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The English attack Montreal by Land, in Con-
junčion with the Indians, and Quebeck by
Sea. -

CH A P.T T was now evident that the Indians could no VI. longer be amused with Words, and that, unless *-v- the English entered soon upon Aćtion, the French would carry their Defign f making Peace with the Five Nations, and the English be .# to carry on the War in America by themselves. Certainly a more proper Opportunity of doing it with Success could not be expected, than at present, while the French in Canada had neither recovered their Spirits, nor the Strength they had lost, by the terrible Incurfions of the Five Nations. A joint Invasion on Canada was concerted with New-England, they were to attack Quebeck by Sea, while New-?ork attacked Montreal by Land. The Governor therefore proposed to the Indians to join with him in attacking Canada, for which Purpose he told them, that he

- designed

defigned to send a confiderable Force this Summerch a . They defired Time to consult on it at their general VI. Meeting, which was soon to be held at Onondaga, -v

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Discoveries that were last Year made to the French by that Means. It was at last agreed, that the Mohawks should join with the Christians that were to march from TNew-Zork directly against Montreal, and that the other four Nations should send a confiderable Party down Cadarackui Lake, and join them before Montreal. Major Peter Schuyler, the same whom the Indians call Quider, commanded the Party sent from NewŽork, which consisted of three hundred Men, one half Christians, the other Mohawks and Scabkook Indians. He set out from Albany about Midsummer. As he was preparing his Canoes to pass Corlear's Lake, he was discovered by the French Indians, who immediately returned to Montreal, to give Information of what they had seen. The Chevalier Clermont was sent out to make further Discoveries: He found the English above Chamblie, and went immediately back with the Intelligence he there gained. In the mean while Mr. de Callieres, Governor of Montreal, did all in his Power to give Major Schuyler a proper Reception, by drawing the Militia and regular Troops together for the Defence of the Place. There happened to be a very considerable Number of Utawawas trading at that Time at Montreal, Mr. de Colliere, in Order to engage them to join him, made a great Feast for them, went among them, and, after the Indian Manner, began the war Song, leading up the Dance with his I. Axe

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Axe in his Hand, and shouting and hollowing in the same wild Manner the Indians do. This done, he carried his whole Force, which consisted of twelve hundred Men, cross the River, and encamped on the south Side, at la Prairie de la Magdeleine, together with a great Number of Utawawas,

the Praying Indians, and other French Indians. The

famous Therawaet being now entirely gained by the
Caresses of the Count de Frontenac, made one of the
Number. They encamped round the Fort, which
stood on a steep rising Ground between two Mea-
dows.
Major Schuyler having left forty of his Men to
guard his Canoes, which had carried him cross the
Lake, marched on without stopping. He got into
a Hollow, which led into the Meadow, without
being discovered ; and marching under that Cover,
he fell suddenly upon the Militia, who were soon
put into Confusion, and many of them, and of the
Utawawas, who were posted with them, were kill-
ed. He pursued them as they fled to the Fort,
which he attacked briskly, but was obliged to leave
it, by the Approach of the regular Troops who
came to relieve it. He received them however
bravely, and, after they had lost several Officers •
and many Men, they retired. Major Schuyler find-
ing the Number of the Enemy much greater than
was expected, and being informed that a consider-
able Party of the Enemy had marched Southward,
he began to apprehend, that this Party was sent to
cut off his Retreat, by destroying his Canoes. It
was resolved therefore immediately to follow this
Party; he overtook them, and they covering them-
selves behind some large fallen Trees, he attacked
them, and made his Way through them, but with
considerable Loss. -
In this Attack the Mohawks signalized them-
felves, but the Scahkook Indians did not behave
themselves well. The Mohawks, upon no Occasi-
I On 3

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on, yielded an Inch of Ground, till the English first CH A p. gave Way. The French, by their own Accounts, VI. lost, in the several Attacks made by Schuyler, two Q^^) Captains, fix Lieutenants, and five Enfigns, and, in all, three hundred Men, so that their Slain were in Number more than Major Schuyler had with him. The Mohawks suffered much, having seventeen Men killed, and eleven wounded. They returned to Albany the eleventh of August. , - After the English under Major Schuyler had retired, an Owenagunga Indian came from New-England, with an Account of the Preparations made there against Canada, and that they had actually sailed. This Fleet, which was commanded by Sir William Phips, was discovered in St. Laurence Bay, while the Count de Frontenac remained at Montreal; and thereupon he made all possible Haste to Quebeck, and carried three hundred Men with him. * * * The Fleet, which consisted of thirty Sail, did not reach Quebeck till the seventh of October. Sir William spent three Days in nothing but Consultation, while the French made all possible Preparation for a Defence, and, by this Means, suffered, them • to get over the Fright and Consternation, into which the first Appearance of the Fleet had thrown them; for the Place was not in any Posture of Defence. It gave them Time likewise to draw all the Country round them into the Town. And on the fourth Day Sir William summoned the Count to surrender, who returned him such an Answer as his Condućt deserved. - - . . . The English landed four Miles below the Town, and had thick Woods to march through, before they could come at it, in which Ambuscades of French and Indians were made at proper Distances, by whom the English were repulsed with confiderable Loss. They attempted the Wood again the next Day with no better Success. . . . . . . . * , - K. - The

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