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When the Governor of Canada came to Particulars with these Deputies, he could obtain nothing but ambiguous or dubious Answers, as to the icbuilding of Cadarackui Fort, and the including of all the French Allies in the Peace. Whereupon he dismissed them with Presents, and made them many fair Promises, in Case of their Compliance ; but threatened them with utter Destruction, in Case of their refusing the Terms he had offered. Many of the French Indian Allies were present, when the Governor of Canada refused any Agreement without his Allies being included in it, and this attached them exceedingly to the French Interest. This Regard, which the French generally shew for the Interest of their Allies, is a piece of Policy which, upon all Occasions, proves useful to them ; whereas, the Neglect of this Piece of natural Justice has as often been prejudicial to others, who have not had fo tender a Sense of it. But it is not so easy for a weak State to keep up its Honour in such Cases, as it is for a powerful Prince.

C H A P. XI.

The War renewed. The French reposess them

selves of Cadarackui Fort, and find Means to break of the Treaty between the Five Nations and Dionondadies.

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HE Five Nations refusing to come to the CH A P.

Governor of Canada's Terms, he resolved to force them; and as he suspected that they continued obstinate; by the Advice of the English, and the Confidence they had of the English Asistance, he thought he would most effectually lessen that Confi


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dence, by attacking and destroying the remainder of CH A P.
the Mohawks, who livd adjoining to the English Set- XI.
tlements. For this purpose he resolved to march,
in the Winter, the whole Force of Canada against
that Nation; but one of the Prisoners learning their
Design, made his Escape, and informed the Mobawks
of it. This made him alter his Measures, knowing
well enough, that if the English were prepared to
receive them, such an Enterprize would only lead
those engaged in it to certain Destruction. He then sent
three hundred Men into the Neck of Land between
Lake Erie and Cadarackui Lake, the usual hunting
Place of the Five Nations, in hopes of surprising
them while they hunted carelessly there, and at the
same Time to view the old French Fort there, to
observe in what Condition it remained.

This Party met with three or four Men, who defended themselves obstinately, till they all fell dead on the Spot. They surprised likewise a Cabin, where they took some Men and Women Prisoners; and four of them were publickly burnt alive at Montreal. So far the Count de Frontenac thought it more proper to imitate the Indians in their most favage Cruelties, than to instruct them, by his Example, in the Compassion of the Christian Doctrine. A Party of one hundred and fifty of the Five Nations fell upon the Dewagunhas, in their way to Canada, and entirely routed them. Ten Prisoners were taken, nine of which were burnt alive, in revenge of the fame Fate the four Men of the Five Nations had received at Montreal.

This Year also some sculking French Indians murdered some People near Albany and Schenectady.

The Party sent to view Cadarackui l'ort found it in a better Condition than they expected, the Indians having neglected to demolish and level the Baftions, and probably they had not Instruments sufficient to


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CHA it. The Count de Frontenac therefore, in the
X. Summer of the Year 1695, sent a considerable Body

of Men, both French and Indians, thither, to repair
the Fortifications, and to cover thofe that should be

at work. The Five Nations, in August, fent Mef-
sengers to Albany, to acquaint the English that the Com
French had taken Possession of Cadaračkui, and were
repairing of it. They demanded, in Consequence
of the Promise Colonel Fletcher had given them,
the Affiftance of five hundred Men and some Canon,
which they promised they would draw over Land,
where they could not be carried by Water. At the
fame Time they desired, that the People of New-
England might be told, that many of the Owen-

W agungas were gone with the French to Cadarackui, and that this was a proper Time to fall upon those that remained, and to deftroy them, and the Women and Children.

Coll. Fletcher came to Albany in September ; there, in a Speech to the Five Nations, he blamed them for being asleep, when they suffered the French to take Poffeffion of Cadarackui ; it would have been much easier, he said, to have prevented their getting the Possession, than to drive them out, now they are in it, especially as now you yourselves are convinced, that it is impoflible to carry Cannon thither from this Place. All, says he, I can now do, is to advise you to invest the place with your Par. ties, so as to prevent their receiving any Supply of it Provisions: By this Means you may force them to s desert it. Then he gave them 1000 Pound of D Powder, two Thousand Pound of Lead, 57 Fusees, one Hundred Hatchets, three Hundred and forty eight Knives, and two Thousand Flints, besides Cloathing, &c. But in my opinion, the Government of Nere-York have, on all Occasions, been exceeding, ly to be blamed, in not having some Men of Experi

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ence among the Five Nations to advise and direct CHAP.

XI. them on all

Emergencies of Importance. The French are very careful of this, and the Officers of the regular Troops are obliged to take their Tours among

their Indians, while the Captains of the independent the Companies of Fusiliers at New-York live like milira tary Monks, in Idleness and Luxury.

The French gained a great Advantage, by possessing this Place, as it is of great Security to their Traders, in their passing between Montreal and Misilimakinak. It served likewise as a Place of Stores, and Retreat in all their Enterprises against the Five Nations, that Place being nearly about half Way between Montreal and the Country of the Five Nations. It likewise exposed the Five Nations in their hunting, to the Incursions of that Garison, by its being in the Neighbourhood of their principal hunting Place for Bever.

The French grew exceedingly uneasy, when they found, that the Dionondadies, who live near Misililimakinak, had almost concluded a Peace with the Five Nations, and that the rest of their Allies were like to follow their Example: Some of these Nations had been at Montreal, and at their Return forwarded the Peace, that thereby they might be at Liberty to go to Albany; for they informed their

Neighbours, that the Five Nations had intirely shut 2

up the Path to 'Montreal ; and besides that, the
French were not in a Condition to supply them, for
they had nothing for themselves, not so much as a
Drop of strong Spirits. If these Nations had, at
that Time, deserted the French, it might probably
have put an End to the French Colony ; for as the
Lands of Canada barely produce sufficient for the
Subfistence of its Inhabitants, the only Means they
have of purchasing Cloathing and other Necessaries
is by their Trade with the Indians. The French


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CH'A p. likewise had been in Danger of greater Mischief by
XI. the Peace, for these Nations being at War with the

Five Nations, and lying on the Back of them,
obliged the Five Nations to keep always a very con-
fiderable Part of their Force at home, to defend
themselves against these Nations, and to revenge the
Injuries they received from them ; but if the Peace
had been concluded with these Nations, the Five
Nations could have turned their whole Force against
Canada, and probably might have persuaded these
Nations to have joined with them in warring on the

The French Commandant at Misilimakinak had his Hands full at this Time; and if he had not been a Man of great Abilities, he must have funk under the Difficulties he had to go through; in the first Place, to contradict the Stories brought from Montreal, he ordered the Stores of his Fort to be fold to the Indians at the cheapest Rate, and assured them, that great Quantities were every Day expected from France, which were only detained by contrary Winds; and after these Goods shall arrive, faid he, they will be sold cheaper than ever they have been. He told them likewise, that the Count de Frontenac would never make Peace with the Five Nations, but was resolved to extirpate them ; for which Purpose he was now rebuilding Cadarackui Fort. At the fame Time he took all poffible Methods to extinguish the Beginnings of Friendship, which appeared between the Five Nations and Dionondadies.

The Dionondadies durft not avow their treating with the Five Nations to the French, neither durst the Five Nations trust their Agents in a Place where they knew the French had so great Influence ; both Sides therefore agreed to carry on their Treaty by Means of Prisoners which they took from one another. The Civility with which the Dionondadies treated these Prisoners, their dismissing them, and

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