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C# A P. The French, in their Account of this Action, say, VI.

that the Men, though they appeared to be as little disciplined as Men could be, behaved with great Bravery, but that Sir William's Conduct was such, that, if he had been in Concert with them, he could not have done more to ruin the Enterprize ; yet his Fidelity was never fuspected. In short, this Descent was so ill managed, that the English got on Board again in the Night, with the Loss of all the Cannon and Baggage which they had landed.

The French thought themfelves in such great Danger at that Time, that they attributed their Deliverance to the most immediate Protection of Heaven, in confounding the Devices of their Enemy, and by depriving them of common Senfe ; and for this Reason the People of Quebeck make an annual Proceffion, in Commemoration of this Deliverance.

Sir Williain cannonaded the Town for some Time with fittle Execution, and then returned in Haft, Winter approaching ; indeed that Seafon was already fo far advanced, that he loft eight Vessels in his Return. : The Five Nations continued their Incurfions all along St. Laurence River, from Montreal to Quebeck, and carried away many Scalps. At one Time a French Officer, with thirty eight Men, surprifed some of the Five Nations in a Cabin, which they had built near Lake St. Piere. Some of them escaped and informed two other Cabins, which the French had not discovered, and they returned with their Companions, and killed the Captain and Lieutenant, and one half of the Men.

Notwithstanding that the French preferved their Country, these warlike Expeditions, and the Neceffity they were under of being on their Guard, pre-vented their cultivating the Ground, or of reaping the Fruit of what they had lowed or planted. This



occafioned a Famine in Canada, and, to increase
the Misery of the poor Inhabitants, they were
forced to feed the Soldiers gratis, while their own
Children wanted Bread.

In Otober the Onondagas, Cayugas, and Oneydoes
came to Albany, to condole with the English, for the
Men lost in the Expedition against Montreal, as they
had already done with the Mohawks. They said
it was ever their Custom to condole with their Friends
when they lost any Number of Men in Battle,
though they had the Victory. They at the fame

Time, as they had often done before, complained
of the Dearness of Powder : Why, say they, do you
call us your King's Soldiers, when you will not sell
us Powder at the usual and reasonable Rates ?

And in answer to a Complaint, of there not being
a sufficient Number of English sent against Montreal,
the People of Albarzy upbraided them with a Breach
of Promise, in not sending that Party down Cada-
rackui River which they promised, which they said
was the chief Reason of the want of Success in that

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The French and the Five Nations continue the

War all Winter with various Success. The
French burn a Captain of the Five Nations

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HE old French Governor kept up his Vi-C# A P.

gour and Spirits wonderfully, no Fatigue VII. made him ever think of Rest. He knew of what w Use it would be to convince the Five Nations, that the joint Attack of the English and Indians had neither weakened him, nor frightened him from carrying on the War with as much Vigour as before.


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CHA P. It was absolutely necessary that the Utawawas and

VII. other Western Indians, who came to Montreal to a trade, should return fafe to their own Country, o

therwise there would be an End to the French Trade with those Nations, upon which the Being of Canada depends; for it is only by the Fur-trade with these Nations that they make Returns to Europe ; and if these Nations did not return in Time, all the Wiftern Indians would look on the French as loft, and consequently would make Peace with the Five Nations, and perhaps join in the Destruction of Canada.

Captain la Forest, with one hundred and ten Men, was sent to conduct the Utawawas Home he carried with him considerable Presents fent by the King of France, to confirm these Nations in the French Interest.

Two Indian Prisoners, taken at la Prairie, were given to the Utawawas, and carried with them, to confirm the Stories they were to tell of their Successes against the English and Five Nations. These poor Men were there burnt alive ; and if I should add, that it was done by French Instigation, what I shall relate by and by will clear me of the want of Charity. I believe it was so, in Order to rivet the Hatred between these People and the Five Nations.

The Five Nations continued their Incursions all Winter on Canada. Forty of the. Mohawks fell upon Fort Vercheres, and carried off twenty of the Inhabitants ; but the Alarm reaching Montreal, Mr. de Crizaei, with one hundred Men of the regular Troops, was sent in pursuit of them, who recovered most of the Prisoners.

The Count de Frontenac being informed, that a confiderable Party of the Five Nations hunted Bever on the Neck of Land between Calarackui Lake and Lake Erie, with great Security, resolved to give


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them a better Opinion of the Strength and Courage CH A P.
of the French. For this Purpose he fent three hun- VI.
dred and twelve Men to surprise them, under the
Command of Mr. Beaucour, a young Gentleman.
The Praying Indians of Montreal were of the Party.
This Expedition being in the Winter, they were
obliged to undergo cruel Fatigues, while they march-
ed on the Snow with snow Shoes, and carried all
their Provision on their Backs. Several of the
French had their Feet frozen, which obliged fifteen
to return, with some old Indians, that could not bear
the Fatigue ; and it was with much Difficulty that
Beaucour could persuade the rest to continue their
March. After à March to a sürprizing Distance,
at that Season of the Year, they surprised eighty
of the Five Nations, who notwithstanding made a
brave Defence, and did not run before they left
most of their Men dead on the Spot. Three Wo-
men were made Prisoners, with whom the French.
immediately turned back to Montreal. Some ftrag-
ling Parties went towards Albany, but did no more
Mischief than killing two or three stragling Persons,
and alarming the Country. :

The Trade to Mfilimakinak being still intirely
ftopt, by the Parties of the Five Nations investing
Cadarackui River, by which, and Codarackui Lake,
the Passage in Canoes is made to the Western India
ans, Captain la Noue, with a Command of the re-
gular Troops, was ordered early in the Spring to
guard the Traders through that Passage ; but when
he reached the Falls de Calumette, he discovered the
Enemy, and returned faster than he went.

La Noue had Orders a second Time to attempt this Passage, and went as far as the River du Lievre (thirty Leagues from Montreal) without any Obitruction ; but there discovering several Canoes of the Five Nations, he went back as fast as before.


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CHAP. The Quetoghies and the Bullheads * having in

VII. formed the French of another smaller River, which un falls into Cadarackui River, and runs to the North

ward of it, by which a Passage might be made to the Lakes, it was resolved to attempt this Passage, though it were much farther round, and more dangerous, there being many more rapid Falls in that River. Three Officers, with thirty Soldiers, were fent with the Traders for this purpose, but a Party of the Five Nations meeting with them in the long Fall, before they reached this River, they were all killed or taken, except four that escaped back to Montreal.

A considerable Party of the Five Nations, under the Command of Blackkettle, a famous Hero, continued a long Time on Cadarackui River, in hopes of meeting with other French Parties, in their Pas{age towards Missilimakinak; but finding that no Attempts were made that Way, he resolved to make an Irruption into the Country round Montreal. The French say he had fix hundred Men with him ; but they usually increase the Number of their Enemies, in the Relation they give of these Tranfactions, either to excuse their Fears, or to increase their Glory.

Blackkettle overrun the Country (to use the French Expreffion) as a Torrent does the Low-lands, when it overflows its Banks, and there is no withstanding it. The Soldiers had Orders to ftand upon the defenfive within their Forts. Mr. de Vaudreuil pursued this Party (after they had burnt and ravaged the whole Country) at the Head of four hundred Men ; he overtook them and surprised them. The Five Nations fought desperately, though the same Author, at this place, makes them no more than two hundred Men. After they had loft twenty Men on the Spot, they broke through the French, and marched off. The French loft four Officers

* The Bullbeads are said to be cowardly People.


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