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The vestry finally decided therefore to build in N altho the M and P chs were in A. and had begun the foundation when Mr Suydam left. On his return he found every thing suspended-but will endeavour he says to have the corner stone laid while I am here.46 Mr Brown's plan has been to preach at the Bay in the Morng-Depere in the aft—and hold a Bible class &c with his pupils at the Mission at night. A and N are now united into a town called Green Bay, but the old distinction is kept up in the wards. The same schoolhouse is used as when I was here; but on this occasion the M Church was offered. Mr B. takes most of the children with him to both his services, as they are now reduced to a few and he has 2 waggons and 3 horses. Carder read the service, G the Litany, I anti-c., confirmed 6 of whom one was an oneida young man and another a Menominie young woman both members of the school- pr[eached] on Joshua-and ad [ministered] the com[munion] assisted by Mr Brown-all the candidates for conf[irmation] communed. The church was full. In the afternoon] went to Depere with Mr. B and officiated in the Court House. Mr Cadle read the service-Mr B bapt[ized] 3 children-I conf[irmed] one person and pr[eached] on Be ye reconciled to God. At the Bay Mr G pr[eached] in the aft and rivited the attention Dr [Edward] Worrell of the fort said for 2 hours-and Mr. Carder at night on Prayer, whom I heard.

We remained the rest of the week at the Bay variously engaged. It was our intention if possible to have taken a steam boat to Milwaukie, where we hoped to spend sunday the 12 and then to have reached Galena the night of the 15. A boat came in on Monday the 6 and departed in the course of a few hoursbut this was too soon for us. I spent part of my time at the mission house and the rest at Mr. Whitney's. Mrs W's sister wife of Rev Prof. Fitch was with her an unsophisticated, interesting woman, with twins about 8 months old. Mrs. W. has a great boy of the same age, one of the best tempered fellows I ever saw. Mr W. is building a splendid house on what appears to be a marsh47. and in fact N. appears to be on one and A on a sand bar. As


46 Christ Episcopal Church was built in Navarino, corner of Madison and Cherry 47 See picture of this house in Wis. Hist. Colls., xv, 220.

yet there is very little to make this a large town, for there is scarcely any cultivation of the land between it and fort Winnebago except by the civilized Indians, and the access by water thro' Green Bay is long and difficult. I dined at Judge Arndts, who is a man of influence and a member of the Legislature13———— at Mr Elliss-at Mr Knapps who has been a candidate in NY and wished to become one again in order to devote himself to the Indians, whose language he says in such a case he will acquire19 I must consult with B[isho]p B. T. O.[nderdonk] concerning him, between whom there has been some misunderstanding. I took tea at Mr [Alexander J.] Irwins. We called at Mr [John S.] Horner's now living with his family at the tavern. He was appointed by Jackson Gov of Michigan-then Secy of Wisconsin and then very contrary to his wish to the land office here where his income is small. He professes to belong to the church— his wife is intelligent, conversable-a presbyterian-and for her it is said his first appointment was conferred. Called at Judge Dotys whose wife was absent. He appears to be concerned in all the banks, towns and cities of the Territory. At Mrs Merrill's wife of Capt. [M. E.] M. now commanding at fort Howard. She is sister to Slaughter and a Va church woman. We likewise called at a sister of Mrs Foots50 &c-and at one place at the request of Mr Brown I baptised a child whose mother was born at Macinaw and understands and speaks fluently the Chippewa and Ottawa. She can converse with the Menominies, who ask her, Where did you get yr Chippewa from? (M. being a dialect of C.) Mr Suydam wished us to dine with him but we could not fix upon the time..

On tuesday the 7 we started at an early hour on horseback, crossed the ferry at Arndts and proceeded to Duck Creek. Half way we were met by Mr. Davis and the leading men of his congregation, including most of the chiefs, perhaps there were 50-they escorted us to the church-all on horseback. During Mr D's absence last winter his dwellings, books &c were burnt

48 For John P. Arndt, see Wis. Hist. Colls., xx, 381.

49 J. Gillett Knapp later removed to Madison; his reminiscences are in Wis. Hist. Colls., vi, 366-387.

50 Mrs. Samuel W. Beall, for whom see Wis. Hist. Colls., x, 474.

by fire. He and his wife now occupy the school house one room -Sherwood who lives with them sleeping in the vestry of the church. Mrs D. quite an interesting woman-he has one child a girl perhaps 8 yrs old, by a former wife. I recognized Bread and some others.51 The attendance was good tho not crowded. A lay reader read the service in Mohawk-the singing likewise in Mohawk.52 I anti com-then pr[eached] a little from the pulpit the interpretation sentence by sentence by Duxtater dressed, as Bread likewise was, as a gentleman. I confirmed Mrs Davis who until now has been a Presbyterian Then I ad[ministered] the com [munion] to a goodly no-the manners and appearance of the women reverential. We then walked in procession to the ground, just back of the old church, where assisted by the oldest chiefs, I laid the corner stone54-Mr Cadle delivered an address in which he alluded to my jurisdiction—Gloria in Excelsis and Jesus shall reign were sung in Mohawk, Mr G. joining most heartily in the singing. After refreshments at Mr D's we started to return, the Oneidas accompanying us some miles. A halt being made Bread spoke, I answering, Duxtater interpreting all on horseback. On thursday 9, after an ineffectual attempt the day before, the rain preventing, I laid the corner stone of Grace Church, Green Bay. Mr Brown delivered the address which was a very good one.

In order that it may go on to completion Mr Suydam stays here awhile instead of returning to the portage.

The meeting of the Trustees was held that evening at 2 [sic] oc. All in neighborhood were present-and all appeared to expect the property would be handed over at once to the trustees-this Mr Carder intimated was only to be done by compensation. There was an attempt made which nearly carried to prevent proxies voting unless the trustee had taken the oath. Fundamental principles were adopted to make it a Ch institutiononly Mr Childs opposing.55 A Com[mittee] appointed to ascertain

51 For Daniel Bread, the Oneida chief, see Wis. Hist. Colls., iii, 56-58.

52 The Mohawk and Oneida dialects were similar; the prayer and hymn book had been translated into Mohawk in the eighteenth century.

53 One of the Doxtator family, for whom see Wis. Hist. Colls., x, 489.

54 See contract for building of this church, later called Hobart Church, in Wis. Hist. Colls., xiv, 505-507; a picture of the church as finished appears in Bloomfield, The Oneidas (New York, 1907), 220. The church has been replaced by a larger and finer building, for the Episcopal mission for the Oneida Indians at Duck Creek still persists.

55 Col. Ebenezer Childs, for whose recollections see Wis. Hist. Colls., iv, 153-195.

how the property can be secured both from the Socty and the Government-another to obtain land from Government. The trustees to meet again in Sep. I dont see that much more than a good school can be established here for years to come. I preached one night on the sacrifice of Abraham. The vestry here did promise Mr Babbitt 500 per ann[um] and an house. They met this week to make the same offer to Mr Whipple but were persuaded or overruled perhaps by Mr Whitney to call Mr Brown without promising him however any salary-and it was afterwards said out of doors that they could not give a salary while building their church and under the present difficulties of the money market. We looked in vain day after day for the flags that are hoisted when a vessel is in sight. Friday night's mail bro't intelligence that neither of the 2 boats expected would come here and none need not be looked for for a week to come. We have therefore nothing to do but retrace our steps on Monday morning.

12 Aug. sunday Rain, thunder &c last night. The Methodist Minister being absent we again occupied his house. I preached on the ten coms [commandments] Mr Carder went with Mr Davis yesterday to preach at Duck Creek. Mr G. had made up his mind that we sh'd retrace part of our steps today-great anxiety in all our friends that we sh'd not. G was obstinate insisting it was the only way to get to Galena this week. He started Morgan off after dinner with the Major and one of the Mission horses for Wright's and I finally determined that we would all sleep at the Mission and make an early start in the morning. I pr[eached] at Depere in the afternoon to a small congregation from if the righteous scarcely be saved and G. pr[eached] at the Bay. The other Mission horse upon which we depended Mr Carder had taken with him to Duck Creek from which he did not return until dark. So we all staid contentedly at the Mission56 and went to bed early with the promise of an early breakfast. I have given Carder to buy a P[rayer] Book or Bible for each of the 2 Indian children I confirmed and to spend the rest for Miss Crawford in H. More's work or anything of the kind. The Lake is remarkably high. Mr Whitney has been here 18 years, and it had risen

56 A picture of the mission buildings is shown in Wis. Hist. Colls., xiv, 476.

every yr except in 30 and 31 during both of which it fell a little. It is now encroaching upon Green Bay, the highest point of which is not more than 4 feet above the water. Roulet recollects when it covered the site of G. B. over which he has travelled in a canoe

13 Aug Monday We were up at day break and after an early breakfast started. Mrs Davis is yet here and has a fine spirit, and wishes to go to the Senecas in Mo. Mr B promises to write to me to Phila. There are reports of B[isho]p McC coming out-such a decided Calvinist that a new congregation has been formed at Detroit. I was on Tom-G on the Mission horse-Cadle on the little gray of the Mission. It rained last night and was clouded this morning, but it soon cleared and was quite cool. We were on our horses by sunset[sic] Mr Irwin kindly lent me his soft saddle, and the horse has an easy gait. At Wright's 12 miles by 9-road very wet, and river higher than ever. Morgan had started but an hour before. We rested a little while and were then off. Last night I wrote to Lilly-to Lea asking him to apologize for my absence from the Ind. Convention-and to Rev Mr Noble of Milwaukie stating the reason why I could not visit him. My absence from Madison I shall deeply regret-but how could I have helped it! Yesterday a Mr J. W. Conroe who formerly resided at Green Bay but now at Manitoowoc gave me 2 dollars for Missions. The Oneidas call me in relation to my office A-ri-wawa'-gon chief Gospel Messenger. The road became exceedingly bad-as Mr G. was anxious to come up with Morgan he started ahead-I followed-& Mr C bro't up the rear. We were soon out of sight of each other. After riding alone for many miles I at last saw G standing on a hill looking out for me came up about 2-Morgan had 7 irishmen in company on their way to dig the Portage canal at 1600 per mo. & found. He carried their packs and they helped him in difficulties-and talked to him. M. had already for himself broached the wine Mr Whitney had put up for us in bottles, thus showing himself unworthy of confidence. M and the Irish had started together from Wrights.' While refreshing ourselves the frenchman came up who started from

57 Rev. John Noble received a call to Milwaukee early in 1888; his first service was held on Ash Wednesday in a small building on the northeast corner of East Water and Wisconsin streets. His pastorate lasted about a year.

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