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tive districts, equal to the number of
Representatives to which such county
is entitled by law, and shall cause to
be filed in the office of the Secretary of
State and clerk of such county, a de-
scription of such representative dis-
tricts, specifying the number of each
district, and the population thereof,
according to the last preceding enu-

meration. 3. The Legislature shall provide by Sec. 4. The Legislature shall provide Sec. 4. The Legislature shall provide law for an enumeration of the inhab- by law for an enumeration of the in- by law for an enumeration of the initants of this State in the years eighteen habitants in the year eighteen hun- habitants in the year eighteen hundred hundred and thirty-seven, and eighteen dred and fifty-four, and every ten years and seventy-five, and every ten years hundred and forty-five, and every ten thereafter; and at the first session after thereafter; and at the first session years after the said last mentioned each enumeration so made, and also at after each enumeration so made, and time; and at their first session after the first session after each enumera- also at the first session after each each enumeration so made as afore- tion by the authority of the United enumeration by the authority of the said, and also after each enumeration States, the Legislature shall re-arrange United States, the Legislature shall made by the authority of the United the Senate districts, and apportion re-arrange the Senate districts, and States, the Legislature shall apportion anew the Representatives among the apportion anew the Representatives anew the Representatives and Senators counties and districts, according to the among the counties and districts, acamong the several counties and dis- number of white inhabitants and civil-cording to the number of inhabitants. tricts according to the number of white ized persons of Indian descent, not But no re-arrangement of Senate disinhabitants.

members of any tribe. Each appor- tricts shall vacate the seat of any Sena

tionment, and the division into repre- tor. Each apportionment, and the di[See Art. IV, Sec. 6.] sentative districts by any board of su- vision into representative districts by

pervisors shall remain unaltered until any board of supervisors, shall remain the return of another enumeration.: unaltered until the return of another

enumeration. 4. The Representatives shall be cho

[See Art, IV, Sec. 3.]

[See Art. V, Sec. 3.] sen annually on the first Monday* of November, and on the following day, by the electors of the several counties or districts into which the State shall be divided for that purpose. Each organized county shall be entitled to at least one Representative; but no county hereafter organized shall be entitled to a separate representative, until it shall have attained a population equal to the ratio of representation hereafter established. 5. The Senators shall be chosen for [See Art. IV, Sec. 2.]

[See Art. V, Sec. 2.] two years, at the same time and in the same manner as the Representatives are required to be chosen. At the first session of the Legislature under this Constitution, they shall be divided by lot from their respective. districts, as near as may be, into two equal classes; the seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the first year, and of the second class at the expiration of the second year, so that one-half thereof, as nearly as may be, shall be chosen annually thereafter. 6. The State shall be divided, at

[See Art. IV, Sec. 4.]

[See Art. V, Sec. 4.] each new apportionment; into a num

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*The following amendment was proposed in 1843, re.. ferred to the next Legislature, agreed to in 1844 by two-thirds of all the members elected to each House, submitted to the people, and ratified and approved at the election in November, 1844: . Striko out of section four of article four, the words

on the first Monday in November and the following day," and insert the words ' on the irst Tuesday," 80 that said section will read:

The representatives shall be chosen annually on the 1 first Tuesday of November, by the electors of the ser. eral.counties or districts into which the State shall be divided for that purpose.

CONSTITUTION OF 1835.

CONSTITUTION OF 1850.

CONSTITUTION OF 1867.

ber of not less than four, nor more than eight senatorial districts, to be always composed of contiguous territory, so that each district shall elect an equal number of Senators annually, as nearly as may be; and no county shall be divided in the formation of such districts.

7. Senators and Representatives Sec. 5. Senators and Representatives Sec. 5. Every Senator and Represhall be citizens of the United States, shall be citizens of the United States, sentative shall be a citizen of the Uniand be qualified electors in the respec- and qualified electors in the respective ted States, and a qualified elector of tive counties and districts which they counties and districts which they rep- the district he represents. A removal represent; and a removal from their resent. A removal from their respec- from his district shall be deemed a va-. respective counties or districts shall be tive counties or districts shall be cation of his office. No Senator or deemed a vacation of their seats. deemed a vacation of their office. Representative shall, during the time

for which he may have been elected, be eligible to any office, which shall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increased by the Legislature during such term; por shall he be interested, directly or indirectly, in any contract with the State, or any county thereof, authorized by any law passed during said term.

S8. No: person holding any office Sec. 6. No person holding any of- Sec. 6. No person holding any elecunder the United States, or of this fice under the United States, for this tive State office, except that of regent State, officers of the militia, justices of State,] or any county office, except no- of the University, or member of the the peace, associate judges of the cir- taries public, officers of the militia, and board of Education, and no person cuit and county courts, and postmas- officers elected by townships, shall be holding the office of probate judge, ters excepted, shall be eligible to either eligible to or have a seat in either county clerk, register of deeds, county House of the Legislature.

House of the Legislature, and all votes treasurer, sheriff, county superintendgiven for any such person shall be void. ent of schools, prosecuting attorney,

or any office to which he was appointed by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall be allowed to take or hold a seat in either House of the

Legislature. 9. Senators and Representatives Sec. 7. Senators and Representatives Sec. 7. Senators and Representatives shall, in all cases except treason, felony shall in all cases, except treason, felony shall not be subject to any civil process or breach of the peace, be privileged or breach of the peace, be privileged during the session of the Legislature, from arrest, nor shall they be subject from arrest. They shall not be subject or for fifteen days next before the to any civil process, during the session to any civil process during the session commencement and after the terminaof the Legislature, nor for fifteen days of the Legislature, or for fifteen days tion of each session; they shall not be next before the commencement and next before the commencement and questioned in any other place for any after the termination of each session. after the termination of each session; speech in either House.

they shall not be questioned in any
other place for any speech in either

House..
See Art. IV, Sec. 21. .

See Art. IV, Secs. 33 and 32.7 1 Sec. 8. See end of Schedule. 10. A majority of each House shall

Sec. 8. A majority of each House
Sec. 8. A majority of each House

(See Art. V, Sec. 10.] ·
constitute a quorum to do business; shall constitute a quorum to do busi-
but a similar number may adjourn from ness; but a smaller number may adjourn
day to day, and may compel the at- from day to day, and compel the ato
tendance of absent members, in such tendance of absent members in such
manner and under such penalties as manner, and under such penalties as
each House may provide. Each House each House may prescribe. .
shall elect its own officers.

11. Each House shall determine the Sec. 9. Each House shall choose its Sec. 9. Each House shall choose its rules of its proceedings, and judge of own officers, determine the rules of its own officers, except as otherwise prothe qualifications, elections and returns proceedings, and judge of the qualifi- vided in this Constitution; determine of its own members; and may, with the cations, elections and returns of its the rules of its proceedings, and judge concurrence of two-thirds of all the members, and may, with the concur- of the qualifications, elections and remembers elected, expel a member; but rence of two-thirds of all the members turns of its members, and may, with no member shall be expelled a second elected, expel a member. No member the concurrence of two-thirds of all the time for the same cause, nor for any shall be expelled a second time for the members elected, expel a member. cause known to his constituents ante- same cause; nor for any cause The reasons for such expulsion shall cedent to his election..

known to his constituents antecedent be entered upon the journal, with the

CONSTITUTION OF 1835..

CONSTITUTION OF 1850.

CONSTITUTION OF 1867.

(See Art. IV, Sec. 10.)

(Seo Art. IV, Sec. 18.]

.

to his election; the reason for such names of the members voting on the expulsion shall be entered upon the question. No member shall be exjournal, with the names of the mem- pelled a second time for the same bers voting on the question.

cause; nor for any cause known to his

constituents antecedent to his election. [See Art. IV, Sec. 8.]

Sec. 10. A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may ad. journ from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as

each House may prescribe. .. [See Art. IV, Secs. 15 and 16.] Sec. 11. The compensation of the

members of the Legislature during the session thereof, shall be four dollars per day, for actual attendance. When convened in extra session they shall legislate on no other subjects than those : expressly stated in the Governor's proclamation, or submitted to them by special message. They shall be entitled to ten cents, and no more, for every mile actually traveled, going to and returning from the place of meeting, on the usually traveled route, and for stationery, postage and newspapers not exceeding fifteen dollars for each member during any session. Each member shall be entitled to one copy of the laws, journals, and documents of the Legislature of which he was a member; but shall not receive at the expense of the State, books, newspapers, or other perquisites of office, not expressly authorized by this Con

stitution." [See. Art. IV, Sec. 17.]

Sec. 12. The President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall each be entitled to six dollars per diem compensation, and the same mileage as members of

the Legislature, and no more. [See Art. IV, Sec. 29.]

Sec. 13. In case of a contested election, each House shall determine the amount of per diem compensation and mileage to be received by each contestant, but the per diem compensation allowed to both parties, shall not exceed the sum of four dollars per day.

1o Bach House shall bublish journal of decent such parts as may of

. 12. Each House shall keep a journal Sec. 10. Each House shall keep a Sec. 14. Each House shall keep a

of its proceedings, and publish the journal of its proceedings, and publish journal of its proceedings, and publish same, except such parts as may require the same, except such parts as may re- the same, except such parts as may resecrecy; and the yeas and Days of the quire secrecy. The yeas and nays of quire secrecy. The yeas and nays of members of either House, on any the members of either House, on any. the members of either House on any question, shall, at the request of one- question, shall be entered on the jour- question shall be taken at the request of fifth of the members present, be en- nal at the request of one-fifth of the one-fifth of the members elected. Any tered on the journal. Any member of members elected. Any member of member of either House may dissent either House shall have the liberty to either. House may dissent from and from and protest against any act, pro- . dissent from, and protest against, any protest against any act, proceeding or ceeding or resolution which he may act or resolution which he may think resolution which he may deem injuri- deem injurious to any person or the injurious to the public or an individual, ous to any person or the public, and public, and have the reason of his disand have the reason of his dissent en- have the reason of his dissent entered sent entered on the journal. ... tered on the journal.

on the journal. . 13. In all elections by either or both Sec. 11. In all elections by either Sec. 15. In all elections by either Houses, the vote shall be given viva House, or in joint convention, the votes House, or in joint convention, the votes vace; and all votes on nominations shall be given viva voce. All votes on shall be given viva voce. All votes on made to the Senate shall be taken by nominations to the Senate, shall be nominations to the Senate shall be

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yeas and nays, and published with the taken by yeas and nays, and published taken by yeas and nays, and published journal of its proceedings.

with the journal of its proceedings. with the journal of its proceedings. 14. The doors of each House shall Sec. 12. The doors of each House Sec. 16. The doors of each House be open, except when the public wel- shall be open, unless the public welfare shall be open, unless the public welfare fare shall require secrecy. Neither require secrecy. Neither House shall, require secrecy. Neither House shall, House shall, without the consent of without the consent of the other, ad- without the consent of the other, adthe other, adjourn for more than three journ for more than three days, nor to journ for more than three days, nor to days, nor to any other place than that any other place than where the Legis- any other place than where the Legwhere the Legislature may then be in lature may then be in session. islature may then be in session. session.

15. Any bill may originate in either Sec. 13. Bills may originate in either Sec. 17. Bills may originate in either House of the Legislature. House of the Legislature.

House of the Legislature; but no new [See Art. IV, Sec. 28.] bill, except by a vote of two-thirds of

| the members elect, shall be introduced after the first fifty days of a session

shall have expired. 16. Every bill passed by the Legis- Sec. 14. Every bill and concurrent Sec. 18. Every bill and joint resolulature shall, before it becomes a law, resolution, except of adjournment, tion passed by the Legislature, shall be presented to the Governor; if he passed by the Legislature, shall be be presented to the Governor before it approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he presented to the Governor before it becomes a law. If he approve, he shall return it with his objections, to becomes a law. If he approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return that House in which it originated, who shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it with his objections, to the House shall enter the objections at large upon it with his objections to the House in in which it originated, which shall their journal and proceed to reconsider which it originated, which shall enter enter the objections at large upon its it. If, after such reconsideration, two-the objections at large upon their jour-journal and reconsider it. On such thirds of all the members' present nal, and reconsider it. On such recon- reconsideration, if two-thirds of the agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, sideration, if two-thirds of the members members elected agree to pass the bill, with the objections, to the other House, elected agree to pass the bill, it shall it shall be sent with the objections to by whom it shall likewise be recon- be sent, with the objections to the oth- the other House, by which it shall be sidered; and if approved also by two-er House, by which it shall be recon- reconsidered. If approved by twothirds of all the members present in sidered. If approved by two-thirds of thirds of the members elected to that that House, it shall become a law; but the members elected to that house, it House, it shall become a law. In such in such cases, the vote of both Houses shall become a law. In such case the case the vote of both Houses shall be shall be determined by yeas and nays, vote of both houses shall be determined determined by yeas and nays, and the and the names of the members voting by yeas and nays; and the name of the names of the members voting for and for or against the bill shall be entered members voting for and against the against the bill shall be entered on the on the journals of each House respec- bill shall be entered on the journals of journals of each House respectively. tively; and if any bill be not returned each house respectively. If any bill be If any bill be not returned by the Govby the Governor within ten days, Sun- not returned by the Governor within ernor within ten days, (Sundays exdays excepted, after it has been pre- ten days, Sundays excepted, after it cepted, after it has been presented to sented to him, the same shall become has been presented to him, the same him, the same shall become a law in like a law, in like manner as if he had shall become a law in like manner as manner as if he had signed it, unless signed it, unless the Legislature by if he had signed it, unless the Legisla- the Legislature, by their adjournment, their adjournment prevent its return, ture, by their adjournment, prevent its prevent its return; in which case it in which case it shall not become a return; in which case it shall not be- shall not become a law. The Governor law.

come a law. The Governor may ap- may approve, sign, and file in the office 17. Every resolution to which the prove, sign, and file in the office of the of the Secretary of State, within five concurrence of the Senate and House Secretary of State, within five days days after the adjournment of the Legof Representatives may be necessary, after the adjournment of the Legisla- islature, any act passed during the last except in cases of adjournment, shall ture, any act passed during the last five days of the session, and the same be presented to the Governor, and five days of the session; and the same shall become a law. before the same shall take effect, shall shall become a law. be proceeded upon in the same manner as in the case of a bill.*

*The following amendment was proposed in 1842, and referred to the next Legislature, submitted to the people by a joint resolution, approved March 9, 1843, and approved and ratified at the election in November, '1843:

That the Constitution of this State be so amended, that every law authorizing the borrowing of money or the issuing of State stocks, whereby a debt shall be created on the credit of the State, shall specify the object for which the money shall be appropriated; and that every such law shall embrace no more than one such object, which shall be simply and specifically stated, and that no such law shall take effect until it shall be submitted to tho people at the next general election, and be approved by a majority of votes cast for and against it at such election; and all money to be raised by the authority of such law be applied to the specific object stated in such law, and to no other purpose, except the payment of such debt there.

to any law to raise money for defraying the actual expen. ses of the Legislature, the judicial and State officers, for suppressing insurrection, repelling invasion, or defending the State in time of war.

YAT

CONSTITUTION OF 1835.

CONSTITUTION OF 1850.

CONSTITUTION OF 1867

structure

18. The members of the Legislature Sec. 15. The compensation of the [See Art. V, Sec. 11.)
shall receive for their services, a com- members of the Legislature shall be
pensation to be ascertained by law, and three dollars a day for actual attend-
paid out of the public treasury; but no ance; and when absent on account of
increase of the compensation shall sickness [for the first sixty days of the
take effect during the term for which session of the year one thousand eight
the members of either House shall have hundred and fifty-one, and for the
been elected; and such compensation first forty days of every subsequent ses-
shall never exceed three dollars a day. sion, and nothing thereafter;] but the

Legislature may allow extra compensation
to the members from the territory of the
Upper Peninsula, not exceeding two
dollars per day during the session.*
When convened in extra session, their
compensation shall be three dollars a
day for the first twenty days, and..
nothing thereafter; and they shall leg-
islate on no other subjects than those
expressly stated in the Governor's
proclamation, or submitted to them by
special message. They shall be entitled
to ten cents, and no more, for every
mile actually. traveled, going to and
returning from the place of meeting, on
the usually traveled route; and for
stationery and newspapers, not exceed-
ing five dollars for each member during
any session. Each member shall be
entitled to one copy of the laws, jour-
nals and documents of the Legislature
of which he was a member; but shall
not receive, at the expense of the State,
books, newspapers, or other perquisites
of office, not expressly authorized by
this Constitution.

Sec. 16. The Legislature may pro-
vide by law for the payment of postage
on all mailable matter received by its
members and officers during the ses-
sions of the Legislature, but not on any

sent or mailed by them.
[See Art. V, Sec. 19.]

Sec. 17. The President of the Senate [See Art. V, Sec. 12.]
and Speaker of the House of Repre-
sentatives shall be entitled to the same
per diem compensation and mileage as
members of the Legislature, and no

more.
19. No member of the Legislature Sec. 18. No person elected a member
shall receive any civil appointment of the Legislature shall receive any
from the Governor and Senate, or from civil appointment within this State, or
the Legislature, during the term for to the Senate of the United States,
which he is elected.

from the Governor, the Governor and Senate, from the Legislature, or any other State authority, during the term for which he is elected. All such appointments, and all votes given for any person so elected for any such office or appointment, shall be void. - No member of the Legislature shall be interested, directly or indirectly, in any contract with the State, or any county thereof, authorized by any law passed during the time for which he is elected, nor for one year thereafter.

Sec. 19. Every bill and joint resolu- Sec. 19. Every bill and joint resolution shall be read three times in each tion shall be read three times in each

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*Amendment adopted by the Legislature of 1859, approved by the people in 1860; vote for, 53,152, against,

118.246.

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