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the Moans of ruining England, thao Ad Examination of the State of France.

At any other period, such a production, though it might have been amusing to a very superficial politician, would hardly have excited the attention, much less required the answer, of a profound and enlightened writer. But it ap: peared at a time when certain unfortunate and unfounded prejudices against this country wero at their highest pitch ; and it was craftily designed to inflame that spirit of animosity which could alone give currency to its absurdities. Upon these grounds it acquired a degree of popuJarity, sufficient to induce a Prussian writer, whose talents have before been displayed in some excellent political works, to undertake the refu. tation of it.

The following is a translation of this reply of Professor Gentz to Citizen Hauterive : but had the German been only valuable as an answer to ric French publication, I certainly should have spared myself the pains of preparing it for the

English English press. It would have been a very fuperfluous labour in a country where the pamphlet that

gave rise to it, had excited neither admiration nor argument.

But the merits of Mr. Gentz's work are not confined to the controversy beforc him. His State of Europe is something more than an occafional treatise : it has an independent and general character. And though the arguments and assertions of his adversary are completely disposed of, yet the ordinary spirit and defects of polemical writings have been carefully and judiciously avoided : a circumstance which does him the more honour, as he had received what might be esteemed just provocation from the French writer, who treated him without candour or respect in his allusions to some of his former productions.

L'Etat de la France is one continued attack, direct or indirect, upon the rights and interests, the credit and conduct, of Great Britain. No argument, no semblance of an argument, has been left untried to criminate her politics, and to detract from her character. It is needless to anticipate Mr. Gentz's observations on this general scope of Hauterive's work ; he has condescendcd to analyze some of the charges against a na. tion to which he is himself a stranger; and nothing more is necessary to consute them.

It was more immediately his province to vindicate the law of nations against a writer who is a principal (because the organ of the French vernment) in a conspiracy to subvert by fraud, what yet remains ondemolished by force ; and upon the ruins of the old to establish a new fyfo tem, in which an absolute fupremacy is to be conceded to France, while England is to be made to resume her fation among nations of the second order." This Mr. Gentz has completely done ; and at the same time repelled a singular attempt to ascribe the sins of France to the misconduct of Europe, in a manner quite novel, and, I think, peculiar to this author of the eighth year.

From the inoment when the present government had esiablished itself upon the ruins of the laft jacobinical authority, the principles andevents of the revolution were no longer themes of praise and admiration for the political writers of France. Liberty and equality had retired before the bay. onets of Bonaparte's grenadiers ; democratic tyranny had yielded to the genius and fortune of an aspiring soldier; and the admirers of the change could not celebrate the event without condemning the conduct of the great nation during the ten years that preceded it. Hauterive does not defend the revolution ; on the contrary; he confiders it as an evil of the first magnitude ; but his object is to prove that France is not responsible for the miseries thereby occasioned to Europe, but that Europe, on the contrary, is the guilty cause of all that France herself has suffered ; and he labours to persuade us that the French revolution, with all its disastrous consequences, was the fruit of the misconduct and corruption of the governments of other nations. Whether he has succeeded, as he himself affumes, in his attempt to prove this extraordinary position, will be seen by the following work, in which Mr. Geptz has contradicted it by a very a 4



able and elaborate review of the State of Europe before the Revolution.

It may here be proper to make a few observations on a very principal part of Hauterive's book ; because it involves a question of the highest import to this country, and because it is not difcussed in the answer of Mr. Gentz, who has reserved it for a separate publication, a sequel to the present.

When the Etat de la France was produced by an Honourableand Learned Member of the House of Commons in his seat *, it was represented as aiming at the destruction of the existing relations of belligerent and neutral powers, and la. bouring to establish a system directly hostile to the interefts of England, and contrary to the present law of nations.

The contest which has been terminated fo honoorably and satisfactorily for Great Britain, after a struggle of near fifty years, will be a subject of admiration to future ages, when it shall

* Dr. Lawrence, on the sth of March.

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