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their receiving again Prisoners which had been taken CH A P.
by the Five Nations, gave the Commandant suffici XI.
ent Ground to suspect what was doing. The Dio-
nondadies at last took seven Men of the Five Nations
Prisoners, and carried them to MiNilimakinak. The
French perceiving, by their Manner of bringing
them in, that the Dionondadies intended to treat
them with the Civility they had lately used to 0-
thers, murdered two of them with their Knives as
they stept ashore. On this the Dionondadies imme-
diately took to their Arms, saved the other Five,
and carried them safe to their Castle, and continu-
ing in Arms, threatened Revenge for the Insult
they had received.

The French were forced in like Manner to stand
to their Arms, and as there are always many dif-
ferent Nations at Missilimakinak trading, some of
which were inveterate Enemies of the Five Nations,
they joined with the French. The Ulawawas stood

This gave the Commandant Means of ending the Dispute by Composition. He in the first Place assured them, that the Christians abhorred all Manner of Cruelty, and then told them, that as the French shared with the Dionondadies in all the Dangers and Losses sustained by the War, they ought in like Manner to partake with them in any, Advantage.

The Dionondadies on this were persuaded to deliver up one of the Prisoners. What I am about to relate, I think, gives Room to charge the French with a Piece of Policy, not only inconsistent with the Chriftian Religion, but likewise with the Character of a polite People ; and that all Considerations from Religion, Honour, and Virtue, must give Way to the

prefent Exigencies of their Affairs. That an End might be put to the Beginnings of a Reconciliation between these People and the Five Nations, the French gave a publick Invitation to feast on the Soup to be made on this Prisoner, and, in a nore particular



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CHA P. Manner, invited the Utawawas to the Entertain-


The Prisoner being first made fast to a Stake, lo as to have Room to move round it, a Frenchman began the horrid Tragedy, by broiling the Flesh of the Prisoner's Legs, from his Toes to his Knees, with the red hot Barrel of a Gun ; his Example was followed by an Utawawa, and they relieved one another as they grew tired. The Prisoner all this while continued his Death Song, till they clapt a red hot Frying-pan on his Buttocks, when he cried out, Fire is strong and too powerful ; then all their Indians mocked him, as wanting Courage and Refolution. You, they said, a Soldier and a Captain, as you fay, and afraid of Fire ; you are not a Man. They continued their Torments for two Hours without ceafing. An Utawawa being desirous to outdo the French in their refined Cruelty, split a Furrow from the Prisoner's Shoulder to his Garter, and filling it with Gunpowder, set Fire to it. This gave him exquisite Pain, and raised excessive Laughter in his Tormenters. When they found his Throat fo much parched, that he was no longer able to gratify their Ears with his howling, they gave him Water, to enable him to continue their Pleasure longer. But at last his Strength failing, an Utawawa flead off his Scalp, and threw burning hot Coals on his Scull

. Then they untied him, and bid him run for his Life: He began to run, tumbling like a drunken Man ; they shut up the Way to the East, and made him run Westward, the Country, as they think, of departed (miserable) Souls. He had ftill Force left to throw Stones, till they put an End to his Misery by knocking him on the Head with a Stone. After this every one cut a Slice from his Body, to conclude the Tragedy with a Feaft. It is doing no In. jury, I think, to these Frenchmen, who thus glory in this horrid Cruelty, to ask them, whether they

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did not likewise regale their revengeful Appetites CH A P. with a Share of this in human Feaft?

XI. Though I have had frequent

Occasions to mention these barbatous in human Cruelties, transacted

by the Indians, yet I have avoided to relate the s particular Circumstances of them, because I believe * few civilized Ears can bear the reading of them

without Horror. But when they are perpetrated by Chriftians, and fo far gloried in, as to be recorded in their own History, I am willing to shew it to my Countrymen in its proper Colours. This last Piece of French History is taken from Histoire de l'Ameria que Septentrionale, par Monfr. de la Poterie, published at Paris with the Royal Licence, and recommended to the Publick by Monf. Fontenelle, Vol. ii. Page 298.

Though this cruel Act had its designed Effect, in breaking off this Method of negotiating between the Five Nations and Dionondadies, it did not prevent the Peace; and it had very near raised a Civil War with their own Indians, which was only prevented by the dextrous Conduct of the French Officers, who, in all kind of Artifice, have always been superior to the Indians. But let me observe on this

Occafion, that the avoiding any Misfortune, by any í bafe or wicked Action, is commonly the Cause of | greater Mischiefs than what is thereby avoided ; and

of this numerous Examples may be given.

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The Count de Frontenac attacks Onondaga in

Person, with the whole Force of Canada.
The Five Nations continue the War with the
French, and make Peace with the Dionon-


HE Count de Frontenac having secured CaXII.

darackui Fort, which was called by his Name, as a Place of Arms and Provisions, and for a Retreat to the Men that should happen to be fick or wounded, resolved to make the Five Nations feel his Refentment of their refusing his Terms of Peace. For this purpose he assembled all the regular Troops of Canada, the Militia, the Owenagungas, the. Quatogbies of Loretto, the Adirondacks, Sokokies, Nepiciriniens, the Praying Indians of the Five Nations, and a few Ulawawas, at Montreal, in June 1696. The other western Indians near Miilimakinak, by their late Correspondence with the Five Nations, and the Diffatisfaction they had manifested, were not trusted. The Manner of making War with the Indians in a Country wholly covered with Woods, muft be so much different from the Methods used in Europe, that I believe the Reader will be pleased to have a particular Account of the Count de Frontenac's Conduct in this, who was an old experienced General, in the seventy fourth Year of his Age.

It is to be observed, that it is impossible to pass the vast Forests between the Countries of the Five Nations with Waggons, or other Carriages, or on Horseback, or even on Foot, in the fummer Time, by Reason of many impassible thick Swamps and Moraffes. For this Reason, the only Method of


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travelling is in Bark Canoes, or very light Battoes, CHA P.
along the Rivers, which may be easily carried on XII
Men's Shoulders, where the Stream of the River
becomes too rapid, and from one River to another ;
for which Purpose the shortest Passes are always
chosen, and are called, for this Reason, Carrying

The Count de Frontenac marched from la Chine,
in the south End of the Island of Montreal, the fourth
of July. He divided five hundred Indians so, that
the greatest Number of them should always be in
the Van, which consisted of two Battalions of the
regular Troops. They were followed by the Ca-
noes which carried the Provisions. The Van was
commanded by the Chevalier de Callieres, Goyer-
nor of Montreal ; he had with him two large Bat-
toes, which carried two small Pieces of Cannon,
small Mortars, Granadoes, and the Utensils of the
Artillery. The Count de Frontenac was at the Head
of the main Body, accompanied by the Engineer
and several Gentlemen Voluntiers. The Body con-
fifted of four Battalions of the Militia, who, in War
with Indians, were then more depended on than
the regular Troops; these were commanded by Mon-
fieur Ramsay, Governor of Trois Rivieres. The
Rear, which consisted of two Battalions of regular
Troops, and of the rest of the Indians, was under
the Coinmand of the Chevalier de Vaudreuil. All
the Indians had French Officers set over them.

In this Order the Army marched, only those that were in the Van one Day, were in the Rear the next; and they always kept a Number of Indians on the Scout, to discover the Tracks of the Enemy, for fear of Ambuscades. And when they were obliged to carry the Canoes, and drag the large Battoes, feveral Parties were detached to cover the Men that worked

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