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CHA P. Duty: But you must take care of the Indians below IV. the Town, place them nearer the Town, so as they

may be of most Service to you.

Here we see the Mohawks acting like hearty Friends, and if the Value of the Belts given at that Time be considered, together with what they said on that Occasion,

they gave the strongest Proofs of their Sincerity. Each of these Belts amount to a large Sum in the Indian Account.

The English of New-York and the French of Canada were now entering into a War, in which the Part the Five Nations are to take is of the greatest Consequence to both ; the very Being of the French Colony depended on it, as well as the Safety of the English. The Indians at this Time had the greatest Aversion to the French, and they desired nothing so much, as that the English might join heartily in this War. We shall see by the Sequel how a publick Spirit, directed by wise Counsels, can overcome all Difficulties, while a selfish Spirit loses all, even natural Advantages. In the present Case, the Turn Things took seems to have been entirely owing to one Thing. The French in making the Count de Frontenac Governor of Canada, chose the Man every way the best qualified for this Service : The English seemed to have little Regard to the Qualification of the Person they sent, but to gratify a Relation or a Friend, by giving him an Opportunity to make a Fortune ; and as he knew that he was recommended with this View, his Counsels were chiefly employed for this Purpose.

By this Means an English Governor generally wants the Esteem of the People ; while they think that a Governor has not the Good of the People in View, but his own, they on all

Occasions are jealous of him ; so that even a good Governor, with more Difficulty, pursues generous Purposes and publick Benefits, because the People suspect them to be mere Pretences to cover a private Design. It is for this Reason, that any Man, opposing a Governor, is


sure to meet with the Favour of the People, almost
in every Cafe. On the other Hand, the Opinion
the French had of the Count de Frontenac's publick
Spirit, and of his Wisdom and Diligence, made them
enter into all his Measures without hesitating, and
chearfully obey all his Commands.

CH A P. - V.

The Five Nations continue the War with the
French; the Mohawks incline to Peace

their Conferences with the Governor of New-


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HE Governor of Canada received Hopes that CHAP:

the Five Nations inclined to Peace, by their V. returning an Answer 'to Therawaet's Message, and thought he might now venture to send some French to them with further. Proposals. The Chevalier D'o, with an Interpreter called Collin, and some others, went; but they had a much warmer Recep. tion than they expected, being forced to run the Gauntlet through a long Lane of Indians, as they entered their Castle, and were afterwards delivered up Prisoners to the English.

The Five Nations kept out at this Time small Parties, that continually harassed the French. · The Count de Frontenac sent Captain Louvigni to Mifilimakinak, to relieve the Garison, and he had Orders, by all Means, to prevent the Peace which the Utawawas and Quatoghies were upon the Point of concluding with the Five Nations. He carried with him one hundred forty three French, and fix Indians, and was likewise accompanied with a Lieutenant and thirty Men, till he got one hundred twenty Miles from Montreal. They were met in Cadarackui River,


CHA P. at a Place called the Cats, by a Party of the Five V. Nations, who fell vigorously on their Canoes, killed

feveral of the French, and made them give Way ; but Louvigni, by putting his Men alhore, at last got the better, after a smart Engagement, in which the Indians had several Men killed, and two Men, and as many Women, taken Prisoners. I am obliged to rely on the French Account of thefe Skirmishes ; they do not mention the Number of the Indians in this Rencounter, but I fufpect them to have been much fewer than the French; for when the Enemy are equal in Number, or greater, they seldom forget to tell it. One of the Indian Prisoners was carried by them to Misfilimackinak, to confirm this Victory, and was delivered to the Utawawas, who eat him. The Lieutenant carried the other back with him. He was given to Therawaet.

To revenge this Lofs, the Five Nations fent a Party against the island of Montreal, who fell on that Part called the Trembling Point ; and though they were discovered before they gave their Blow, they attacked a Party of règular Troops, and killed the commanding Officer, and twelve of his Men: Another Party carried off fifteen or fixteen Prisoners from Riviere Puante, over against Trois Rivieres, This Party was pursued, and finding that they were like to be overpowered, murdered their Prisoners and made their Efcape. These Incursions kept all the River, from Montreal to Quebeck, in continual Alarm, and obliged the Governor to send all the Soldiers to guard the fouth Side of the River. Notwithstanding this, five Persons were carried away in Sight of Sorel Fort, by a small skulking Party, but they were soon afterwards recovered by the Soldiers. About the same Time another Party burnt the Plantations at St. Ours.

The Five Nations had conceived great Hopes from the Alistance of the English, as the Magir


trates of Albany had promised the Mobawks, when CHA P. they came to condole, after the surprising of Sche V. neštady; but the English were so far from performing these Promises, that many of the Inhabitants retired from Albany to New York ; and they who had the Administration of Affairs, were so intent on their party Quarrels, that they intirely neglected the Indian Affairs. Indeed the People of New York have too often made large Promises, and have thereby put the Indians upon bold Enterprizes, when no Measures were concerted for supporting them. This made the Indians think, that the Eng lish were lavish of Indian Lives and too careful of their own. The Mohawks, who lived nearest the English, were most sensible of these Things, and foon entertained Notions prejudicial to the Opinion they ought to have had of the English Prudence and Conduct; it is even probable, these Indians began to entertain a mean Opinion of both the English Courage and Integrity. It is not strange then, that the Mobawks at last gave Ear to the affiduous Apo plication of their Countrymen, the praying Indians, who, with French Arguments, persuaded them to make Peace as foon as possible, without trusting longer to the English, who had fo often disappointed or deceived them.

The Mohawks fent one of their Sachems, Odigacege, to the praying Indians, who introduced him to the Court de Frontenac. The Count made him welcome, and told him, that he was sorry for the Injuries his Predeceffors had done them ; but that he would treat them like Friends, if their future Conduct did not prevent him, and gave him a Belt, with Proposals of Peace to his Nation.

Colonel Slaughter, who was then Governor of New-York, being informed that the Five Nations were like to make Peace with the French, by their having lost much of their Confidence in the English Alistance, found it necessary to meet them, which


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CHA P. he did in the End of May 1691. There were
V. present at that Time fix Oneydo, eleven Onondaga,

four Cayuga, and ten Seneka Sacbems. He renewed
the Covenant with them, and gave them Presents.
The Mohawks having entered into a Treaty with
the French, did not join with the other four Nati-
ons in their Answer.

On the second of June the Speaker, in Name of the other four Nations, told him, they were glad to see a Governor again in this place; that they had learned from their Ancestors, that the first Ship which arrived in this Country surprized them exceedingly ; that they were curious to know what was in its huge Belly. They found Christians in it, and among them one Jacques, with whom they made a Chain of Friendship, which has been served to this Day. By that Chain it was agreed, that whatever Injury was done to the one, should be deemed, by both Sides, as likewise done to the other. Then they mentioned the Confusion that had lately been in the Government of New-York, which had like to have confounded all their Affairs, but hoped all would be reduced to their wonted Order and Quiet. They complained of several of the Brethren leaving Albany in Time of Danger, and praised those by Name who staid, and then said : Our Tree of Peace, which grows in this Place, has of late been much fhaken, we must now secure and fasten its Roots; we must frequently manure and dress it, that its Roots may spread far.

They assured the Governor, that they were resolved to prosecute the War against the French as long as they lived, and that they would never speak of Peace, but with the common Consent. They abhor those that do otherwise, and desired that the Brethren might not keep a Correspondence with Canada by Letters. You need not (faid they) press us to mind the War, we mind it above all Things; do you but your Parts, lay afide all other Thoughts



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