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POSTAL CRIMES. Sec.

Sec. 5467. Embezzlement, &c., of letters containing 5472. Robbery of the mail. inclosures.

5473. Attempting to rob the mail. 5468. Meaning of words “intended to be conveyed 5474. Deserting the mail. by mail."

5475. Stealing post-office property. 5469. Stealing or fraudulently obtaining mail, 5476. Injuring mail-bags, &c. opening valuable letters, &c.

5534. Accessory to robbery of the mail. 5470. Receiving articles stolen from the mail.

5535. Accessory to stealing mail matter. 5471. Stealing, detaining, or destroying newspa.

pers. Title 70, Chap. 5. SEC. 5467. Any person employed in any department of the postal Embezzlemeni, servi

plement service who shall secrete, embezzle, or destroy any letter, packet, bag, &c., of letters or mail of letters intrusted to him, or which shall come into his poscontaining inclos- session, and which was intended to be conveyed by mail, or carried or

delivered by any mail-carrier, mail-messenger, route-ayent, letter-carrier, or other person employed in any department of the postal service, or forwarded through or delivered from any post-office or branch postoffice established by authority of the Postmaster-General, and which shall contain any note, bond, draft, check, warrant, revenue-stamp, postage-stamp, stamped envelope, postal card, money-order, certificate of stock, or other pecuniary obligation or security of the Government, or of any officer or fiscal agent thereof, of any description whatever; any bank-note, bank post-bill, bill of exchange, or note of assignment of stock in the funds; any letter of attorney for receiving annuities or dividends, selling stock in the funds, or collecting the interest thereof; any letter of credit, note, bond, warrant, draft, bill, promissory note, covenant, contract, or agreement whatsoever, for or relating to the payment of money, or the delivery of any article of value, or the performance of any act, matter, or thing; any roceipt release, acquittance, or discharge of or from any debt. covenant, or demand, or any part thereof; any copy of the record of any judgment or decree in any court of law or chancery or any execution which may have issued thereon; any copy of any other record, or any other article of value, or writing representing the same; any such person who shall steal or take any of the things aforesaid out of any letter, packet, bag, or mail of letters which shall have come into his possession, either in the regular course of his official duties or in any other manner whatever, and provided the same shall not have been delivered to the party to whom it was directed, shall be punishable by imprisonment at hard labor for not less than one year nor

more than five years. Meaning of,

of Sec 5463. The fact that any letter, packet, bag, or mail of letters has words “intended been deposited in any post-office or branch post-office established by to be conveyed by authority of the Postmaster-General, or in any other authorized deposimail."

tory for mail-matter, or in charge of any postmaster, assistant, clerk, carrier, agent, or messenger employed in any department of the postal service, shall be evidence that the same was "intended to be conveyed

by mail” within the meaning of the two preceding sections. Stealing or SEC. 5469. Any person who shall steal the mail, or steal or take from fraudulently ob or out of any mail or post-office, branch post-office, or other authorized taining, mail, depository for mail-matter, any letter or packet; any person who shall opening valuable letters, &c.

o take the mail, or any letter or packet therefrom, or from any post-office, branch post-office, or other authorized depository for mail-matter, with or without the consent of the person having custody thereof, and open, embezzle, or destroy any such mail, letter, or packet which shall contain any note, bond, draft, check, warrant, revenue-stamp, postage-stamp, stamped envelope, money-order, certificate of stock, or other pecuniary obligation or security of the Government, or of any officer or fiscal agent thereof, of any description whatever; any bank-note, bank post-bill, bill of exchange, or note of assignment of stock in the funds; any letter of attorney for receiving annuities or dividends, selling stock in the funds, or collecting the interest thereof; any letter of credit, note, bond, warrant, draft, bill, promissory note, covenant, contract, or agreement whatsoever, for or relating to the payment or the delivery of any article of value, or the performance of any act, matter, or thing; any receipt, release, acquittance, or discharge of or from any debt, covenant, or demand, or any part thereof; any copy of the record of any judgment or decree in any court of law or chancery, or any execution which may have issued thereon; any copy of any other record, or any other article of value, or any writing representing the same; any person who shall, by fraud or deception, obtain, from any person having custody thereof, any

such mail, letter, or packet containing any such article of value shall, although not employed in the postal service, be punishable by imprisopment at hard labor for not less than one year and not more than five years. [See 5535. ]

SEC. 5470. Any person who shall buy, receive, or conceal, or aid in Receiving artibuying, receiving, or concealing, any note, bond, draft, check, warrant, cles stolen from

the mail. revenue-stamp, postage-stamp, stamped envelope, postal card, moneyorder, certificate of stock, or other pecuniary obligation or security of the Government, or of any officer or fiscal agent thereof, of any description whatever; any bank-note, bank post-bill, bill of exchange, or note of assigpment of stock in the funds; any letter of attorney for receiving annuities or dividends, selling stock in the funds, or collecting the interest thereof; any letter of credit, note, bond, warrant, draft, bill, promissory note, covenant, contract, or agreement whatsoever, for or relativg to the payment of money or the delivery of any article of value, or the performance of any act, matter, or thing; any receipt, release, acquittal, or discharge of or from any debt, covenant, or demand, or any part thereof; any copy of the record of any judgment or decree in any court of law or chancery,or any execution which may have issued thereon any copy of any other record, or any other article of value or writing representing the same, knowing any such article or thing to have been stolen or embezzled from the mail, or out of any post-office, branch postoffice, or other authorized depository for mnail-matter, or from any person having custody thereof, shall be punishable by a fine of pot more than two thousand dollars, and by imprisonment at hard labor for not more than five years.

SEC. 5471. Any person employed in any department of the postal serv- Stealing, deice who shall improperly detain, delay, embezzle, or destroy any news- taining, or de. paper, or permit any other person to detain, delay, embezzle, or destroy the same, or open, or permit any other person to open, any mail or pack

papers. age of newspapers not directed to the office where he is employed, shall be punishable by a fine of not more than fifty dollars. And if any other person shall open, embezzle, or destroy any mail or package of newspapers not being directed to him, and he not being authorized to open or receive the same, he shall be punishable by a fine of not more than twenty dollars. And any person who shall take or steal any mail or package of newspapers from any post-office, or from any person having custody thereof, shall be imprisoned at bard labor for not more than three months.

SEC. 5472. Any person who shall rob any carrier, agent, or other per- Robbery of the son intrusted with the mail, of such mail, or any part thereof, shall be mail. punishable by imprisonment at hard labor for not less than five years and not more than ten years; and if convicted a second time of a like offense, or if, in effecting such robbery the first time, the robber shall wound the person having custody of the mail, or put his life in jeopardy by the use of dangerous weapons, such offender shall be punishable by imprisonment at hard labor for the term of his natural life. [See ( 5534.]

SEC. 5473. Any person who shall attempt to rob the mail by assault- Attempting to ing the person having custody thereof, shooting at him or his borse, or rob the mail. threatening him with dangerous weapons, and shall not effect such robbery, shall be punishable by imprisonment at hard labor for not less than two years and not more than ten years.

SEC. 5474. Any person who shall have taken charge of the mail and Deserting the shall voluntarily quit or desert the same before he has delivered it into mail. the post-office at the termination of the route, or to some known mailcarrier, messenger, agent, or other employé of the Post-Office Department authorized to receive the same, shall be punishable by a fine of not njore than five hundred dollars, and by imprisonment for not less than three months nor more thau one year.

SEC. 5475. Any person who sball steal, purloin, or embezzle any mail. Stealing postbag or other property in use by or belonging to the Post-Office Depart- office property. ment, or who shall, for any lucre, gain, or convenience, appropriate any such property to his own or any other than its proper use, or who shall. for any lucre or gain, convey away any such property to the hinderance or detriment of the public service; if the value of the property be twenty-five dollars or more, the offender shall be puuishable by imprisonment at hard labor for not more than three years, and if the value of the property be less than twenty-five dollars, the offender shall be punishable by imprisonment for not more than one year, or by a fine of not less tban ten dollars and not more than two hundred dollars.

Injuring mail. SEC. 5476. Any person who shall tear, cut, or otherwise injure any bags, &c. mail-bag, pouch, or other thing used or designed for use in the convey

ance of the mail, or who shall draw or break any staple, or loosen any part of any lock, chain, or strap attached thereto, with intent to rol or steal any such mail, or to render the same inse cure, shall be punishable by a fine of not less than one hundred dolla rs and pot more than five hundred, or by imprisonment at hard labor for not less than one year

and not more than three years. Title 70, Chap. 8. SEC. 5534. Every accessory after the fact to any robbery of the carrier,

I agent, or other person intrusted with the mail, of such mail or of any Accessory to robbery of the part thereor, shall be hned n

part thereof, shall be fined not more than two thousand dollars, and be mail.

imprisoned at bard labor not more than ten years. Accessory to Sec. 5535. Every accessory after the fact to the offense of stealing or stealing mail- taking any letter, or other mail-matter, or any inclosure therein, shall matter.

be fined not more than one thousand dollars, and be imprisoned not more than five years. [See ($ 5467, 5469, 5471.]

PRESENTS.

See BRIBES.
PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT.

Sec.

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Sec.
131. Time of appointing electors..

144. Mileage of messengers. 132. Number of electors.

145. Forfeiture for messenger's neglect of duty. 133. Vacancies in electoral college

146. Vacancy in both offices. 134. Failure to make a choice on the appointed 147. Notification of vacancies to be published. day.

148. Requisites of the notification. 135. Meeting of electoral college.

149. Time of holding election to fill vacancy. 136. List of names of electors to be furnished to 150. Regulations for quadrennial election made ap. them.

plicable to election to fill vacancies. 137. Manner of voting.

151. Resignation or refusal of office. 138. Certificates to be made and si

152. Commencement of term of office. 139. Certificates to be sealed and indorsed.

153. President's salary. 140. Transmission of the certificates.

154. Vice-President's salary. 141. When Secretary of State shall send for dis 155, Officers of the President's household. trict judge's list.

156. Duties or the steward. 142. Counting the electoral votes in Congress.

157. The steward's bond. 143. Provision for absence of President of the Sen. 1829. Furniture for President's House.

ate. Title 3, Chap. I. SEC. 131. Except in case of a presidential election prior to the ordi.

nary period, as specified in sections one hundred and forty-seven to one Time of appointe hundred and forty-nine, inclusive, when the offices of President and ing elector's.

Vice-President both become vacant, the electors of President and VicePresident shall be appointed, in each State, on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, in every fourth year succeeding every

election of a President and a Vice-President. Number of elect- SEC. 132. The number of electors sball be equal to the number of

Senators and Representatives to which the several States are by law entitled at the time when the President and Vice-President to be chosen come into office; except, that where no apportionment of Represen tistives has been made after any enumeration, at the time of choosing electors, the number of electors shall be according to the then existing

apportionment of Senators and Representatives. Vacancies in SEC. 133. Each State may, by law, provide for the filling of any electoral college. vacancies which may occur in its college of electors when such college

meets to give its electoral vote. Failure to make SEC. 134. Whenever any State has held an election for the purpose a choice on the of choosing electors, and bas failed to make a choice on the day preappointed day. scribed by law, the electors may be appointed on a subsequent day in

such a manner as the legislature of such State may direct. Meeting of elect- SEC. 135. The electors for each State shall meet and give their votes oral college. upon the first Wednesday in December in the year in which they are

appointed, at such place, in each State, as the legislature of such State

shall direct. List of names SEC. 136. It shall be the duty of the executive of each State to canse of electors to be tbree lists of the names of the electors of such State to be made and furnished to

shed to certified, and to be delivered to the electors on or before the day on them.

which they are required, by the preceding section, to meet. Manner of vot. SEC. 137. The electors shall vote for President and Vice-President, ing.

respectively, in the manner directed by the Constitution. Certificates to be SEC. 138. The electors shall make and sign three certificates of all the made and sigued. votes given by them, each of which certificates shall contain two dis

tinct lists, one of the votes for President, and the other of the votes for Vice-President, and shall annex to each of the certificates ope of the lists of the electors which shall have been furnished to them by direction of the executive of the State.

SEC. 139. The electors shall seal up the certificates so made by them, Certificates to and certify upon each that the lists of all the votes of such State given be sealed and infor President, and of all the votes given for Vice-President, are contained Co

ed dorsed. therein. Sec. 140. The electors shall dispose of the certificates thus made by Transmission of

the certificates. them in the following manner:

One. They shall, by writing under their hands, or under the hands of a majority of them, appoint a person to take charge of and deliver to the President of the Senate, at the seat of Government, before the first Wednesday in January then next ensuing, one of the certificates.

Two. They shall forthwith forward by the post-office to the President of the Senate, at the seat of Government, one other of the certificates.

Three. They shall forthwith cause the other of the certificates to be delivered to the judge of that district in which the electors shall assemble.

SEC. 141. Whenever a certificate of votes from any State has not been When Secretary received at the seat of Government on the first Wednesday of January of State shall indicated by the preceding section, the Secretary of State shall send a send for district special messenger to the district judge in whose custody one certificate

judge's list. of the votes from that State has been lodged, and sucb judge shall forthwith transmit that list to the seat of Government.

SEC. 142. Congress shall be in session on the second Wednesday in Counting the February succeeding every meeting of the electors, and the certificates. electoral votes in

Congress. or so many of them as have been received, shall then be opened, the votes counted, and the persons to fill the offices of President and VicePresident ascertained and declared, agrerable to the Constitution.

SEC. 143. In case there shall be no President of the Senate at the Provision for abseat of Government on the arrival of the persons intrusted with the sence of Presi.

dent of the Sen. certificates of the votes of the electors, then such persons shall deliver

ate. such certiticates into the office of the Secretary of State, to be safely kept, and delivered over as soon as may be to the President of the Senate.

Sec. 144. Each of the persons appointed by the electors to deliver Mileage of mes. the certificates of votes to the President of the Senate shall be allowed, sengers. on tbe delivery of the list intrusted to him, twenty-five cents for every mile of the estimated distance, by the most usual road, from the place of meeting of the electors to the seat of Government of the United States.

SEC. 145. Every person who, baving been appointed, pursuant to Forfeiture for subdivision one of section one hundred and forty or to section one me

ne messenger's neg. hundred and forty-one, to deliver the certificates of the votes of the

lect of duty. electors to the President of the Senate, and having accepted such appointment, shall neglect to perform the services required of him, shall forfeit the sum of one thousand dollars.

SEC. 146. In case of removal, death, resignation, or inability of both Vacancy in both the President and Vice-President of the United States, the President offices. of the Senate, or, if there is none, then the Speaker of the House of Representatives, for the time being, shall act as President until the dis. ability is removed or a President elected.

SEC. 147. Whenever the offices of President and Vice-President both Notification of become vacant, the Secretary of State shall forthwith cause a notifica- vacancies to be tion thereof to be made to the executive of every State, and shall also published. cause the sanie to be published in at least one of the newspapers printed in each State.

Sec. 148. The notification shall specify that electors of a President Requisites of and Vice-President of the United States shall be appointed or chosen in the notification. the several States, as follows:

First. If there shall be the space of two months yet to ensue between the date of such notification and the first Wednesday in December then pext ensuing, such notification shall specify that the electors shall be appointed or chosen within thirty-four days preceding such first Wednesday in December.

Second. If there shall not be the space of two months between the date of such notification and such first Wednesday in December, and if the term for which the President and Vice-President last in office were elected will not expire on the third day of March next ensuing, the

notification shall specify that the electors sball be appointed or chosen within thirty-four days preceding the first Wednesday in December in the year next epsuing. But if there shall not be the space of two months between the date of such notification and the first Wednesday in December then next ensuing, and if the terın for which the President and Vice-President last in office were elected will expire on the third day of March next ensuing, the notification shall not specify that elect

ors are to be appointed or chosen. Time of holding Sec. 149. Electors appointed or chosen upon the notification preelection to fill va- scribed by the preceding section shall meet and give their votes upon cancy.

the first Wednesday of December specified in the notification. Regulations for

for

SEC. 150. The provisions of the

SEC. 150. The provisions of this Title, relating to the quadrennial quadrennial elec tion made applier

election of President and Vice-President, shall apply with respect to cable to election any election to fill vacancies in the offices of President and Vice-Presito fill vacancies. dent, held upon a notification given when both offices become vacant.

Resignation or SEC. 151. The only evidence of a refusal to accept, or of a resiguation refusal of office. of the office of President or Vice-President, shall be an instrument

in writing, declaring the same, and subscribed by the person refusing to accept or resigning, as the case may be, and delivered into the office of the Secretary of State.

Title 3, Chap. 2. SEC. 152. The term of four years for which a President and Vice

President shall be elected, sball, in all cases, commence on the fourth Commencement of term of office. day of March next succeeding the day on which the votes of the electors

have been given. President's sal. SEC. 153. The President shall receive in full for his services during ary.

the term for which he shall have been elected the sum of fifty thousand dollars a year, to be paid monthly, and shall be entitled to the use of the furniture and other effects belonging to the United States and kept in

tbe Executive Mansion. [See ( 1829.7 Vice-President's SEC. 154. The Vice-President shall receive in full for his services salary.

during the term for which he shall have been elected the sum of ten

thousand dollars a year, to be paid montbly.* Officers of the SEC. 155. The Presidept is authorized to appoint or employ in his President's official household the following officers : household.

One private secretary, at a salary of three thousand five hundred dollars a year.

One assistant secretary, who shall be a short-hand writer, at a salary of two thousand five hundred dollars a year.

Two executive clerks, at a salary of two thousand three hundred dollars a year each.

One steward of the President's household, at a salary of two thousand dollars a year.

One messenger, at a salary of one thousand two hundred dollars a

year. Duties of the SEC. 156. The steward of the President's household shall, under the steward.

direction of the President, have the charge and custody of and be responsible for the plate, furniture, and other public property in the President's mansion, and shall discharge such other duties as the Presi

dent may assign him. The steward's Sec. 157. The steward of the President's household shall, before enbond.

tering upon the duties of his office, give a bond to the United States for the faithful discharge of his trust. Such bond must be in such sum as the Secretary of the Interior shall deem sufficient, and must be approved by him.

Title 21. SEC."1829. All furniture purchased for the use of the President's House Furniture for

me shall be, as far as practicable, of domestic manufacture. President's

* Now eight thousand dollars. Whenever there is no Vice-President, the President House.

of the Senate, for the time being, is entitled to the salary.

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