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tili Perpetual Alarm, that they may have no Reft,

CHAP, we are, but a small People, and decline daily, by

the Men we lose in this War, we do our utmost to destroy the Enemy; but how strange does it seem to us! How unaccountable ! that while our great King is so inveterate against the French, and you are so earnest with us to carry on the War, that Powder is now fold dearer to us than ever? We are poor, and not able to buy while we neglect hunting; and we cannot hunt and carry on the War at the same Time : We expect, that this Evil we so justly complain of be immediately remedied. Giving nine Bevers. Brother Corlear, you desire us to keep the Enemy

are in their Graves; Is it not to secure your own Frontiers ? Why then not one Word of your People that are to join us? We assure you we shall continue to carry on the War into the Heart of the Enemies Country. Giving eight Bevers.

Wethe Five Nations, Mchawks, Oneydoes, Onondagas, Cayugas, and Senekas, renew the Silver Chain whereby we are linked fast with our Brethren of Affarigoa (Virginia) and we promise to preserve it as long as the Sun shall shine in the Heavens. Giving ten Bevers.

But Brother Corlear, How comes it, that none of our Brethren fastened in the same Chain with us, of. fer their helping Hand in this general War, in which our great King is engaged against the French? Pray Corlear, how come Meryland, Delaware River, and New-England, to be disengaged from this War ? You have always told us, that they are our Brethren, Subjects of the same great King. Has our King sold them? Or do they fail in their Obedience? Or do they draw their Arms out of our Chain ? Or has the great King commanded, that the few Subjects he has in this place, should make War against the French alone ?: Pray make plain to us this Mystery? How can they and we be Brethren, and make different Families? How can they and we be Subjects of the


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same great King, and not be engaged in the fame CH A P.
War? How can they and we have the fame Heart, VIII.
the same Head, and the same Interest, as you tell us,
and not have the same Thoughts? How comes it,
that the Enemy burns and destroys the Towns in
New-England, and they make no Resistance? How
comes our great King to make War, and not to
destroy his Enemies? When, if he would only com-
mand his Subjects on this Side the great Lake to
joyn, the Destruction of the Enemy would not make
one Summer's Work.

You need not warn us of the Deceit and Treache-
ry of the French, who would probably insinuate
l'houghts of Peace; but Brethren, you need not
fear us, we will never hearken to them: Thoat
the same Time, we must own, that we have not
been without Thoughts of your being inclined to
Peace, by Reason of the Brethrens Backwardness
in pushing on the War. The French spread Re-
ports among us to this Purpose, and say, that
they had in a Manner concluded the Matter with
you. We rejoice to be now assured of this Falshood.
We shall never defist fighting the French as long
as we shall live. And gave a Belt of Wampum.

We now renew the old Chain, and here plant the
Tree of Prosperity and Peace. May. it grow and
thrive, and spread its Roots even beyond Canada.
Giving a Belt.

We make the House clean, where all our Affairs
of Importance are transacted with these five Otters.

We return you Thanks for the Powder and Lead given us ; but what shall we do with them without Guns, shall we throw them at the Enemy? We doubt they will not hurt them fo. Before this we always had Guns given us. It is no Wonder the Governor of Canada gains upon us, for he supplies his Indians with Guns as well as Powder; he supplies them plentifully with every Thing that can hurt us. Giving five Otters.


As to the Dionondadas setting two of our Nation at Liberty, we must tell you, that it was not the Act of that Nation, but the private Act of one Person : We are desirous to make Peace with that Nation as foon as we can, upon honourable Terms. And

The Mohawks, before they left the Place, desired a private Conference with the Governor, and told him, that they were all exceedingly diffatisfied, that the other English Colonies gave no Alistance, and that it might prove of ill Consequence. Captain Ingoldby promised to write to them, and hoped it would have a good Effect.

gave a Belt.


The French furprise and take three Mohawk Caffles.

CHAP. THE Praying Indians promised their EndeaIX. TH

vours to reconcile their Brethren the Mobawks to the French, on whom the French expected they would have much Influence; but their Endeavours proving ineffectual, their Correspondence began to be suspected. The French thought they did more Hurt than Good, by the Intelligence the Enemy by their Means received. The French in Canada began to lose their Spirits, by being obliged to remain so long upon the defensive, as the Five Nations gained more Courage by it. The Count de Frontenac thought it therefore absolutely necessary to undertake fome bold Enterprize, to fhew the Five Nations, that they had to do with an Enemy still able to act offensively: An Attack on the Mobawks he thought would be most effectual for this Purpose, because it would shew, at the fame Time,


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that the English would not protect their neareft CHAP,
Neighbours. As this was designed to be done by IX.
Surprize, the Winter Season was chosen for this
Purpose, as least to be fufpected at such a Time;
and when the Enemy could not, without great
Hardship, keep Scouts abroad, to discover them or
the Englif give any Asistance.

The Body of the French designed for this Expe.
dition was put under three Captains of the regular
Troops, and thirty Subalterns, and consisted of
picked Men of the regular Troops of the common
Militia of the Country of the Praying Indians, the
Quategbies of Loretto, Adirondacks, and Sobokies,
who live to the eastward of Bofton, making in all
about fix or seven hundred Men, so that a great
Part of the Force of Canada was employed in it.
They were well supplied with all Sorts of Ammuniti-
on, Provision, Snow-Shoes, and such Conveniencies
for Carriage, as were practicable upon the Snow, and
through such great Forefts as they had to pass.
The French at Canada have a Kind of light Sledges
made with Skins, and are drawn by large Dogs on
the frozen Snow.

They set out from la Prairie de Magdaleine the
15th of January 1692-3, after having endured what
Right have been thought unsurmountable Hardships;
they passed by Schenečtady at some Distance from it,
on the 8th of February, at which Time one that
had been taken Prisoner, when that place was fack-
ed, made his Escape from them, and gave the

People of Schenectady Intelligence of the French, who
by an Express, immediately informed the Command-
ant of Albany. The Millitia was expeditiously raised,
and a Lieutenant with fifty five Horse was imme-
diately dispatched to Schenectady; but no Care
was taken to give the Mobawks Notice, which
might have been done without much Danger, by
fending up the South Side of the River, whilft
the French marched on the North. The French, on


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CHA P. the 8th at Night, reached the first Mohawk Castle, XI. where there were only five Men, and some Women

and Children in great Security, their other Men being all abroad, these were all taken without Opposition. The next Fort not far from it was in like Manner surprized, without any Opposition, both of them were very small, and being next the English, not fortified.

Schenectady being the nearest English Settlement to the Mohawks, and but a little Way from their nearest Castle, many of them are always there. The Mohawks then in the Town were exceedingly enraged, that none went out to aslift their Nation; fome were sent therefore out the next Day, to gain Information of the Enemy, and to give the Mohawks Notice; but they returned without doing their Duty.

The French went on to the next Mobawk Fort, which was the largest; and coming to that in the Night, they heard some Noise, and suspected they were discovered : But this Noise was only occasioned by a War

Dance, forty of the Indians designing to go next Day upon some Enterprize. The French approached the Castle filently, and finding the Indians no way on their Guard, opened the Gate, and entered before they were discovered, but notwitirstanding this, and the Confusion the Indians must be in, this Conquest was not without Loss of Blood, the French having lost thirty Men, before the Indians entirely submitted : The French designed to have put them all to the Sword, but their own Indians would not suffer it, and gave Quarter: They took three hundred Prisoners, of whom one hundred were fighting Men. I have no Account of the Number of Mohawks killed, but no Doubt it was very considerable.

When the Account came to Albany, how much the Mohawks, who were at Schenectady, were enraged, that no Assistance was sent to their Countrymens


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