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2741. Rate on brick (carloads) to Ottumwa, Iowa. 2742. Alleges excessive charges on a shipment of wheat, less than carloads, from

Norcatur, Kans., to Craig, Mo. 2743. Alleges excessive charges on 1 car of coal from East St. Louis, Ill., to Jennings,

Mo. 2744. Rates by water or rail on whiskies from Cincinnati, Ohio, and Peoria, Ill., to

points in Louisiana and Texas. 2745 Alleges an overcharge on a shipment of baggage from Canadian, Tex., to Wood

ward, Okla. 2746. Rates on telephone poles (carloads), Collins, Miss. 2747. Rate on hay from Emporia, Kans., to Greeley, Colo., in force April 14, 1903. 2748. Alleges excessive charges on 1 car of coal shipped from Piston, Colo., to Grant,

Nebr. 2749. Alleges discrimination in fish rates to Clinton, Iowa, in favor Davenport, Iowa. 2750. Rate on cotton bagging and cotton sweepings from Jackson, Tenn., to Omaha,

Nebr. 2751. Alleges discrimination in rate on ship stuffs, carloads, from East St. Louis, Ill.,

to Bunkerhill, Ill., as compared with rate on like traffic from St. Louis to

same point. 2752. Alleges overcharge on shipment of machinery from Memphis, Tenn., to

Marion, Ky. 2753. Alleges overcharge on a shipment of cotton-gin machinery from Boston, Mass.,

to Pine Bluff, Ark. 2754. Alleges an overcharge on a dog shipped from Baltimore, Md., to Tiger Bay, Fla. 2755. Rates on coke, carloads, from Connellsville district, Pennsylvania, to Portland

and Bangor, Me., Boston, Mass., and Watertown, N. Y. 2756. Rates on lumber from Hickory, N. C., and other stations in that locality, to

points in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. 2757. Rail rates on petroleum and its products from the oil regions (Oil City, Titus

ville, etc.) to New York City, N. Y. 2758. Alleges an illegal switching charge by the railroads at Milwaukee, Wis. 2759. Rate on vegetables, carloads, from Chicago, Ill., to Oklahoma City, Okla. 2760. Rate on corn from Plano, Tex., to Vicksburg, Miss. 2761. Rates on cord wood from points in Iowa to Cainsville, Mo., and rates on class

C from Cainsville to Ottumwa, Iowa. 2762. Alleges discrimination in rate on hosiery from Mankato to Missouri River

points as compared with rate on same commodity from Rockford, Ill., to

same points. 2763. Alleges excessive charges on 1 car bagging and ties from Galveston, Tex., to

Cordell, Okla. 2764. Alleges advance in rates on coal from the Thacker district of West Virginia to

Hillsboro, Ohio, from 90 cents to $1.15 per ton. 2765. Alleges discrimination in rates on cotton-seed oil to New York and cotton-seed


meal to Boston, Mass. 2766. Rates on lumber from De Queen to Fayetteville and Lincoln, Ark., passing en

route through Indian Territory. 2767. Alleges excessive charges on 2 mixed carloads of corn and oats shipped from

Blairstown, Iowa, and Colon, Nebr., to Chicago, Ill. 2768. Advance in rate on cotton from Marshall, Tex., to Shreveport, La. 2769. Alleges delay in the shipment of goods from Zanesville, Ohio, to Racine, Wis.,

as compared with the time required for shipments from New York City to

the same destination. 2770. Rates on cement to points in the Central Freight Association territory. 2771. Alleges issuance of an order prohibiting coast shippers from loading lumber

and shingles in cars of certain railroads for Burlington points. 2772. Alleges refusal to furnish complainant cars for loading freight until a bill for

demurrage charges is settled. 2773. Alleges excessive charge for a passenger ticket between Seligman, Mo., and

Eureka Springs, Ark. 2774. Alleges excessive charges on cutters or sleighs in carloads from Chicago to

Grundy Center, Iowa, as compared with rate on the same from Chicago

to St. Paul. 2775. Alleges a lower rate from Virginia points to Texas common points than from

Philadelphia to Texas common points. 2776. Alleges a lower rate on structural iron, etc., from Chicago and common points

and Mississippi River points to Colorado when material was for the con-
struction of beet-sugar factories, the same being one-half the usual rate.
H. Doc. 253-21

2777. Alleges shipment of car of hay from Garden City, Mo., to Nashville, Tenn., with

draft attached, but the consignment was delivered without collecting bill

attached. 2778. Alleges short weight coal on shipments from Cartersville district at Herrin, in

southern Illinois. 2779. Alleges refusal of shipments to points that are located on the electric car lines. 2780. Alleges discrimination in minimum carload weights on lumber fro Garland

City, Ark., when consigned to New Orleans, La., for export. 2781. Alleges discrimination against Atlanta, Ga., in freight rates which exist on

shipments between Louisville, Ky., and Atlanta, and Louisville and Birm

ingham. 2782. Alleges overcharge on 1 car corn shipped from Terre Haute, Ind., to Nanti

coke, Pa. 2783. Alleges advance in rates on leather from Asheville, N. C., to Chicago, Ill. 2784. Alleges excessive rates on potatoes from Morgan, Utah, to Geary, Okla. 2785. The loading of grain from elevators and by other ways. 2786. Alleges overcharge on 2 cars of empty tin cans from Maywood, Ill., to New

Orleans, La. 2787. Alleges overcharge on shipment of paraffine wax from Rouseville, Pa., to Phila

delphia, Pa. 2788. Rates on shipments of coal from Llewellyn, Pa., to Siegfried, Pa. 2789. Alleges overcharge on 2 cars lumber shipped from Cordele, Ga., to Bristol, Tenn. 2790. Alleges excessive rates on grain from Davidson and Cordell, Okla., to Vernon,

Тех. . 2791. Alleges overcharge on shipment of household goods from Duluth, Minn., to

Champaign, Ill. 2792. Alleges excessive charges on potatoes and onions, carloads, from Colorado com

mon points to South McAlester and Holdonville, Ind. T. 2793. Alleges delay in furnishing cars for shipments of trees, etc. 2794. Alleges advance in rates on liquors in wood from Peoria, Ill., to Pacific coast

points. 2795. Alleges delay in delivery of shipments of hay from Birchrun, Mich., to Balti2796. Alleges delay in delivery of shipment of hay from Ordway, Colo., to Atlanta,

Tex. 2797. Alleges collection by railroad officials of demurrage charges on private oil cars

on private sidings. 2798. Alleges loss in transit of a case of shoes shipped from Utica, N. Y., to York, Pa.

more, Md.





[Law of 1893, with amendments; law of 1903.] AN ACT to promote the safety of employees and travelers upon railroads by compelling common

carriers engaged in interstate commerce to equip their cars with automatic couplers and continuous brakes and their locomotives with driving-wheel brakes, and for other purposes. (Public No. 113, approved March 2, 1893, amended April 1, 1896.)

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the first day of January, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, it shall be unlawful for any common carrier engaged in interstate commerce by railroad to use on its line any locomotive engine in moving interstate traffic not equipped with a power driving-wheel brake and appliances for operating the train-brake system or to run any train in such traffic after said date that has not a sufficient number of cars in it so equipped with power or train brakes that the engineer on the locomotive drawing such train can control its speed without requiring brakemen to use the common hand brake for that purpose.

SEC. 2. That on and after the first day of January, eighteen hundred and ninetyeight, it shall be unlawful for any such common carrier to haul or permit to be hauled or used on its line any car used in moving interstate traffic not equipped with couplers coupling automatically by impact, and which can be uncoupled without the necessity of men going between the ends of the cars.

SEC. 3. That when any person, firm, company, or corporation engaged in interstate commerce by railroad shall have equipped a sufficient number of its cars so as to comply with the provisions of section one of this act, it may lawfully refuse to receive from connecting lines of road or shippers any cars not equipped sufficiently, in accordance with the first section of this act, with such power or train brakes as will work and readily interchange with the brakes in use on its own cars, as required by this act.

SEC. 4. That from and after the first day of July, eighteen hundred and ninetyfive, until otherwise ordered by the Interstate Commerce Commission, it shall be unlawful for any railroad company to use any car in interstate commerce that is not provided with secure grab irons or handholds in the ends and sides of each car for greater security to men in coupling and uncoupling cars.

SEC. 5. That within ninety days from the passage of this act the American Railway Association is authorized hereby to designate to the Interstate Commerce Commission the standard height of drawbars for freight cars, measured perpendicular from the level of the tops of the rails to the centers of the drawbars, for each of the several gauges of railroads in use in the United States, and shall fix a maximum variation from such standard height to be allowed between the drawbars of empty and loaded cars. Upon their determination being certified to the Interstate Commerce Commission, said Commission shall at once give notice of the standard fixed upon to all common carriers, owners, or lessees engaged in interstate commerce in the United States by such means as the Commission may deem proper. But should said association fail to determine a standard as above provided, it shall be the duty of the Interstate Commerce Commission to do so, before July first, eighteen hundred and ninety-four, and immediately to give notice thereof as aforesaid. And after July first, eighteen hundred and ninety-five, no cars, either loaded or unloaded, shall be used in interstate traffic which do not comply with the standard above provided for.

SEC. 6. (As amended April 1, 1896.) That any such common carrier using any locomotive engine, running any train, or hauling or permitting to be hauled or used on its line any car in violation of any of the provisions of this act, shall be liable to a penalty of one hundred dollars for each and every such violation, to be recovered in à suit or suits to be brought by the United States district attorney in the district court of the United States having jurisdiction in the locality where such violation shall have been committed; and it shall be the duty of such district attorney to bring such

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