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but is to administer] the com[munion] by appointment tomorrow morning. After dinner went to the old village where the American Fur Company has its establishment and saw Mr Dousman who was polite." This is a little french village on a sand bar, separated by a slough from the main land which at times is passable, but not now. In this village Mr Cadle boards. The village is 1⁄2 a mile above the fort-between them, on the main land is what may be called the American village where there is the court House, post office &c.— and a new town has been commenced a mile below the fort. We had a service at 5 which was well attended Mr G[ear] read prayers and I pr[eached] on JX the savior &c We took tea at Judge Lockwoods where we met a brother of his, Gen Street &c. Gen S. is to be the agent of the Sauks and Foxes and will remove to the upper Des Moines. He has just returned from that country and speaks very highly of it. These people will have nothing done for their education or conversion to Xty. The Winnebagoe]s consented to a school merely to please him, and at it the children receive 3/4 lbs of pork and a lb of bread at the close of every day. The Rev Mr Lowrie has produced no effect upon the people as yet, he cannot speak their languagebut some of the mothers are around the Mission and begin to plant potatoes as well as corn. The W[innebagoe]s a few years ago raised corn enough for themselves and to sell to the forts &c but since the whites have got among them they have become degenerated and lazy-they drink and are often in a starving condition. Gen S in his late tour saw in Keokuk's village1s a pole ten feet long on the upper part of which was a dog that had been killed as a sacrifice to secure rain &c his nose and feet were painted red. He had been there about 10 days. Again, he says, when he went last winter with Keokuk Black Hawk19 &c to Washington—at the mouth of the Mo. Black Hawk acting as a priest took a little dog to the bow of the boat, and after singing &c by some of the oldest men, dropt him into the water as a sacrifice to secure their safe return. After leaving Mr. Lockwoods



17 Hercules L. Dousman, whose sketch and portrait are in Wis. Hist. Colls., xx, 304. 18 For an account of this village, see Wis. Hist. Colls., xv, 116-118; see portrait of chief 266.

10 The Sauk chief who went on the war path in 1832.

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we called at Lt Sibleys who is warden of the vestry but whose wife is a Presbyterian20-and at Lt. Hooe's who with his sister belong to the Church but whose wife Roulett's dg [daughter] is a R. C.

22 July. 6 S[unday] after T[rinity] Prairie du Chien. We had a service to ourselves at the Hospital-the congregation small as we did not give public notice. I began with the Litanypr[eached] on the centurion & ad[ministered] the com[munion] to the 2 clergymen, Mrs Wright and Mrs Elwes. At 5 held a service at the Court House-I all of it, and pr[eached] on Be ye reconciled to God &c. Quite, almost uncomfortably cool. Called with Mr. Cadle upon Mr Pine of N. York21 who helpt D. V. M. Johnson to build his church at Brooklyn intends settling here, has had the bilious fever-is now better-is one of the church wardens. Called at Mr McKissan's who is with Mrs Green whose dg [daughter]was his wife, who died lately. Lt Col G is now in Florida-these are Presbyterians. Spent some time with Gen Brooke. The Rev. Mr Presstman of Delaware was his Lt. in the late war when he was Capt-speaks of him in the highest terms-wl'd have made a most distinguished officer. Some talk of building a church here-600 dollars have I believe been subscribed—the subject must be encouraged. I take letters of introduction from Gen B to Major Cobbs, [Fort] Winnebago 22-to Gov Dodge and Dr Beatty, Mineral Point, from the Dr-to the Messrs Dousmans, Milwaky, 23 from their brother who is here.

23 July. Promised to call upon Mrs E's father in New York. After an early breakfast the Dr. and the Gen. saw us start. 30 miles to Cassville. The morning cool-rode some time in my surtout. Found the Wisconsin so high that the boat took us to the house over the bottom. Stop't at Blake's where there is the fine spring and had dinner on cold peas, pork, corn bread and milk-Mrs B. sick and the house and children very dirty. A schoolmaster there who was once a Lt. in the British Armyevidently reduced by dissipation. We passed thro' a long gorge,

20 Lieut. C. C. Sibley, formerly stationed at Fort Howard.

21 See mention of this pioneer in Wis. Hist. Colls., v, 272.

22 For sketch of Maj. Waddy V. Cobbs, see Wis. Hist. Colls., vii, 404.

23 George D. and Talbot C. Dousman, for whom see Wis. Hist. Colls., iv, 260; ix, 432.

the only entrance into Cassville where we arrived before sunset. The town is small-prettily situated on a high bottom-the landing good-but little cultivation and few inhabitants as yet behind it. It may become important as there are not many good landings on the river. Gen [Garret V.] Dennison has erected a large tavern of brick, said to be the best house in the Territory, in expectation of C. being made the capital. Mr Cadle has been here sometimes and has organized a congregation. No clergyman of any denomination here at present-must endeavour to have one. We made an appointment for the night when Mr G. officiated and preached-attendance good in a schoolhouse.

24th July. A separate room to each-and I had a good bed and slept well-but yesterday was so cool I felt rheumatic and last night put my surtout coat on the bed and this morning (having taken too last night some paragoric) I am, thank God, quite well. We, after a late breakfast, (where our birds were badly cooked-a grouse, partridge, quail and curlew which Mr G. shot yesterday) visited Mr [P. R.] Farnsworth, an E[piscopalian] at the post office where he is deputy-Mr [G. M.] Price, son of I. M. Price of Phila & br[other] of Lowry. He thinks he can get aid from Phila to build a church-his aunt Mrs. [blank in manuscript] and Messrs Walsh and [blank in manuscript]. I must remember this when there. We had a service at 11. I [read] anti [ante] C[ommunion]-sermon on reconciliation-com[munion] to two. Miss Bronson from Vermont who teaches school here and Mrs Dodge who with her husband and some neighbours arrived late but in time for the sermon. The audience was smallyet the service was gratifying-and I hope edifying. We called on Mr Street who resides here son of Gen S of the Prairietook dinner and started at 2. Mr F. talked of having his children baptized but did not. There are Epis[copalians] here who were absent &c. We soon overtook the Dodge party when Mrs D. exchanged with Mr Cadle- and we arrived at D's house by 5 oc, where we finally determined to spend the night. We sat in an apartment where there were no doors, chinks or glasssome books, J. E. D evidently aiming at political life-kind, intelligent, self-taught, conceited. A late supper-very late

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