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assumed the character of manly freedom for which it is now so eminently distinguished. Twelve Judges, who hold their offices during good hebaviour, are the oracles of this mystical science. In a monarchy like England, which has no written constitution, but in which all the rights of the sovereign as well as the privileges of the people are to be deduced from the common law, those Judges are an useful check against the encroachments of the monarch or his ministers; hence the common law and the judicial power are in that country almost objects of idolatrous worship. While the United States were colonies, they partook of this national feeling. The grievances which induced them to separate from the mother country were considered as violations of the common law, and at the very moment when independence was declared, the common law was claimed by an unanimous voice as the birth right of American citizens; for it was then considered as synonymous to the British Constitution, with which their political rights and civil liberties were considered to be identified. In the dissentions that arose between the colonies and Great Britain, the Constitution, or the common law, which was the same thing, was appealed to in favour of the doc. B

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M - a. ARY. g. To whose Age so A BRIEF SKETCH OF THE Nation Youdiciary POWERS EXER- CISED IN THE UNITED STATES PRIOR TO THE ADOPTION OF THE PRESENT FEDERAL constitution, BY THOMAS SERGEANT, Esq. Vice Phovost. AND THE Authon's DISCOURSE ON LEGAL EDUCATION,

DELIVERED AT THE openING OF THE LAw Academy, IN FEBRUARY, 1821. WITH AN APPENDIX AND NOTES. -o

The great system of jūrisprudente, like that of the universe, consists of many subordinate systems, all of which are connected by nice links and beautiful dependencies, and each of them, as I have fully persuaded myself, is reducible to a few plain elements.-Jones. Law of Bailments.

.* PHILADELPHIA:

PUBLISHED BY ABRAHAM SMALE.
1824,

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BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the seventh day of June, in the forty

eighth year of the independence of the United States of ome

[SEAL.] rica, M. D. 1824, Peter Stephen Du Ponceau, of the said Dis

trict, hath deposited in this office the Title of a book, the right whereof he claims as Author, in the words following, to wit:

“A Dissertation on the nature and extent of the Jurisdiction of the Courts of the United States, being a Waledictory Address delivered to the students of the Law Academy of Philadelphia, at the close of the academical year, on the 22d April, 1824, by Peter S. Du Ponceau, LL.D. Provost of the Academy. To which are added, A brief sketch of the National Judiciary Powers exercised in the United States prior to the adoption of the present Federal Constitution, by Thomas Sergeant, Esq. Vice Provost. And the author’s Discourse on Legal Education, delivered at the opt ning of the Law Academy in February, 1821. With an Appendix and Notes. The great system of jurisprudence, like that of the universe, consists of many subordinate systems, all of which are connected by nice links and beautiful dependencies, and each of them, as I have fully period myself, is reducible to a few plain elements. Jones, Law of BailIuents.

In Conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, intituled, “...An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of JMaps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies, during the Times therein mentioned.”—.dnd also to the vlct, entitled, “..?n .Act supplementary to . In Act, entitled, “...in .dct for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of...Maps, Charts and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies during the Times therein mentioned,” and eactending the Benefits thereaf to the Arts of designing, engraving, and etching ào. and other Prints.”

D. C.? LDWELL,

Clerk of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

2 " * -
o 24, Z82-y

* o
* -

o

TO

THE HONOURABLE

WILLIAM TILGHMAN, LL.D.

CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA,

AND PATRON OF THE

LAW ACADEMY OF PHILADELPHIA.

RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED BY

THE AUTHOR,

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