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cruelties for which they had former- ed, it is still the same, it cannot help ly reproached the Papists. But I had but persecute, if the people who no idea at that time that persecution are placed under it think and act had disgraced any but the State freely as Christians. If we would Church. I found afterwards, to my have done with caste we must keep astonishment, that even the Puritans, low, live according to reason and rewho had been driven into America ligion, and not according to custom by the persecutors of the Established or fashion.
However wealthy we Church, had become persecutors in may be, we must still be content with their turn, and actually gone so far what is simply needful to health and as to put some of the innocent Qua- activity, and employ all the rest in kers, who paid them a Christian visit doing good. If a man will live in or two, to death. After this I found high style, or hoard up wealth like instances of persecution among the the miser, he becomes a man of caste Methodists, but I supposed them to inevitably. The only cure for the be confined to the Old Connexion, evil of caste is the lowliness, the and to be the result of the Conference self-denial, and the benevolence of being made up entirely of preachers. Jesus. And the cure for persecution Since then we have seen the spirit of is much the same, there is nothing persecution raging elsewhere, and else can make us truly tolerant, but exhibiting a fierceness and cruelty such a change of heart as will make which we once supposed could have us like little children, lowly, loving, no place in a civilized country. And unassuming, and forgiving. If now, at length, the truth presents churches or communities are to be itself, that persecution is confined to tolerant, the individual members must no system : it belongs to human na- be tolerant, and that can only be the ture. The spirit of persecution is case, in proportion as they get clear, born with man, and there is nothing correct, and comprehensive views of but the religion of Christ that can Gospel truth, and drink in the lowcast it out. Men will be persecutors ly, loving, disinterested spirit of the under all systems, so long as they are Redeemer. The moment we feel a under the influence of worldliness disposition to bind others by our own and selfishness. The love of power, judgment, to restrain men by creeds the love of wealth, and the love of or regulations of our formation, pleasure will always prompt those the moment we attempt to take a who cherish them, to persecute the man from under the care and governfollowers of Christ. No man can inent of Christ and his Gospel, and have power or dominion without to have him brought under our goabusing them.
The use and the vernment, that moment we may abuse of them are inseparable. Who- safely reckon ourselves so far, carever receives power, whoever allows nal, persecuting men. himself to be made a lord over his fellow-men, is a persecutor in his measure, though he may not know it,
Reforms are never all pure. Evileleand there is nothing but a certainments always mix with the elements set of circumstances wanted to make of truth and piety,and tend to frustrate him a persecutor in action. All the kind purposes of providence, and power, all authority, all lordship, bring to nought the labours of God's except the power, the authority and
people. It is vain to expect the prethe Lordship of Christ, are out of sent movement in favour of Evanplace in the Church, and that Churh gelical Reform to be an exception. in which they exist is a persecuting What shall we do? What can we Church. Every body of men that do, but faithfully discharge our duty, has power,authority,and lordship over and leave all else with God? God others, and that is resolved to main- alone can accomplish what he pleases. tain its power, is obliged to persecute, We have no power but in him. if those who are under their authority and power think and act freely, as the servants of Christ. It does not
The obligation to observe God's matter whether it be a Conference or laws compels us to throw aside the a Corporation, whether it consist of traditions of men.--One of Luther's preachers or laymen, or of both unit- fellow-labourers.
ADVICE TO ELDER MEMBERS covet to be filled with all the fulness OF THE CHURCH.
of God. There are limits fixed to I. Always be going forward. the growth of a tree and to the Don't think that you have gone growth of the human frame; but to far enough either in knowledge or in the growth of the immortal mind no religion. You may always be learn- limits are fixed, either in this world ing something, new, and you may or in the world to come. Press foralways be obtaining increasing mea- ward then for ever, and every year sures of true piety. There are no run faster in the way of heavenly bounds to religion ; it has neither improvement than you did the year end nor side. There have been per- before. sons who have gone a great way in II. Be very tender of the souls of religion ; but no one ever went so far young disciples. Love them, respect that he could get no farther. There them, consult their welfare in all may be those among you who have things. Do not slight them or degone a great way, but there is still spise them in any way. Don't be room for you to go farther. There are above talking with them, or associlengths, and breadths, and depths, and ating with them. Be as fathers to heights in the religion of Christ, them, or as nurses. 1. They need your which no one living has explored, kind attention, and your utmost care. and which never were explored by On your conduct towards them deany mortal man, from the days of its pends, in a great measure, their first revelation to this hour. The stability. What would become of a apostles themselves never went so far new-born babe, if it had no one to but there were regions still beyond nurse it and care for it? It would them; and if they had lived to this hour perish, unless preserved by miracle. they would still have been making And it is much the same with the fresh discoveries, and gathering fresh young convert: he is a new-born stores of holy love and joy. Even babe, and if he have not the attendthe angels in heaven have not reached ance of a tender and careful nurse, the boundaries of improvement : and a supply of the sincere milk of there are matters in connexion with the word, he, too, will be likely to the religion of Christ, which they perish. The moment a soul is are studying still, and which may brought into the household of faith, continue to exercise their minds for the elder children of God should many ages. Truth is infinite, and take it under their care, and do for the mind of man is capable of infinite it all in their power. For want of expansion, and we may be receiving such attention many a new-born clearer and fuller views of the things soul has suffered grievously. When of God world without end. For a I was first converted to God, which professor of religion to suppose that was about the close of my thirteenth he has nothing more to learn, or no year, a number of the elder members further progress to make in holy love of the church stood by to look on me or holy enjoyment, is great folly. and on a number of other young conWe may be learning daily, and we verts, and instead of kindly taking may be daily growing more like God us under their care, they stood on in holiness.
one side as heartless spectators, amusAnd continual progress in know. ing themselves with our failings. ledge and holiness is not only possi- “ They are too hot to hold out," ble, it is our duty: The man that said one of those old professors; stands still in religion, sins, and, “ They will find out their error in a unless he repent and start afresh, he few months," observed another ; will be undone. The command to while a third exclaimed, “ What can
grow in grace and in the know- such children as these understand ledge of Jesus Christ,” is binding on about religion ; it is all excitement; us as long as we live. There must nothing but animal feeling." And be a ceaseless pressing forward, if we thus they went on, foretelling out would be approved of God. Every failures, and by their cruel neglect, step we take must be regarded only bringing their hard-hearted propheas a preparation for taking another cies to pass. Many of us did fall step. Our desire for more must in- away, but I blame, in a great meacrease with all we get, and we must sure, the misconduct of those unfeel,
ing old professors for our fall. It is once were useful to you, which can not at all unlikely, if the elder pro- be more pleasing to them, than your fessors had acted as they ought, but endeavours to be useful to the young that both I and numbers more might ones of Christ's flock that are around have been preserved in the ways of you. God from those early days. There 4. Wecannot tell what good we may are multitudes of young disciples be doing when we are attending to that fall away for want of proper at the souls of young converts ; and we tention from their elders.
cannot tell what mischief we are 2. Christ has commanded us to pay doing when we neglect them. Wattention to his young disciples. If do not know what we have r we would prove ourselves the friends among these little ones.
There ma of Christ, we must attend to the in- be in them the seeds, the germs of all terests of his flock generally, and to that is great and excellent. There the interests of the lambs of his flock may be
among them a young Wesespecially. When Peter declared that ley, or a young Whitfield, a young he loved the Saviour, the Saviour re- Luther, or a young Melancthon, a quired him, as a proof of his love, young Peter, or a young Paul, a to feed his lambs. And he requires young Howard, or a young Penn. the same proof of affection from his These great and useful men were disciples still. If the elder members once young children, and they were of the church do not pay attention once young converts. They were to the younger members, and use once no wiser, nor better, than the their endeavours to promote their young ones in our own church. If welfare, their professions of love to they were here among us now, in the Saviour are vain. * If ye love their former state, you would not be me, keep my commandments :” “ If able to distinguish them from those ye love
which are now amongst us. There 3. You owe this attention to the was no peculiar beauty or comelinesss lambs of Christ's flock, to the happy about them, no outward or visible spirits of those holy men who once marks of their after greatness. They cared for you when you were lambs. were poor young men, poor inexpeMost of you, if not all, received kind rienced boys. If you had seen them attention and help from some one in once, you would have seen nothing the days of your spiritual infancy attracting about them ; you would and helplessness. It was so with me. probably have seen something, even Though at my first beginning many in the best of them, rather repulsive stood carelessly by, yet at another than otherwise. You would have period there were some of a better seen nothing more about them spirit that came near to help me, and than you may see about the young that kindly took me by the hand ones in your own congregation. and led me on.
There were those, Perhaps not so much. You would who, at my second entrance into spi- have seen nothing in Peter, perhaps, ritual life, were tender nurses to me, but a rough, round-faced, bare-headand spared no pains to feed my new- ed fishing boy; and you would have born soul with heavenly truth, and seen nothing in Paul, perhaps, but a to direct and lead me in the ways of little, deformed, or slenderly-formed God. Some that were kind and help- youth, somewhat violent and unmanful to me are now in heaven, and ageable, sitting on the ground foldothers are still on earth. And how ing and stitching pieces of course shall I repay their love? By showing canvass, to cover a tent, or carelessly a similar love myself to the new-born fixing the poles in the ground over souls around me. Nothing, I am which the canvass of the tent was to persuaded, can please them better, be thrown. In Luther you would than to see their kindness multiplys have seen nothing but a poor bareing and extending itself, and com- headed and barefooted boy, singing municating its blessings to fresh at people's doors for his bread one multitudes from generation to gene- part of the day, and during the rest ration. And so with all of you who of the day sitting with a number of are elders in the church of Christ. other boys, puzzled with his lesson. You cannot make any returns either You would have seen nothing in to Christ or to the loving souls that Whitfield, perhaps, but a carelesa boy in an inn, carrying spirits, or were drowned in the depths of the ale, or wine, to his father's custom- sea.”—Math. xviii. 6. If you would ers. And yet these youths became secure the approbation of God, if you the greatest men of their days, and would make manifest your love to conferred benefits on the human family Christ, if you would bless the Church, which shall lay under obligation if you would help on the salvation every future generation. And among of the world, and if you would yourthe young followers of Christ which self be permitted to enter the worlds have lieen lately received into the of future blessedness, be tender of church, there may be the elements, the young ones of the flock. the germs of all that greatness and excellency which we so admire in Peter and Paul, in Luther or Whit
REMARKABLE PRESERVATION, field, in Wesley or Penn. And these WHEN Oliver Cromwell entered germs of greatness and of excellence upon the command of the Parliaare waiting for your kind care to call ment's army against Charles I., he them forth and to bring them to ma- ordered all his soldiers to carry a turity. By careful culture these Bible in their pockets. Among the young ones may become the honour rest there was a wild, wicked, young of humanity, and the benefactors of fellow, who ran away from his aptheir kind; and by your negligence prenticeship, in London, for the sake or hard-heartedness they may be of plunder and dissipation. This feldiscouraged, or driven into the ranks low was obliged to be in the fashion. of sin and hell. Could you bear the Being one day ordered out upon a thought of having marred such noble skirinishing party, or to attack some creatures ? Could you bear the fortress, he returned back to his thought of having destroyed the quarters in the evening without hurt. promise of so glorious a Harvest ? When he was going to bed, pulling Would you not wish to have the re- the Bible out of his pocket, he obcollection, when your days are end- served a hole in it.
His curiosity ing, to think, I gave to the world a led him to trace the depth of this Peter or a Paul ; I had a hand in hole into the Bible ; he found a bultraining for the church a Luther or let was gone as far as Ecclesiastes xi. a Wesley, a Baxter or a Penn? 9. He read the verse, “Rejoice, O
5. The Redeemer puts the claims of young man, in thy youth, and let his young ones in the most solemn thy heart cheer thee in the days of light conceivable. That which is thy youth, and walk in the ways of done to them, is said to be done to thy heart, and in the sight of thine Christ. Any disrespect or neglect eyes; but know thou, that for all shown to them, is taken by Christ as these things, God will bring thee inshown to himself. The words which to judgment.” The words were he shall utter at the last day will be sent home to his heart by the Divine these :-“Inasmuch as ye did it not Spirit, so that he became a sound to one of the least of these my breth- believer in the Lord Jesus Christ, ren, ye did it not to me.”—Math. and lived in London many years
In Math. x. 42, the Saviour after the civil wars were over. He says :
:-“Whosoever shall give to used pleasantly to observe to Dr. drink unto one of these my little ones Evans, author of the “ Christian a cup of cold water only in the nanie Temper," that the Bible was the of a disciple, verily I say unto you, means of saving both his soul and he shall in no wise lose his reward.” body. To lay a stumbling block in the way of one of his little ones, or to be an
FILIAL AFFECTION REWARDED, occasion of offence or stumbling to FREDERIC, the late king of Prussia, one of them, is, in the Saviour's judg, having rung his bell one day, and no ment, one of the most terrible of body answering, opened the door, all crimes, and to be followed with and found the page asleep on a sofa. the most terrible of all punishments. He was going to awake him, when “Whoso shall offend one of these lit- he perceived the end of a billet out tle ones which believe in me, it were of his pocket. Having the curiosity better for him that a millstone were to know the contents, he took and hanged about his neck, and that he read it, and found it was a letter from
his mother, thanking him for having may lose. And this is not a spirit for sent her a part of his wages to assist a Christian to cherish. The Gospel her in her distress, and she conclud- says, “ Thou shalt love thy neighed with beseeching God to bless him bour as thyself.” for his filial goodness.
4. In proportion to a man's desire The king returned softly to his to obtain the prize, will be his grief room, took a roller of ducats, and that another should gain it; and it slid them with the letter into the cannot be right to cherish a feeling page's pocket. Re ing to his that would lead us to grieve at what apartment he rang so violently that is called another's good fortune. the page awoke, opened the door and 5. I could not have any thing to do entered. “ You have slept well,” with a raffleora lottery myself. I could said the king. The page made an not dispose of any thing by lottery or apology, and in his embarrassment, raffle ; for I should not feel easy to happened to put his hand into his take part of the price of my goods pocket, and felt with astonishment from ten or twenty persons, and yet the roller. He drew it out, turned give the goods to only one or two. pale, and looking at the king, burst I could not take a man's money, for into tears, without being able to goods, unless I took care to let bim speak a word. What is the mat- have the worth of his money in ter,” said the king, "what ails you ?" return. And I am sure I could not “Ah! sire,” said the young man, feel comfortable to let a man take a throwing himself at his feet, "some- pound's worth of goods when he had body wishes to ruin me: I know not only given me a shilling or two. how I came by this money in my 6. And I could not put into a raffle pocket.” My friend,” said Fre- or a lottery. If I have any money to deric, “God often sends us good in spare, I must use it in honest and our sleep: send the money to your useful trade, or else spend it in mother; salute her in my name, and charity. If I use it in trade, I must assure her I shall take care of her have a shilling's worth for my shiland you.”
ling, and not a mere uncertainty,-
chance of a pound, and twenty RAFFLES AND LOTTERIES. chances of nothing
Such trading 1. Ques. What is your opinion as that, trading in chances, would about raffles and lotteries?
tend to fill me with anxiety, and to Ans. About the same as about eat out of my soul every particle of all other sorts of gambling; I piety.
And if I must spend my think them altogether anti-chris- money in charity, I must give it tian. In a raffle or a lottery, men freely, looking for nothing again. I give a shilling for the chance of a must give it in such a way, if the pound; and in tossing up, or throw- gift be public at all, that it may be ing dice, or betting wagers, they do seen to be charity, and so operate as just the same. I see no difference an example of disinterested charity between tossing up for money, and on others, and not dispose of it in putting into a raffle or a lottery. such a way as to give people occa2. Raffles and lotteries call into ex
sion to say,
“ His object is not so ercise all the same bad passions much to help the needy, as to help which are called into exercise by himself at other people's expense.' other kinds of gambling. All that 7. If I am a poor man, it is a sin to put in, hope to gain the prize; that risk the money which God has given is, all hope to gain what they have me to procure food and other neednot fully paid for, and what, there- ful things; and if I am a rich man, fore, is not theirs. All wish to have it is my duty to help the needy freely, the prize ; that is, all wish to have and not to do it by purchasing shares that which is their brethren’s, that in a raffle or a lottery. which their brethren have given as 8. Raffles and lotteries present much to obtain as themselves : and great temptations to deceit and disa this is covetousness.
honesty. The person who offers an 3. In proportion to a person's wish article by raffle or lottery, may easily to gain the prize, will be his wish impose upon those who purchase that others should not gain it. If he shares. Perhaps the article to be wishes to win, he wishes that others disposed of is worth twenty pounds,