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means. We invite all our readers to

help us. The arrangements are now com- Some individuals may do plete for the publication of a num- great deal alone by purchasing and ber of Tracts, and we hope the personally distributing Tracts. In friends will afford us the help which other cases, two or three persons may will be necessary to enable us to carry act together for the same object, and out our plan. We intend, if suitably besides what they do themselves, they assisted, to publish at the rate of a may induce others to enter upon the twelve page Tract a week, for one same work. We would also urge year; and, when the price at which upon Churches the formation of these twelve pages will be sold, is Tract Societies, that they may stated, it will be made evident that operate as a body-with proper their extensive diffusion is not only officers-on a still more extended practicable, but must take place, if scale. In any way and in all ways right means are used, almost as that Christian principle sanctions, necessary consequence. A single this important duty should be set Tract will be sold for one halfpenny; about, and we feel no doubt that good three Tracts for a penny : twenty-five effects will soon be realized. foreight-pence; fifty for fifteenpence: Those connected with this underand, one hundred for two shillings taking believe that the publication, and sixpence. In case smaller or and the wide circulation, of a new larger Tracts be issued, the price will order of Tracts are necessary to the be less or more accordingly, the rates general revival of pure and undefiled being for twelve pages as just stated, religion. They believe that it is by This is cheaper-much cheaper these means, in connection with than any thing of the kind that we preaching, delivering lectures, and are aware of, whether undertaken by holding discussions, that the slumpublic societies or particular indivi- bering masses of our population are duals. The separate Tracts will be to be roused, and prepared for a so numbered that they may be bound thorough reformation. They are together in volumes; and, when thus wishful to spread the light and influput together, the cost of a volume of ence of the Gospel through the three hundred pages will be only whole country, and through the about eightpence; and if threepence whole world. They cannot doubt or fourpence be added for the ex- but by vigorous and well-directed pense of binding, the whole charge efforts, accompanied with holy lives will not exceed a shilling. This is and fervent, persevering prayers, a surely putting knowledge within greater and more glorious reformathe reach of all. But cheapness will tion may be brought about than any not be sufficient of itself to secure that the world as yet has ever the attainment of the object we aim witnessed. The world is prepared at, unless proper means be adopted for a change; thousands on thousands by others, besides the publishers, to of holy, devoted souls in various deplace instruction before the world. nominations, are longing and looking Ignorant persons are not like persons for such a change; there appears no destitute of natural food, who feel probability that the religion of Christ hungry, and who must, and will be will ever be the religion of the whole supplied with something to satisfy earth, unless a great and mighty their cravings. An ignorant man has change is effected in the spirit and often no concern for knowledge : he proceedings of the professing world ; is willing to remain as he is. It and it behoves us to do what we can is for others, in the first instance at towards bringing the desired, the least, to care for him. It is the spe- necessary change about. Let us do cial duty of the Church to try to what our hands find to do with all enlighten mankind in the principles our might. A solemn, a tremendous and duties of the Gospel ; and it is responsibility rests upon us, and to stir up the members of the Church mournful and terrible will be the --of all Churches—to do this duty consequences, if we should prove that we are aiming at, by the pub- unfaithful. lication of Tracts and other similar

low :


Friday morning. On Thursday During the last month, W. Trot- evening, the large room in which the ter has spent near a fortnight in Friends worship, was comfortably visiting the churches in Staffordshire. filled, and again was the presence

of He found all these churches in a

God made manifest in the awakenhealthy thriving condition, and ing of souls. On Friday morning, through Divine mercy, his labours there would be not less than three amongst them were attended with hundred persons present, some of considerable success.

He preached whom had come from a distance of at Tunstall, Fenton, Burslem, Sneyd four or five miles. A gracious inGreen, Hanley, Newcastle, Washer fluence pervaded the assembly, and Wall, and Stoke upon Trent. With numbers, we hope, resolved, in the the exception of the Saturday, he strength of grace, that they would be preached every morning at five altogether devoted to thě Lord and o'clock and every evening at seven ; follow him fully. Throughout the and so great was the thirst after the district, there are the signs of an apword which prevailed in the neigh- proaching and abundant revival of bourhood, that persons came regu- religion.

If the friends are only larly a distance of two, three, four, faithful to God and to his cause, his and even five miles to the preaching arm will be made bare amongst at five o'clock in the morning. The them, and blessed results shall folattendance at all the services was good, and at Hanley, on the Sabbath,

“Lo ! the promise of a shower the congregation was overflowing:

Drops already from above; A holy influence evidently rested on " But the Lord will shortly pour the congregation, and impressions “ All the Spirit of his love." were made, which it is hoped will not soon be effaced. On Sabbath day, the 19th of Dec., W. Trotter

We have received the following preached at Hanley morning and from our friend Thomas Smith, who evening, and conducted a lovefeast is labouring with Wm. Trotter in in the afternoon. The subject on

the Bradford District. which he dwelt in the morning was,

DEAR BROTHER BARKER, the character and success of the

Our Christian brethren primitive churches compared with in Huddersfield and the neighbourthe character and success of the hood, wish me to send you, for the churches at the present day.- Investigator, a brief report of the Many, it is believed, were led to re- meetings, &c., recently held there. solve that they would return to first I spent a very happy Christmas works and seek the unction from with them, during the week comabove, with which the first Chris- mencing with Dec. 25th, (Christmas tians were so plenteously endued.-- Day) and ending with the year. In In the afternoon, at the lovefeast, accordance with an arrangement the convincing and awakening fer- which had been previously made vour of God was displayed, and three public, I gave ten lectures and serpersons appeared to enter into the mons, and had pleasing evidence that enjoyment of Gospel Peace and entire Christianity was promoted by Liberty. The subject in the even- them. These were delivered at Huding was, The Nature of True Peni- dersfield, Berry Brow, Lindley, and tence, as exemplified in the Case of Shepley. Those portions of Evans David, Psalm li. 1–4. The pre- gelical truth, which in this age are sence and power of God were still most neglected, formed the chief more signally manifested than in the topics of the addresses, and four of afternoon, and a number of persons these lectures were devoted to the professed to find peace through Wealth Question. We had several faith in a crucified Redeemer. A discussions after the lectures, which number more seemed to labour un- greatly increased the interest evinced der deep convictions.of sin, and... by-the-Audionee. From the inform there seemed to be a delightful cheer- mation given me in the various ing prospect of a great ingathering of places, it is evident a widely-spread souls. W. Trotter preached again in nquiry has commenced, and is fast Hanley, on Thursday evening and extending throughout that part of


the country, in favour of Evangelical unwilling to forgive their brethren. Reform; and in no religious deno- An unforgiving spirit is one of the minations more satisfactorily than last things we ought to encourage. amongst the Methodists, both Wes- We know that if that spirit were inleyans, Primitives, and of the New dulged towards us, we should be Connexion. Wesleyans in four vil- outcasts both from earth and healages have just applied for sermons,

How conscious we are of faults &c., and in a great number of others and imperfections. There is scarce a are decidedly in favour of the refor- single point on which we can fully mation. An increasing demand for justify ourselves in our own hearts. tracts, &c., is another encouraging So faulty are we, that we are at sign.

times afraid to look at ourselves : You will be pleased to hear that we are frightened at our own conthe churches in the Bradford Dis- sciences, and force our thoughts trict are increasing both in piety and away to other subjects. So conscious numbers. In several places, our are we of faults, that we are at times Christian brethren are full of expec- ashamed to present ourselves before tation of an approaching and glorious God; we have scarce confidence to extension of pure and undefiled reli- pray; we scarce dare lift up our gion. At Bradford, on Sunday even- eyes to heaven, but smite upon our ing, I had the pleasure to witness breasts and cry, God be merciful to six persons professing to give them- me a sinner. And can we be unselves to God. At Bromley, also, I forbearing and unforgiving to our am told, there were several the same erring, faulty brethren? If others evening. And at Pudsey, last night, knew as much respecting us, as we and during the last fortnight, know about ourselves, we should be I think about ten persons have join- ashamed to show ourselves. So far ed the church, chiefly backsliders. from haughty, unforgiving looks, we The churches in this part of the should be among the first to plead country are all in a state of transi- for the exercise of mitrey. If God tion to a more scriptural mode both should publish to the world a full of practice and discipline. They are history of all the faulty deeds, and electing deacons, and intend to allow unwise words and improper thoughts “none among them to lack.” They of which we have been guilty for wish to “ do the first works,” and but one half-year past, should we they are beginning to cry to God ever be severe towards our brethren earnestly, for the first love." The again? Would it not cure us of our world is losing its hold on the hearts harshness towards our brethren ? of men, and the “ kingdom of hea- There is not one amongst us that ven” is taking its destined place. could bear to be seen by our brethren Persons of all denominations are be

as we are seen by God. There is ginning to think our Christian friends not one of us, but what has need of are in the right.

gentle, merciful, forgiving dealing I am, dear Friend,

both from God and from our brethYour's affectionately, ren, and it is unseemly, it is cruel, THOMAS SMITH. it is utterly inexcusable for us,

while we are so conscious of faults

and failings in ourselves, to cherish We need forgiveness ourselves ; a harsh, unforbearing, unforgiving we are undone unless we be dealt disposition towards our brethren, with mercifully; and it is not seem- For such as us to be unforgiving, is ly for men that depend upon mercy one of the greatest crimes that we and forgiveness for their all, to be can commit.

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(Continued.) The objects which we have in view sort of means do you propose to emin forming Temperance Associations, ploy for the accomplishment of those as we have stated in the preceding objects? We answer,—The means article, are, 1. The reformation of which we propose to employ are, we drunkards, 2. The preservation of believe, as unobjectionable as the those who are sober from becoming objects which we are wishful to acdrunkards, and 3. The conversion of complish. The means which we mankind to God,—the universal employ are, first, to abstain from all spread of the religion of Christ,—the intoxicatingdrinksourselves; secondtemporal and eternal welfare of the ly, to put down our names to a paper, whole human race. We cannot containing a declaration of our indoubt but that these objects will tention to abstain from those drinks. commend themselves to every think- Our plan is then, by the influence of ing and rightly-disposed mind. We our example, by the publication and cannot doubt but that all who read circulation of tracts, by holding meetour observations will acknowledge, ings, delivering lectures, by affecthat it is exceedingly desirable that tionate advice, by mild entreaty, these objects should be thoroughly and by prayer to God, to endeavour accomplished. So far, therefore, as to bring others to adopt the same the objects which we are wishful to

Our next step will be to enaccomplish are concerned, we may deavour to lead them, as we may reckon that we and our readers are have opportunity, to think of their agreed.* The next question is, What eternal interests, and to understand

and obey the Gospel of Christ.* There is one consideration of great im. These are the means which we portance, which was not mentioned in propose to employ. If the proprithe first article on temperance ; namely; ety of any of these means be disdrunkenness prevails in this kingdom. puted by our readers, we suppose it It has been stated that in Great Britain will be the first, namely, The pracand Ireland there were, a few years ago, tice and the recommendation of abno less than six hundred thousand habitual stinence from all intoxicating drinks. drunkards. We may safely reckon that It is to the principle of abstinence ards, there are not less than four hundred from all intoxicating drinks, therethousand private, occasional, or, if we fore, that I shall confine my remarks. may use the expression, genteel, or re- Do we do right,—do we act wisely, in spectable drunkards. The six hundred giving up the use of all intoxicating thousand are of a more openly profli- drinks as a means of promoting a gate character, public-house, beer-house, tavern, and spirit-shop drunkards ; the temperance reformation? What have four hundred thousand drink principally you to say in favour of the adoption in their own houses, and in the houses of of this principle ? their friends, and may be called parlour The first observation that I would drunkards, fireside drunkards, dinner- make as to the practice of entire abparty and tea-party drunkards. two classes will make about one million; stinence from intoxicating drinks is, one million drunkards! One million will be about one in six of our upgrown popu- Those also are drunkards in the sight lation. Every one of these drunkards is of God, and would be drunkards in the miserable, and every one may be safely sight of men, if they had the opportunity. reckoned á troubler or tormentor of sove. They have the love of intoxicating drink, ral others with whom he is associated by but they have not often the opportunity ties of blood and friendship. Then there of getting any great quantity. There is are multitudes more who cannot so pro- great reason to fear, that reckoning such perly be called drunkards, wlio never- as get drunk habitually and openly, and theless get drink on special occasions. such as get drunk somewhat secretly or Some of them get drunk at weddings, only occasionally, there are, or at least at births, at christenings, so called : others there were, a fow years ago, not less than get drunk when they are fixed as appren- two millions of drunkards' in this kingtices, and when they are loose from their dom. Though a very great improvement apprenticeship, when they go to new has taken place of late years ; yet even shops, when they remove to fresh houses, now the prevalence of drunkenness is or when they pay their rent. Others get truly alarming. I mention this point to drunk when at elections and political show, that whatever we can do to cure dinners, and others get drunk only at the evil, we ought to do, and do it with our Christmas, and on New Year’s-day. might. No. 2.



that it is lawful ; it is not forbidden supply the wants of his faithful ones by the law of God. If abstinence by the prophet Isaiah, it is not luxufrom intoxicating drinks were for- ries or intoxicating drinks that he bidden by the law of God, we should promises, but simply bread and consider ourselves bound to renounce water. “ He that walketh righteit at once; but it is not. I know ously, and speaketh uprightly; he there are those who say that Tee- that despiseth the gain of oppression, totalism is unscriptural ; but I ima- that shaketh his hands from holding

ne that those who speak thus do of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from not properly understand what they hearing of blood, and shutteth his say. A thing is unscriptural, when eyes from seeing evil ; he shall dwell the Scriptures forbid it, or when on high : his place of defence shall they command the contrary. If the be the munition of rocks: bread shall Scriptures therefore forbid us to ab- be given him ; his waters shall be stain from intoxicating drinks, or if sure.” Isa. xxxiii. 16.

And a they command us to drink intoxi- somewhat similar promise was given cating drinks, Teetotalism is un- to the children of Israel in the days scriptural: but if the Scriptures do of Moses : “ Ye shall serve the Lord not forbid us to abstain from intoxi- your God, and he shall bless thy cating drinks, and if they do not bread and thy water ; and I will command us to drink them, then take sickness from the midst of thee.” Teetotalism is not unscriptural. And Exod. xxiii. 25. When he threatens this is the case. There is not a single the rebellious people in the days of passage in the whole Bible, that either Isaiah, the threatening runs thus ; forbids men to abstain from intoxi- “For, behold, the Lord of Hosts cating drinks, or that commands doth take away from Jerusalem, and people to use them. On the con- from Judah the stay and the staff

, trary, the sacred Scriptures encour- the whole stay of bread, and the age abstinence from intoxicating whole stay of water.” Isa. iii. 1. It drinks. We do not say that the was water that God provided for Scriptures explicitly and altogether Elijah when he was hid by the brook forbid the use of intoxicating drinks; Cherith. 1 Kings xvii. 4. It was but we say this, that the Scriptures water that was provided for Elijah say a great deal on the subject which by the angel, 1 Kings. xix. 6; and it is exceedingly favourable to entire was water that Elijah asked of the abstinence. I will endeavour briefly widow of Zarephath. It was water to lay before you a number of Scrip- that Obadiah gave to drink to the tural facts on this subject, and you prophets of the Lord which he hid may draw your own conclusions from from the persecutions of Ahab. 1. them. And first; there does not Kings. xviii. 4. Daniel and his comappear to have been any intoxicating panions drank only water in the drinks provided for our first parents. court of Babylon. Dan. 1. Wine was There was abundance of fruit pro- allowed them by the king, but they vided for them for food, but there is refused to take it; and rich food also no intimation of any drink that was was set before them, but they refused provided for them, except water to eat it. They chose pulse, a diet of from the fountain or the stream. vegetables or coarse grain, for their Water appears to have been the food, and water for their drink. The common drink of sober, godly per- king's officer was alarmed lest such sons, through the whole period of plain living should make them worseScripture history. The drink which looking than others of the king's the Almighty gave to the children of servants, but Daniel wished him to Israel, when he led them through wait awhile, and not to judge till a the wilderness, was water. It was fair trial had been made. At the end a bottle of water that Abraham gave of ten days those who drank wine to his handmaid Hagar to drink, and ate the king's meat, and those when he sent her away from his who drank water and fed on pulse, dwelling ; and it was water with were brought forth and examined; which the Almighty supplied her in and the countenances of those who the desert, and by which he graci- drank water and fed on pulse, appearously preserved her son Ishmael ed fairer and fatter than thé youths from death. When God promises to who did eat of the king's meat. And

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