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"One thousand dollars for Kossuth !" | Ay! sparkling golden dollars of American A brilliant welcome hails him in every coinage. Yet, will ge scatter one thousand direction, and tens of thousands of human loaves of bread among the Hungary (hunbeings greet his presence with feelings of gry) poor of the city of New-York at this thrilling delight. Mansions of affluence are inclement season ?

inclement season? Which of ye will dry thrown

open to receive him; the thatched up the tears of the destitute widow, and cottage of content is illuminated with joy to place shoes on the frost-bitten feet of that discuss his merits; and he becomes the trembling orphan! “Please, sir, give me honored guest of the most distinguished and only one penny; father is sick, and mother intellectual of the land.

has no victuals in the house." “One thousand dollars for Kossuth !One thousand dollars for Kossuth !" Does not such liberality proclaim American But will ye not place in the cold and ex. feeling, American friendship? Does it not tended hand of that ragged child the paltry redound to the honor of the American na- sum she so imploringly craves ? “Father is tion, and brighten the glittering stars of sick, and mother is starving.” No, no! Columbia's banner? Mistaken idea! De- give her only an angry word; she is too humluded mortals ! Vain and futile attempt to ble to attract attention, and too insignificant glorify or beautify the grand, and bright, to notice. Yet for Hungary, far-off Hunand enviable name of America, among the gary, manifest your sympathy and lavish nations of the earth!

your gold ; that will gain ye a great name, One thousand dollars for Kossuth !” and exalt ye among men. But how much will ye give to that poor, One thousand dollars for Kossuth .'" barefooted, shivering, ragged, and starving But how many thousand cents for those mortal, wandering from door to door, and brave soldiers, who, at the beat of the drum, craving a morsel of your bread?

rushed into the thickest of the fight; who Winter has thrown increased desolation have survived their wounds on the battleand wo round the miserable abode of pov- fields of Mexico, and returned to their homes erty, and enhanced the manifold sorrows of destitute of means and crippled for life ? the child of wretchedness and want. On "One thousand dollars for Kossuth !" yonder carpetless floor lies one in the great- But which of ye liberal-minded mortals will est agony of pain. See! see! how she give one thousand cents to that aged sire, gasps for breath, in the feebleness of that languishing on a couch of death, destitute of dying hour! Hear! hear! how she sends the very necessaries of life, deprived of medi

after groan, as her sands of life cal attention ? None! nothing for him! run faster and faster. “One thousand dol- He spilt his blood in contending for the lars for Kossuth !” but will ye give a one liberties ye now enjoy; he nobly and manthousandth part of that sum to smooth the fully fought side by side with Washington! rugged passage of that dying one in her “ Please, sir, to give me one dollar. I've travels to eternity ?

a wife and small children, very sick and very One thousand dollars for Kossuth !" poor, and not a loaf of bread nor a bit of fire

forth groan

in the house; only one dollar, if you please find that “neighbor," or scatter our bounties sir, and God Almighty bless you!" "Nothing to the four winds of heaven, to the remotest to give; go next door ; our store is overrun corners of the earth : with beggars. And besides, old man, I've put down my name to the ‘Kossuth fund;

"The private paths, the secret acts of men,

If noble, far the noblest of their lives." one thousand dollars for the Great Magyar,' but not one red cent for worthless beggars.”

From the tenor of our hasty remarks, it And this is charity with a vengeance; 'tis may be so construed that we are prejudiced private charity! 'Tis useless to give to the against Kossuth, and adverse to the cause of deserving poor! Away with that benevo- Hungarian independence. This is not the lence which is not spread in glowing letters case ; for we entertain no feelings of ill-will before the world! “One thousand dollars against the “Great Magyar;" neither are we for Kossuth !" and not one dollar for that opposed to the achievement of the liberty of needy old man,

his country. We admire patriotism in the

human breast; it is a glorious virtue. We * Whose trembling limbs have borne him to your respect great intellect, wherever it displays door."

itself; in the king or the peasant, the rich Thousands of dollars have been expended man or the beggar; for, in our humble in a pageant for the reception of Kossuth. opinion, 'tis a most precious boon from The Kossuth fever has prevailed to an alarm- Heaven. That Kossuth is a patriot, is being extent, and many have been prostrated yond the shadow of a doubt; as certain as under its influence beyond the hope of medi- the sun of heaven will again and again illucal recovery. If the money thus extrava- mine the world with a dazzling brightness. gantly wasted (the people's money) had That he is a man of varied, and grand, and been employed in the purchase of food and enviable intellectual attainments—a scholar, fuel for the poor of our own city, what an in the extended and unlimited sense of the immense amount of substantial benefit would term, admits of no conjectures. His able, have resulted therefrom! But of what conse- learned, and eloquent addresses in his onquence are their sorrows, their wretchedness, ward progress; his vivid eloquence in reply their necessities, when contrasted with that to the “manifestoes” of welcome at his godlike benevolence which flows not from every step, stamp him as one of the most the kind and feeling heart, and teaches us remarkable men of the present century. not “ to feel another's wo?"

We find no fault with him, or the cause he Godlike, did we say? Think ye that the so ardently advocates. He goes in heart and All-bountiful approves of that pretended hand for the independency of his native land, softness of feeling which is stamped with and is a statesman of the first grade. We interested motives on the one hand, and an blame him not, if he could collect thousands attempt at display on the other? When we of American eagles (golden ones) in furtherhave ameliorated the condition of our own ance of that one grand object, that great and poor, then, and not till then, let us export noble design, which engrosses his thoughts our philanthropy. We want it all for home by day, and appears to his view in his dreams consumption; for, to use a mercantile phrase, by night. Not with him lies the fault; not the market is not overstocked with the arti- to him would we impute any blame. The cle, and “charity begins at home."

fault lies at the door of the American people; It is a mistaken philanthropy, 'tis not the blame rests on the heads of those pure practical benevolence to bestow our alms patriots who are so very ambitious of playing where they are not needed. God has com- the fiddle to every celebrated foreign dancer. manded us to love our neighbor as ourself;" but we need not cross the deep blue sea to But which of ye, very liberal citizens, will

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subscribe a small portion of that sum to dollars for that poverty-stricken woman, who place in comfortable circumstances the sur- goes often and often supperless to bed—to viving relatives of that Revolutionary patriot her bundle of straw: who died in the service of his country, and

· Death will come; whose helpless daughter dwells in yonder A few short moments over, and the prize garret; stitching, stitching, stitching, from

Of peace eternal waits her, and the tomb

Becomes her fondest pillow; all its gloom early morn to midnight, for a few paltry Is scattered. What a meeting there will be

To her and all she loved here and the bloom shillings, wrung from the overflowing trea

Of new life from those cheeks shall never flee; sury of her hard task-master? Ay! ten Theirs is the health which lasts thro' all eternity.”

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My three days of leave were not yet ex- pampas, and was diversified, as before, with pired, when Gen. Ramarez received orders foraging hunts, chasing of avestruses as they to move forth with against Gen. Carrere, who came in our way, and occasionally meeting was then on his route to Chili, with the view caravans of traders, with their immense of revolutionizing that country, and we were wagons, drawn by six, eight, and sometimes soon once more on the move over the pam- ten bullocks. From one of their caravans we pas, with the prospect of a march of about learned that Carrere was quartered with his two hundred leagues before us.

army at the Punta de San Luis, in MenThis Carrere was a native of Chili, of high doza, then about ten leagues distant, and on family, a family that had been supplanted the next day our advance was hailed by one in its authority by the family of O'Higgins. of his pickets. Two of the General's brothers had, some Carrere, hearing of our approach, and supyears before, been shot in the province of posing our division to be a reënforcement Mendoza, in the Argentine, for what cause that he was expecting, had drawn up his I know not, and the one now on his march whole force on a rise of land outside of the to his native country for the purpose of esta- town, waiting to receive us. We saw him blishing what he considered his family right, in his position at the distance of a league, had, a short time previous to this, landed at when, probably discovering his error, his Buenos Ayres, on his return from the United troops were suddenly marched into the town States, and, with plenty of funds, began again. Whatever may have been the object gathering an army of adventurers in the in- of this last manæuvre, it deceived our geneterior, for the purpose of crossing the Cor- ral into a belief that Carrere wished, from dilleras into Chili. This movement of Car- some cause, to avoid an engagement; and rere the government of the Argentine felt we continued to advance upon the town. As called upon to check, and it was for that we came near, we saw that barricades had object that the division under Ramarez was been hastily thrown across the streets to ordered to march.

prevent our entrance, and the enemy drawn Our route lay across the province of San up behind them. Gen. Ramarez, who was Luis towards that of Mendoza, still over the as impetuous as brave, determined upon an immediate assault, and without a moment of half an hour we sustained the assault with breathing-time, a party was sent forward, by every prospect of success, when Carrere which the barricades were carried, under a threw in a fresh reserve of about five hunmurderous fire. The charge was then dred

men, and drove us a second time from sounded, and as every man dashed forward the field. In this engagement I received into the fray, in five minutes the action a severe wound on my left wrist, completely became general and furious. Among the disabling the bridle-hand, but I held the foremost and most determined of our troops, reins in my teeth, and continued to do my was a company commanded by a young man best until our clarion sounded a retreat. It named Mariano Boedo, an officer who, by was now our turn to suffer the horrors of a his bravery in battle, and his amiability out pursuit, seemingly equal to that which we of it, had made himself the favorite and had imposed upon the flying army of Artebeloved of his whole division ; indeed, there gas; exhausted and overpowered as we were was not a coward in the whole army, and with thirst, our men became an easy prey our men fought on all sides with ferocious to the exasperated and comparatively fresh impetuosity: but it was of no avail; the troops of our pursuers, and hundreds of enemy had the advantage in numbers and them were put to the sword. position, and in less than an hour our army The pursuit continued for a distance of was repulsed with severe slaughter. Our near five leagues, when our enemy, supposretreat was, however, conducted with order, ing that our force was completely and hopeand, believing that our enemy would not lessly broken, sounded the recall, and reventure into an engagement upon the plain,

turned to the Punta. we halted at a distance of about two miles, Our scattered troops were now collected, and encamped.

We had scarcely got and out of an army of about two thousand settled, however, when our pickets gave two hundred men, who marched in the information of a movement on the part of morning against the Punta de St. Luis, but the enemy which seemed like preparation one thousand five hundred could be found, for a sortie, and our force was at once put many of whom were severely and some morin an attitude to receive them. The day

tally wounded.

Thus in one day the obwas excessively hot; and, apart from the jects of the campaign were frustrated, and fatigue of the first assault, our men were

some seven hundred of as brave men as ever suffering with thirst, as not a drop of water set foot in stirrup, fell in defense of the was to be found in the vicinity of our camp. republic: but, disastrous as had been the The feverish agony of the wounded, under day, the sanguine demon of war was yet this privation, was terrible, and the last unappeased; the worst of this fearful camwords of the dying were, in beseeching tones, paign is yet to be told. Agua ! agua! (water! water!)

The evening came down upon us in its At two o'clock, P. M., our anticipations of most lovely attire; the scorching sun had an attack were realized ; the main body of sunk quietly down below the western horiCarrere's cavalry charged at full gallop upon zon, leaving an ocean of ethereal gold our lines, but the shock was such as caused stretching far

in the western sky; their foremost squadrons to reel and tremble; while, on the other hand, far as the eye they were thrown into a disorder that gave could reach, across the vast unbroken pamus a momentary advantage, and which we pas, the full, round, rising moon seemed lost no time in pressing; the utmost enthu- laboriously to lift her form from the very siasm prevailed; and Ramarez, always at earth; then, resting her broad disk for a points of the greatest danger, rode from moment upon the plain, rose gradually and place to place, giving orders, and cheering softly into the sky. And not more welcome the men by his voice and example. For to the weary traveler of the desert is the

away up


green spot and the fountain, than were the dressed them in an eloquent and patriotic refreshing shadows of this hour to our fam

After dwelling upon the cause in ishing and suffering troops ; in every direc- which we were engaged, the objects of our tion they were seen sipping from the grass campaign, and the disasters that had the scant nectar of the dew-drop, or cutting attended it, he expressed an opinion that the moist verdure, and squeezing the deli- Carrere would not permit us to escape with cious but stinted draught into the palms of our present force, if it could by any possitheir hands for drink.

bility be prevented, and asked whether it A most touching incident here occurred, was the wish of the officers, if again attackwhich for a time riveted my attention. There ed, to continue our defense, and make one were two brothers in one of our regiments, effort more for victory. The unanimous rewho were natives of Santa Fé, and who had sponse to this inquiry was yes! and it was been with us ever since I entered the ser- immediately arranged that, in case of anvice. They were quite young, the eldest other disaster, all who survived it should being not over twenty-three years of age, assemble at the Villa de la Ranchos, about and the younger, I should think, less than thirty leagues distant. The council then twenty. Both of them had been severely broke up, and, my wound having been wounded in our last engagement, and the dressed, I threw myself upon the grass, and younger lay extended upon the grass, evi- was soon lost in a broken slumber. dently dying. His brother, whose wound

My sleep was, however, of short duration, was a deep sabre-cut upon his thigh, was for at about midnight our outpost came unable, both from the nature of his wound rushing in in a body, with information that and from exhaustion, to stand, but, with the the troops of Carrere were again advancing assistance of two of his comrades, he had upon us. Immediate preparations, as well been carried and placed by the side of the as could be in our broken condition, were dying youth; there, as the only means in made to receive them; and in about ten his power of alleviating the sufferings of his minutes from the report of the picket, the brother, he had gathered the grass within assault commenced, in the broad, bright his reach, and was bathing his parched lips moonlight. Overpowered as we were by with the cool moisture which it contained.

quadruple numbers, our troops seemed as The flesh of such of our horses as had determined as ever, and contested their been disabled in the battle, furnished an ground inch by inch, until Ramarez, perceivevening repast ; for although cattle are ing that to continue the engagement would found wild and abundant on the pampas, but court a general massacre, again ordered none had fallen in our way, and our men a retreat, and directed all who could to save were too much exhausted to search for them, themselves. Our whole division was now or indeed for food of any kind.

completely disbauded, and each man sought In our disasters we had lost our camp the readiest means of safety in precipitate equipage, and every thing, save what each and irregular flight. Giving the command, man carried about his person, so we went “ follow," to a few who were about me, I into bivouac with the starry heavens for a turned from the field, and with them took canopy, and the earth for a bed : our pickets the direction of the Villa de la Ranchos. were set, and without camp-fires to tell of It is needless to depict the sufferings that our whereabout, the men were dismissed to we endured upon our route, which lasted quarters, and sank exhausted upon the several days, through an enemy's country. ground, in the anticipation of an unbroken On the first day of our flight, we found what repose.

had been a small stream, but now the excesA council of officers was now called; and sive heat had dried up the limpid current, when all were assembled, Gen. Ramarez ad- and left nothing but small, miry pools,

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