I think, to these Frenchmen, who thus glory in this horrid Cruelty, to ask them, whether they
did not likewise regale their revengeful Appetites CH A P. with a Share of this in human Feaft?
XI. Though I have had frequent
Occasions to mention these barbatous in human Cruelties, transacted
by the Indians, yet I have avoided to relate the s particular Circumstances of them, because I believe * few civilized Ears can bear the reading of them
without Horror. But when they are perpetrated by Chriftians, and fo far gloried in, as to be recorded in their own History, I am willing to shew it to my Countrymen in its proper Colours. This last Piece of French History is taken from Histoire de l'Ameria que Septentrionale, par Monfr. de la Poterie, published at Paris with the Royal Licence, and recommended to the Publick by Monf. Fontenelle, Vol. ii. Page 298.
Though this cruel Act had its designed Effect, in breaking off this Method of negotiating between the Five Nations and Dionondadies, it did not prevent the Peace; and it had very near raised a Civil War with their own Indians, which was only prevented by the dextrous Conduct of the French Officers, who, in all kind of Artifice, have always been superior to the Indians. But let me observe on this
Occafion, that the avoiding any Misfortune, by any í bafe or wicked Action, is commonly the Cause of | greater Mischiefs than what is thereby avoided ; and
of this numerous Examples may be given.
CH A P. XII.
The Count de Frontenac attacks Onondaga in
Person, with the whole Force of Canada.
CH A P.
HE Count de Frontenac having secured CaXII.
darackui Fort, which was called by his Name, as a Place of Arms and Provisions, and for a Retreat to the Men that should happen to be fick or wounded, resolved to make the Five Nations feel his Refentment of their refusing his Terms of Peace. For this purpose he assembled all the regular Troops of Canada, the Militia, the Owenagungas, the. Quatogbies of Loretto, the Adirondacks, Sokokies, Nepiciriniens, the Praying Indians of the Five Nations, and a few Ulawawas, at Montreal, in June 1696. The other western Indians near Miilimakinak, by their late Correspondence with the Five Nations, and the Diffatisfaction they had manifested, were not trusted. The Manner of making War with the Indians in a Country wholly covered with Woods, muft be so much different from the Methods used in Europe, that I believe the Reader will be pleased to have a particular Account of the Count de Frontenac's Conduct in this, who was an old experienced General, in the seventy fourth Year of his Age.
It is to be observed, that it is impossible to pass the vast Forests between the Countries of the Five Nations with Waggons, or other Carriages, or on Horseback, or even on Foot, in the fummer Time, by Reason of many impassible thick Swamps and Moraffes. For this Reason, the only Method of
travelling is in Bark Canoes, or very light Battoes, CHA P.
The Count de Frontenac marched from la Chine,
In this Order the Army marched, only those that were in the Van one Day, were in the Rear the next; and they always kept a Number of Indians on the Scout, to discover the Tracks of the Enemy, for fear of Ambuscades. And when they were obliged to carry the Canoes, and drag the large Battoes, feveral Parties were detached to cover the Men that worked