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advocate of Evangelical Reform, has listened apparently with devout atbeen expelled by the last Conference. tention, and I believe that I can say The following letter will show his with the Apostle, “The things which state of mind under his persecution. happened to me have fallen out rather After speaking strongly respecting unto the furtherance of the Gospel.' the course pursued towards him by I intend to pursue my present plan, his persecutors, he says :
and I sincerely hope that God will “But I dare not doubt the pro- make my feeble labours an abundant mise of God, 'All things work to- blessing. I have never yet been disgether for good.' I cannot at pre- turbed in my open-air services except sent give you a detail of all the on one evening. There was a publievents which have placed me can who supposed that I was deliverin my present position, but I shall ing a temperance lecture, caused me briefly describe my present circum- some annoyance, but his violence stances. Though I have been trou- was restrained, by the kindness which bledon every side, yet I have not been the multitude manifested towards me. distressed ; perplexed, but not in Amongst other abusive words he dedespair; persecuted, but not forsaken; manded from me, who I was addresscast down, but not destroyed. ing? I told him I was addressing Blessed be God, I still retain a publicans and sinners.
This anpowerful sense of the Divine pre- nouncement was well received, and sence ; I am cheered with his smile I was allowed to proceed without amidst all my earthly difficulties: much confusion, and I have not met the
pressure without, the with any public opposition since. more peace within ; the delightful Being in much haste, you must exassurance which I feel, that God will cuse me from writing more at preopen my providential path, inspires sent. I remain, yours affectionately, me with confidence and joy; so that in the tribulation of Jesus, I inay boldly say, “The Lord is my
“ D. TILOMAS." helper, and I will not fear what man Since receiving the above, we have shall do unto me.' Those who take been informed that rooms for meeting the side of Conference, appear to have in have been obtained both at Rochbeen straining every nerve to recon- dale and Bury, and that there is a cile the minds of the people to their prospect of good. How wonderfully proceedings. I have been told that doth God make the wrath of man to Mr has been going from house praise him? to house to lessen my influence; Mr also, and others have been
GOVERNMENT. actively engaged in the same busiFor my own part, I am quite
I BELIEVE that civil governments determined to act from honourable
are ordained of God, and yet I believe motives, and from Christian principle. they are ordained to come to an end. I know not what will be the result
Christianity says not a word of my present labours and sufferings, against civil government, and
yet it is but I depend upon the promise of both calculated and designed to anGod, and here my soul finds good an
nihilate civil government. chorage. I have commenced as a
I believe it is a Christian's duty to Christian Missionary both at Roch- pay tribute when demanded of him, dale and Bury; I have never yet and yet I believe it anti-Christian solicited a single individual to unite in any one to demand tribute of
another. with me, but I believe that God will
I believe it is a sin to resist goopen a door for me in both the above towns. I have experienced some
vernments,—that it is our duty to difficulty for want of suitable rooms
submit to them, or to be in subjection to preach in, but having been favour- to them, and yet I believe it would ed with fine weather, I have been be wrong to obey them, except when engaged in holding forth the word of their commands are in agreement life, under the wide-spread canopy of with the laws of Christ. heaven. Of late I have attended
I believe that civil governors are every evening in the old Market- appointed by God, and yet I believe place at Bury, and my soul has been that their work and office, as governmightily blessed whilst lifting up my ment is at present managed, are voice for God. ilundreds have anti-Christian.
Civil government, government by To be truly religious is to be like force, can never be perfect ; its per- God; and “God is love." fection would be its annihilation. To be religious is to imitate God;
Government cannot be reformed, and God is “good to all ; his tender except by the people becoming in- mercies are over all his works.” “ He telligent, virtuous, Christian ; and causeth his sun to rise on the evil yet a people cannot become intelli- and on the good ; he sendeth rain on gent, virtuous, Christian, without the just and on the unjust.” “ He bringing civil governinent to an end. doeth good to the evil, and to the un
I believe that civil government is thankful.” necessary to the present state of so- To be religious is to be like Christ, ciety, and yet I do not believe it and Christ was the image of God. necessary for Christians to take part Christ was the brightness of the Fain government : just as I believe ther's glory ; God manifest in the plagues, fires, and poverty are ne- flesh. He was the exemplification of cessary, and that yet it is not neces- God's character, and his works were sary for Christians to have any thing an exhibltion, an illustration, a reto do in causing them.
presentation of the principles and
proceedings of God's eternal and uniRELIGION, AND THE MEANS versal providence. OF RELIGION.
To be religious is to be like Christ, It is one thing to be religious, and and Christ was holy, harmless, unanother thing to attend to the means defiled, separate from sin and sinners; of religion,
he was meek and lowly in heart; he To sing hymns, to pray, to hear was full of tenderness and love, and sermons, to read the Scriptures and he spent his life in going about doing other good books, to keep or go into good. the company of good people, to meet To be religious is to be so influwith them in church meetings, class enced by a belief of divine truth, as meetings, to eat bread and wine in to be brought to love God and to love commemoration of the death of mankind, and under the influence of Christ, to distinguish the Sabbath that love, to try in all we do to please from the rest of the days, as a day of God, and to promote man's welfare. rest from common labours, and to
It does not matter how many spend its hours in singing, praying, hymns a man may sing, how many hearing sermons, and reading reli- prayers he may say, how many chapgious books, to have a sincere belief ters he may read in the Bible, how of Gospel doctrine, and correct no- many sermons he may hear, how tions respecting Gospel subjects, are many religious meetings he may atnot to be religious ; these are only tend, how often he may eat bread and the means of religion. Religion iť- drink wine in remembrance of Christ's self is something beyond all this; death,-it does not matter how caresomething higher, better, more solid, ful he may be to employ the Sabmore substantial, more divine. Re- bath in what are called religious exligion itself consists in a right state of ercises, or acts of devotion,-it does mind towards God and towards man, not even matter how great his faith towards earth and towards heaven, and may be, how correct his notions, how in a right behaviour towards God and vast his knowledge, nor how abuntowards man. Religion consists in dant his gifts, unless he be governed love to God, and in love to all man- in his conduct by love to God and kind; in obedience to all God's laws, love to man, unless he have in him as inculcated by Jesus Christ, in the the mind that was in Christ, and cultivation of all those holy témpers, walk as Christ also walked. and in the imitation of all those holy The Apostle Paul is very plain on and benevolent habits, which consti- this subject. In his first Epistle to tute the character of Christ.
the Corinthians, xiii, 1-3 he says, “Pure and undefiled religion,” ac- “ Though I speak with the tongues cording to the Apostle James, " is of men and of angels, and have not this, to visit the fatherless and wi- charity, I am become as sounding dows in their affliction, and to keep brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And ourselves unspotted from the world.” though I have the gift of prophecy, It consists in purity and benevolence, and understand all mysteries, and all in avoding evil, and in doing good. knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove moun- doth it profit? Even so faith, if it tains, and have not charity, I am no- hath not works, is dead, being alone. thing. And though I bestow all my Wilt thou know then, 0 vain man, goods to feed the poor, and though I that faith without works is dead ? give my body to be burned, and Ye see then how that by works a have not charity, it profiteth me no- man is justified, and not by faith thing."
only. For as the body without the Singing hymns, offering up pray- spirit is dead, so faith without works ers, hearing sermons, reading good is dead also.”* The Apostle Paul books, attending meetings of reli- goes farther, if possible, in the words gious people, a belief of the truth, already quoted." “ Though I underand correct notions, are not to be de- stand all mysteries, and all knowspised or neglected; they are of great ledge; and though I have all faith, importance as means of religion, or so that I could remove mountains, as helps to religious improvement: and have not charity, I am nothing.' but they are only means, and unless Faith is important, and so is hope ; they tend to make us more like God, so important that we are said to be and more like Christ, they can do us saved both by the one and by the no good.
other: Eph. ii. 8, &c. Rom. viii. 24. When the Scriptures of the New But still their importance is that of Testament speak of the things which means; their usefulness is in their render us pleasing to God, and which tendency to kindle and to feed the prepare us for a better world, they flame of love ; and they can only so do not mention meeting in class, sub- far contribute to our salvation, as scribing human creeds, the observance they succeed in making us like of the Sabbath, singing hymns, of- Christ, in filling us with love, and in fering prayers, hearing
sermons, eat- making us fruitful in good works. ing bread and drinking wine in re- The usefulness of faith and knowmembrance of Christ's death; they ledge is to be estimated in the same speak of a renovation of the whole way as the usefulness of seed and masoul, and a transformation of the nure are estimated by the farmer : whole character. They speak of and the usefulness of hearing sersome of those things as necessary, mons, singing hymns, reading the such as prayer, assembling with God's Scriptures, meeting in class, eating people, attending to the instructions bread and drinking wine in rememoffered by Christ's ministers, but brance of Christ, is to be estimated they speak of them only as means,— in the same way as the farmer would as the means of preserving or increas- estimate the usefulness.of ploughing, ing love to God and love to man, harrowing, sowing, and fencing ; of promoting the growth of those namely, by the crops which they holy tempers, and the perfection of produce. those holy habits which formed the The farmer would regard his seed mind and character of Jesus Christ. and his manure as worthless, and he
Even faith, and a knowledge of would regard his ploughing, his sowGod's will, are spoken of as nothing, ing, his digging, his fencing, as lost in themselves,-their worth and use- labour, if they brought him no infulness are represented as consisting crease of grain. And we ought to in the influence which they are cal. regard our knowledge and faith ; our culated to exert upon men's hearts singing and praying, our hearing and and lives,—and if they fail to turn reading, as lost labour, except so far the soul to purity and love, and to as they make us better in our hearts form the life to labours of benevo- and lives ; more pure, more loving, lence, they are nothing. “What more diligent in our endeavours to doth it profit, my brethren, though do good, more peaceful and resigned a man say he hath faith, and have in suffering evil. not works? can faith save him? If When, therefore, we would exaa brother or sister be naked, and des- mine ourselves, to learn how we titute of daily food, and one of you stand with respect to God and to the say unto them, Depart in peace, be eternal world, we ought not to ask ye warmed and filled ; notwithstand- so much, How much time have we ing ye give them not those things spent in singing hymns, in offering which are needful to the body; what James ii., 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 24, 26.
prayer, in reading good books, in the discourses and the history of hearing sermons, or how regular Christ, and compare yourselves by have we been in attending religious them. meetings, and abstaining from labour You should not try yourselves by on a Sabbath-day? we ought rather the laws of men; they are always to inquire, What kind of tempers do imperfect, and often evil; nor should I show? What course of life do 1 you try yourselves by men's expursue ? Am I kind, gentle, meek, amples; they are often faulty. The forbearing, merciful, patient? Am only perfect standard of true piety is I truthful, honest, just, temperate, the law of God, as inculcated and faithful, benevolent? Am I like exemplified by Christ Jesus. Christ? Am I aiming in all things It is to the neglect of Christ's disto please God, and to benefit my fel- courses and example, in a great low men ? Am I growing in a con- measure, that the present low and formity to Christ?
imperfect state of the professing Even religious feelings are nothing, world is to be attributed. except so far as they tend to make hardly believe it possible that so us more loving and godlike in our many professors could err so greatly, tempers, and more steady and dili- with respect to the nature of true regent in our endeavours to please ligion, if they were carefully to study God, and do good to our fellow- the discourses and the example of the
Saviour. Feelings are to the soul like winds There is very little of what many to the sails of a vessel. The winds professors regard as religion, in the are nothing, if they do not carry Gospel; and there is but little of what forward the vessel ; and feelings are the Gospel exhibits as religion, among nothing, unless they carry forward the great mass of professors. the soul in holy love, and holy la- How little do you find in the disbours.
courses of Christ about attending reSome people confound pleasant re- ligious meetings, singing hymns, ligious feeling with love to God; public prayers, hearing sermons, rebut “this is the love of God,” saith ligious feeling, orthodox opinions, John," that ye keep his command- &c.; and yet how many place a ments.”
great part of their religion in these We are not therefore to reckon the things. What a great deal do we amount of our love to God, by the find in the Gospels about doing strength of our religious feelings, but good, about patiently bearing evil
, by the amount of our labours and about meekness, humility, self-desacrifices for God's cause, and for the nial, mercy, peace and equity, trust welfare of his creatures.
in God, and superiority over the And sorrow for sin is nothing, ex- world; and yet how little do we find cept so far as it leads to reformation of these things among many proof life. Sorrow for sin, even godly fessors. sorrow, is not repentance, though it The fullest exhibition of true reliworketh repentance.
gion given by Christ in any one of A man must not reckon his re- his discourses, is that which was pentance, therefore, according to the given by Christ in his Sermon on the sorrow which he has felt, but accord- Mount. On our attention to the ing to the effect which his sorrow has principles of that discourse, Christ had upon his heart and life. If his makes our eternal destiny to depend. sorrow has led him from sin to holi- To obtain therefore a correct view of ness, it has been of the right kind, the nature of religion as inculcated and the right quantity ; if his sor- by Christ, we cannot do better than row has left him earthly, sensual, examine this discourse. What is the
levilish ; a slave to the world, the picture which the Redeemer gives of flesh, and sin, it is nothing.
those who shall be accepted and Repentance, faith, conversion, are blessed of God? What is the course all nothing, except so far as they re- of conduct which the Redeemer sult in a life of obedience to the law marks out for those who would seof God; the law of holy, universal cure eternal life? love.
The portrait of a truly religious If you would know whether you man, as given by the Saviour, is as are truly religious, you should study follows :
PORTRAIT OF A TRULY RELI- affections are placed on God and on GIOUS MAN, AS DRAWN BY
heaven, and his love of mankind is CHRIST HIMSELF.
pure and heavenly. 1. He is poor in spirit. He is not 7. He is a peace-maker. He is not desirous of wealth. He is not only peaceful himself, but he tries to afraid of poverty. If he be rich, his promote peace among others. riches are employed in doing good; 8. lfe is persecuted and slandered if he be poor, he is resigned to the for his good conduct; but he is not will of God. He knows how to discouraged. He regards reproach abound, without being proud or as glory, when it comes upon him extravagant; he knows how to suffer for his attachment to Christ : and lack, without anxiety and discon- persecution for righteousness' sake, tent. He is dead to the world, and he regards as an occasion of joy. the world is dead to him. God is 9. He has nothing of selfishness his all in all.
about him. Whatever he has that is 2. He mourns. He laments the good, he shares it freely with his feldark and unhappy state of the low-men. While he receives God's world; he sighs and cries on ac- gifts with thankfulness, he shares count of the prevalence of ini- them among his fellow-men with joy. quity. He is afflicted and troubled, He is a general blessing; he does but he bears his lot with patience, good to all he comes near; and every and is content to wait for the ful- place in which he lives is the better ness of his blessedness in a future for him. As the salt communicates world.
its savour to every thing it touches, 3. He is meek. He receives in- so the Christian communicates good sults and injuries without rage or to all with whom he has interrevenge. When he is reviled, he re
As the sun sheds down his viles not again ; when he is struck, light and influences on the world he strikes not again; but calmly beneath, so does he labour to diffuse and quietly commends his cause to around among his fellow-men the God.
light of truth and the influences of 4. He hungers and thirsts after piety. He end vours to communirighteousness. His desire is not after cate the light of truth, and the inwealth or honour, after power or fluences of piety, by the use of his pleasures ; but after a fuller resem- tongue and of his pen, as he has opblance to God, and a stricter confor- portunity; but he labours still more inity to his will. And he longs for to let his light shine by his good the conversion of his fellow-men, works. His tongue is not silent; and for the spread of truth, and his pen is not still ; but his life is righteousness, and joy, throughout his principal sermon; his good all lands.
works the principal means 5. He is merciful. He pities the which he employs to bring men to distressed, and, according to his abi- glorify God. lity, ministers to their relief. As he 10. He is no antinomian. So far has opportunity he does good to all from wishing to be without law, he men, especially to the household of places himself under the law in its faith. He feeds the hungry, clothes most perfect state, as completed by the naked, visits the sick, is a father Jesus Christ. Nor is he partial in to the fatherless, a husband to the his respect to the law, receiving one widow, and a friend to all. He precept, and rejecting another. He pities men's souls, and labours to l'espects the least of Christ's comturn them from darkness to light, mandments; both obeying them and from the power of Satan to God. himself, and teaching others to obey He is tender towards people's feel- them. ings and faults. He can bear with 11. He not only does not kill, but transgressors; and forgive his foes. he refrains from anger. He crushes
6. He is pure in heart. His mo- murder in the seed; annihilates it tives are pure; his object in all in its first elements. He is gentle things is to please God, and bless towards all men, and in all circummankind. His affections are pure. séances. He will not use reproachHe is not enslaved by fleshly lusts, ful, contemptuous, bitter, or violent or by earthly idolatrous love : his expressions. He will not call bad