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ONSTITUTION OF 1835.

CONSTITUTION OF 1850.

CONSTITUTION OF 1867.

House before the final passage thereof. House before the final passage thereof. No bill or joint resolution shall become No bill or joint resolution shall become & law without the concurrence of a a law without the concurrence of a majority of all the members elected to majority of all the members elected to each House. On the final passage of each House. On the final passage of all bills the vote shall be by ayes and each bill and joint resolution, the vote nays, and entered on the journal. shall be taken separately, by yeas

and.nays, and entered on the journal. Şec. 20. No law shall embrace more Sec. 20. No law shall embrace more than one object, which shall be ex- than one general object, which shall be pressed in its title. No public act expressed in its title. No public act shall take effect or be in force until the shall take effect or be in force until the . expiration of ninety days from the end expiration of ninety days from the end of the session at which the same is of the session at which the same is passed, unless the Legislature shall passed, unless the Legislature shall otherwise direct, by a two-thirds vote otherwise direct, by a two-thirds vote.. of the members elected to each House of the members elected to each House. [See Art. IV, Section 45.] | Sec. 21. The assent of two-thirds of

the members elected to each House of
the Legislature, shall be requisite to
every bill appropriating the public
money or property, for local or private

purposes.
Sec. 21. The Legislature shall not [See Art. V, Sec. 30.]
Igrant nor authorize extra compensa-
tion to any public officer, agent or con-
tractor, after the service has been ren-
dered or the contract entered into.
[See Art: IV, Section 25.]

Sec. 22. No law shall be revised, | altered or amended by reference to its title only, but the section or sections of the act altered or amended, shall be

reënacted and published at length. Sec. 22. The Legislature shall pro- Sec. 23. The Legislature shall provide by law that the furnishing of fuel vide by law that the furnishing of fuel and stationery for the use of the State, and stationery for the use of the State, the printing and binding the laws and the printing and binding the laws and journals, all blanks, paper and printing journals, all blanks, papers, and printfor the executive departments, and all ing for the executive department and other printing ordered by the Legisla- State offices, and all other printing orture, shall be let by contract to the dered by the Legislature, shall be let lowest bidder or bidders, who shall by contract to the lowest competent give adequate and satisfactory security and responsible bidder or bidders, for the performance thereof. The Leg- who shall give adequate and satisfactory islature shall prescribe by law the man- security for the performance thereof. ner in which the State printing shall The Legislature shall prescribe by law be executed, and the accounts render- the manner in which the State printed therefor, and shall prohibit all ing shall be executed, and the accounts charges for constructive labor. They rendered therefor, and shall prohibit shall not rescind nor alter such .con- all charges for constructive labor. It tract, nor release the person or persons shall not rescind or alter such contaking the same, or his or their sure-tract, nor release the person or perties, from the performance of any of sons taking the same, or his or their the conditions of the contract. No sureties, from the performance of any member of the Legislature, nor officer of the conditions of the contract. No. of the State, shall be interested direct- member of the Board of State Audly or indirectly, in any such contract. itors shall be interested, directly or

indirectly, in any contract with the

State.

[See Art. IV, Sections 35 and 36.] Sec. 24. The Legislature shall not

establish a State paper, but shall pro-
vide for the speedy publication of all
statute laws of a public nature, and of
such judicial proceedings as it may
deem expedient. All laws and judicial
decisions shall be free for publication

by any person.
Sec. 23. The Legislature shall not [See Art. V, Sec. 29.]

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authorize, by private or special law, the
sale or conveyance of any real estate
belonging to any person; nor vacate
nor alter any road laid out by commis-
sioners of highways, or any street in
any city or village, or in any recorded
town plat.:

Sec. 24. The Legislature may au [See Art. V, Sec. 31.]
thorize the employment of a chaplain
for the State Prison; but no money
shall be appropriated for the payment
of any religious services in either
House of the Legislature.,

Sec. 25. No law shall be revised, al [See Art. V, Sec. 22.]
tered or amended by reference to its
title only; but the act revised, and the
section or sections of the act altered
or amended shall be reënacted and
published at length.

Sec. 26. Divorces shall not be grant [See Art. V, Sec. 32.]
ed by the Legislature.

Sec. 27. The Legislature shall not
authorize any lottery, nor permit the
sale of lottery tickets.
Sec. 28. [No new bill shall be intro-

See Art. V, Sec. 17.] :
duced into either house during the
last three days of the session, without
the unanimous consent of the house in
which it originates.] "No new bill shall
be introduced into either house of the
Legislature after the first fifty days of
the session shall have expired.*
Sec. 29. In case of a contested elec-

(See Art. V, Sec. 13.]
tion, the person only shall receive from
the State per diem compensation and
mileage, who is declared to be entitled
to a seat by the house in which the
contest takes place.

Sec. 30. No collector, holder, nor
disburser of public moneys, shall have
a seat in the Legislature, or be eligible
to any office of trust or profit under
this State, until he shall have accounted
for and paid over, as provided by law,
all sums for which he may be liable.

Sec. 31. The Legislature shall not [See Art. V, Sec. 32.]
audit nor allow any private claim or
account.

Sec. 32. The Legislature, on the day [See Art. V, Sec. 8.]
of final adjournment, shall adjourn at
twelve o'clock at noon..
[See Art. IV, Sec. 37.] Sec. 25. The Legislature may declare

the cases in which any office shall be deemed vacant, and also the manner of filling the vacancy, where no provision is made for that purpose in

this Constitution. [See Art. IV, Sec. 38.]

Sec. 26. The Legislature may confer upon organized townships, incorporated cities and villages, and upon the board of supervisors of the several counties, such powers of a local, legislative and administrative character

as they may deem proper. Sec. 33. The Legislature shall meet

[See Art. V, Sec. 8.] at the seat of government on the first

*Amendment adopted by the Legislatura of 1859, ap-| proved by the people at general election of 1860-70te for, 63, 162; against, 18,246.

[See Art. IV, Section 21.]

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[See Art. V, Sec. 24.]

Wednesday in February next, and on the first Wednesday in January of every second year thereafter, and at no other place or time, unless as provided in this Constitution] in January, in the year 1861, and on the first Wednesday in January in every second year thereafter, and at no other place or time, unless as provided in this Constitution, and shall adjourn without day at such time as the Legislature shall fix by concurrent resolution.*

Sec. 34. The election of Senators and Representatives, pursuant to the provisions of this Constitution, shall be held on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday of November, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fiftytwo, and on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday of November of every second year thereafter.

Sec. 35. The Legislature shall not establish a State paper. Every newspaper in the State which shall publish all the general laws of any session within forty days of their passage, shall be entitled to receive a sum not exceeding fifteen dollars therefor...

Sec. 36. The Legislature shall provide for the speedy publication of all statute laws of a public nature, and of such judicial decisions as it may deem expedient. All laws and judicial decisions shall be free for publication by any person. . 1 Sec. 37. The Legislature may de

clare the cases in which any office shall be deemed vacant, and also the manner of filling the vacancy, where no provision is made for that purpose

in this Constitution.. . | Sec. 38. The Legislature may confer upon organized townships, incorporated cities and villages, and upon the board of supervisors of the several counties, such powers of a local, legislative and administrative character as they may deem proper.

Sec. 39. The Legislature shall pass no law to prevent any person from worshiping Almighty God according to the dictates of his own conscience; or to compel any person to attend, erect or support any place of religious worship, or to pay tithes, taxes or other rates, for the support of any minister of the gospel, or teacher of religion. .

Sec. 40. No money shall be appropriated or drawn from the treasury for the benefit of any religious sect or society, theological or religious seminary; nor shall property belonging to the State be appropriated for any such purposes.

Sec. 41. The Legislature shall not

[See Art. V, Sec. 25.]:.

[See Art. V. Sec. 26.]

[See Art. I, Sec. 4.]

[See Art. II, Sec. 2.)

[See Art. I, Sec. 5.].

[See Art. V, Sec. 31.)

[See Art. I, Sec. 6.]

[See Art. II, Sec. 3.)

* Amendment adopted by the Legislature of 1859, ap| proved by the people at general election of 1860_vote, I for, 53,152; against, 18,248. 11

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See Art. I, Sec. 7.]

[See Art. II, Sec. 4.].

diminish or enlarge the civil or political
rights, privileges and capacities of any
person on account of his opinions or
belief concerning matters of religion.

Sec. 42. No law shall be passed to
restrain or abridge the liberty of speech
or of the press; but every person may
freely speak, write and publish his
sentiments on all subjects, being re-
sponsible for the abuse of such right.

Sec. 43. The Legislature shall pass no bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts.

Sec. 44. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus remains, and shall not be suspended by the Legislature, except in case of rebellion or invasion the public safety require it.

[Seo Art. I, Sec. 17.]

[See Art. II, Sec. 5.]

[See Art. I, Sec. 12.]

[See Art. II, Sec. 6.7

Sec. 27. The Legislature shall not authorize any city or township to pledge its credit, for the purpose of aiding in the construction of any railroad to such an extent that the outstanding indebtedness, exclusive of interest, on account of aid to any and all railroads, shall exceed ten per cent. of the assessed valuation of such city or township. No county shall be authorized to pledge its credit, or raise money by taxation for any such purposes; but counties in the Upper Peninsula may be authorized to do so, subject to the restrictions in this section as to cities and townships. The question of such aid shall be submitted to a vote of the electors of the county, city or township to be affected thereby.

Sec. 28. The Legislature may empower any city or township to raise by tax, in aid of any railroad company or companies, an amount of money not exceeding ten per centum of the assessed valuation of such city or township, but every such tax shall be first approved by a vote of the electors of such city or township:. Provided, That the amount levied by any such tax, shall not, when added to the principal of the credits of such city or township, already pledged for like aid and then outstanding, exceed ten per centum

of the assessed valuation aforesaid. . 20. The Governor shall issue writs [See Art. V, Sec. 10.] 1 ..[See Art. VI, Sec. 10.] of election to fill such vacancies as may occur in the Senate and House of Rep-1. resentatives. 21. The Legislature shall meet on [See Art. IV, Sec. 33.].

[See Art. V, Sec. 8.] . the first Monday in January, in every year, and at no other period, unless otherwise directed by law, or provided.... for in this Constitution.

Sec. 45. The assent of two-thirds of [See Art. V, Sec. 21.]
the members elected to each house of
the Legislature shall be requisite to
every bill appropriating the public

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money or property for local or private
purposes.

Sec. 46. The Legislature may auth-.. [See Art. II, Sec. 7.]
orize a trial by jury of a less number
than twelve men.
[See Art. IV, Sec. 23.)

Sec. 29. The Legislature shall not authorize, by private or special law, the sale or conveyance of any real estate belonging to any person, nor vacate nor alter any road laid out by commissioners of highways, or any street or public ground in any city or village,

or in any recorded town plat. : '[See Art. IV, Sec. 21.]

Sec. 30. The Legislature shall not grant or authorize extra compensation to any public officer, agent or contractor, after the service has been rendered

or the contract entered into. [See Art. I, Sec: 5.)

[See Art. IV, Sec. 40.] Sec. 31. No money shall be appro

priated or drawn from the treasury for the benefit of any religious sect or society, theological or religious seminary, or schools under denominational control, nor shall property belonging to the State be appropriated for any such purposes. Each House of the Legis lature shall provide for religious exer

cises at the opening of its daily sessions. [See Art. XII, Secs. 5 and 6.] See Art. IV, Secs. 26, 27 and 31.) Sec. 32. The Legislature shall not

authorize any lottery or permit the
sale of lottery tickets; nor grant di-
vorces; nor audit or allow any private
claim or account; nor pass special acts
extending the time for the collection

of taxes.
Sec. 47. The Legislature shall not [See close of Schedule.]
pass any act authorizing the grant of
license for the sale of ardent spirits or

other intoxicating liquors. 22. The siyle of the laws of this Sec. 48. The style of the laws shall Sec. 33. The style of the laws shall State shall be: “Be it enacted by the be: “ The people of the State of Michi- be: - The People of the State of MichiSenate and House of Representatives gan enact."

gan enact.”
of the State of Michigan."
ARTICLE V.
ARTICLE V.

ARTICLK VI.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT.

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 1. The supreme executive power SECTION 1. The executive power is SECTION 1. The executive power is shall be vested in a Governor, who vested in a Governor, who shall hold vested in a Governor, who shall hold shall hold his office for two years; and his office for two years. A Lieutenant his office for two years. A Lieutenant a Lieutenant Governor shall be chosen Governor shall be chosen for the same Governor shall be chosen for the same at the same time and for the same term.

term. term.

2. No person shall be eligible to the Sec. 2. No person shall be eligible to Sec. 2. No person shall be eligible office of Governor or Lieutenant Gover- the office of Governor or Lieutenant to the office of Governor or Lieutenant hor, who shall not have been five years Governor who has not been fire years Governor who has not been five years a citizen of the United States, and a a citizen of the United States, and a resi- a citizen of the United States, and a resident of this State two years next dent of this State two years next pre- resident of this State two years next preceding the election

ceding his election, nor shall any per- preceding his election; nor shall any

son be eligible to either office who has person be eligible to either office who :: not attained the age of thirty years. has not attained the age of twenty-five

years. 3. The Governor and Lieutenant Goy- Séc. 3. The Governor and Lieuten- Sec. 3. The Governor and Lieuten- .. ernor shall be elected by the electors at ant Governor shall be elected at the ant Governor shall be elected at the the times and places of choosing mem- times and places of choosing the mem- times and places of choosing the mem

bers of the Legislature. The persons bers of the Legislature. The person bers of the Legislature. The person : having the highest number of votes for having the highest number of votes for having the highest number of votes for

Governor and Lieutenant Governor Governor or Lieutenant Governor shall Governor or Lieutenant Governor, shall be elected; but in case two or be elected. In case two or more per- shall be elected.

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