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And AGowan hath come again, a wanderer till now,
I hear thy mighty voice again, Great FATHER: lo! I come !"
T was thus at dawn they found him,
And they scooped an humble grave;
And that gray old stone above him,
Where those giant trees still wave,
In the midst of the dim old forest,
Marks where sleeps the ancient brave..
JESS E RE AD, ESQ.
A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH.
[WITH A PORTRAIT.)
We have the satisfaction of presenting this other Chapters were in successful progress in month the portrait of a most estimable man Brooklyn. Then it was that he conceived and valuable citizen, Alderman Jesse Read, and carried out the plan of erecting another of Brooklyn. Alderman Read, who is a na- | Ohapter, in a portion of the city not yet retive of New-Hampshire, came to this city in presented in the Order; and Plymouth Chapthe year 1828, at which time he commenced ter, No. 26, embracing in its membership business as a ship-grocer, and he has con- | many of the most wealthy and influential tinued in the mercantile profession until the citizens of that city, was the result. spring of 1851, at which time he retired from For several years, brother Read has reprethe active pursuits of business; and, with a | sented the Chapters to which he belonged in well-earned competency, he is now enabled the Ohancery of this State; and at the annual to devote a fair portion of his time, energies, election for Grand Sachem in September, 1849, and ripe judgment, to the good of his fellow | he was chosen to fill that distinguished and men.
responsible office, bringing with him, on asEarly impressed with a sense of the danger- suming its duties, all the elements of a wise ous effects of foreign influence, through the and competent executive officer, and retiring chicanery of demagogues, upon our free insti- at the close of his term with the heartfelt tutions, the subject of our present sketch, respect and confidence of the whole Order. though not one of the originators, was found In the spring of 1850, brother Read was among the earliest pioneers in the Order of elected Alderman by the people of the Third United Americans. In the year 1845, the Ward of the city of Brooklyn; and as the existence of such an organization and its ob- operation of the new charter cut short the jects were made known to him, and we soon term of the Common Council, he was reafter find his name enrolled in the member- elected to the same honorable station in the ship of Warren Chapter No. 3, then just month of September following, contrary to organized in the city of Brooklyn. Like all his earnestly expressed wishes. In that caothers of the pioneer Chapters of our Order, pacity he continues to represent the people of Warren was compelled to labor through a his Ward; and on numerous occasions his difficult field. The prejudices of an entire deliberate wisdom and business experience community, who had no appreciation of the have been found of greater service to the character and objects of the Order, were ar- | people of Brooklyn than the reckless ebullirayed against its progress; and to the discreet tions of partisan zeal which so generally permanagement and calm judgment of brother vade our legislative assemblies, both State , Read we are greatly indebted for its final and municipal, of the present day. Possessed triumph over the numerous obstacles that of a clear perception of men and things, a were thrown in its way, to accomplish which, well-balanced judgment, profound experience, all his energies, both moral and financial, were a kind heart, and unblemished integrity of cheerfully bestowed.
character, Alderman Jesse Read may be reWith Warren Chapter he continued through garded as one of the very few public men all her darkest days, remaining in her councils our time who come up to the Jeffersonian until her position and influence were com- standard, and in whose hands the interests of pletely established, and, in fact, until two la constituency may be confided with safety.
THOMAS R. WHITNEY, EDITOR.
CAN A ROMAN CATHOLIO BECOME A CITI- ment of a people, his subjects are bound to ZEN ?–We see by the Boston papers that, at use all sorts of means and expedients to acthe recent election held in that city, the vote complish the object. His right to do this is of a Roman Catholic was challenged by Jesse promulged in the same code of instructions, Mann, Esq., upon the ground that, being a
where we read as follows: subject of a foreign potentate, and one who Salmeron, Comment Evan. Hist., vol. iv. pars. 3, regards his obligation to that potentate as tract iv., page 411 : “The Pope hath supreme superior to all others, his oath of allegiance power over the whole earth, over all kings and to this government is null and void. The
governments, to command and enforce them to
employ their power to promulge Popery; which Catholic swore in his vote under a protest on mandate of the Pope they are bound to obey, and the part of Mr. Mann, and we learn that it is if they resist, he must punish them as contumahis intention to test the principle by legal
This power, which is claimed for the Pope, This is a subject worth all the trouble that is of course constructive in its character, and Mr. Mann has taken, and we hope to see it he never enforces it except where the material decided on strict constitutional grounds, after power and the ecclesiastical power meet on a careful survey of both sides of the question. equal terms. The material is comprised in In order to see both sides, it is necessary that
the members of his Ohurch; and whenever we should know how far a Romanist may their numbers have been sufficient, he has shake off his allegiance and still remain a never failed to exercise the ecclesiastical power papal subject; next, whether he can forswear which, it appears, is invested in his office. his temporal allegiance to the Pope, and still This brings us to another quotation-Sanctaremain a Catholic; and, finally, what estimate rel, Tract de Hæres., cap. 80, page 296, which he puts upon an oath renouncing the sover- says: eignty of the papal see. In the instructions
“ The Pope can depose negligent rulers, and degiven to the Jesuits, we read as follows: prive them of their authority.”
Bellarmin, Controvers, Lib. 5, chap. 6, p. 1090: If this be so, we could scarce expect him "The spiritual power must rule the temporal by to leave heretics in authority, for they would all sorts of means and expedients when necessary. Christians should not tolerate a heretic king."
certainly prove “negligent rulers” under his
direction. The subjects of the Church, then, are so Rebellion against heretical governments is temporally as well as spiritually; and if the also encouraged, and the priesthood are enRoman sovereignty does not allow its subjects couraged to incite it. We find Emmanuel to tolerate a heretic king, the same objection Sa, Aphor., page 41, these words: must apply to a heretic president, because in the Romish vernacular all Protestants are
“The rebellion of Roman priests is not treason,
because they are not subject to the civil governheretics. And as the spiritual power must be ment." made to rule the temporal by "all sorts of
Now, a word as to the oath of allegiance means and expedients," and the demands of the civil law give way to the mandates of the by which the subjects of the Pope are made
American citizens, and we are done with Church, it would seem that the Romanist cannot abjure even the temporal authority of his quotations for the present. Lessius, Lib. 2,
cap. 42, dub. 12, page 632, says: foreign potentate without abjuring his religion. It would seem from this extract, also, that
“The Pope can annul and cancel every possible when the foreign potentate deems it necessary
obligation arising from an oath.” to destroy the civil or “temporal" govern- From these extracts it would seem that a
Romanist cannot renounce the Papal author- the chances of success will be narrowed down to ity and yet remain a Roman Catholic; and
the simple question, 'How many Catholics will be
appointed to office | Such party tactics, now fairly if he cannot do that, how can he give allegi established, will soon give the Pope of Rome the ance to another government, that government ascendency in our legislative halls and judiciary; being at the same time heretical? In a word,
| and then-God save us from either the law or jus
tice dispensed to an enslaved people! However, how can he become an American citizen?
aside from this gloomy prospect for the future, He may swear allegiance, it is true, to forty Judge Campbell has been pronounced wholly defidifferent powers, with a clear conscience, be
cient, in point of ability, to fill the station, by cause the Pope has power to cancel his oath ;
prominent members of his own party. This testi
mony from his friends affords ample evidence that and, moreover, he is commanded by the the dignity of that responsible office has departed Church to use “all sorts of means and ex for a season." pedients" to make the civil power subordinate
A DESERVED TESTIMONIAL.-OUR FIREto the spiritual; by which is meant, as we
MEN.—We had the honor of being present on understand it, that all civil authority must yield to Roman Catholic supremacy, when
the evening of the 12th inst., at Odd Fellows'
Hall, to witness the presentation of a service ever the physical power is sufficient to sustain the authority and will of the Pope. In the
of plate from members of the Fire DepartUnited States, the most effective “means and
ment to JAMES L. MILLER, Esq., late Assistant
Engineer. The retiring officer, with his friends, expedient” to accomplish this object is found
was also entertained on the same occasion in the ballot-box; and as Bishop Hughes has
with a sumptuous dinner, prepared by the avowed the intention of the Roman Catholics
Brothers Perkins in their usual excellent to be to make our government Roman Ca
manner. tholic, we have a perfect right to believe that thousands of papal subjects go through the
The testimonial presented on this occasion
was in token of the eminent services of Mr. empty formula of a naturalization oath for
Miller as an officer of the Fire Department, no other purpose than to accomplish that in
and an earnest of the high estimation in which tention. Such men cannot be American citi
he is held by his old associates. True merit, zens. The very oath that they take becomes
wherever we find it, is a fitting recipient of an act of treason; and whatever may be the
distinction and reward; and there is perhaps legal decision on the question, we favor the
no field to which we can turn that is more opinion of Mr. Mann, that naturalized subjects
prolific in meritorious instances than the Fire of the Roman potentate cannot relinquish |
Department of New-York. There are few their allegiance or be citizens of the United States; and hence, that they are not com
persons who can form a true estimate of the
arduous duties, or the acts of bravery and petent to exercise the right of suffrage.
self-devotion devolving upon and performed
by the fireman, without fee or reward. They CHURCH AND STATE.—We cut the following
do not consist in the mere external labor of truthful and significant paragraph from the
dragging the ponderous engines to the blazing columns of the American Banner of Phila
scene, and there toiling at the breaks until delphia. Judge Campbell was the avowed
the raging element is subdued — these aro Roman Catholic candidate for a high judicial |
trifling when compared with the sacrifice of station at the last election in that State, and
health, business, personal comfort, and the was defeated :
continual risk of life itself, during scenes of “ The Price Paid.-We see it announced that imminent danger to which he is subjected ; Governor Bigler has appointed the lately defeated and generally at hours, too, when the great Judge Campbell Attorney-General of the State of Pennsylvanía. There is something to admire, and
eye of the city, instead of gazing with admuch to condemn in this. We certainly admire the miration on his heroic, self-sacrificing deeds, religious discharge of a debt, the price of the Ca is closed in the balmy sleep of conscious tholic vote, on the part of Col. Bigler; but we also
safety-a safety for which the slumbering condemn the appointment as a dangerous precedent, establishing the basis of an annual bargain
citizen is indebted to the fireman. between the Catholic Church and the Democratic Oh! it is very pleasant to lie snugly in bed party. Henceforth, Presidents, Governors, Con
when, at midnight, the winter's blast, freigirted gressmen, &c., must pledge that Church some prominent officer, before they will dare to risk their with sharp, cutting sleet, whirls around your claims of preferment solely on their merits; and dwelling, or when the driving snow piles hillocks high in the almost impassable streets, it is as much because of the difficulty of selectand the intense cold congeals the very blood! |ing individual cases of desert, where all are Whose voice is heard then, above the roar and alike deserving, as from any other cause. whirl and rush of the fierce elements, re- Our Fire Department is a noble institution, sponding to the hollow tones of the alarm- and it is the duty of not only the public aubell, as it booms in trembling and solemn thorities, but of our citizens at large, to foster, echoes over the town? It is the Fireman. cherish, and encourage it, by all proper means; He never halts to consult the barometer or one of the most ready of which will be found thermometer when that signal is given, nor in the opportunity that is always open to us, to inquire the state of the weather; and his of increasing that excellent and valuable fand ear is so nicely practised, and so constantly which has been set apart for the benefit of on the alert, that at the first stroke of the their widows and orphans. Nothing does the ponderous hammer of the Hall bell, he is
Fireman's heart more good than to hear of a out of his warm bed and into his fire-boots, liberal donation to that fund. It does not take him long to make his toilet; three minutes suffices, because his fire-suit is
THE ART-UNION.-We are sorry, though always at his bedside, and he can dress as not surprised, to witness the freezing apathy well in the dark as at noonday. And now that has seized upon the public mind in relayou hear his heavy, quick footstep along the tion to this institution. We regret it the frozen pavement, and his voice or his speak- more especially at the present time, when ing-trumpet encouraging his comrades in their there are so many thousands of persons innoble labors!
terested to the amount of their annual subAnd then at the scene of the conflagration. scriptions, and who look forward with interest There he mounts the blazing pile as fearlessly and anxiety to the time of distribution. We and familiarly as a child mounts his father's
are not surprised, however, that this crisis in knee, and face to face, amidst swords of fire,
the affairs of the Art-Union has arrived. grapples and subdues the devouring enemy.
Year after year the officers have been openly If there should happen to be a life or two to charged with equivocal proceedings in the be saved by clambering through sheets of
disbursement of its funds, and in the general living flame and walking red-hot timbers, the management of its affairs; yet, instead of job is generally thrown in as a sort of episode, clearing up the impeachment, or attempting for good measure, and there is an end of the
to disprove the charges, some of which could matter. Now and then, some good-natured have been easily disproved, if not true, they
continued on in the old way, and, as if in very individual in the vicinity of the fire sets his coffee-boilers at work, and invites a few of defiance of public opinion, elected and reëlected the brave fellows in to partake of the warm
to a high and responsible position in the affairs beverage. Such acts of kindness are rare,
of the institution a man notorious as a public
defaulter. Such a course was not calculated however, and when they occur, are sure to
to restore a shaken confidence in the public be followed by “a card” of thanks from the mind; and the result is, that the institution is company, in the next morning's Gazette.
bankrupt, or at least in a state of suspension. And who are these men, these noble phi- We dropped in at the Art-Union rooms a lanthropists, who, through continual acts of few days since, and while looking around self-sacrifice and privation, do so much for upon the fine pictures that grace its walls, the community, and receive nothing in return? determined to give it a lift. The collection They are our merchants, storekeepers, mechan- of the present year is, as a whole, unquestionics, and artisans—citizens of position, respectably the best they have ever exhibited; and ability, and intelligence—men who would among the pictures are a good many of rare scorn to receive a compensation for the per- excellence and beauty; a few are surpassingly formance of a common public duty. In this fine; and we are satisfied that, wbatever may fact we find the secret of the great efficiency have been the shortcomings of the managers and orderly deportment of the New-York Fire heretofore, subscribers will stand a better Department; and if rewards of merit, like chance than usual by renewing their subscripthat which has called forth this article, are tions to this collection. At any rate, it is not oftener bestowed on individual members, better to have the business of the last year
closed up with a distribution of those fine will do in the same premises. If the ocean pictures; and when that is done, the Art- should dry up, we might catch the sea-serpent. Union will probably close up its affairs at once and for ever.
THE AZTEC CHILDREN.-No one can look
upon those singular specimens of humanity “IF ENGLAND WILL JOIN US.”—This expres- now exhibiting at the Society Library buildsion has long been the sine qua non with the ing, without realizing the truthfulness of moderate interventionists of this country. history and the fidelity of modern travelers That little word " if,” small as it is, has been
who have exhibited to the world the exhumed a great stumbling-block to those who, though relics of a race of men, supposed to be extinct, prudently conservative, are eager to see the who at a remote period inhabited the central reign of despots brought to an end; and they portion of the American continent. thus qualify themselves: "If England would It seemed to us, at our first sight of them, join us, we could dictate terms to the con- as though they had risen from the dead, or, tinent of Europe."
from the ashes of a byIt is a capital saving clause, that “if;" | gone age, to convince the world, in this ninebecause, so far as any intimation has fallen teenth century, by living witnesses, of the from the English government to show that fact that, anterior to the discovery by Columshe would, or even might join with us in bus, this continent was inhabited by a race of such a task, it would be just as appropriate people civilized, refined, intelligent, and luxif applied to Austria herself as to England. urious; for, if we do not find all these faculSo far from exhibiting any sign in that directies developed in these children, we find in tion, the government of England has shown, them the physiology, the physiognomy, and in all that has appeared, the opposite disposi- the habits, delineated in their ancient sculption. In the resignation of Lord Palmerston, tures; and when these are taken in connecwe have a very distinct inkling of British tion with the monumental discoveries of policy in relation to the condition of affairs ancient cities in Central America, we are on the continent. Palmerston was known to forced to the conviction that a race of civilbe what is called “a liberal,” and was sup
ized men did occupy that portion of the posed to favor the Hungarian movement; yet world before the time of Columbus; and we even in the official organ during his minis- do not feel at liberty to deny that a remnant terial career, (the Globe,) we find nothing to of that race is still living in their primitive favor the idea of intervention, but every thing character. to the contrary. In an article upon the sub- The boy here exhibited is a perfect original ject of Palmerston's resignation, the Globe of the sculptures discovered by Stevens and gives us the following unequivocal view of other explorers, in all his developments of the line of policy to be pursued by the Eng- physiology and habit; and the girl presents lish government:
in her physiognomy unmistakable evidence of
Hebrew paternity. This latter circumstance "The policy of the government has been English; sustains eminently the opinion of the most it will continue to be so. It has been directed to the maintenance of peace; it will continue to be so. astute ethnologists of modern times, to wit, When foreign countries have successfully estab- that the people who inhabited the cities lished constitutional government, they have re. known now only by their stupendous ruins, ceived the moral support of England; they will receive in future the same sympathy and the same
came originally from the other continent. moral support. But if other nations choose to live Dr. Samuel L. Mitchell found evidently Greek under a different form of government, placing more characters on the idols discovered by Dr. power in the executive, or giving greater control over the executive, this country will always respect Correy in Central America; and Dr. Correy national institutions. A policy so simple and so himself says: “There is no doubt in my just ought not to excite enmity or require conceal- mind that the tribes which formerly inhabment. It is consistent with a respect for the rights ited this ancient city (Palenque) were comand a desire for the prosperity of all nations.”
posed of Phænicians, Egyptians, Greeks, After this, it is idle for us to predicate any Asiatics, Arabs, and Chinese. supposable action of the United States towards The idea that these children are dwarfs or the continent of Europe, upon what England | deformities of any race of people now known