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and many common Soldiers, and they took five Men, CH A P,

nine Women, and five Children Prisoners.

The Five Nations in a few Days had however some

Revenge; a Captain having had Orders to guard the
Vessels from Montreal to Quebeck, a Party of the
Five Nations attacked him in his Return, as he pas-
sed through the Islands in Lake St. Pierre. He him.
self was killed, and the whole Party intirely rout-
ed. ~ :
The French all this Summer were obliged to keep
upon the defensive within their Forts, while the
Five Nations, in small Parties, ravaged the whole
Country, so that no Man stirred the least Distance
§: a Fort, but he was in danger of losing his
#. Count de Frontenac was pierced to the Heart,
when he found that he could not revenge these ter-
rible Incursions of the Five Nations; and his Anguish
made him guilty of such a Piece of monstrous Cru-
elty, in burning a Prisoner alive after the Indian
Manner, as though I have frequently mentioned
to have been done by the Indians, yet I forbore
giving the Particulars of such barbarous A&s, sus.
pećting it might be too offensive to Christian Ears,
even in the History of Savages. Here however I think
it useful to give a circumstantial Account of this horrid
Aćt, to shew on one Hand, what Courage and Re-
solution, Virtue, the Love of Glory, and the
Love of one's Country can instill into Mens Minds,
even where the Knowledge of true Religion is
wanting ; and on the other Hand, how far a false
Policy, under a corrupt Religion, can debase even
great Minds.
The Count de Frontenac, I say, condemned two
Prisoners of the Five Nations to be burnt publickly
alive. The Intendant's Lady intreated him to
moderate the Sentence, and the Jesuits, it is said,
used their Endeavours for the same Purpose. But the
Count de Frontenac said, there is a Necessity of
- K 4 making

CH A P. making such an Example, to frighten the Five NaVII, tions from approaching the Plantations, fince the InS-Yo dulgence, that had hitherto been shewn, had incouraged them to advance with the greatest Boldness to the very Gates of their Towns; while they thought they run no other Risque, but of being made Prisoners, where they live better than at Home. He added, that the Five Nations having burnt so many French, justified this Method of making Reprizals. But with Submission to the Politeness of the French Nation, may I not ask, whether every (or any) horrid Aétion of a barbarous Enemy, can justify a civilized Nation in doing the like * When the Governor could not be moved, the Jefuits went to the Prison, to instrućt the Prisoners in the Mysteries of our Holy Religion, viz. of the Trinity, the Incarnation of our Saviour, the Joys of Paradise, and the Punishments of Hell, to fit their Souls for Heaven by Baptism, while their Bodies were condemned to Torments. But the Indians, after they had heard their Sentence, refused to hear the Jesuits speak, and began to prepare for Death in their own Country Manner, by finging their Death Song. . Some charitable Person threw a Knife into the Prison, with which one of them dispatched himself: The other was carried out to the Place of Execution by the Christian Indians of Loretto, to which he walked, seemingly, with as much Indifference as ever Martyr did to the Stake. While they were torturing him, he continued singing, that he was a Warrior brave and without Fear ; that the most cruel Death could not shake his Courage; that the most cruel Torment should not draw an indecent Expression from him ; that his Comrade was a Coward, a Scandal to the Five Nations, who had killed himself for fear of Pain ; that he had the Comfort to reflect, that he had made many Frenchmen suffer as he did now. He fully verified his Words, for the most violent Torment could not force

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force the least Complaint from him, though his . .

Executioners tried their utmost Skill to do it. They

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then they put his Fingers into red hot Pipes, and
though he had his Arms at Liberty, he would not
pull his Fingers out; they cut his Joints, and ta-
king hold of the Sinews, twisted them round small
Bars of Iron. All this while he kept finging and

recounting his own brave Aétions against the French.

At last they flead his Scalp from his Skull, and
poured scalding hot Sand upon it ; at which Time
the Intendant's Lady obtained Leave of the Go-
vernor to have the Coup-de-grace given, and I be-
lieve she thereby likewise obtained a Favour to e-
very Reader, in delivering him from a further
continuance of this Account of French Cruelty.
Notwithstanding this Cruelty, which the French
Governor manifested towards the Five Nations, and
thereby his Hatred of them, he found Peace with
them so necessary to Canada, that he still pursued it

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the Praying Indians (who, as I observed before, are
Mohawks, and have always kept a Correspondence
with their own Nation) were employed to bring it
about, and to endeavour a Cessation of Arms, that

the Governor might have an Opportunity of shew

ing what kind Things he had in his Heart towards
the Five Nations, but without Success. -

C H A P. VIII. .
The Five Nations treat with Captain Ingoldsby.

H E Governor of New-York, Colonel Slaugh-CH A P. t. ter's Death, soon after his Arrival, was very VIII. . . prejudicial to the Affairs of New York; for Captain

Ingoldsby, who had no other Commission but that of
Captain of one of the Independent Companies of

CH A P.Foot, took upon himself the Government of the VIII. Province, without any Authority ; and he having

* -v- likewise highly offended a great Number of the People, by the Share he took in the late Party Quarrels, it was not easy for him to prosecute any vigorous Measures. He was reckoned to be much more a Soldier than a Statesman. Captain Ingoldsby met the Five Nations at Albany, the fixth of june 1692. In his Speech, he told them of his vigorous Resolutions to prosecute the War, and then blamed them for not sending (according to their Promise) a Party down Cadaracku: River, to join them that went from Albany against Montréal, and for their Carelesness in suffering themselves to be surprised last Winter in their Hunting. He desired them to keep the Enemy in perpetual Alarm, by the Incursions of their Parties into the Enemy's Country, and to give him timely Notice of all their Motions. He told them in the next Place, that he heard the French were still using their wonted Artifice, of amusing them with Offers of Peace; but the former Proceedings of the French sufficiently demonstrates, said he tothebrethren, that while Peacets in their Mouths, War is in their Hearts, and the late horrid Murder of the Brethren, after Quarter given, fufficiently shews the Perfidy and Rancour of their Hearts. It is in vain, said he, to think of any Cessation of Arms, much less of a Peace, while the two Kings are at War at Home. He added, Virginia is ready to assist us, and only waits the King's Orders, which are daily expected, and then renewed the Chain for Virginia. In the last Place he stold them, that he heard the Dionondadas had sent two Prisoners Home, with a View thereby to procure Peace; and advised them by all Means to make Peace with that Nation.


b The Five Nations answered by Cheda, an OneydoCh a P.

is Sachem : - VIII. t U-v-9 t “ Brother Corlear,

m The Sachems of the Five Nations have with

# great Attention heard Corlear speak; we shall
make a short Recital, to shew you with what Care
we have hearkened. After the Recital he conti-
We heartily thank Corlear, for his coming to
this Place to view the Strength thereof, for his
bringing Forces with him, and for his Resolution
of putting Garisons into the Frontier Places. Giving
five Bevers and a Belt.
Brother Corlear, as to what you blame us for,
let us not reproach one another, such Words do
not savour well among Friends. They gave no-
thing with this Article. -
Brother Corlear, be patient under the Loss of
your Men, as we are of the Mohawks our Brethren,
that were killed at the fame Time. You take no
Notice of the great Losses we have suffered. We
designed to have come to this Place to have con-
; doled with you in your Loss, but the War took up
| all our Time, and employed all Hands. They
! §: five Bevers, four Otters, and one Belt, as a
ift of Condolence. -
o Brother Corlear, we are all Subjećts of one great
!. King and Queen, we have one Head, one Heart,
: one Interest, and are all ingaged in the same War.


You tell us, that we must expećt no Peace while
the Kings are at War on the other Side the great
Water. We thank you for being so plain with us.
We assure you we have no Thoughts of Peace.
We are resolved to carry on the War, though we
know we only are in danger of being Losers. Pray
do you prosecute the War with the same Resoluti-
on. You are strong and have many People. You
have a great King, who is able to hold out o


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