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At one moment, the Archbishop would of the Constitution the very clause which I have give Protestants credit for their “keen and
cited, and which guarantees to all the people of
this widely extended Union the perfect and perdelicate perception," and at the next slur petual equality of religious rights, and freedom of over their noble deeds, which in itself is the conscience.” more base in this connection, for the reason There have undoubtedly been constituthat it is in council, seeking good govern- tional alterations, but, according to the Archment to their fellow-man, and not in war or bishop's own showing, some of the States the camp, that the true religious principles of took a long time to make what he deemed the earlier Americans are brought plainly in necessary changes. The probability is that view. We have embodied in the latter quo the States knew what the law was or should tation, however, an admission that the Catho be, without advice from a Catholic Archlics in the country had no influence upon the bishop; and New Hampshire undoubtedly character of the Constitution; and the Arch comprehended that which she suggested, bishop frankly remarks thus :
and truly aimed at keeping Church and
State for ever separate; that religion should “But it may be said that even the Constitution itself is a spontaneous concession for which we
be free to be exercised by the people, not [Catholics) are indebted to Protestantism. If I free to exercise a political control over them. had proofs to the contrary, what I consider due to the propriety of the occasion would prevent my
It is not giving this State, “ the last rose of making use of them."
summer," too much credit to say that she This is another characteristic remark; but
perceived the duality of the Church of Rome; it stands for a tacit admission that the reve
that, while willing to grant a perfect tolerend prelate has no proof to the contrary of
rance to its religious feature, she could not such indebtedness on the part of Catholics.
recognize the necessity of granting like toleHe quotes thus from the Constitution:
rance to its political one.
Had the Catholic Church in the United « Congress shall make no law on the subject of States thrown off her allegiance to Rome religion, or probibiting the free exercise thereof."
immediately after the Revolution, as did the This is a false quotation. It should read : Episcopal Church in relation to England, “ respecting the establishment of religion;" a there then could have been no after-difficlause evidently directed to the end of keep- culty. Then was the time for a Catholic ing apart Church and State, and thus pre- proof of attachment to civil and religious venting the politico-religious ascendency of liberty; for, in the language of the Archany one sect. A wise provision, which the bishop, Archbishop would have to serve a different | "It was a period in which the great men of the end, as we discover by quoting his remarks country, of all professions, brought their senti
ments, their conversation and actions, nay, conupon constitutional alterations, thus:
trolled and brought even the very prejudices of "As soon as the States had approved and con
their youth and education into harmony with the firmed the provisions of the Constitution, it was
new order of civil, religious, and social life.” natural that they should adjust their local charters in accordance with the principles of the great in
Now, we can but regret that the few Castrument of the Federal Union. Already, in 1784, tholics in the country at that time could not Rhode Island had removed the only blemish in her have proved themselves equally great with laws, a brief, disqualifying clause against Roman Catholics. .. .. Ata very early day, several States
their fellows by casting off the prejudices of followed the example. Some twenty years ago, their education, and bringing themselves into (18321] North Carolina expurged her constitution in this respect. Within a more recent period. | harmony with the "new order” of liberty, New Jersey also ... improved her Constitution in since even they could have done so by rethis respect. ... New Hampshire, however, clings to her old, unaltered charter, in which is a clause
nouncing allegiance to the authority of disabling Catholics, on account of their religion, Rome. from holding any office in the State."
The Constitution provides for a uniform “It must be said to her credit that she was one of the three States who suggested to the framers naturalization law; the latter, for a solemn
oath in renunciation of "all allegiance and thority. It therefore is an anti-papal, antifidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, monarchical government; in other words, it or sovereignty." Now, the Pope of Rome is is a republican government. But, says the a sovereign pontiff-a potentate possessing Archbishop, great power and sway within his own terri
“The rights of property and of religion were tory, and over the temporal affairs of Catho- secured to all the inhabitants of the territory lics at large. The Constitution, therefore, ceded by France to England.” clearly requires a renunciation under oath Well, grant it, and even that we were of all allegiance to such a power ; and if «bound in honor to respect the clause which had Catholics in process of naturalization do not secured the rights of property and religion to the feel that they renounce such allegiance, then, inhabitants;" that “ Louisiana was acquired directly truly, the day has arrived when, by judicial | dition. Florida was bought from Spain within my
from France by purchase, subject to the same condecision, we must have the matter settled, own recollection. Texas at a period more recent and put a stop to the exercise of such prac- golden region of California. ... In all these Territo
still; and now, last of all, New Mexico, and the tical perjury in our courts. We quote again: ries and States, the rights of property and religion
have been guaranteed to the inhabitants." " It is stated by one of our bistorians that, at the commencement of the Revolutionary War, except Now, does not the Archbishop know that in the city of Penn, there was hardly another place all the treaties made by the United States in the colonies in which, by authority of the laws of the land, a Catholic priest could celebrate mass. with Catholic powers, ceding to her territory, Now, there is no law against it any where." have not only the clause securing the rights
The Archbishop does not state his author, of property and religion to the inhabitants, and the whole passage is equivocal. There but also another clause, providing that the could be no need of passing laws authorizing inhabitants thereof "shall be incorporated that which would be freely tolerated. We into the Union of the United States as soon enter the quotation, however, as pat evidence as may be consistent with the principles of against himself, that if the city of Penn was
the Federal Constitution," thus requiring a the only place where mass could be said at season of probation and a declaration of allethat time, why, then, Maryland must have giance through the process of naturalization! been Protestant at the Revolution.
The Americans, however, are the Protestant The Archbishop says-
purchasers, and we think we have shown " It is equally out of place, and altogether and that their country is, and ever has been, a true, to assert or assume that this is a Catholic Protestant one, the Arehbishop to the concountry, or a Protestant country. It is neither, It is a land of religious freedom and equality; tráry notwithstanding; and he may rely and I hope that in this respect it shall remain just upon it that Americans of this day cannot what it now is to the latest posterity."
and will not suffer foreign jesuitical cunThe facts of history have been so entirely ning to inveigle from them their inherited against the Archbishop, that the conclusions positive Protestant rights. They cannot must be also. This is a land of both civil suffer a Roman Papa or his emissaries to asand religious liberty, and as such must neces- sume either temporal or spiritual control sarily be a Protestant one, because the over a people " endowed by their Creator government as instituted derives its just with certain inalienable rights," the greatest "powers from the consent of the governed," of which is an entire independence of the and not through assumption of divine au- one man power."
I love to look on a secae like this,
Miss Boehm, being in an angry mood, that of wild and careless play, And persuade myself that I am not old,
lady, comparatively speaking, treated me And my locks are not yet gray; For it stirs the blood in an old man's heart,
with the most superlative politeness, and I And it makes his pulses fly, To eatch the thrill of a happy voice,
positively passed a most agreeable time. And the light of a pleasant eye.-N. P. WILLIS.
The little girls were all dressed with exThe numerous readers of this magazine treme neatness, and were uncommonly attenmust be perfectly familiar with a scene tive to their studies ; but there was one which has been admirably pictured by the among these who interested me more than ingenious artist, of the “Village School in any of the others. I felt an uncommon an Uproar.” It is an amusing sight to be- degree of interest in the welfare of this young hold. The unruly children, taking advan- lady, for from her babyhood she had been tage of the absence of the tutor, strew the motherless, and well stood in need of her books, the maps, the slates, in all directions, instructress's good counsel and vigilant care. spreading dire confusion every where around. “What ho! my little girl ;" and with Some of the mischievous boys are romping light step a fairy creature hasted towards on the floor, some are playing at ball, others her sire. are spinning their tops. One little boy bas Much depends upon the proper training seated himself very comfortably in the chair of children in their youthful years : “ Just of state, placed the schoolmaster's spectacles as the twig is bent, the tree's inclined.” Ob, on his nose, taken in hand the whip, and at what a holy, a sacred duty is confided to the very precise moment that he is about the task of the teacher ! A fearful responinflieting summary punishment on a shy sibility is on her head. Unto her hands is urchin, standing in front of him, with "fool's confided the blessed privilege of sending ber eapon, who should enter at this identical pupils forth among their fellow-creatures for moment but the venerable instructor in the better or for worse ; of fitting them for a extreme of anger, who in reality gave the faithful discharge of the manifold and arduunlucky boy striking proofs of his affection, ous duties of life, placing them before the and sent him home with the marks of “good world with the seeds of virtue deeply imbehavior" on his back!
planted in the human heart, educating them I recently visited the school of Miss Eliza- for wives and mothers glorious and brilbeth Boehm, at the quiet and retired village liant example of goodness and morality, and of Port-Richmond, Staten Island, and the eminently worthy of the imitation of others. order and regularity which there prevailed I have but recently asserted that in Miss was strangely in contrast with the pic- Boehm's school there was one scholar that turesque scene I have described. In this had no mother's feeling bosom on which to village school, there was no “ uproar," no
uproar,” no repose her aching head in the hour of trial loud talking, no playing at ball, no romping and anguish ; no mother's hand to bathe on the floor, no "fool's cap" visible, no her temples when fever wrings her brow, for "rod" in sight, but every thing harmoni- motherless she had been for eleven long ously blended with the tranquillity of the years. The silent tomb holds the ashes of scene ; and so far from my excellent friend, that dear departed parent, who, had Heaven
but spared her life, would have this day to their country. I well remember one, gloried in the estimable traits of character of who was a stubborn and unruly lad, an anthat sweet girl.
noyance to the entire school. Five years
ago, he finished his earthly career, and when There is something extremely beautiful in the tomb closed on him, it confined within visiting, during school-hours, a seminary for its limits a vagabond and a drunkard ! Oh! young ladies ; something peculiarly delight the curse of the inebriating draught, how has ful in contemplating the becoming demeanor it blighted the most promising prospects, and of the scholars, their cheerful aspect, their conferred eternal misery on the once pure neat attire, the alacrity with which they spark of immortality within ! But for this, pursue their studies, and their ardent thirst that boy might have been a man of standing after knowledge. Who can estimate the and influence in society, for he always knew happiness or misery which in after years his lessons, possessed a quick intellect; and, may be the portion of this innocent group, had it not been for his stubborn and unruly now so bright and joyful! All is now ani- disposition, he would have headed us all in mation and life ; no care for the future dims scholastic triumphs, and become the pride the lustre of those eyes on which I gaze. and ornament of the village school. Alas! Happy, happy childhood! Oh! carry me alas ! his race is run. Peace, peace to his back to those days of merriment and of joy ashes. Hic jacet. when, with satchel on arm, I bended my steps to the Mount Vernon Collegiate Aca- I have asserted that a fearful responsibility demy," and hastened, at the sound of the rested on the head of her (Miss Boehm) " bell," to rehearse my morning task, and who had charge of the village school at strive for a reward of merit." Happy, Port-Richmond ; and yet it must be a pleashappy childhood! Since then, manhood ing and respectable occupation to teach the has dawned upon my brow, and twenty young, although an occupation not so liberyears have been subtracted from “ three- ally remunerated as it should be, and which score and ten.” Ay! carry me back to my its vast importance demands. Parents do village school, and seat me by my little not fully appreciate the teacher's toil and desk.
Come back again, ye schoolboy care, and how she labors, day after day, days, and give me once more my top, my through summer's heat and winter's cold, ball, my kite and marbles.
to rear their children unto virtue and to
truth! u The brook That by our door went singing, where I launched Lady, when those little girls now under My tiny boat, with my young playmates round, When school was o'er, is dearer far to me
your vigilant care and kindly protection Than all these bold, broad waters."
shall have completed their studies, and have Again and again I would recite my lessons, gone forth into society as well-educated and and wander amid the broad and lovely fields refined young ladies, an ornament to the of knowledge. My village school! Oh! feminine sex and an honor to human nahow beautifully it looked as it gradually be ture, who can have the heart to say that came lost in a distant view. From that there will be none among the number whose eminent institute there have come forth now uncared-for and unknown names will at boys who now are men of distinguished some future day be inscribed in golden and literary, legal, and mercantile attainments, imperishable letters on the broad and beauwhose then unknown names have become tiful banner of FAME! God grant, in his celebrated at the bar, in the pulpit, in the infinite mercy, that among these there may legislative hall, in the field of letters, in be more than one, or two, or three, or four science, and in the commercial arena ; men times three, who may attest the blessed who are an ornament to society and an honor benefits of a thorough education, and evidence to that Master Intellect that the glo! It is from knowledge alone that the rious gift of mind had not been bestowed upon greatest and the best have even found solithem in vain. Lady, from your little circle tude and retirement so singularly charming, you cannot send, armed for the contest, the and that the decline of life, with all its inwarrior to the seat of battle, neither can you firmities, so frequently glides away amidst the
lace the statesman in the balls of legisla- | sweetest endearments and the serenest hopes. tion. Nay, nay. It is man's right to be It is this which constitutes the only real and foremost amid the strife for liberty and jus- lasting distinction which can subsist between tice, to protect the stars and stripes of mortals of the same species, which neither Columbia, and “ to command the applause rank, nor title, nor fortune, however high or of listening senates ;" but to woman the splendid, can destroy or confer, and which, task is given to bind up the bleeding wounds on every emergency, gives an obvious and of the heart, and wreathe a chaplet of com- decided superiority to wealth, or power, or fort and of hope to place on the brow of the grandeur. By knowledge, women, as well as wretched, the forgotten, and the despairing. men, share the prerogative of intelligence, Lady, perhaps there may arise another hold the dominion of the world, boast the Davidson, or Hale, or Ellet, or Aguilar,* to lineaments of divinity, and aspire to an imiillume this dark world with the dazzling tation of Him who made them! brightness of splendid genius ; or it may be Knowledge improves the human intellect, that from your juvenile arena of learning you and endows it with all its excellerce. It can present to the world another Dix, to unmasks to our view our own natures ; it plunge into the infection of hospitals, dive shows us what we are, and discloses all that into the depths of dungeons, visit the sick, can be hoped or dreaded from the circumattend the neglected, remember the forgot stances we are in. By the regulations it ten, brighten the face that is overcast with prescribes, and the delicacy it inspires, knowsorrow, wipe the tears from the cheek of the ledge improves our taste for society, and imwidow, spread bread on the empty tables of parts a finer relish to all our mutual attachthe famishing, and to change the notes of ments. It is the inseparable handmaid of wo into those of joy.
happiness ; opens a thousand avenues to
indulgence of the purest and most exalted «How lovely in the arch of heaven
kind; unlocks to human view the mysteries As, darting through the clouds of even,
of Providence ; creates a heaven on earth; adds to the joys of the present the hopes of
futurity; and, when the objects of this Cicero mentions, with high encomiums,
world expire on the senses, fills the whole several ladies, whose taste in eloquence and
heart with the glorious and animating prosphilosophy did honor to their sex; and
pects of another. Quinctilian, with considerable applause, has
Without knowledge, the possessions of quoted some of the letters of Cornelia ; and
time were imperfect, and the presages of Appian has preserved a speech of Hortensia,
eternity unsatisfying.' Speak, ye who are which, for splendor of language and sublimity
old and ignorant; do not all things appear of thought, would have conferred honor on
insipid ! Your passions have lost their fire, a Clay or a Crittenden.
your feelings their edge, your very senses the
natural relish of their respective objects. # I allude to the lamented and uncommonly talented Miss Grace Aguilar, a distinguished lady
Worse, not bettér, for all you have seen and of the Israelitish faith, whose brilliant writings heard in the various stages of life, your every have been read with thrilling delight in the gorgeous palaces of kings and in the rude but of the
thought must be as insipid to others as it is peasant Her name is immortal.
to yourselves. ..
Appears yon sinking orb of light,
It gilds the rising shades of night!