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ceived such a Blow. They faid their Strength was quite broke, by the Continuance of the War'; but they added, if all the English Colonies would join, they could still easily take Canada : Their being To ill armed, was the Reason (they faid) that the French had now escaped.

The French, continued they, arm their Indians compleatly, and furnish them with every Thing neceffary for War, as we find every Time we meet with them.

The French had got a great Quantity of Furs, and other Peltry, at Mislimakinak, by their Trade with the Indians; but the Five Nations had fo effestually blocked up the Passage between that and Canada, that they had remained there useless to the French for several Years. The Count de Frontenac, after his Success against the Mohawks, was in Hopes the Five Nations would keep more at home in Defence of their own Castles, and with these Hopes sent a Lieutenant, with eighteen Canadians, and twenty praying Indians, to open the Passage to Mifilimakinak ; but this party fell in with another of the Five Nations, who entirely routed them, so that a few escaped only, to give an Account of their Miffortune; at last 200 Canoes, loaded with Furs from Misilimakinak, arrived at Montreal, which gave as universal a Joy to Canada, as the Atrival of the Galleons give in Spain.

СНАР. Х.

The Treaties and Negotiations the Five Nations had

with the English and French, in the Years 1693 and 1694

A

CH A P,

S by this Time the Reader may be tired with the

horrid Scenes of a barbaroas War, it may be X.

fome Relief to observe the Indian Genius in the Arts of negotiating; and see how a barbarous People, 'with

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out any of the Arts and Sciences in which we value CH A P. our selves, manage their Interest with the most learn- IX. ed, most polite, and artificial Nation in Europe.

The Five Nations were informed, that the Gover.
nor of Canada had received from Europe a very
confiderable Recruit of Soldiers, and of all Sorts of
Ammunition. This, with the great Loss the Mo-
bawks had lately suffered, while they had been
amused by the English with great Hopes, and very
little real Affiftance, made the Oneydoes, at last yield
to the Solicitations of the Jesuit Milet, to send à
Message to the French for Peace. It is probable he
had the Art to influence the People at Albany to fa-
vour his Defigns, by giving them Hopes of being
included in the Peace, as may be conje&ured, from
what will appear in the Sequel.

Coll. Fletcher being informed, that the Oneydoes
had sent a Messenger to Canada, fent for the Five
Nations to Albany. He spoke to them the third of
July 1693

He first excused his not meeting them as he had
promised, at the Time the Sap begins to run in the
Trees, by Reason of his having received a Commif-
fion to be Governor of Pensilvania, to which Place
he was obliged at that Time to go. He put them
in Mind with what Speed he came to their Aflift-
ance last Winter, and how effectual, in all Probabi-
lity, it would have been, had they only retarded the
Enemy's March till he could have reached them:
He advised them to guard against being drunk, and
fhewed them the ill Consequences of it in Time of
War.

Then he said, “I have received Information, " that some of the Brethren are wavering, and « inclined to Peace with the Enemy; and am af“ sured, that such Thoughts must arise from the « Instigation of the Jesuit Milet, whom some of 66 the Brethren have suffered to live so long among “them, and whose only Practice is to delude and

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CHA P.“ betray them. Let me therefore advise you to X. “ remove that ill Person from among you.

In the End he condoled their Dead, and made them a very considerable Present of ninety Guns, eight hundred and ten Pound of Powder, eight hundred Bars. of Lead, a Thousand Flints, eighty seven Hatchets, four Gross of Knives, besides a considerable Quantity of Cloathing and Provisions. This Present, he told them, their King and Queen had sent them, and renewed the Covenant for all the English Colonies.

The King usually sends them a considerable Present with every new Governor sent to New-York, which is not always applied as it is designed. If this Present had been made sooner, it had been of much more Use to the English, as well as to the Five Nations. The Five Nations the next Day spoke as follows.

Brother Cayenguirago, “ We are involved in a bloody War, which “ makes us fit in Sorrow and Grief; and being 6s about to speak of Matters of Importance, we, in “ the first Place, clear the Mouth and Throat of

our Interpretess, by giving her these three Bever $6 Skins.

Then they repeated his Excellency's Speech, in Answer to which they said,

“ Brother Cayenguirago, we rejoice, that the " great King and Queen of England take such $ Notice of us, as we find, by the large Present " sent us; we return hearty Thanks for the Am$munition especially,

We are glad that our Brother Cayenguirago

renews the Chain, not only between us and this “ Government, but likewise with New-England, ço Virginia, Maryland and Pensilvania; it shall be «c kept inviolable by us the Five Nations, as long as the Sun shines. We pray our Brother Cayen

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guirago to have a watchful Eye, that none CH A P.
" of the other colonies keep any Correspondence X.
“ with the Enemy, but use their Endeavours to de. Yn

stroy them. We heard nothing of what you
us told us of the Priest Milet, who lives at Oneydo,
"6 till we came to this Town. We have enquired
“ the Truth of our Brethren the neydoes, who con-
" fefs, that the Priest fent an Indian to Canada with
“ Letters, which has surprised us very much.

“ Brother Cayenguirago, you are our great. Tree,
“ whose Roots extend to the utmoft Bounds of this
" Government; we desire you may not be disturbed
“ when any of our Prisoners misbehave, for they
« are not countenanced by us ; and all
" thods shall be taken, to prevent the like for the
“ future. In like Manner we beg you to take
“ Care, that none of the Prisoners you have cor-

refpond with the Enemy, as we suspect the
4 Chevalier. D' O. did; and that he was sent
“ with Letters to Canada by some of our Brethren.
(He made his Escape from Boston. )

“ Brother Cayenguirago, In former Times our

Propofitions to one another were only Discourses “c of Peace and Friendship, and in giving Presents ;

but how much is the Case altered of late ? Now “ we talk of nothing but War, and are continually “ prompting one another to it. As to our Parts,

we will keep close to the War to the last Drop es of our Blood; and tho' we be toffed to and fro “ with Storms, we will remain stedfast to the last " Man, as it was resolved by both in the Begin“ ning of the War.

“ Brother Cayenguirago, we were told in our own “ Country, not only that the King had made you " Governor of Pensilvania, but likewise that you

were preparing a Fleet to take Canada. O! what “ joyful News this was to our young Men. Sadagarus, the great Seneka. Captain, was to command them. Now they said, we need only make one

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CHAP.“ hearty Push, while the Fleet is before Quebeck.

X. “ Now there will be an End to this bloody War, mu and all our Troubles; But alas, now we are come

6 here, we hear not one Word of this Defign.

“ Brother Cayenguirago, you are that flourishing « Tree that covers us; you keep the Chain bright; “ we have one Request to make to you, that you

may ftay with us, and not return to England ; for you know our Ways and Manners. If you have

any Thing to tell the King and Queen, write it to " them, for the King knows you to be a wise Man, « and will therefore believe you.

6 Brother Cayenguirago, we are very glad to hear that Pensilvania is come under your Government, bring their young Men here, with their Bows and

Arrows and Hatchets in their Hands, for this i is the Place of Action. We are pleased that & the Showonons or Satanas, who are our Enemies, “ have applied to you for Protection, and that you * fent them to us to endeavour a Peace, and that " you sent Christians with them, to conduct them « back again. We wish they were come to assist us * against the common Enemy.

“ Brother Cayenguirago, now we have done, but “must tell you again, that we roll and wallow « in Joy, by Reason of the great Favour the great . " King and Queen has done us, in fending us Arms w and Ammunition, at a Time when we are in the “ greatest Need of them; and because there is such “ Unity among the Brethren.”

They made the Governor a considerable Present of Furs, to shew their Respect to his Person ; but they did not give one Belt to confirm any one Article; so that the whole of it is, according to their Stile, only argumentative.

Coll. Fletcher not being satisfied with their Answer, concerning the Jesuit Milet, made this further Proposal to them. “ As to Milet the Priest, whom " the Brethren of Oneydo still harbour among them,

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