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and many common Soldiers, and they took five Men, CHAP; nine Women, and five Children Prisoners.

VII. Thé Five Nations in a few Days had however some Revenge; a Captain having had Orders to guard the Vessels from Montreal to Quebeck, a Party of the Five Nations attacked him in his Return, as he pas sed through the Islands in Lake St. Pierre. He him. felf was killed, and the whole Party intirely routed.

The French all this Summer were obliged to keep upon

the defensive within their Forts, while the Five Nations, in small Parties, ravaged the whole Country, so that no Man stirred the leaft Difrance from a Fort, but he was in danger of losing his Scalp.

The Count de Frontenac was pierced to the Heart, when he found that he could not revenge these terrible Incursions of the Five Nations; and bis Anguish made him guilty of such a Piece of monstrous Cruelty, in burning a Prisoner alive after the Indian Manner, as though I have frequently mentioned to have been done by the Indians, yet I forbore giving the Particulars of such barbarous Acts, fufpecting it might be too offenfive to Chriftian Ears, even in the Hiftory of Savages. Here however I think it useful to give a circumstantial Account of this horrid Aš, to fhew on one Hand, what Courage and Refolution, Virtue, the Love of Glory, and the Love of one's Country can inftill into Mens Minds, even where the Knowledge of true Religion is wanting ; and on the other Hand, how far a falfe Policy, under a corrupt Religion, can debafe even

great Minds.

The Count de Frontenac, I say, condemned two Prisoners of the Five Nations to be burnt publickly alive. The Intendant's Lady intreated him to moderate the Sentence, and the Jesuits, it is said, used their Endeavours for the same Purpose. But the Count de Frontenac faid, there is a Necessity of

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CHAP, making fuch an Example, to frighten the Five Na-
VII. tions from approaching the Plantations, since the In-

dulgence, that had hitherto been shewn, had in-
couraged them to advance with the greatest Bold-
ness to the very Gates of their Towns; while they
thought they run no other Risque, but of being made
Prisoners, where they live better than at Home.
He added, that the Five Nations having burnt fo
many French, justified this Method of making Re-
prizals. But with Submission to the Politeness of
the French Nation, may I not ask, whether every
(or any) horrid Action of a barbarous Enemy, can
justify a civilized Nation in doing the like?

When the Governor could not be moved, the Jesuits went to the Prison, to instruct the Prisoners in the Mysteries of our Holy Religion, viz. of the Trinity, the Incarnation of our Saviour, the Joys of Paradise, and the Punishments of Hell, to fit their Souls for Heaven by Baptism, while their Bodies were condemned to Torments. But the Indians, after they had heard their Sentence, refused to hear the Jesuits speak, and began to prepare for Death in their own Country Manner, by singing their Death Song.

Some charitable Person threw a Knife into the Prison, with which one of them dispatched himself: The other was carried out to the Place of Execution by the Christian Indians of Loretto, to which he walked, seemingly, with as much Indifference as ever Martyr did to the Stake. While they were torturing him, he continued singing, that he was a Warrior brave and without Fear ; that the most cruel Death could not shake his Courage ; that the most cruel Torment should not draw an indecent Expreflion from him ; that his Comrade was a Coward, a Scandal to the Five Nations, who had killed himself for fear of Pain; that he had the Comfort to reflect, that he had made many Frenchmen fuffer as he did now. He fully verified his Words, for the most violent Torment could not


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force the least Complaint from him, though his
Executioners tried their utmost Skill to do it. They
firft broiled his Feet between two red hot Stones ;
then they put his Fingers into red họt Pipes, and
though he had his Arms at Liberty, he would not
pull his Fingers out; they cut his Joints, and ta-
king hold of the Sinews, twisted them round small
Bars of Iron. All this while he kept finging and
recounting his own brave Actions against the French.
At last they flead his Scalp from his Skull, and
poured scalding hot Sand upon it ; at which Time
the Intendant's Lady obtained Leave of the Go-
vernor to have the Coup-de-grace given, and I be-
lieve she thereby likewise obtained a Favour to e-
very Reader, in delivering him from a further
continuance of this Account of French Cruelty.

Notwithstanding this Cruelty, which the French
Governor manifested towards the Five Nations, and
thereby his Hatred of them, he found Peace with
them so necessary to Canada, that he still pursued it
by all the Means in his Power. For this Purpose
the Praying Indians (who, as I observed before, are
Mohawks, and have always kept a Correspondence
with their own Nation) were employed to bring it
about, and to endeavour a Ceflation of Arms, that
the Governor might have an Opportunity. of shew-
ing what kind Things he had in his Heart towards
the Five Nations, but without Success.

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The Five Nations treat with Captain Ingoldsby.

HE Governor of New-York, Colonel Slaugh.CHA P. TH

ter's Death, soon after his Arrival, was very VIII. prejudicial to the Affairs of New-York ;. for Captain Ingoldsby, who had no other Conimission but that of Captain of one of the Independent Companies of


CHA P.Foot, took upon himself the Government of the

VIII. Province, without any Authority; and he having w likewise highly offended a great Number of the

People, by the Share he took in the late Party Quarrels, it was not easy for him to prosecute any vigorous Measures. He was reckoned to be much more a Soldier than a Statesman.

Captain Ingoldsby met the Five Nations at Alba. ny, the fixth of June 1692. In his Speech, he told them of his vigorous Resolutions to prosecute the War, and then blamed them for not fending (according to their Promise) a Party down Cadarackui River, to join them that went from Albany againft Montreal, and for their Carelesness in suffering themfelves to be surprised last Winter in their Hunting: He desired them to keep the Enemy in perpetual Alarm, by the Incursions of their Parties into the Enemy's Country, and to give him timely Notice of all their Motions. He told them in the next Place, that he heard the French were still using their wonted Artifice, of amusing them with Offers of Peace ; but the former Proceedings of the French fufficiently demonstrates, faid he totheBrethren, that while Peace is in their Mouths, War is in their Hearts, and the late horrid Murder of the Brethren, after Quarter given, fufficiently fhews the Perfidy and Rancour of their Hearts. It is in vain, said he, to think of any Cessation of Arms, much less of a Peace, while the two Kings are at War at Home. He added, Virginia is ready to assist us, and only waits the King's Orders, which are daily expected, and then renewed the Chain for Virginia. In the last Place he told them, that he heard the Dionondadas had sent two Prisoners Home, with a view thereby to procure Peace; and advised them by all Means to make Peace with that Nation.



The Five Nations answered by Cheda, an Oneydo CHAP. Sacbem :


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66 Brother Corlear,

The Sachems of the Five Nations have with
great Attention heard Corlear speak;
make a short Recital, to fhew you with what Care
we have hearkened. After the Recital he conti-

We heartily thank Corlear, for his coming to
this Place to view the Strength thereof, for his
bringing Forces with him, and for his Resolution
of putting Garisons into the Frontier Places. Giving
five Bevers and a Belt.

Brother Corlear, as to what you blame us for, let us not reproach one another, such Words do not favour well among Friends. They gave nothing with this Article.

Brother Corlear, be patient under the Loss of your Men, as we are of the Mobawks our Brethren, that were killed at the fame Time. You take no Notice of the great Losses we have suffered. We designed to have come to this place to have condoled with you in your Loss, but the War took up all our Time, and employed all Hands. They gave five Bevers, four Orters, and one Belt, as a Gift of Condolence.

Brother Corlear, we are all Subjects of one great
King and Queen, we have one Head, one Heart,
one Interest, and are all ingaged in the fame War.

You tell us, that we must expect no Peace while
the Kings are at War on the other Side the great
Water. We thank you for being so plain with us.
We assure you we have no Thoughts of Peace.
We are resolved to carry on the War, though we
know we only are in danger of being Losers. Pray
you profecute the War with the fame Refoluti-

You are strong and have many people. You
have a great King, who is able to hold out long.


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