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CH'A P." taken Prisoner, and was taken into the Place of X. “ the chief Sachem of Onondaga, formerly lost in

“ the War, and thereby became a Sachem) dea fired Leave to add two Belts to the other three. “ By their being Sachems they had a Vote in the “ General Council, and a Right to propose any “ Thing. They wrote and read to us the Pur“ ports of their Belts, and we have brought their “ Papers with us, to fhew to our Brethren.”

To Thew the Necessity they were under of making Peace, speedily he added :

" That two Women, who were Prisoners at Canada, had made their Escape, on Purpose to in" form them that the French were making great « Preparations of Battoes, and other Necessaries for “ an Expedition ; one

said, she had informed one of the Sachems of the Praying Indians of her Design, 66 who sent an Indian with her to advise the Five Na« tions, to prevent the great Danger they were " threatened with by a speedy Conclusion of the

Peace; " and added, that they had sent one of their People “ back with this Praying Indian, to assure them that « Deputies would certainly go to Canada in the “ Spring to treat of Peace." I make no Doubt, this was only an Article to hasten the Five Nations to conclude the Peace, left the English, if it were delayed, should find Means to prevent it.

Then he Thewed the Flag which the Governor of Canada sent them to be carried by their Deputies, that the French might know them. Upon these Resolutions being taken, the Five Nations recalled fix hundred Men, that they had placed along Cadarackui River, to intercept the French, as they passed to and from Missilimakinak.

The Jesuit's Papers being read to them, several Things were found in them which he had not read to the General Council. To this Decanefcra anfwered ; « We know that the Priest favours his

own Nation, and deceives us in many Things ;


« but it is not in his power to alter our Affection CHA P. "6 to our Brethren, we wish you would bury all X. “ Misunderstandings that you have conceived on “ his Account ; and we likewise wish you gave « less Credit to the Rum-Carriers, than you do."

Here we fee, by this Appellation, what a conPu: temptible Character the Traders have among the In

dians, and yet the Government of New-York has almost perpetually trusted the Management of the Indian Affairs to these Traders. .

Decane fora ended his Conference as follows: « The Governor of Canada's Words, and the Re“ folutions of the four Nations are now before you, " consult therefore what is to be done, and if it be “ necessary for the Brethren to go to our Castles to " advise us farther, be not unwilling; and then he “ laid down a large Belt eleven Rows deep, and fe

ven Fathom of Wampum.'

The next Day Major Schuyler told them that he could consent to no Treaty with the French; but proposed to them to meet the Governor here in seventy Days, and that Decane fora in particular should return at that Time, and gave a Belt.

They agreed to meet the Governor at that Time; “ But as for myself (says Decanesora) I cannot pro« mise ; I am now the Minister of the General “ Council, and cannot dispose of myself, but by " their Directions; if they order me, I shall wil.

lingly return. We did not expect to hear such

positive Prohibition of keeping any Correspon“ dence with the French ; seventy Days must pass “ before we meet again, if any Mischief be done

by the Enemy in that Time, let us not blame
one another.

Consider again what is most for the
publick Good, and let it be spoken before we
part, and laid down a large Belt of fourteen

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CHAP. Major Schuyler then asked them again, whe

X. ther they promised to stop all Correspondence n with the French, either by the Jesuit or otherwise,

for seventy Days, and till they shall have his Excellency the Governor's Answer.

Decanefora answered to this, “ I have no Autho“ rity to anfwer this Question. I shall lay the Belt “ down in every one of the Castles, and tell, that ! by it all Correspondence is desired to stop with " the French ; but I cannot promise that this will « be complied with.”

Major Schuyler on the fixth called the Indians again together : He advised them not to submit to, nor trust fuch a perfidious Nation as the French are, who have upon all Occasions proved themselves fuch. Be not discouraged, (says he, giving a Belt) Heaven begins again to favour us. This Day the Forerunners of the Shawonons are come to Town, feven Nations are on their March following them, one Thoufand in Number, including Men, Women and Children, as you may learn from their own Mouths.

Take Courage, and be not afraid, giving five Fathom of Wampum. This seemed a lucky Incident, and accordingly it had more Influence than all other Arguments together.

Deeanefora, the next Day, called the Magistrates together, and told them, you have at last shut up the Way to Canada, but we have one Thing to ask, after mature Deliberation, which we expect will not be refused us. Major Schuyler assured them that every Thing should be granted, which was either for their Safety or Honour.

We desire then, faid he, that you send a Messenger along with ours to the Praying Indians at Canada, tell them that the Priest is false ; that we are to meet Cayenguiraga in the Spring, and therefore cannot go to Canada at that Time, and that a further Cessation of Arms be agreed to, till such Time as



we can go. We desire at least, that if you will not CHAD.
send a Messenger, that you put the Message in X.
Writing, as a Taken of your Assent to it. This
last was agreed to, and the Message was put in
Writing in the following Words, and translated in-

to French.


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The Dispatch of three Belts, which two Messen-
gers of the Five Nations carry to the Caraguists and
Catholick Indians, according to what was resolved
by the Agayandres. or Sachems of the Five Nations,
at Albany, February the ninth 1694.

First Belt.
The Azayandres of the Five Nations cannot go to
Canada in the Spring, as they gave Reason to ex-
pect by the 'last Message from Onondaga, because
Cayenguirago has called all the Five Nations, and
other Indians, to meet him at Albany, in the Month
of April next, to which the Five Nations have a-

Second Belt.
If the Caraguists, or French, have any Thing to
propose to the Five Nations, they may safely, come
into our Country. This Belt opens the Path, and
fecures it to them both coming and going.

Tbird Belt.
The Five Nations, and their Friends, lay down
the Hatchet till they shall have an Answer, which
they expect in forty Days. Provided nevertheless,
that the Caraguists and French tye their Hatchets
down at the same Time.

These Belts were accordingly presented to the Praying Indians of Cahnuaga, who refused to receive them but in the Presence of Mr. de Callieres,


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CHA P. Governor of Montreal. Mr. de Callieres acquaint

X ed the Count de Frontenac with the Contents. Afw ter which the Praying Indians, in Presence of Mr.

de Callieres, gave the following Answer.

“ We will have no Correspondence with the

Five Nations, but by Order of the Governor of " Canada our Father, and unless Decanefora, and 's the other Deputies, come before the Feast of “ St. John, the Way will be shut up for ever after, “ and our Father's Ears will be stopt. We how“ ever assure you, that if the Deputies come in " that Time the Path shall be safe both coming 6 and going."

Whether the Accounts given of the coming of the Shawonons was only an Amusement, or whether they were diverted on their March, I know not, for I find no farther Account of them in the Register of the Indian Affairs : However it was, the Impression, made on the Indians by that News, was not sufficient to withstand the Force of the re. solute Answer their Messenger received from the Praying Indians. Decanesora and the other Deputies went early in the Spring to Canada ; the other Sachems met Colonel Fletcher at Albany, the fourth of May 1694. The Indians spoke first by Sadakanaktie, an Onondaga Sachem, as follows :

Brother Cayenguirago,

" Some of our Sachems agreed last Winter that “ we should keep no Correspondence with the

French; we confess that we have broke that Pro“ mise, and that we have received a Messenger “ from Canada, and have sent our Deputies like"s wise thither: The Belt is not yet arrived, by - which we are to acknowledge our Fault in doing

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