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COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, BOARD OF AGRICULTURE.
WEBT PHILADELPHIA, PA., February 5, 1887. Dr. J. W. Gadsden, M. R. C. V. 8., Philadelphia:
DEAR SIR-You ask me to give you my opinion as to how long after diseased pleuro-pneumonia' cattle have been removed would it be safe' before putting healthy ones in their place. I am of opinion that but a very short time is necessary. I am strongly convinced that "C. P. P." can only be communicated by living diseased animals. As you are aware, the law of our State does not prohibit parties from puting new cattle on their place during the prevalence of contagious pleuropneumonia," and we have had many opportunities of seeing new cattle introduced within a week or two after a herd had been destroyed, and in some cases without the least disinfection. Hay soiled by the sick, and the litter left in the stable has been consumed by the new stock without any bad results. Seeing this, I have frequently taken some of the food left by the sick and fed it to my own stock without any evil result. Neither do I think it possible to convey the disease by the flesh of disessed dead anímals, or by pasture over which diseased cattle have grazed. We made a postmortem on a cow in Chester county which was affected with "C. P. P.," right lung weighing thirty-four pounds, with strong adhesions and much effusion. Owing to the lateness of the evening, and the farmer and his men having other important duties to perform, and the place supposed to be perfectly secure from the intrusion of other cattle, it was decided to let the cow remain unburied until the following morning. During the night an adjoining herd, consisting of about thirty head, broke in, and from the appearance of the place the next morning, the catile must have had quite a lively iime over the dead. The herd was at once quarantined, but no "C. P. P."ever appeared among them. A herd in York county, where we found every animal affected, and were all destroyed, and in less than two weeks new cattle were placed in ihe stable, and without the least disinfection or cleaning. Hay stored over the sick, and litter in the barnyard was consumed by them without communicating the disease.
I think it would be a very easy matter to eradicate "C. P. P." from the country if it was not for the insidious nature of the disease, which is something marvellous. I have known the disease to lar dormant for seven months and then make its appearance. During this period of latency it is almost impossible for an expert to detect. I hope the time is not far distant when we shall have none to detect.
I remain yours falthfully,
F. BRDIGE, V. S.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, BOARD OF AGRICULTURE.
WEST PHILADELPHIA, PA., Oct. 16 1887. Dr. J. W. Gadsden, J. R. C. V.8., 122 North Tenth St., Philadelphia.
DEAR SIR:- have great pleasure in acknowledging yours of the 12th inst., and in answering your question of “How long have I known 'C. P. P.' to lay latent after exposure!"
We have several cases on record of two, three, four and five months. and have one case where the disease did not appear in the herd until fourteen months after the purchase of the animal which had been exposed. The herd is owned by Phinehas Ewing, Peterscreek, Lancaster county, Pa. I visited it on December 1, 1886, and found the animals suffering with "C.'P. P." I killed them and made post-mortems and found all the lesions peculiar to the disease. Upon inquiry into the history of the case, Mr. Ewing told me that he had bought no new stock for more than a year, and that it was impossible for any other catile to get in contact with his, owing to the peculiar location of his farm, it being surrounded with slate quarries and a private road. In October of 1883 he purchased two yearlinge from Mr. Schaffer, in Lancaster, who had several car loads of young stock which he had broughi from New York, and sold them to Lancaster county farmers, and in eleven herds where the calves went, “C, P. P." broke out. Mr. Ewing said that neither of the calves had ever shown any signs of being sick, but upon examination of ono (a small bull), I found the right lung to be diseased, so I killed it and made a post-mortem. The right iung had strong pleuritic adhesions to the eighth and ninth ribs, and contained an abscess about the size of a coffee cup. Also a portion of the same lung, about the size of a hon's egg, was in a grey hepatized state, which, no doubt, in my mind, had been the cause of the outbreak of “Ç. P. P." in this herd. I do not think that this animal was diseased when it went there, but it had undoubtedly been exposed to the disease when in company with the other cattle, which had spread "C. P. P." in so many herds.
Yon see from the bove what an insidious disease this “C. P. P."is, and how important it is to kill every animal which has been exposed to the contagion if we ever expect to succeed in getting rid of it.
F BRIDGE, S.
STATE OF ILLINOIS,
MEMBERS OF BOARD.
J. M. Pear-on, Chairman, Godfrey, Ill.
CHICAGO, October 27, 1887. Jno. W. Gadsden M. R. C. V.S.:
DEAR SIR-In reply to your request, asking me for my opinion as to whether contagious pleuropneumonia can be transmitted otherwise than by the living diseased animal:
I will say that prior to the outbreak of that dread disease in Chicago, I was a firm believer in what is known as inediate contagion. My experience in the Chicago outbreak has convinced me that it is rarely, if ever, transmitted by mediate contact. After the diseased and exposed animals in the Shufeldt Distillery -beds were all slaughtered, the southern half of the sheds were refilled with Westem steers. A certain amount of disinfection had been done, it is true, but not enough to satisfy me that they were absolutely safe. These Western steers remained in the sheds from December, 1886, until June, 1857, when they were slaughtered under the inspection of Professor Law, Dr. Talbot and myself, all killing perfectly healthy, so far is pleuro-pneumonia is concerned. Some of these animals were placed in the sheds within a very few days after the diseased animals were removed for slaughter.
The Chicago Distillery sheds, in my opinion, go further towards proving that the disease is not conveyed by mediate contagion than the Shufeldt, as it was impossible to disinfect then on account of their rotten condition and the extreme cold weather, which prevented the accumulation of pilih being removed. The sheds were in such a condition that I refused to give a certificate of disinfee tion when requested to do so by the Live Stock Commissiou. The Commission argued that if ihe disease should break out in the sheds, the cattle were so completely under their control that it was impossible for them to do any mischief, so a permit was issued by them to refill the sheds with healthy cattle, which was done the beginning of March of this year. These cattle remained in the sheds until the present month, when they were all slaughtered under the inspection of Drs. Paaren, Talbot and myself, all proving free fron disease.
Very truly yours,
OFFICE OF VETERINARY INSPECTOR
Of Knox COUNTY, STATE OF ILLINOIS,
315 W. TOMPKIN. ST., GALESBURG, ILL., October 26, 1887. Dr. J. W. Gadsden:
DEAR SIR-Knowing as I do the amount of interest you take in contagious pleuro-pneumonia, I determined to enclose you a certificate of post-mortem:from the Shufeldt and Chicago Distillers cattle, and am pleased to say I candidly believe we at this time have not a -ingle case of the dreaderi disease in Cook county, And I may further state, in my opinion, formed from the extensive opportunity afforded me in Chicago, as well as in England some years ago, I firmly believe contagioia pleuro-pneumonia can only be produced by an animal coming in direct contact with a living direased animal-if it can be produced in other ways, I have yet the first instance to see. You are welcome to use the certificate, etc., in any way you choose.
Yours, very respectfully,
BOWER TALBOT, V. S., A.S.T.
OFFICE OF VETERINARY INSPECTOR
OF KNOK COUNTY, STATE OF ILLINOIS,
315 W. TOMIKINS ST., GALESBURG, ILL., October 26, 1887. I hereby certify that I, in company of Professor Law and Dr. Casewell, made very careful postmortem examinations of all the cattle killed during the months of May and June, from the Shufeldt Distillery, Chicago, (89) in number) and we failed to find the slightest trace of contagious pleuropneumonia in any animal; and further state that yesterday Dr. Paaren and myself finished making post-mortems upon the cattle killed from the Chicago Disullery, 1678 in number) and we did not find the slightest trace of contagious plenro-pneumonia amongst them.
BOWER TALBOT, V. S..
Prof. G. G. Brown, Professional Officer to Veterinary Department of the Privy Counci: Office, writes from the Privy Council otlice, under date of November 31, 1887, saying: “The herd at Beckenhain is the one which is referred to in my report. We all were very much amused on reading that the oui breaks of pleuro-pneumonia had been ascribed 10 infection remaining in the sheds, when we were perfectly aware that the disense had been introduced through the agency of infected animals from other premises belonging to the same owner. Many years ago I called attention to the fact that cattle may suffer from pleuro-pneumonia in a form which is not detectable, except by a post: mortem examination, and pointed out that such animals might introduce the disease into a herd without being suspected; indeed, an ontbreak under such circumstances would certainly be ascribed to any cause but the right one.'
Please note that I do not say that pleuro-pneumonia can not be introduced by mediate contagion. I simply say that I have not licceeded in doing it in many years experiments, and there is no evidence which satisfies me, that any one else has yet succeeded.
Yours, very truly, [Signed.]
G. T. BROWN.
KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS:
Tuat WHEREAS, We, the undersigned, Ilenry H. Shufeldt and Thomas Lynch, composing the co-partnership of Henry II. Shufeldt & Company, have, adjoining the distillery of said firm, near the corner of 'Hawthorne avenue and Larrabee street, in the city of Chicago, Illinois, a number of sheds, heretofore used by us for housing cattle therein, and feeding the same from the product of our raid distillery, which said sheds are divided into two divisions, viz.: The north and south divisions; and
WHEREAS, During the present year the disease known as plenro-pneumonia broke out anongst some of the cattle contained in each of said two divisions of sheds; and
WHEREAS, The Board of Live Stock Commissioners for the State of Illinois, under and by virtue of the authority vected in them, under the provisions of an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled "An act to revise the law in relation to the suppression and prevention of the spread of contagious and infectious diseases among domestic animals," approved June 21, 1885, did, on the 18th day of September, 1886, establish a quarantine upon both said divisions of sheds and the cattle therein at that time; and
WHEREAS, Since that time said cattle in both divisions of said sheds have been, under the anthority of said Commissioners, removed therefrom and slaughtered, and the said sheds are now empty; and
WHEREAS, We, the said Henry H. Shufeldt & Co., by reason of the said quarantine having been placed upon said sheds, have been suffering great loss by reason of being unable to use the product of said distillery, which otherwise would be led to cattle in said sheds, and did, as such firm, on the 2d day of December, 1886, file our written application and petition before said Board of Live Stock Commissioners to have the quarantine on the said southern division of said sheds raised upon the terms and conditions in said application stated, which are hereby referred to and made part of this instrument; and
WHEREAS, The said Board of Live Stock Commissioners did, or. the 11th day of December, 1886, grant permission to us to fill the southern division of said sheds upon the terms and conditions hereinafter named and set forth, viz.:
First-That the occupacy of said sheds shall be without any cost, expense or damage to the State of Illinois; that is to say, that if the disease of pleuro-pneumonia shall break out among said cattle so placed in suid sheds, that we, Henry H, Shufeldi & Co., will waive, and hereby do waive, any and all claim against the State of Minois for compensation, damages or otherwise, in case said cattle shall be slaughtered under the orders of said Board of Live Stock Commissioners, and in case said sheds containing said cattle shall be, by the orders of said Live Stock Commission: ers, placed in quarantine.
Second-That all cattle placed in said sheds shall be cattle brought from localities which are free from the disease of pleuro-pneumonia, and such cattle, until the same are placed in said sheds, shall be protected from contact with other animals having such disease, so far as the same can be done by the use of all precautionary measures practicable.
Third-That said cattle shall be subject to the inspection of the State Veterinarian or his Assistants, when placed in said sheds, and shall be subject to such inspection during the time they remain there at our expense, as the said Board of Live Stock Commissioners may direct; and that we, Henry H. Shufeldt & Co., shall furnish to said Board of Live Stock Commissioners duplicate invoices. shipping receipte, and such other evidence as to the locality from which said cattle are shipped to Chicago, as the said firm may be able to obtain.
Fourth-That said cattle after being placed in said sheds shall not, nor shall any of them, be removed without the knowledge and consent of said Board of Live Stock Commissioners, and not until taken out for slaughter; and then shall be slaughtered under the direction and supervision of sald Commission; and that while they renain said Commissioners shall have power to select some suitable and proper person, at a reasonable cost, to be employed in and about said cattle in taking care of the same, whose compensation shall be paid by the said firm of Henry II. Shufeldt & Co.
Fifth-That said firm shall put an additional partition, not less than 40 feet north of the present partition, separating the northern and southern divisions of said sheds, and running parallel there. with, and will remove the roof between said two partitions, and the outside walls of said sheds between said two partitions, so as to make an open space between said two divisions of said sheds, not less than 40 feet in width.
NOW, THEREFORE, this indenture witnesseth, that we, the said firm of Henry H. Shufeldt & Co., have accepted the said permission to place said cattle in said souther a division of said sheds, upon the above named terms and conditions, for the faithful performance of which, and for the waiver and estoppel against us of all claim or claims against the State of Mlinois, or upon any fund provided by the legislature of said State for compensation, either now or hereafter, in case the disease of pleuro-pneumonia shall hereafter break out among said cattle, we aud each of us do firmiy bind ourselves, our heirs, personal representatives and assigns.
In Witness Whereof, we have herennto set our hands and seals this 11th day of December, A, D. 1886. [Signed.)
HENRY H. SHUFELDT, (SEAL.] (Signed.]
THOMAS LYNCH. (SEAL.) Witness: JOHN S. COOPER.
PETITION OF THE CHICAGO DISTILLING CO. TO REFILL THEIR DISTIL
To the Honorable Board of Live Slock Commissimer's, of the
State of Illinois :
Your petitioner, The Chicago Distilling Company, a corporation organized under the laws of the State of Illinois, respectfully represent that it is now, and has been for a long period conducting and carrying on, at the corner of Elston avenue and Blackhawk street, in the city of Chicago, in the State of Illinois, a distillery, and in connection with said distillery and adjoining the same it has barns for the stabling of cattle, and appliances so arranged that with comparatively little expense the slops from its said distillery be utilized and fed to cattle stabled in said barns. That the said slops or product of such distillery, when utilized in the manner above mentioned, is of great pecuniary profit and advantage to your petitioner, and unless the said barns are allowed to be used for stabling cattle and feeding the same from the product of said distillery, such product or slops are practically lost to petitioner.
That about the nineteenth day of September, 1886, your Honorable Board established a quarantine upon said barns, upon the ground that some of the cattle therein were afflicted with contagious pleuro-pneumonia; that the said cattle were kept in said barns under quarantine until the 22d of December, 1885, when the cattle were removed for slaughter; that the said barns are so arranged, and of capacity to accommodate, properly, about seven hundred and fifty head of cattle. On the next day after the said cattle were removed, that is to say on the 23d day of December, 1886, your petitioner put teams and men at work to cleanse the said barns, and the same were thoroughly cleansed of all manure or offal of any kind that remained after the removal of said cattle. Your petitioner at the same time ventilated the barns by opening all the doors, and removed sections of the roof, and kept said roof open where sections of the same were removed, during the extreme cold weather which has ensued since that time. That by this means the barns were freely exposed to the severe frosts and