« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
But for because he hath not woo'd me yet:
lord! for I will worship thee! [Exit.
SCENE I. The same.
The French King's Tent.
Enter CONSTANCE, ARTHUR, and SALISBURY.
peace! False blood to false blood join'd! Gone to be friends! Shall Lewis have Blanch? and Blanch those pro
9 But for -] i. e. because.
1 For I am sick, and capable of fears;] i. e. I have a strong sensibility; I am tremblingly alive to apprehension.
Oppress’d with wrongs, and therefore full of fears;
Sal. As true, as, I believe, you think them false, That give you cause to prove my saying true.
Const. Ó, if thou teach me to believe this sorrow, Teach thou this sorrow how to inake me die; And let belief and life encounter so, As doth the fury of two desperate men, Which, in the very meeting, fall, and die.Lewis marry Blanch! O, boy, then where art thou? France friend with England! what becomes of
me? Fellow, be gone; I cannot brook thy sight; This news hath made thee a most ugly man.
Sal. What other harm have I, good lady, done, But spoke the harm that is by others done?
Const. Which harm within itself so heinous is, As it makes harmful all that speak of it.
Arth. I do beseech you, madam, be content. Const. If thou, that bid'st me be content, wert
grim, Ugly, and sland'rous to thy mother's womb, Full of unpleasing blots, and sightless” stains,
sightless —] The poet uses sightless for that which we now express by unsightly, disagreeable to the eyes.
Lame, foolish, crooked, swart, prodigious,
Pardon me, madam,
--- swart,] Svart is brown, inclining to black.
prodigious,] That is, portentous, so deformed as to be taken for a foretoken of evil.
To me, and to the state of my great grief,
Let kings assemble;] In Much Ado about Nothing, the father of Hero, depressed by her disgrace, declares himself so subdued hy grief, that a thread may lead him, How is it that grief, in Leonato and Lady Constance, produces effects directly opposite, and yet both agreeable to nature ? Sorrow softens the mind while it is yet warmed by hope, but hardens it when it is congealed by
That no supporter but the huge firm earth
[She throws herself on the ground.
Enter King JOHN, King Philip, Lewis, BLANCH,
ELINOR, Bastard, AUSTRIA, and Attendants.
despair. Distress, while there remains any prospect of relief, is weak and flexible, but when no succour remains, is fearless and stubborn; angry alike at those that injure, and at those that do not help; careless to please where nothing can be gained, and fearless to offend when there is nothing further to be dreaded. Such was this writer's knowledge of the passions.
high tides,] i. e. solemn seasons.
prodigiously be cross'd:] i. e. be disappointed by the production of a prodigy, a monster.
8 But on this day,] That is, except on this day.
No bargains break, that are not this day made:
K. Phi. By heaven, lady, you shall have no cause
Const. You have beguild me with a counterfeit, Resembling majesty; which, being touch'd, and
tried, Préves valueless: You are forsworn, forsworn; You came in arms to spill mine enemies' blood, But now in arms you strengthen it with yours: The grappling vigour and rough frown of war, Is cold in amity and painted peace, And our oppression hath made up this league:Arm, arm, you heavens, against these perjur'd kings! A widow cries; be husband to me, heavens! Let not the hours of this ungodly day Wear out the day in peace; but, ere sunset, Set armed discord ’twixt these perjur'd kings! Hear me, o, hear me! Aust.
Lady Constance, peace. Const. War! war! no peace! peace is to me a
O Lymoges! O Austria!! thou dost shame
90 Lymoges! O Austria!] The propriety or impropriety of these titles, which every editor has suffered to pass unnoted, deserves a little consideration. Shakspeare has, on this occasion, followed the old play, which at once furnished him with the character of Faulconbridge, and ascribed the death of Richard I. to the duke of Austria. In the person of Austria he has conjoined the two well-known enemies of Cæur-de-lion. Leopold, duke of Austria, throw him into prison, in a former expedition; [in 1193] but the castle of Chaluz, before which he fell [in 1199] belonged to Vidomar, viscount of Limoges; and the archer who pierced his shoulder with an arrow (of which wound he died) was Bertrand de Gourdon. The editors seem hitherto to have understood Lymoges as being an appendage to the title of Austria, and therefore enquired no further about it.