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gels, that once attended on his path himself, he knew that those who and ministered to his welfare with were temperate were better and hapjoy, now start aside, and reluctantly pier than himself. And Jack was give up their charge. Such is the not alone in his judgment; there tremendous change which drink has are thousands of drunkards of the made in his character and lot, and same mind. such is the fearful contrast forced And I am sure that if drunkards on the drunkard's soul, when in his themselves are prepared to acknowthoughtful moments he reflects on ledge that it would be well if they the days that are past. And he

were reformed, there will not be weeps at times, and would give found many sober people but what away a world if he had it, to will be ready enough to acknowledge bring back the blessedness of former that the reformation of drunkards days.

would be a good thing. The child All drunkards are not alike; there will acknowledge that it would be a are infinite degrees in drunkenness, good thing if his drunken father and there are infinite varieties of were reformed ; and the wife will circumstances in which drunkards acknowledge that it would be a good are placed. It is not every drunk- thing if her drunken husband were ard that is reduced to rags and beg- reformed. Many wives and children gary ; nor is it every one that has know that if their husbands and fabanished from his dwelling all do- thers were sober, like some hus. mestic comfort. There are bands and fathers, they might be drunkards who have still a plentiful better fed, and better clad, and escape table, and well-clothed backs, and many unpleasant things which bewho still maintain something like fal them now. Thousands of chil.. order in their families. But all dren that are now obliged to spend drunkards are miserable, and most the day in weary and destructive drunkards are sensible of their mi- labours, might be spending their sery, and sensible, too, that it would days at school, receiving useful inbe a happy thing if they were re- struction, and gathering full strength claimed from their drunken propen- of soul and limb, if their parents sities, and restored to their former were sober. And thousands of wives, state of sobriety.

who are at present used like slaves, I was one day passing along the and who languish under the sorrows streets of Chester, near the Cross, of a broken heart, might live in and there was a drunken man pass- another paradise, if their husbands ing at the same time.

There was a were sober and religious. And I am number of loose men standing at sure the mother that has a drunken the Cross, talking with each other. son, would think his reformation a The drunken man that was passing, happy thing. The heaviest affliction was something of a wit, and I was that yonder aged woman ever had to known to be a temperance advocate; bear, was a drunken son. She has had and when the persons that were eleven children, and has reared them standing at the Cross saw him pass- all; she has had oppressive toil, ing by, they were anxious to get and weary journies; she has known him to play his wit upon me, and so what it was to suffer want, and to to divert themselves at my expense, endure unkindness : she has many and at the expense of the cause of times toiled hard by day, and temperance. As I drew near the watched through the long anxious Cross, they called to the poor reeling night, tending her suffering little drunkard, and said, “See thee, Jack; ones. She has buried her firstsee thee, Jack;" pointing at the same born, her best, her favourite child, time to me, wishing to set him on. just when he had reached the But Jack had more than years of manhood, and was promisthey thought he had. He looked ing fair to be a comfort and a honour first at them, and then at me, and to her : she has wept over the death when he saw what they were after, of an aged parent, and suffered many he said, “ Nay, nay; Im not so bad griefs which none but her own heart as that neither : he's better than ever fully understood. But none of me.” Though the poor creature had her sorrows, none of her trials, neinot virtue enough to be temperate ther want, nor weary toil, nor sleep


less nights, nor the loss of her first- our country and throughout the born son, nor all these griefs together, world by drunkenness, know no ever gave her half the pain she has bounds. The man that can look on suffered from the drunkenness of one and behold the mischiefs and the of her children. Oh! the fears, the miseries which drunkenness entails pangs, the devouring griefs which on society, and not feel wishful for that poor aged mother has endured, a reformation, must be a strange through the waywardness of that and unaccountable man ind one son. And what the mother suf- The cases in which drunkenness fered, the whole family suffered in a brings persons to unnatural and great measure. Father, and brothers, untimely ends are innumerable. It and sisters were all compelled to has been calculated that thirty thoutake their share of sorrow. A drunk- sand a year have been brought to an ard is an affliction to the whole untimely grave by drink in our own round of his family connexions: he is country. I once thought this bea grief to all who love him, and feel yond the truth; I could hardly anxious for his welfare, and his re. believe it possible that so many formation is as great and as wide a should perish in our land every year consolation.

by drink : but my own observations Drunkards are an affliction and a have convinced me, that so it is. burden to the whole community. During the eighteen months that I Sometimes they become thieves or lived in Chester, I took an account of murderers, and people are plundered the deaths which were occasioned by or destroyed by them; and the com- drunkenness, that came to my knowmunity has to support policemen to ledge, in and about that city, and I apprehend them, and builders to erect numbered not less than from eighty prisons to confine them, and sailors to ninety in that city and neighbourand executioners to take away their hood who, in that short space of time, lives, or to transport them beyond were hurried untimely into eternity, the seas. Sometimes they drink by that one cause. Ore was the themselves mad, and the community Bala Carrier. He had been deliverhas to erect asylums for them : they ing out his parcels, and taking in frequently drink themselves and others, and the people, as the custom their families into want, and then was, had generally given him drink. the community has to support them. He had got a glass here, and another They frequently bring up their off- there, till he was drunk. When he was spring to vice, and turn them loose to leaving the city, some one, after his prey upon their neighbours ; and the horse and cart had started, gave him community is plagued and injured by another glass, and while he stood to them from generation to generation. drink it, his cart had gone on thirty They consume more than their share

or forty yards before him. When he of the productions of the soil, and had finished his drink, he ran to others are, in consequence, left to overtake it, but, by mistake, ran want : they do less than their share against a cart that was coming of labour, and others have, in conse- towards him. He was thrown down, quence, to toil beyond their strength. and sadly crushed, and before the Under the influence of drink they next day he was dead. Another was run into all kinds of crimes, and Foulds, the whitesmith.

He was bring upon themselves, and upon the once a very decent man, and in a community, all kinds of burdens and good business, but drink,-a little afflictions, and fill the land in every first, and then a little more,-led him direction, with mourning, lamenta- astray. Things did not go on so well tion, and woe. Some speak as if the with him then; it was not likely that drunkard was an enemy to himself they should; and he became melanalone ; but this is a great mistake; choly and cheerless. One morning his he is a public enemy; he is an shop door and windows remained enemy to all whe are within the closed longer than usual, and people reach of his influence ; he is the dis- began to wonder what could be the turber, the tormenter, and the de- matter. They broke open the door at stroyer of multitudes. The want, length, and there they found him, the crime, the loathsome diseases, and hanging by the neck, dead. Another the horrid deaths that are caused in was a man of the name of Roberts.

He had drunk himself into complete And what an awful thought, beggary. He had pawned the fur- that thirty thousand a year, nearly niture out of his house, and the a hundred a day, of our neighbours shirt off his back. A friend of mine, in Great Britain and Ireland, should as he was going to chapel one Sabbath be thus horribly cut off. We hate morning, saw him begging three slavery, and we do well; it can never half-pence or two pence, to get a be hated too much ; and some of us glass of ale. He got his glass of ale, hate war, and if we hated it a thouand went out of the ale-house into sand times more than we do, we the stables, and the next time he was should not need to be charged with seen, he was dead; he had put an excess; but neither war nor slavery end to his life by his own hand. ever caused such a ceaseless and

Another was a boatman. He had wholesale ruin of the bodies and the received his wages, and was drinking souls of men, of the order and compart of them at an ale-house. There fort of families, as intoxicating were two other men drinking at the drinks. If a man be found dead in same place, at the same time, and his house, and there be signs that he these two appear to have formed the has been killed by violence; if there purpose of robbing the boatman. be proofs that some robber or some They boarded his vessel as it was in man of vengeance has done the deed, the lock, a little outside the city, and there is a general movement, and that night attempted to accomplish almost every one is anxious that the their object. The boatman, however, murderer should be detected, and was not so easily mastered : he ap- placed in the hands of justice. And pears to have struggled hard, and in it is right that men should be moved the struggle all three went over- at the sight of death, and that they board and were drowned. They should feel strongly towards the were taken out of the water next murderer. But look here. Here is morning, and formed a horrible spec- a murderer that destroys a hundred tacle, all victims of intoxicating of our neighbours a day,—that dedrink. But to tell of all the cases stroys them both body and soul, that came to my knowledge would murders them both for time and for require a little book. One was eternity. Here is a thief and a murburned to death; another mistook derer that has plundered every house, the canal for a road, and walking and carried mourning and tears into into it, was drowned. Another walk- every family. Shall we be so much ed into the canal, and was drowned ; concerned for the murder of one, and and another walked into the river, not be concerned for the murder of and was drowned. One was teazing hundreds and thousands ? Shall we a female, and when the female push- feel horror and indignation at the ed him aside, he reeled into the water sight of a man who has plundered and was drowned. One was killed and murdered one of our brethren, in a drunken quarrel; another fell and not feel horror and indignation down stairs and was killed. One at the sight of that vice which is died of apoplexy; another died of plundering, the whole land, and another kind of fits. One dropped spreading death and ruin on every down in the alehouse yard, as he was hand? Shall we be anxious to have cursing and swearing; and another men protected against death and ruin fell backwards into a pan of boiling by the hands of their fellow-men, liquor, and died, cursing and swear- and feel no anxiety to have men ing to the last. One fell into a coal protected against the miseries and pit, another was killed by a fall ruin brought on them by drunkenfrom a house, and another died ness? We ought to regard the reraging mad. And I have seen a sim- formation of drunkards, and the ilar havoc made of humar life in diminution of drunkenness, as one other places in which I have resided of the greatest benefits that can be since. I haveseen enough in short,fully conferred on us. to convince me, that the statement, I need say no more on this head : that in our country thirty thousand a I feel persuaded that we are agreed year were brought to unnatural ends that drunkenness is an by drink, was not at all beyond the evil; that the cure of drunkenness truth.

would be a vast and an inestimable

enormous one

blessing; that the drunkard is a the brink of the pit, and (we are most miserable and mischievous wishful to keep them from danger, creature, and that the reformation by filling up the pit. When we have of drunkards is an object that ought accomplished these two objects, the to be longed for and laboured for by crimes and miseries of drunkenness every lover of his kind.

will be brought to a close, and we Our second object is to keep all shall be permitted to look round upon the sober people from becoming a sober world. drunkards. This will be as readily But this is not the whole of acknowledged to be a good object as what we aim at. We are wishful, the first. No sober person could when we have brought men to be like to be a drunkard; and no man, sober, to bring them to be truly that has any regard to the welfare of religious. We have no idea that his fellow-men, could wish another any man can be truly happy, who to become a drunkard. To keep does not submit his soul to the those who are yet sober from becom- authority of God, and consecrate his ing drunkards, appears to me to be life to God's service.

The 66 a more important matter than the thing needful” is the religion of reformation of drunkards. If a man Christ, and we have no hopes that should fall and break his neck, it the world can ever be made holy and would be well to get his neck set happy, until men have been brought again as soon as possible ; but if to embrace the Gospel of Christ, and you can keep him from falling, it to live in obedience to its precepts. would be better still ; it would save I have no sympathy with those who both pain and trouble, and prevent would separate temperance and rea terrible amount of risk besides. ligion: I have no sympathy with It would have been thought a great those Temperance Societies that thing, when the cholera was here, if would prevent a temperance advoa medicine could have been found cate from referring to religion in his that would have cured the terrible temperance speeches. I do not complaint; but if a medicine could hesitate to say, I have no confidence have been found that would have se- in temperance apart from religion. cured them from taking the complaint I do not believe that any thing can at all, it would have been thought a permanently and extensively imstill greater mercy than the other. If prove the character and circumstances a sheep has got into a pit, the sooner of mankind, but the religion of it is got out the better; but if, when Christ. The end at which I aim, you have got it out, you can fill up therefore, in every thing, is to bring the pit, or so hedge it round that no men to believe and obey the Gospel. more sheep may ever fall into it, it I use Teetotalism as a means to this would be better still. This is the end. It is the tendency of Tempercourse which we are wishful to pur- ance Societies to promote this ob

A vast multitude of people, ject, that gives them all their worth a number which no man can num- and importance in my estimation. In ber,--are afflicted with the vice of fact, I have no hope that men genedrunkenness,-a disease a hundred rally will ever be brought to abstain times more terrible in its effects than from intoxicating drinks, for any the cholera; and we are wishful to length of time, unless they are cure them : 'this is our first object. brought to be truly religious. I A still greater multitude are in have no confidence in reformed danger of catching the dreadful com- drunkards, unless they are truly plaint, and our second object is to converted to God. I believe that get them to take a medicine which such as are reformed, will go back to will place them out of the reach of their drunkenness, unless they beinfection, or that will purge the in- come truly religious; and if they fection, if they have already taken should not go back to drunkenness, it, out of their whole frame. A they will run into some other evils number of stray creatures have fallen not much less, if they attempt to into the pit of drunkenness, and we make teetotalism their all. are wishful to get them out as soon not, therefore, be a member of any as possible : a great number more Temperance Society, which does not are thoughtlessly flocking towards aim at turning men from darkness


I can


to light, ana from the power of Satan to know what you think can be done to God. These, then, are our ob- to discover the offenders." After jects; the refor.nation of drunkards; some solid consideration he informed the preservation of those who are them, he had on the road felt a be. sober from becoming drunkards; lief that, if the men were drawn up and the full and everlasting blessed- rank and file, about fifty in a comness of all. (To be continued.) pany, he might be able, (if he fol

Iowed the best direction) in passing through them, to detect those con

cerned in the robbery. The officers QUAKER AND HIS FAMILY. wondered at his proposal, thinking In the time of the American war, it very improbable he should disan encampment, of about five hun- cover them in such a manner, withdred men, were stationed near the out any outward knowledge of the dwelling of David Sands, in North persons. But they complied, and America. During their stay, David gave the necessary orders. On passSands and his wife became very un- ing down the first rank he made a easy, particularly his wife, who felt stop near the bottom, but went on a presentiment that some trial was to the next, when he soon made a approaching. In a short time after- stand at one of the men, and looking wards, she was alarmed by a noise him full in the face, said to him, she heard in the house, after they “ Where wast thou last night?" He were gone to bed, which her hus- answered: “ Keeping guard, sir, and band apprehended might be only the a very cold night it was.”

“ Didst wind rustling among the trees. In thou find it so when at my house ?" a few minutes they were more cer- replied David ; at which the man tain, by finding some persons near trembled much, and showed evident their room, and distinctly hearing signs of guilt, on which he was orthem say, “Some of the family are dered out of the ranks, and in like awake, we will shoot them.” In manner four others were discovered. this alarming situation personal safe. Then he went to a young officer, ty seemed to be the first object, and whom he asked how he came to aid they soon determined to attempt an and accompany his men in pillaging escape, which was the more easily his house ? He positively denied the effected, by their chamber being on charge, but David Sands further inthe ground. In getting out through terrogated him by saying, “Let me the window, one of the company, feel thy heart and see if that do not stationed to keep guard on the out- accuse thee.” On putting his hand side, discharged a piece at them, the to it, it throbbed up to his neck, and ball of which grazed the forehead of so loud, that David Sands called to David Sands ; however they escaped, the other officers to come and see, but with very thin clothing ; and as and hear how it accused the officer, it was a very cold night, and they He was therefore considered to be remained in the open air till break guilty. Two others, which made of day, these circumstances, together eight concerned, deserted before the with their painful anxiety, rendered search commenced, and which acit a most suffering time. When they counted for the stop he made in the returned to their dwelling, they first rank. found it plundered of all the cash, The officers now desired to know about fifty pounds, most of their what could be done for him ? He bedding, and much of their furniture. said he should like to have his furniA servant and two children, who ture, bedding, &c. returned, as he were sleeping in another part of the wanted his bedding in particular; on house, were not disturbed.

which they brought the greatest part, After considering what was best with half the money, assuring him to be done, David found his mind the rest was lost. They were brought most easy in determining to go to to trial before the civil power, but the encampment. On his arrival, he as David declined appearing at the saw several officers conversing toge- stated time, they were of course ther, who said to him, “Mr Sands, acquitted ; but this not exempting we have heard of the depredation them from the trial by martial law, committed at your house, and desire and their guilt appearing beyond a

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