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but that of the War, for it is the only Thing weCH A P. have at Heart. They gave Bevers at the End of v. every distinct Part of their Answer.

On the fourth the Mobawks spoke to the Governor, in Presence of the other four Nations : They confeffed the Negotiations they had with the Praying Indians, and with the Governor of Canada, and that they had received a Belt from him. Then they restored one of the Prisoners taken at Schenectady, as the Fruit of that Negotiation. They desired the Governor's Advice, and the Advice of the whole House, what Answer to return to the Governor of Canada ; and lastly, defired the Senekas to release the Prisoners they had taken from the Praying Indians.

Colonel Slaughter check'd the Mobawks for entering into a separate Treaty with the Enemy, and faid he could admit of no Proposals of Peace. He told them, that the Prisoners taken from the Praying Indians must not be restored; putting them in mind, that some of them having been formerly released, soon after returned and murdered several People, and burnt several Houses.

He assured them of his Assistance, and then added, You must keep the Enemy in perpetual Alarm. The Mobawks thanked him for his Assurance of Asistance ; but took Notice of his saying, You must keep the Enemy in perpetual Alarm. Why don't you say, they replied, We will keep the Enemy in perpetual Alarm. In the last Place, the Mohareks renewed their League with all the English Colonies ; adding, Though an angry Dog has endeavoured to bite the Chain in Pieces, we are resolved to keep it firm, both in Peace and in War : We now renew the old Chain, that so the Tree of Peace and Prosperity may flourish, and spread its Roots through all the Country.

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In the last Place, the four Nations answered the Mobawks.

« Mobawks, our Brethren, in answer to your Proposals from the Governor of Canada, we must 56 put you in Mind of his Deceit and Treachery ; “ we need only give one recent Instance, how he “ lately sent to the Senekas to treat of Peace, and at # the same Time fell upon Schenetiady, and cut that « Place off. We tell you, that the Belt fent by 46 the French Governor is Poison ; we spew it out of s our Mouths, we absolutely reject it, and are re“ solved to prosecute the War as long as we live." Then they left the Belt lying on the Ground.


The English attack Montreal by Land, in Con

junction with the Indians, and Quebeck by Sea.


Сн А Р.

T was now evident that the Indians could no VI. longer be amused with Words, and that, unless

the English entered foon upon Action, the French would carry their Design of making Peace with the Five Nations, and the English be left to carry on the War in America by themselves. Certainly a more proper Opportunity of doing it with Success could not be expected, than at present, while the French in Canada had neither recovered their Spirits, nor the Strength they had lost, by the terrible Incursions of the Five Nations. A joint Invasion on Canada was concerted with New-England, they were to attack Quebeck by Sea, while New-York attacked Montreal

by Land. The Governor therefore proposed to the Indians to join with him in attacking Canada, for which Purpose he told them, that he


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designed to send a confiderable Force this Summer. CHA P.
They desired Time to consult on it at their general VI.
Meeting, which was soon to be held at Onondaga,
and to know what Number of Christians he design-
ed to send, that they might join a suitable Number
of their Men. To this the Governor answered, that
he muft not communicate the Particulars of his De-
sign to so many, because they could not then be
kept secret from the Enemy; as he found by the
Difcoveries that were last Year made to the French
by that Means.

It was at last agreed, that the Mohawks should
join with the Christians that were to march from
New-York directly against Montreal, and that the
other four Nations fhould send a confiderable Party
down Cadarackui Lake, and join them before Mont-

Major Peter Schuyler, the fame whom the Indians call Quider, commanded the Party sent from NewYork, which consisted of three hundred Men, one half Christians, the other Mobawks and Scabkook Indians. He set out from Albany about Midsum'mer. As he was preparing his Canoes to pass Cor

lear's Lake, he was discovered by the French Indi. ans, who immediately returned to Montreal, to give

Information of what they had seen. The Cheva-
lier Clermont was sent out to make further Disco-
veries : He found the English above Chamblie, and
went immediately back with the Intelligence he
there gained. In the mean while Mr. de Callieres,
Governor of Montreal, did all in his power to give
Major Schuyler a proper Reception, by drawing the
Militia and regular Troops together for the Defence
of the Place. There happened to be a very con-
siderable Number of Utawawas trading at that Time
at Montreal, Mr. de Colliere, in Order to engage
them to join him, made a great Feast for them,
went among them, and, after the Indian Manner,
began the war Song, leading up the Dance with his


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CHA P. Axe in his Hand, and shouting and hollowing in

the same wild Manner the Indians do. This done, he carried his whole Force, which consisted of twelve hundred Men, cross the River, and encamped on the south Side, at la Prairie de la Magdeleine, together with a great Number of Utawawas, the Praying Indians, and other French Indians. The famous Therawaet being now entirely gained by the Caresses of the Count de Frontenac, made one of the Number. They encamped round the Fort, which stood on a steep rising Ground between two Meadows.

Major Schuyler having left forty of his Men to guard his Canoes, which had carried him cross the Lake, marched on without stopping. He got into a Hollow, which led into the Meadow, without being discovered ; and marching under that Cover, he fell suddenly upon the Militia, who were soon put into Confusion, and many of them, and of the Utawawas, who were posted with them, were killed. He pursued them as they fled to the Fort, which he attacked briskly, but was obliged to leave it, by the Approach of the regular Troops who came to relieve it. He received them however bravely, and, after they had lost several Officers and many Men, they retired. Major Schuyler finding the Number of the Enemy much greater than was expected, and being informed that a considerable Party of the Enemy had marched Southward, he began to apprehend, that this party was sent to cut off his Retreat, by destroying his Canoes. It was resolved therefore immediately to follow this Party ; he overtook them, and they covering themselves behind some large fallen Trees, he attacked them, and made his Way through them, but with considerable Loss.

In this Attack the Mohawks signalized themfelves, but the Scabkook Indians did not behave themselves well. The Mohawks, upon no Occasi

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on, yielded an Inch of Ground, till the English first CHAP.
gave Way. The French, by their own Accounts, VI.
loft, in the several Attacks made by Schuyler, two
Captains, fix Lieutenants, and five Enfigns, and,
in all, three hundred Men, so that their Slain were
in Number more than Major Schuyler had with him.
The Mohawks suffered much, having seventeen Men
killed, and eleven wounded. They returned to Al-
bany the eleventh of August.

After the English under Major Schuyler had re-
tired, an Owenagunga Indian came from New-Eng-
land, with an Account of the Preparations made there
against Canada, and that they had actually fail-

This Fleet, which was commanded by Sir William Phips, was discovered in St. Laurence Bay, while the Count de Frontenac remained at Montreal; and thereupon he made all possible Haste to Quebeck, and carried three hundred Men with him.

The Fleet; which consisted of thirty Sail, did
not reach Quebeck till the seventh of Oktober. Sir
William spent three Days in 'nothing but Consultati-
on, while the French made all possible Preparation
for a Defence, and, by this Means, suffered them
* to get over the Fright and Confternation, into which

the first Appearance of the Fleet had thrown them ;
for the Place was not in any Posture of Defence.
It gave them Time likewise to draw all the Country
round them into the Town. And on the fourth Day
Sir William summoned the Count to surrender, who
returned him such ,an Answer as his Conduct deserv.

The English landed four Miles below the Town,
and had thick Woods to march through, before
they could come at it, in which Ambuscades of
French and Indians were made at proper Distances,
by whom the English were repulsed with confiderable
Loss. They attempted the Wood again the next
Day with no better Success,



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