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Habana, Cuba, October 1, 1899.


Washington, D. C.

SIR: Upon my arrival at Habana on December 27, 1898, it was found advisable to at once publish the orders assuming command of the newly created Division of Cuba, and the assumption of the duties and prerogatives of the military governor, in compliance with the orders of the President, as published in General Orders, No. 184, Headquarters of the Army, December 13, 1898, to wit:


No. 184.

Washington, December 13, 1898.

The following order has been received from the War Department:

"By direction of the President, a division to be known as the Division of Cuba, consisting of the geographical departments and provinces of the island of Cuba, with headquarters in the city of Habana, is hereby created, under command of Maj. Gen. John R. Brooke, U. S. A., who, in addition to command of the troops in the division, will exercise the authority of military governor of the island.

Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, U. S. V., commanding the Seventh Army Corps, is assigned to the immediate command of all the troops in the province of Habana.

Maj. Gen. William Ludlow, U. S. V., is designated as the military governor of the city of Habana, and will report direct to the division commander. He is charged with all that relates to collection and disbursement of revenues of the port and city, and its police, sanitation, and general government, under such regulations as may be prescribed by the President."

R. A. ALGER, Secretary of War.

The travel enjoined is necessary for the public service.
By command of Major General Miles:.

H. C. CORBIN, Adjutant-General.

Whereupon the following order was issued from these headquarters, to wit:


Habana, December 28, 1898.

No. 1. In accordance with the order of the President, as published in General Orders, No. 184, dated Headquarters of the Army, Adjutant-General's Office, Washington, December 13, 1898, the undersigned hereby assumes command of the Division of Cuba, and by the requirements of the same order will exercise the authority of military governor of the island of Cuba.

Major-General, U. S. A.

Also to announce the staff of the division commander, to wit:



Habana, December 29, 1898.

The following officers are announced as the staff of the major-general commanding the Division of Cuba:

Maj. Gen. Adna R. Chaffee, U. S. V., chief of staff.

Maj. James T. Dean, chief ordnance officer of volunteers, acting aid-de-camp.


Capt. Frank B. McKenna, assistant adjutant-general of volunteers, aid-de-camp. Capt. James A. Campbell, assistant quartermaster of volunteers, acting aid-de


First Lieut. Charles W. Castle, Sixteenth Infantry, aid-de-camp.

Lieut. Col. William V. Richards, assistant adjutant-general of volunteers, adjutantgeneral.

Maj. Lyman W. V. Kennon, assistant adjutant-general of volunteers, assistant adjutant-general.

Lieut. Col. Edgar S. Dudley, judge-advocate of volunteers, judge-advocate.
Brig. Gen. Charles F. Humphrey, U. S. V., chief quartermaster.

Lieut. Col. Tasker H. Bliss, chief commissary of subsistence of volunteers, chief of customs service.

Lieut. Col. Abiel L. Smith, chief commissary of subsistence of volunteers, chief commissary.

Lieut. Col. Robert M. O'Reilly, deputy surgeon-general, chief surgeon.

Maj. George R. Smith, paymaster, chief paymaster.

Col. Henry H. C. Dunwoody, assistant chief signal officer, chief signal officer. By command of Major-General Brooke:

L. W. V. KENNON, Assistant Adjutant-General."

Brig. Gen. Oswald H. Ernst, U. S. V., was directed to report to the major-general commanding, by paragraph 29, Special Orders No. 299, series of 1898, Headquarters of the Army, and was assigned as inspector-general of the division under General Orders No. 17, current series, Headquarters of the Army, and General Orders No. 2, current series, these headquarters.

It was found that considerable confusion incident to the withdrawal of the Spanish troops and replacing them with the United States troops existed, but no untoward event occurred, however, as every precaution was taken to maintain order. The gradual withdrawal of the Spanish troops and the advance of the United States troops continued, until the morning of the 1st of January, 1899, found but few Spanish troops in the city, and these went on board transports, which movement was completed about 12.30 p. m.

Outside of the principal towns the retiring Spanish army was closely followed by the Cuban army, which took charge of the towns and country, maintaining order, and, generally, performing police duty. This state of affairs continued, substantially, until the final disbandment of that army. The disbandment of the Cuban army was commenced in November, 1898, but only such as could procure work, or were anxious to resume their former vocations, seem to have taken advantage of the "licencia” (furlough) which was given to many. A large part of the army was held together on various pretexts until the distribution of the $3,000,000 and the giving up of their arms effected a final disbandment. During the time the army was held together as an organized body the police duties performed seemed to be well done and order was preserved.

The spectacle of an army of, according to the rolls, 48,000 men being peacefully dispersed among the people has for its prototype the disappearance of the great volunteer army of the United States in 1865. În neither case has there been any great disturbance, as was feared in both cases, and particularly so as regards the Cuban army. The small attempts at brigandage were quickly suppressed, the lawbreakers placed in prison, and the courts are now hearing their cases.

On January 1, 1899, a division of the Seventh Army Corps, under the command of General Fitzhugh Lee, General Keifer's division, was brought to the city, and, with the regiments on duty in Habana under the command of Gen. William Ludlow, were so placed as to insure good order during the ceremonies of the relinquishment of sovereignty by Spain, which occurred in the Governor-General's palace at 12 o'clock noon, where were assembled the Captain-General and his staff, the

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