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naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any Criminal Case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

[ARTICLE VI.]

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation ; to be confronted with the witnesses against him ; to bave compulsory process for obtaining Witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

[ARTICLE VII.]

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States than according to the rules of the common law.

[ARTICLE VIII.] Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

[ARTICLE IX.]

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

[ARTICLE X.]

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

[ARTICLE XI.]

The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.

[ARTICLE XII.]

The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sigu and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate ;—The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted ;-—The person baving the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose sball consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from

the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of VicePresident of the United States.

ARTICLE XIII.

SECTION 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

SECTION 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

ARTICLE XIV.

SECTION 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. :

SECTION 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inbabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

SECTION 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

SECTION 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims shall be held illegal and void.

SECTION 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

ARTICLE XV.

SECTION 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

SECTION 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

P ART VI.

SECRETARIES OF THE NAVY.

Name.

State.

Date of commission.

George Cabot ........ Benjamin Stoddert Robert Smith. Paul Hamilton.. William Jones.... Benj'n W. Crowninshield..... Smith Thompson..... Saml. L. Soutbard John Branch ...... Levi Woodbury. Mahlon Dickerson... James K. Paulding. Geo. E. Badger..... A. P. Upshur.. David Henshaw .. Thos. W. Gilmer.. John Y. Mason... George Bancroft.. John Y. Mason... Wm. B. Preston... Wm. A. Graham.. John P. Kennedy.. James C. Dobbin.. Isaac Toucey... Gideon Welles.... A. E. Borie....... Geo. M. Robeson .......

Massachusetts. May 3, 1798.
Maryland ..... May 21, 1798.
Maryland ..... July 15, 1801.
South Carolina. March 7, 1809.
Pennsylvania.. January 12, 1813.
Massachusetts . December 19, 1814.
New York ..... November 9, 1818.
New Jersey .... September 16, 1823.
North Carolina. March 9, 1829.
New Hampshire May 23, 1831.
New Jersey.... June 30, 1834.
New York ..... June 25, 1838.
North Carolina. March 5, 1841.
Virginia...... September 13, 1841.
Massachusetts July 24, 1843
Virginia.... February 15, 1844.

March 14, 1844.
Massachusetts March 10, 1845.
Virginia .... September 9, 1846.
Virginia...... March 8, 1849.
North Carolina. July 22, 1850.
Maryland .. July 22, 1852.
North Carolina. March 7, 1853.
Connecticut ... March 6, 1857.
Connecticut ... March 5, 1861.
Pennsylvania.. March 5, 1869.
New Jersey.... June 25, 1869.

Virginia...:

The above dates are from the records of the Department of State. A commission was issued to Jacob Crowninshield, of Massachusetts, March 3, 1805, but it appears he did not serve, and Robert Smith continued a second term.

GENERAL INDEX.

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231

[The inside figures refer to sections, the outside figures to pages.)

Page.
Page. Accouterments,
Abandoned Property,

not to be sold, bartered, &c ........3748 235
jurisdiction of Court of Claims..... 1059

61

Acting Midshipman, (see Naval Academy.).
appropriation to return proceeds. ..3689 12 Acting Assistant Surgeons,
collection, &c., of...................3755

160

in Navy, appointment of .......... 1411 171
Absence,

rate of total disability pension to... 4695 190
withont leave, from station or duty.art.8 17 pension to dependent relative of....4710 194
from command ................... art. 9

Action,
before acceptance of resignation..art 10

neglecting to clear ship for........ art. 4 15
of member of general court-martial.art.46

Actions,
of marine officers ...................1265 164 not abated by altering terms of district
granting leave of, to sailors........ 1431

courts.........................573 137
from examination, when entitled... 1562

removal of personal, from State to circuit
Absent Debtor.

court...

.......644 145
when claims of United States against, to

not abated by changing terms of circuit
have priority..
.... 3466
court ....

146
Abuse,

for deprivation of rights............ 1979 36
of inhabitants, on shore ........... art. 8

in cases of conspiracy to deprive, injure,
of persons on vessels under convoy art 8

&c., officers or persons ...... 1980 36
Accessories,

for neglect to prevent commission of un-
to murder, robbery, or piracy upon the

lawful acts...................1981
high seas................5323, 5324

Acts of Congress,
punishment of....

207 passed subsequent to Dec. 1, 1873...5601 250
"Accompanying Documents,"

Adjutant and Inspector,
editing of ..............

234 of Marine Corps, authorized........1596 162
number of, to be printed.... ...3798 234 Advancement,

delivery to Congressional Printer...3810 234 of Navy officers for distinguished con.
Accrued Pensions,

duct ....

...1364, 1506, 1507 161, 231
who to receive, in case of death, &c 4718 195 of line officers, receiving vote of
when pension is unclaimed..........4719 195

thanks ... ................. 1508
Accrued Rights,

of officers of the Marine Corps. 1605–1607 163
not affected by Revised Statutes....5597 249 Advances of Money,
Acknowledgments,

by paymasters forbidden ............ 1389
of transfer, assignment, or power to re-

to persons in the naval service..... 1563
ceive claims...
....... 3477

to disbursing officers...... ..... 3648
authority of Court of Claims to take.1071

on contracts .......................3648
Accounting Officers, (see also Accounts.)

Advertised Letters,
not to allow, expenses of commissions,

whenindorsed with request to return.3939
until, &c .....................3681

Advertisements,
shall be furnished copy of appointment

for proposals for supplies, &c ......3709
of inspector of fuel......... 3712 116 for naval supplies .... 3718, 3721, 3724 56, 57
shall not allow account for fuel, un-

for naval supplies to be delivered abroad
less......
.... 3713

3723
may allow certain judgments against

for engraving of maps, &c., to illustrate
property of United States.....3754 236

documents ...
............ 3700

233
Accounts,

to be published in papers selected by
by or against United States, where to be

Clerk of House..........3823, 3824
settled ..

.... 236

published in papers of District of Colum-
of public expenditures, to be settled

-
bia............

..........38:26
within fiscal year.............250

of Executive Departments .........3828
duty of 2d Comptroller as to Navy..273

of prize-sales by United States mar-
duty of 4th Auditor as to Navy...... 277

shal..........................4628
of disloyal persons, settlement of...3480

Admiral,
reference of, to Court of Claims.....1063

grade of, to cease.

..............1362 161
proceedings in such cases.........1064

number on active list... ...... 1363 161
Igment on, how paid ...........1165 62 secretary to..........

.. 1367 263
making or using any false, by persons

pay of .......

... 1556 162
in naval service..... ........ art. 14

pay of secretary to.................. 1556 263
for expenses of refugees and freed-

Admiralty,
men .......

........ 2034 115 law of, extended over citizens of United
of freedmen's hospital .... .......2038 116

States in certain countries....4086 107
making or using any false .....3490, 5438 41, 113 condemnations in, of property used in
public, shall be rendered monthly,

aid of rebellion ..........5309, 5311 133
&c.......... .....
.......3622

Affidavits,
of naval paymasters, on foreign sta-

making or using false, to obtain payment
......3723 57

of claim .... arts. 14, 3490, 5438 17, 41, 113
failing to render, of public moneys re-

of homestead applicant....... 2290, 2293 122
ceived...

of widow or heirs of homestead set-
of lost or captured vessels .......... 284 158

tler .........

...... 2291 122
of certain railroads, (see last page of in-

penalty for procuring, &c., false, in pen.
dex.)

sion cases....

.........5436

113

212

11

56

116

57

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Page

Page.

113

148

149

108

2222

172

Affidavits-Continued.
"falsely making, altering, forging, &c.;

uttering or publishing as true any
false.... ..............

...5418

......3
Africa, (see Slave-Trade.)
Agricu'tural Department, (see Department

of Agriculture.)
Agents,
no officer or agent of any corporation or

firm to act as, &c ...........1783
to pay money on foreign stations.... 1550
special, to disburse money .. .... 3614
public officers not to act as, for claims

5498 42
A gents, Diplomatic,

shall be deemed diplomatic officers 1674
Aid, or Executive,

to commanding officers........1469, 1470 238, 239

to commandant Marine Corps......1261 164
Alien Convicts,

immigration of, forbidden .............. 126
Alien Enemies,

not to be admitted to citizenship .. 2171 176

treatment and disposition of...400 7, 4070 8,9
Aliens,

jurisdiction of courts of suits by 563, 629 136, 140
when allowed to prosecute claim in Court
of Claims.....

................ 1068
may be admitted citizens of the United

States........................2165 174
Allegiance,
of naturalized citizens to foreign govern-

ments, claim of, disavowed... 1992
Allegiance, Foreign,
to be renounced by applicants for admis.

sion to citizenship ............ 2165 174
Allowances,

for fuel, quarters, and forage...... 1270 164
for travel.....

1566 271
to officers of Marine Corps.... ..1612 164
for medicines, &c ....

... 1586
for funeral expenses....

.. 1587 172
Alloy,

for gold and silver coins.... ..3514
Almanac, (see Nautical Almanac.)
Ammunition,

penalty for wasting ................art 8

penalty for stealing, &c., ..........art. 14 18
Amendments,
of appeals to Supreme Court in prize

causes......
in what cases allowed to Supreme Court,
. &C ................. ........:

.699 148

38
reviewed by Supreme Court upon 702, 703 149
A nendments to Constitution of U. S.,
to be promulgated by Secretary of State,

205
American Citizens,
duty of consular officers as to estates of
deceased

1709
in foreign countries, protection of..2000,

2001
aliens may become....

. 2165 174
merchant-seamen entitled to protection
as, when.......

2174 177
passports to, how granted ......4075, 4078 185
judicial authority of United States min-

isters and consuls over.. 4083-4130 107–112
American Ephemeris,

supervision and preparation of...... 436
American Hemp,

shall be preferred for Navy.........3725 57
American Manufactures,
preference of, in purchase of sup.
plies ....................

..3728 58
American Seamen,

provisions relating to..........4501-4600 253-261
American Vessels, (see Vessels, Merchant-

Vexsels.)
Annual Reports,
time for submitting to Congress.....195

71
when to be furnished to Printer..... 196
Annuity,
false personation of person entitled
to ........

.. 5435 113
endeavoring to obtain, &c., by forged

Appeal,
proceedings of district court in prize

causes, after ....... ..565, 46:37 221, 226
in prize causes, from district courts to

Supreme Court ..............695
documents and evidence to be received
in Supreme Court, in cases of..698

148
to Supreme Court, without regard to
amount .......................099

148
from decrees of circnit court....692, 693 147
from final decree of district court....704 149
from final decree of supreme court of

District of Columbia .... 705, 706
from judgments of the Court of Claims,

707, 703 149
to circuit court, from decision on habea 8

corpus ........................763 120
to Supreme Court, from decision of cir-

cuit court on habeas corpus 764, 765 120
amendments of, in prize causes. 1006, 4636 222, 2:26
in prize causes... ........ 1009, 4636 222, 226
when order of sale in prize cause not
prevented by...

.....4627

224
from consul to minister, in criminal
cases ............

.....4089
in civil cases, regulation of..........4107 110
security to be given in ..... .....4117 111
ministers to hear and decide appeals 4091 108
further hearing, new trials, &c .... 4091

108
from consular court in China or Japan

to minister...................4092 108
to circuit court of California...... .4093

103
from minister in China or Japan to cir-

cuit court of California. .4094, 4095 109
praisement,
in prize cases, where the property can-
not be sent in

4615
of property taken for use of United
States.

.... 4624 224
of property delivered on stipulation. 4626 221
Appointments,
to fill vacancies during recess of Senate,

1761 275
penalty for accepting, contrary to
law......
............1771

276
penalty for making, contrary to law 1772 276
made without advice, &c., of Senate 1774 276
Apportionment,

of Representatives, table of....
Apprentices-Merchant-service,

disposal of effects of deceased ..... 4538
rules of procedure .....

.... 4539 256
penalty for neglect....

4540
duty of consuls, &c...

4541 257
Appropriations,
style and title of acts for .....

248
application of, to be reported to Con-

gress ........................ 260
accounts of disbursements to be ren-

dered according to ..... ... 3623
communicating estimates of.. 3660, 3672
accounts of to be kept by register,
&c .....

........3675
to be expended for objects for which
made.............

........3678
expenditures shall not exceed .....3679
for contingent, not to be used for com.

pensation of clerks, &c ... 3682
for light-houses, how long available 3685
for publishing foreign hydrographic
surveys ......

....3686
list of permanent, (Navy)........... 3689
limit as to use of balances of annual 3690
disposal of balances of ...... .... 3591
proceeds from certain sales, to revert
to...............

......3962
to pay judgment against certain prop-
erty of United States........ 3754

236
unexpended balances to be turned in... 13
not to apply to permanent specific......
not to affect existing contracts.......
to be reported to Congress........

13
permanent, for sick, disabled, and desti.

tute seamen..................4545
for coast survey, how to be expended.4683 4.2
no part of, to be paid to certain telegraph

companies................... 5206

...20

32

256

257

11

10-11

177

13
13

257

.

.

.

power of attorney ............5436 113

1..

270

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