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A Treaty between the Agents of Massachuset's

Bay, New-Plymouth, and Connecticut, and
the Sachems of the Five Nations, at Albany,

in the Year 1689. CHẢ P. BOUT the Beginning of September 1689,

A Colonel John Pynchon, Major John Savage, and Captain Jonathan Bull, Agents for the Colonies of Massachuset's Bay, New-Plymouth, and Connecticut, arrived at Albany, to renew the Friendship with the Five Nations, and to engage them against the Eastern Indians, who made War on the English of those Colonies, and were supported by the French.

The Five Nations had received four Messengers from the Eastern Indians, which gave the People of New-England some Apprehensions, and they were therefore desirous to know what Reception these Messengers had met with.

The Five Nations answered by Tahajadoris, a Mobawk Sachem, on the twenty fourth of September. He made a long Oration, repeating all that the Agent from New-England had said, the Day before, and desired them to be attentive to the Answer now to be made to them. They commonly repeat over all that has been said to them, before they return any Answer, and one may be surprized at the Exactness of these Repetitions. They take the following Method to assist their Memories: The Sachem, who presides at these Conferences, has a Bundle of small Sticks in his Hand; as soon as the Speaker has finished any one Article of his Speech, this Sachem gives a Stick to another Sachen, who is par

ticularly 3

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ticularly to remember that Article ; and so when an- CH A P.
other Article is finished, he gives a Stick to an II.
other to take care of that other, and so on. In
like Manner when the Speaker answers, each of
these has the particular Care of the Answer resolved
on to each Article, and prompts the Orator, when
his Memory fails him, in the Article committed to
his Charge. Tabajadoris addressing himself to the
Agents, said :

« Brethren,
" You are welcome to this House, which is

pointed for our Treaties and publick Busi-
“ nefs with the Christians; we thank you for re-
“ newing the Covenant-chain. It is now no longer

of Iron and subject to Rust, as formerly, but of
pure Silver, and includes in it all the King's Sub-

jects, from the Senekas Country eastward,
“ far as any of the great King's Subjects live, and
“ fouthward, from New-England to Virginia. Here
“ he gave a Bever.

“ We are glad to hear of the good Success our
great King has had over the French by Sea, in

taking and sinking so many of their Men of War. “ You tell us in your Proposals that we are one “ People, let us then go Hand in Hand together, "to ruin and destroy the French our common Ene

my. Gives a Bever.
« The Covenant-chain betwecn us is ancient (as
you tell us) and of long standing, and it has been

kept inviolably by us. When you had Wars “ some time ago with the Indians, you desired us to

help you ; we did it readily, and to the Pur

pose; for we pursued them closely, by which we « prevented the Effufion of much of your Blood. « This was a certain Sign that we loved truly “ and sincerely, and from our Hearts. Gives a


56 Belt.

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Сн А Р. 16 You advise us' to pursue our Enemies, the
II. “ French, vigorously ; this we assure you we are

resolved to do to the utmost of our Power : But
« fince the French are your Enemies likewife, we
cs' defire our Brethren of the three Colonies to fend
“ us an hundred Men for the Security of this place,
" which is ill provided, in Case of an Attack from
" the French, the Christians have Vi&uals enough
os for their Entertainment. Gives one Belt,

“ We patiently bore many Injuries from the " French, from one Year to another, before we “ took up the Axe against them. Our Patience “ made the Governor of Canada think, that we 56 were afraid of him, and durst not refent the In

juries we had so long suffered, but ; now he is “ undeceived. We assure you, that we are resolved " never to drop the Axe, the French never shall u see our Faces in Peace, we shall never be recon

ciled as long as one Frenchman is alive. We shall “ never make Peace, though our Nation should be " ruined by it, and every one of us cut in Pieces. - Our Brethren of the three Colonies may depend " on this. Gives a Bever.

“ As to what you told us of the Owenagungas
s and Uragees, we answer: That we were never fo

proud and haughty, as to begin a War without
juft Provocation.

You tell us that they are
“ treacherous Rogues, we believe it, and that they
“ will undoubtedly assist the French. If they shall
“ do this, or shall join with any of our Enemies,
“ either French or Indians, then we will kill and
" destroy them. Gives a Bever.”

Then the Mohawks offered five of their Men, to guard the Agents Home against any of their Indian Enemies, who they were afraid might be laying in wait for the Agents, and gave a Belt.

Afterwards the Speaker continued his Speech, and said: “ We have spoke what we had to say of “ the War, we now come to the Affairs of Peace :



« We promise to preserve the Chain inviolably, and CHAP.
“ wish that the Sun may always shine in Peace over 11.
« all our Heads that are comprehended in this Chain.
“ We give two Belts, one for the Sun, the other
« for its Beams.

<< We make fast the Roots of the Tree of Peace
« and Tranquillity, which is planted in this place.
“ Its Roots extend as far as the utmost of your
« Colonies ; if the French should come to shake this
• Tree, we would feel it by the Motion of its
“ Roots, which extend into our Country: But we
66 trust it will not be in the Governor of Canada's
“ Power to shake this Tree, which has been fo
“ firmly and so long planted with us. Gives two
16 Bevers."

Lastly, He desired the Magiftrates of Albany to remember what he had said, and gave them a Bever.

But the Agents perceiving, that they had not answered any Thing about the Owenagunga Messengers, and had answered indistinctly about the War with the Eaftern Indians, desired them to explain themselves fully on these two Points, about which the Agents were chiefly concerned.

The Five Nations answered :

We cannot declare War against the Eastern Tis6 dians, for they have done us. no Harm : Never

. theless our Brethren of New England may be af“ fured, that we will live and die in Friendship with 16 them. When we took up the Axe against the " French and their Confederates, we did it to re

venge the Injuries they had done us; we did not 66 make War with them at the Persuasions of our " Brethren here ; for we did not so much as ac

quaint them with our Intention, till fourteen Days " after our Army had begun their March.”

After the Company had separated, the Sachems sent to the New-England Agents, defiring to speak with them in private ; which being granted, the


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CHA P. Speaker said, we have something to tell you, which

was not proper to be spoken openly, for some of
our People have an Affection to the Owenagungas ;
and we were afraid, that they would discover or
hinder our Designs.

Now we afsure our Brethren, that we are resolved
to look on your Enemies as ours, and that we will
first fall on the * Owaragees; and then on the
Owenagungas, and lastly on the French, and that
you may be convinced of our Intention, we design to
send five of our young Men along with our Brethren
to New-England, to guard them, who have Orders
to view the Country of the Owaragees, to discover
in what Manner it can be attacked with the most Ad-
vantage. This we always do before we make an At-
tempt on our Enemies. In a Word, Brethren, your
War is our War, for we will live and dye with you.

But it is to be observed, that they confirmed nothing relating to these Indians, by giving Belts.

It is probable, that the Sachems acted with some
Art on this Occasion, for they really had favourable
Inclinations towards the Owenagungas; and they had
Reason not to increase the Number of their Enemies,
by making War on the Eastern Indians, who avoided
doing them any Injury. The People of Albany like-
wise have always been averse to engage our Indians in
a War with the Eastern Indians, left it should change
the Seat of the War, and bring it to their own

On the 25th the Magistrates of Albany had a
private Conference with the Sachems of the Five Na-
tions, and desired to know their Resolutions as to the
War with Canada, and the Measures they resolved
to follow. In this Conference the Indians saw that
the People of Albany were so much afraid of the
French, that their Spirits were sunk under the Ap-
prehenfions of the approaching War; and for this
Reason made the following Answer.
* Called by the People of New-England Panocok Indians.


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