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said, in their respective counties or dis-
tricts. The election shall be conducted
in the manner prescribed, and by the
township officers designated as inspec-
tors of elections, and the returns made
as required by the existing laws of the
Territory, or by this Constitution:. .
Provided, however, That the returns of
the several townships in the district
composed of the unorganized counties
of Ottawa, Ionia, Kent and Clinton,
shall be made to the clerk of the town-
ship of Kent, in said district, and the
said township clerk shall perform the
same duties, as by the existing laws of
the territory, devolve upon the clerks
of the several counties in similar cases.
7. The first meeting of the Legisla [See Art. IV, Sec. 33.]

[See close of Schedule.]
ture shall be at the city of Detroit, on
the first Monday in November next,
with power to adjourn to any other
place.

Sec. 7. The members of the Senate Sec. 6. The members of the Senate - and House of Representatives of the and House of Representatives of the . Legislaturë of one thousand eight Legislature of the year one thousand

hundred and fifty-one, shall continue eight hundred and sixty-seven, shall in office, under the provisions of law, continue in office under the provisions until superseded by their successors, of law, until superseded by their sucelected and qualified under this Con- cessors, elected and qualified under stitution. :

: this Constitution. 8. All county and township officers Sec. 8. All county officers, unless Sec. 7. All county officers, unless shall continue to hold their respective removed by competent authority, shall removed by competent authority, shall offices, unless removed by the compe- continue to hold their respective offices continue to hold their respective offices tent authority, or until the Legislature until the first day of January, in the until the first day of January, in the shall, in conformity with the provis- year one thousand eight hundred and year one thousand eight hundred and ions of this Constitution, provide for fifty-three. The laws now in force as sixty-nine. The laws now in force as the holding of elections to fill such to the election, qualifications and du- to the election, qualifications and duoffices respectively.

ties of township officers, shall continue ties of township officers, except as
in force until the Legislature shall, in changed by this Constitution, shall
conformity to the provisions of this continue in force until altered or re-
Constitution, provide for the holding pealed by the Legislature.
of elections to fill such offices, and
prescribe the duties of each officer
respectively.

Sec. 9. On the first day of January, Sec. 8. The present Governor and in the year one thousand eight hundred other State officers, and the present and fifty-two, the terms of office of the Judges of the Supreme and circuit judges of the Supreme Court under courts, shall continue to hold their existing laws, and of the judges of the respective offices until the expiration county courts, and of the clerks of the of the term for which they were elecSupreme Court, shall expire on the ted. The present members of the said day

State Board of Education, shall severally continue to hold their respective offices until their successors are

elected and qualified according to law. Sec. 10. On the first day of January, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two, the jurisdiction of all suits and proceedings then pending in the present Supreme Court, shall become vested in the Supreme Court established by this Constitution, and shall be finally adjudicated by the court where the same may be pending. The jurisdiction of all suits and proceedings ät law or in equity, then pending in the circuit courts and county courts for the several counties, shall become

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CONSTITUTION OF 1886.

CONSTITUTION OF 1860.

CONSTITUTION OF 1867.

vested in the circuit court for the said
counties, and district court for the
Upper Peninsula.
| Sec. 11. The probate courts, the Sec. 9. The probate courts, the courts.
courts of justices of the peace, and the of justices of the peace, and all po-
police court authorized by an act enti- lice courts, shall continue to exercise
tled "an act to establish a police court the jurisdiction and powers now con-
in the city of Detroit," approved April ferred upon them respectively, until
second, one thousand eight hundred otherwise provided by law.
and fifty, shall continue to exercise the
jurisdiction and powers now conferred
upon them respectively, until otherwise
provided by law.

Sec. 12. The office of State Printer
shall be vested in the present incum-
bent until the expiration of the term
for which he was elected under the law
then in force; and all the provisions of
the said law relating to his duties,
rights, privileges and compensation,
shall remain unimpaired and inviolate
until the expiration of his said term of
office.

Sec. 13. It shall be the duty of the Sec. 10. It shall be the duty of the Legislature, at their first session, to Legislature, at its first session after adapt the present laws to the provisions the adoption of this Constitution, to of this Constitution, so far as may be adapt the present laws to the provis

i ons of this Constitution. .. Sec. 14. The Attorney General of the Sec. 11. The Attorney General and State is required to prepare and report Judges of the Supreme Court are reto the Legislature at the commence- quired to prepare and report to the ment of the next session, such changes Legislature, at the commencement of and modifications in existing laws as the next session, such changes and may be deemed necessary to adapt the modifications in existing laws as may same to this Constitution, and as may be deemed necessary to adapt the be best calculated to carry into effect same to this Constitution, and as may its provisions; and he shall receive no be best calculated to carry into effect

additional compensation therefor. :. its provisions.. See last paragraph of Schedule.] Sec. 15. Any territory attached to Sec. 12. Any territory attached, or

any county for judicial purposes, if not that may be attached to any county otherwise represented, shall be con- for judicial purposes, if not otherwise sidered as forming part of such county, represented, shall be considered as so far as regards elections for the pur- forming a part of such county, so far pose of representation.

as regards elections for the purpose of

representation. 9. This Constitution shall be sub- Sec. 16. This Constitution shall be Sec. 13. This : Constitution shall be mitted, at the election to be held on submitted to the people for their adop- submitted to the people for their adopthe first Monday in October next, and tion or rejection, at the general election tion or rejection, on the first Monday on the succeeding day, for ratification to be held on the first Tuesday of No- in April, in the year one thousand eight or rejection, to the electors qualified vember, one thoussnd eight hundred hundred and sixty-eight; and it shall by this Constitution to vote at all elec- and fifty; and there shall also be sub- be the duty of the Secretary of State, tions; and if the same be ratified by the mitted for adoption or rejection, at the and all other officers required to give said electors, the same shall become same time, the separate resolution in or publish any notice in regard to genthe Constitution of the State of Michi- relation to the elective franchise; and eral elections, to give notice as provigan. At the election aforesaid, on such it shall be the duty of the Secretary of ded by law in case of an election for of the ballots as are for the said Con- State, and all other officers required to Governor, that this Constitution has stitution, shall be written or printed give or publish any notice in regard to been duly submitted to the electors for the word "yes," and on those which the said general election, to give no- their adoption or rejection on that day. are against the ratification of said Con- tice as provided by law in case of an The elections in cities wherein there are stitution, the word " no." And the re- election of Governor, that this Consti- no elections held annually in the month turns of the votes on the question of tution has been duly submitted to the of April, shall be held and conducted, ratification or rejection of said Consti- electors at said election. Every news- as near as may be, in the same manner tution, shall be made to the President paper within this State publishing in as in the case of elections for judges of this Convention, at any time before the month of September next, this Con- of the Supreme Court or regents of the first Monday in November next, stitution as submitted, shall receive as the University. Every newspaper and a digest of the same communicated compensation therefor, the sum of within this State, publishing, in the by him to the Senate and House of twenty-five dollars, to be paid as the month of January next, this ConstituRepresentatives on that day. Legislature shall direct.

tion as submitted, shall receive as a

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shall, at the said election, be entitled shall, at the said election, be entitled to vote for the adoption or rejection of to vote for the adoption or rejection of this Constitution, and for or against this Constitution, at the places and in the resolution separately submitted, at the manner provided by law for the the places and in the manner provided election of members of the Legislature. by law for the election of members of :

the Legislature. [See Schedule, Sec. 9.]

Sec. 18. At the said general election. Sec. 15. At the said election a ballota ballot-box shall be kept by the several box shall be kept by the several boards boards of inspectors thereof, for receiv- of inspectors of election for the receiving the votes cast for or against the ing of votes cast for or against the adoption of this Constitution; and on adoption of this Constitution; and on the ballots shall be written or printed, the ballots shall be written or printed, or partly written and partly printed, or partly written and partly printed, the words; " Adoption of the Constitu- the words, “ Adoption of the Constition-Yes," or "Adoption of the Con- tution-Yes;" or, “Adoption of the stitution-No." :

: Constitution-No." 10. If this Constitution shall be rat- Sec. 19. The canvass of the votes Sec. 16. The canvass of the votes cast ified by the people of Michigan, the cast for the adoption or rejection of for the adoption or rejection of this President of this Convention shall, im- this Constitution, and the provision in Constitution, and the returns thereof, mediately after the same shall be ascer- relation to the elective franchise sepa- shall be made by the proper returning tained, cause a fair copy thereof, to- rately submitted, and the returns officers, in the same manner as is now gether with an authenticated copy of thereof shall be made by the proper provided by law for the canvass and rethe act of the Legislative Council, en- canvassing officers, in the same manner turn of votes cast at an election for titled "An act to enable the people of as now provided by law for the canvass regents of the State University, as Michigan to form & Constitution and and return of the votes cast at an near as may be, and the return thereof State Government,” approved January election for Governor, as near as may shall be directed to the Secretary of 26, 1835, providing for the calling of be; and the return thereof shall be State. On the first day of June next, this Convention, and also a copy of so directed to the Secretary of State. On or within five days thereafter, the Aumuch of the last census of this terri- the sixteenth day of December next, ditor General, State Treasurer and tory as exhibits the number of the free or within five days thereafter, the Secretary of State, or a majority of inhabitants of that part thereof which Auditor General, State Treasurer, and them, shall meet at the Capital, and. is comprised within the limits in said Secretary of State, shall meet at the proceed, in the presence of the GoverConstitution defined as the boundaries Capital, and proceed, in presence of nor, to examine and canvass the returns of the proposed State of Michigan, to the Governor, to examine and canvass of said: votes, and proclamation shall be forwarded to the President of the the returns of the said votes, and forthwith be made by the Governor, United States, together with an expres- proclamation shall forthwith be made of the result thereof. If it shall appear sion of the decided opinion of this by the Governor of the result thereof. that a majority of the votes cast upon Convention, that the number of the If it shall appear that a majority of the question have thereon, "Adoption free inhabitants of said proposed State the votes cast upon the question have of the Constitution-Yes," this Congtinow exceeds the number requisite to thereon “Adoption of the constitution tution shall be the supreme law of the constitute two congressional districts, yes," this Constitution shall be the State from and after the first day of and the respectful request of this supreme law of the State from and July next; and any person declared an Convention, in behalf of the people of after the first day of January, one elector, and entitled to vote by Article Michigan, that the said matters may thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, III, of this Constitution, shall, from be by him laid before the Congress of except as is hereinafter provided; but and after the said first day of July the United States at their next session. if a majority of the votes cast upon next, be entitled to vote at any election,

the question have thereon “Adoption in the same manner and subject to the of the constitution--no," the same same rules and regulations as are shall be null and void. And in case of now provided by law for electors in the adoption of this constitution, said this State. But if a majority of the officers shall immediately, or as soon votés cast upon the question, have

open the statements of votes returned tion-No," the same shall be null and
from the several counties for judges of void.
the Supreme Court and State officers,
under the act entitled "an act to
amend the revised statutes and to pro-
vide for the election of certain officers
by the people, in pursuance to an
amendment to the Constitution," ap-
proved February sixteenth, one thon-

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sand eight hundred and fifty, and shall
ascertain, determine, and certify the
results of the election for said officers
under said acts, in the same manner,
as near as may be, as is now provided
by law in regard to the election of
Representatives in Congress. And the
several judges and officers so ascer-
tained to have been elected, may be
qualified and enter upon the duties of
their respective offices, on the first-
Monday of January next, or as soon
thereafter as practicable.
Sec. 20. The salaries or compensa-

[See Art. X, Sec. 1.]
tion of all persons holding office under
the present Constitution shall continue
to be the same as now provided by
làw, until superseded by their succes-
sors elected or appointed under this
Constitution; and it shall not be lawful
hereafter for the Legislature to increase
or diminish the compensation of any
officer during the term for which he is
elected or appointed. .

Sec. 21. The Legislature, at their Sec. 17. The Legislature, at its first first session, shall provide for the pay- session, shall make such further proment of all expenditures of the Con- visions as may be necessary for the vention to revise the Constitution, and payment of all expenditures of the of the publication of the same as is Convention, including the publication provided in this article.

of this Constitution, as provided in this article. I

Sec. 18. There shall be elected on the first Tuesday in March, in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixtynine, and every eight years thereafter, one circuit judge for each judicial circuit, whose term of office shall commence on the first day of January thereafter. There shall be elected at the same time two judges of the Supreme Court, one of whom shall be elected for the term of eight years, and one for the term of ten years, and every second year thereafter one judge of said court shall be elected. The terms of office of said judges shall commence on the first day of January following their election.

Sec. 19. The State shall be divided into five judicial districts; and until otherwise provided by law, the counties of Wayne, Monroe, Lenawee, Hillsdale, Branch and St. Joseph, shall constitute the first district; the counties of Washtenaw, Jackson, Calhoun, Eaton, Kalamazoo, Allegan, Van Buren, Cass and Berrien, shall constitute the second district; the counties of Ottawa, Muskegon, Oceana, Mason, Leelanaw, Barry, Grand Traverse, Antrim, Kent, Ionia, Clinton, Montcalm, Manistee, Newaygo and Mecosta, with the territory attached thereto, shall constitute the third district; the counties of Shiawassee, Ingham, Livingston, Genesee, Lapeer, Oakland, Macomb, St. Clair, Sanilac, Huron, Tuscola, Saginaw, Midland, Gratiot, Isabella, Bay, Iosco and

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CONSTITUTION OF 1835.

CONSTITUTION OF 1850.

CONSTITUTION OF. 1867.

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Alpena, with the territory attached
thereto, shall constitute the fourth dis-
trict; and , the counties of Mackinaw,
Cheboygan, Chippewa, Emmet, Mani-
tou, Ontonagon, Marquette, Houghton,
Keweenaw, Delta and Menominee,
with the territory attached thereto,

shall constitute the fifth district.
[See Schedule, Sec. 29.] Sec. 20. The judicial districts shall be

subdivided into circuits, successively
numbered; and until otherwise provid-
ed by law, the counties of Wayne and
Monroe shall constitute the first circuit;
the counties of Lenawee, Hillsdale,
Branch and St. Joseph, shall constitute
the second circuit; the counties of Alle-
gan, Van Buren, Cass, Kalamazoo and
Berrien, shall constitute the third cir-
cuit; the counties of Washtenaw, Jack-
son, Calhoun and Eaton, shall consti-
tute the fourth circuit; the counties of
Muskegon, Oceana, Mason, Manistee,
Leelanaw, Grand Traverse, Antrim,
Newayğo and Mecosta, with the terri-
tory attached thereto, shall constitute
the fifth circuit; the counties of Barry,
Clinton, Ionia, Kent, Montcalm and
Ottawa, shall constitute the sixth cir-
cuit; the counties of Ingham, Shia-
wassee, Livingston, Genesee, Lapeer
and Tuscola, shall constitute the sev-
enth circuit; the counties of Oakland,
Macomb, St. Clair, Sanilac and Huron,
shall constitute the eighth circuit; the
counties of Saginaw, Bay, Midland,
Gratiot, Isabella, Iosco and Alpena,
with the territory attached thereto,
shall constitute the ninth circuit; the
counties of Mackinaw, Chippewa, Che-
boygan, Emmet and Manitou, with the
territory attached thereto, shall consti-
tute the tenth circuit; and the counties
of Ontonagon, Houghton, Keweenaw,
Marquette, Delta and Menominee, with

the territory thereto attached, shall con-
[See Art. VI, Sec. 7.] stitute the eleventh circuit. The Leg-

islature shall not increase the number
of circuits, or the number of judges of
the circuit courts, as fixed by this
Constitution, until after the expiration
of eight years from the time of its

adoption.
11. In case of thò failure of the
President of this Convention to per-
form the duties prescribed by this
Constitution, by reason of his absence,
death, or from any other cause, said
duties shall be performed by the sec-
retaries of this Convention. .

12. Until the first enumeration shall Sec. 22. Every county, except Mack- Sec. 21. Until the next enumeration be made as directed by this Constitu- inac and Chippewa, entitled to a rep- of inhabitants of this State, in the year tion the county of Wayne shall be resentative in the Legislature, at the one thousand eight hundred and seventitled to eight representatives; the time of the adoption of this Constitu- enty, the counties of Newaygo and county of Monroe to four representa-. tion, shall continue to be so entitled Oceana shall each be entitled to one tives; the county of Washtenaw to under this Constitution; and the coun- representative; the county of Mecosta, : seven representatives; the county of ty of Saginaw, with the territory that with the territory thereto attached, one St. Clair to one representative; the may be attached, shall be entitled to representative; the county of Isabella, county of St. Joseph to two represen-Jone representative; the county of Tus- with the territory thereto attached, one

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