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“1. The Bishops to be removed ner of the primitive deacons, who from the House of Lords.
inay exercise a careful supervision “ 2. The titles and offices of Pre- over the poor, and guide the charity late, Dean, Archdeacon, Canon, Pre- of the benevolent. bendary, and other titles and offices “ 13. To set apart for the training connected with cathedrals, to be of ministers those Colleges in the abolished.
Universities of Cambridge and Ox“3. The titles of Rector, Vicar, ford which are called Divinity Coland Priest to be abolished.
leges; the object of whose founders 4. The designation of the clergy was more especially to encourage the to be Ministers of Religion, Preach- study of divinity, and the fellowers of the Gospel, Pastors of Congre- ships of which can only be permagations, Bishops, and Curates. nently held by clergymen; and in
“5. All patronage to cease; and such colleges, besides a competent an equitable adjustment to be made share of all other useful learning, to with existing patrons in such cases as communicate to the students a more may deserve it.
complete knowledge of the doctrines 66. The revenues of bishoprics and precepts of Scripture, and to preand cathedrals, together with the pare them, by the sound principles of income of all livings arising from moral and politicalscience, and by the tithes, glebe lands, or Queen Anne's practice of public speaking, to in-' Bounty, to be placed in the hands of struct all classes of men in their duthe Ecclesiastical Commissioners. ty:
“7. The palaces of bishops, and “ 14. To allow the members of a the houses of deans and chapters, to congregation to elect their own mibe sold, and the proceeds thereof to nister from amongst those who have be placed in the hands of the Eccle- already been ordained, or who shall siastical Commissioners.
have obtained a degree in such Divi“8. All clergymen who desire it, nity College, after having first heard to be permitted to return to the ranks him preach, and after having in of laymen, to enter any other pro- other respects satisfied themselves of fession, or to hold any other office, as his fitness. if they had never been ordained. “15. Instead of prelacy to insti
“9. Out of the Ecclesiastical Re- tute a moderate episcopacy. venue, which, from the sources above “19. All the clergy shall be equal; described, would exceed six millions nor shall the bishop be distinguished sterling annually, to appropriate two by peculiarity of dress, wealth, or millions to the payment of ministers power. To exercise influence by the of religion, giving to each an average excellent spirit that is in him shall of £200 or £250 a-year.
be the aim of the bishop who “ 10. To recommend all congrega- would be approved; but neither tions that have the ability and dispo- the bishops amongst the clergy, sition, to support their own minis- nor the clergy amongst the peoters, and thus set at liberty that ple, shall exercise lordship over portion of Ecclesiastical Income which God's heritage, but, ensamhad been allotted to them.
ples to the flock, lead them in the “11. To appropriate the remain- good and the right way. The bishop ing four millions of Ecclesiastical shall be provided with a curate during Revenue to the purposes for which the term of his office. it was originally designed—the relief “20. The clergy may use or disof the poor, and the repair of paro- pense with the surplice or gown as to chial edifices; and thus to super- them and their congregations may sede the necessity for compulsory seem fit. religion and compulsory charity; “21. Ministers may be permitted and to abolish all Church Rates and to preach in any place of worship to Poor Rates.
which they may be invited ; and, “ 12. To transfer the relief of the with consent of church wardens, may poor from Boards of Guardians to invite any recognised minister of the therespective parisires and congrega- Scotch, American, Moravian, Indetions to which they belong; to di- pendent, Wesleyan, Baptist, &c. vide each parish into districts; to churches to preach in his pulpit. institute inspectors, after the man- “ 22. In every congregation those
who consent to take the Bible dence and benevolence become beneas their only rule of faith, and whose factors to the human race, seriously conduct appears to be guided by its to consider and calmly to discuss these precepts, shall be deemed members things. At the close of the council of the Church, and shall be enrolled the substance of their deliberations as such on a Church list, according shall be carefully abridged, and forto the 19th Article of the Church of warded as a pastoral letter to the miEngland, which says, The visible nisters and people of the episcopal Church of Christ is a congregation church throughout the kingdom. of faithful men, in the which the “ 25. Churches and burial grounds pure word of God is preached, to be no longer consecrated, as tendand the sacraments be duly ad- ing to create false impressions, and ministered ;' and all candidates for to perpetuate foolish superstitions church membership shall be ad- amongst the ignorant. Saints' days mitted at one of the meetings of the to be left out of the calendar; and church members, after such exami- besides Sundays no days to be renation into their life and conduct, as garded except Good Friday and may be deemed satisfactory; and all Christmas day. The Sabbath to be offences which require discipline to- regarded as the day of rest from all wards any member of the church worldly occupations and care, and as shall be examined into by all the a day of religious worship and moral members, the minister presiding, and improvement, but not with superstishall be decided by a majority of tious veneration as among the Jews. votes. The members of each church The Sabbath being made for man, to form a court of arbitration, before and not man for the Sabbath, alí which all disputes between two mem- works of necessity and works of merbers shall be brought, and, if possi- cy may be performed on that day. ble, settled without litigation.
“ 26. From the time of the adop“ 23. The liturgy to be revised tion of the Constitution of the and rendered more strictly conform- Church of the Second Reformation, able to Scripture.
all penal laws, canons, acts of uni“ 24. A general meeting of the formity, and compulsory statutes Clergy to be held annually in some connected with religion, shall be reone of the large towns of the king- pealed. No person in authority shall dom in rotation ; to which the cler- henceforth make a distinction begy of every county shall send their tween one man and another on acrepresentatives ; the number of re- count of his creed or mode of worpresentatives and manner of election ship; nor shall it be required of to be left for future determination. members of parliament, or town At this annual council the reports councillors, or holders of any office from each episcopal district shall be in church or state, to take an oath or considered ; the general state of re- make a declaration that they will ligion at home and abroad ; the dif- protect the privileges or property of ferences of opinion in matters of re- the church from any change or religion ; increase or decrease of crime, formation which the superior wisdom pauperism, and infidelity ; popular of future years may deem expedient; fallacies and superstitions ; errors in but the way of improvement shall be public legislation affecting the peace left open, so that all persons and all of the empire and the prosperity of denominations of Christians may prothe working classes; the manner in ceed in the search of truth without which the voluntary principle in re- impediment. ligion or charity operates in those Such are the changes recommended parishes which have undertaken to to be made in the Church of Engsupport their ministers and their land by the pamphlet before us. poor without help from the ecclesias- Who would have expected such a tical funds; and to mark the effect pamphlet to come from a minister of endowments generally upon reli- of the established church? But we gious, charitable, and educational in- live in strange times. Society is stitutions; and if there be any other heaving on all sides. The leaven matters in which the general welfare of Gospel truth is finding its way of mankind demands their services, among all classes. While some deor in which they may by their pru- nominations are crawling backwards, individuals in other denominations to need support,--to provide liberally are stretching forward, and making for their poor,—to recommend the their way far into the regions of Bishops to give up worldly politics, light and liberty.
--to have no masters among minisIt is a strange fact, that Thomas ters and churches, but to have all Spencer, the author of the pam- brethren,-to recommend a friendly phlet under notice, has not been ex- intercourse between truly good men communicated. Are the ministers and truly Christian ministers of all and members of the established names,-to cast aside all human church more tolerant than the lead- creeds,—to abolish all penal laws, ing ministers and members of dis- canons, acts of uniformity connected senting denominations ? Would with religion, and to leave open the Thomas Spencer have been allowed way of improvement, so that all perto propose such sweeping changes in sons may proceed in search of truth any other denomination without ex- without impediment are excellent. pulsion? We think not. And yet, We like the pamphlet all the betcurious enough, many of those men ter for being published in so cheap a who would expel a man from their form. The price is only a penny, own denomination, that should pro- and parcels for distribution may be pose such extensive changes, are ap- had on application to the author, at plauding Thomas Spencer for pro- half price. posing such a wholesale reformation Thomas Spencer has published seof the established church. But we veral other pamphlets, some of which imagine Thomas Spencer will not go we have read with considerable intelong unpunished.
rest, though none of them go so far We say the changes proposed to be as we could wish. Some of those made in the established church by T. pamphlets had had, some time ago, a Spencer appear to us to be generally circulation of upwards of ten thougood, so far as they go; but they do sand. The names of some of them not go far enough. We would re
are as follows: linquish all ecclesiastical property, 1. The Pillars of the Church of except what we could retain with the England. perfect good-will of the holders : we 2. The Prayer Book opposed to would obtain nothing by force of the Corn Laws. law. We would have no fixed sa- 3. Religion and Politics. laries; but have all ministers who 4. Practical Suggestions on Church might require to be supported by Reform. the church, to be supported by the 5. Remarks on National Educafree-will contributions of their fel- tion. low Christians. We would thus 6. Clerical Conformity and Church save ourselves the trouble of treat- Property. ing with patrons, or of employing 7. The Parson's Dream and the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. We Queen's Speech. would have all to be favoured with 8. The Outcry against the New the opportunity of obtaining a good Poor Law. education ; but we should prefer to 9. The New Poor Law, its Evils, have them instructed in their own and their Remedies. families, in the bosom of their own 10. Want of Fidelity in Ministers respective churches. We would of Religion. leave it to God to determine who 11. Objections to the New Poor should be preachers of the Gospel, Law answered, Part 1. and welcome all to the work whom 12. Objections to the New Poor he might call, whether they had Law answered, Part 2. been ordained by man, or had ob- 13. Objections to the New Poor tained a degree in a college, or not. Law answered, Part 3. The colleges we would leave to those 14. Objections to the New Poor who might claim them : or, if left to Law answered, Part 4. us, we would employ them in such 15. The Reformed Prayer Book for ways of usefulness as might seem 1842. best. The proposals that all con- We believe that Thomas Spencer gregations should support their own will be rendered extensively useful. ministers, supposing their ministers We admire him for his freedom, his independence, his bold declaration of The Disciple. The friend who has his sentiments, his regard for the in- sent it writes as follows :terests of the poor, his zeal in the “ I have herewith forwarded the cause of truth, of liberty, of piety, Christian Journal ;' this paper is and of human improvement gene- one of several which are published rally. We pray that God may di- among a numerous and increasing rect him, and lead him into all body of Christians in the United truth, and make him an extensive States. They acknowledge no other blessing to the human family. name than that of Christians, and in
their liberal and scriptural sentiments
they very strikingly resemble the The Duty of Christian Liberality, as body of believers with whom you
taught in the New Testament, adapt- are identified. Each church is truly ed "for the Use of Select Classes in independent. No human creeds are Sunday Schools, and to assist in tolerated. The Bible alone is recogMeetings for Free Discussion in nised as the rule of faith and practice, Christian Churches. By a Sunday while the right of private judgment School Teacher. 12 pp.---Price one and interpretation is acknowledged penny.
and granted to all. The body origiA little work of very modest pre- nated with a few members of a Caltensions, but calculated for useful- vinistic Baptist Church, seceding raness. The object of the writer is not ther than sacrifice their conscientious so much to state anything newon the views. When I left the United subject, as to present, in a condensed States there were upwards of five form, and arranged under proper
hundred churches, and there are heads, the testimony of Scripture on others springing up in almost every the important theme of Christian part of the States. The doctrines of liberality. He has not given quota- the proper Sonship of Christ and of tions from Scripture at length, how. Baptism by immersion, are held by ever, but simple references to the many, while others hold the opposite various passages. The reason he gives sentiments; but all is Christian liberfor this is, that the reader may be ty and affection.” led thereby diligently to peruse the
Since the last intelligence was Sacred Volume for himself, and form given, J. Barker has preached or his own views accordingly. Our lectured at Hexham, Corbridge, sentiments on Christian liberality are Middleton, Cambo, Preston, Blyth, well known ; and we feel pleasure in Plessey, Dukinfield, Oldham, North noticing another publication unfold- Shields, South Shields, Sunderland, ing and advocating similar views. Manchester, Stockport, Stalybridge, The stronghold of covetousness is Barnardcastie, Shildon, Darlington, one of the most impregnable of Holywell, Bretton, Buckley, HaSatan's fortresses, and it will require warden, Bradford, Halifax, Heckthe united exertions of Christian mondrike, Brighouse, Scarborough, soldiers, of every rank of intellect Bramley, Whitby, &c. At most and ability to storm it, and bring of the above places J. Barker has it to the ground. Believing that delivered lectures, and held pubthe little work before us will lic discussions on the principles of answer purposes in this holy warfare, peace. Two or three public meetthat more extended and differently ings have been held on the subconstructed treatises would fail to ject of peace and war in Newcastleaccomplish, we cordially recommend on-Tyne. The meetings were very it to our readers. It may be had of numerously attended. Salem Chapel the agents for this periodical. and Nelson Street Chapel, were both
crowded; and the interests of peace
were manifestly promoted. INTELLIGENCE.
The principles of Evangelical ReWe have received a copy of another form are exciting considerable attenreligious periodical from America, tion both at Barnardcastle and Shilinculcating the same broad principles don. Several persons of various deof Christian liberty, and the same nominations regard them with favour, thorough-going principles of Chris- and are labouring to promote their tian temperance and liberality, as spread. The principles are exciting
attention in the neighbourhoods of consequence of the falling shower Richmond, Arkingathdale, Middle- drowning his voice, the people still ham, as well as in many other places. stood unmoved, as if resolved not to
During his visit to Wales J. Bar- stir till they had heard all that the ker addressed public meetings at minister had to declare. Bretton, Holywell, Buckley, Lane The friends in Wales are in a End, and Hawarden. At Bretton he very pleasing and prosperous state. spoke in the open air : the company They are advancing in knowwould have filled the chapel many ledge and piety, and they are intimes over. At Holywell he lectured creasing in numbers. They are in the Independent Chapel : Br. truly reformed. They have, during Hughes, the minister, was present, the past year, supported all their poor and showed great kindness. At and needy members, besides liberally Buckley, on Saturday evening, assisting and relieving the members the 18th June, J. Barker was of other churches. The public can to have lectured in the Indepen- see that they are an improved race of dent Chapel at Buckley, the same professors; the love they show toin which he lectured when in Wales wards each other and towards their before ; but the chapel would not needy neighbours generally, has conhold above a quarter of the people vinced many that they are indeed diswho flocked to hear; so that the ciples of Christ. meeting was adjourned to the large We hear favourable accounts from chapel-yard, which was kindly lent Brother Trotter respecting Bradford, for the occasion, and there from one and from Brother Smith, respectto two thousand people stood and ing the neighbourhood round. The listened to the principles of the church at Mossley is thriving. From Gospel. A minister of the latter- forty to fifty professed to find peace day saints, so called, made some op- with God on the 19th of last month. position, but his objections appeared Amos Dyson is labouring in Mossley to make no impression.
and the neighbourhood. Samuel On Sunday morning, the 19th last, Sayce was very unwell when we were the friends took bread and wine to- in that neighbourhood, but peaceful gether at Woodlane, in a barn be- and happy in God. We have not longing to Jos. Ellis, which had been heard whether his health be imprepared for the occasion. The barn proved. wascrowded, and a delightful heaven- Jas. Walker, one of the ministers ly influence pervaded the meeting. in that neighbourhood, was married
In the afternoon of the same day, on Tuesday the 28th last. We have J. Barker preached in the open air, not heard that the friends have any at Lane End. Though it rained till intention of turning him out for getthe time of the meeting, the num- ting married, though he has complied ber of persons present would not be with the appointment of God, withmuch, if any, less than a thousand. out asking permission of man. When The weather became fair about the J. Barker was married he was put time the meeting commenced, and back a year, and transported : J. continued so, with very little ex- Walker is allowed to do the will of ception, till the service was just con- God in peace : he is under another cluding
system. What impudence; what In the evening, J. Barker preach- presumption, for men professing the ed at Hawarden, in the same lane in religion of Christ, to pass laws forwhich he had the memorable discus- bidding their brethren to marry, exsion with W. Cooke, last autumn. cept at such times as they may dicThe large space, capable of contain- tate! But such enormities, we hope, ing upwards of a thousand indivi- are passing away. duals, was filled. The attention ma- William Clare has been labouring nifested by the large multitude for some months in the neighbourgathered together was truly delight- hood of Newcastle : he is now gone ful. Though several brisk showers to Sunderland, to labour for a time fell during the address, no one seemed in connexion with the friends of the disposed to stir. And even when the Association there. rain fell at last so heavily that the David Thomas, a minister of the speaker was obliged to be silent, in New Connexion, but a friend and