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ing their convictions openly, were added to nourish them, and defend them, the whole congrethe ranks of the Reformers. Among these gation of Christ, and every member thereof, by our
whole power, and at the hazard of our lives, was Walter Mill, a man who had been edu- against Satan, and all wicked power who may incated and officiated as a Catholic priest. tend tyranny and trouble against the said congre
gation; unto which holy Word and congregation Mill had been conspicuous for his purity of we do join ourselves; and we forsake and renounce character and irreproachable life, and, conse
the congregation of Satan, with all the supersti
tious abomination and idolatry thereof; and, morequently, was just the man to give an impe- over
, shall declare ourselves manifestly enemies tus to the Reformation, when he once set thereto, by this faithful promise before God, testi
fied to this congregation by our subscriptions, at about it. Accordingly, he had no sooner Edinburgh, the third day of December, 1557.” publicly renounced the old faith, and acknowledged his convictions for the
than Whether the Rev. Mr. Mill was a member he set about, with an earnest heart and a of this association or not, we cannot at this clear conscience, in the promulgation of his moment say; but certain it is that the prorecent convictions. More open and zealous gress of the Reformation, after the death of than prudent, even under the favorable aus- the Cardinal-Primate, was so rapid, that the pices of the Reformation at that moment, Catholics determined, in order to check its he became an object of marked distinction; growth, to fall back upon his bloody system the hatred of the Catholics was soon con- of tactics; and before the existence of the centrated on him, and their blood boiled to secret league was made known to the public, be revenged.
the bold and indefatigable Mill was seized As a proof of the risk that he ran, and upon by the new Primate, Hamilton, and the danger attendant upon open and une- doomed as a fitting instrument for another quivocal action at that period, we may state terrible example of the fate that awaited that the leading Reformers in Scotland, those who dared to exercise the natural among whom were the Earl of Argyle, Lord rights of conscience in opposition to the dogLorne, the Earls of Morton and Glencairn, mas and superstitions of Papacy. He was and others of equal distinction, not daring taken to St. Andrews, and there tried for to venture on a public demonstration for the heresy, found “guilty” of course, and conpropagation of their tenets, formed a secret demned to be burned at the stake. The association, which they denominated the public mind, however, even of the lay Catho“ Congregation of our Lord,” in contradis- lics, was disgusted at this renewal of barbatinction to the Established Church, which rity, and it was some time before the bishops they called the “Congregation of Satan." could prevail upon a person to act as civil The members of this association bound them- judge, and pronounce sentence upon the conselves together by a solemn league, to which demned man; and when this was finally acall subscribed, pledging their efforts, and complished, and the day of execution fixed even their lives in the holy cause, according upon, so great was the popular horror, that to the following terms :
the shopkeepers of St. Andrews closed their “We, perceiving how Satan in his members, the shops, and refused to sell a rope to bind Antichrist of our time, do cruelly rage, seeking to him to the stake ; and the Primate himself overthrow and destroy the gospel of Christ and his congregation, ought, according to our bounden
was obliged to furnish one out of his own duty, to strive in our Master's cause, even unto the garret. death, being certain of the victory in Him. We The unfortunate man went through the do therefore promise, before the majesty of God and his congregation, that we, by his grace, shall ordeal with a courage and firmness that with all diligence continually apply our whole seemed to the bystanders as supernatural; power, substance, and our very lives, to maintain, set forward, and establish the most blessed Word and he died amid the flames, still firm and of God and his congregation; and shall labor, by faithful to the cause—a martyr for religious all possible means, to have faithful ministers, truly freedom. The people expressed their horments to his people : We shall maintain them, ror of the cruelty of the priests, by erecting
a monument of stones on the spot where new school of religion, hastened by these Mill was executed; this was removed by the brutal excesses, had become so popular, that clergy, and again erected by the people, only the Catholics in that country never again to be again removed. They could not pre- ventured to such extremes, and Walter Mill vent the barbarous sacrifice, nor erect a per- may be regarded as the last martyr of the manent monument to his memory; but the Reformation in Scotland.
THE LAST WAR.
BY WILLIAM WALCUTT.
INCIDENTS IN THE BATTLE OF NEW-ORLEANS.
A BRITISH officer, who was in the battle with buckskin leggins, and a broad-brimmed of New Orleans, mentions an incident of felt hat, that fell around the face, almost thrilling strangeness, and one very descrip-concealing his features. He was standing tive of the Western hunter, many of whom in one of those picturesque, graceful attimarched to the defense of New-Orleans, as tudes, peculiar to those natural men, dwellvolunteers in the army under the renowned ers in forests. The body rested on the left Andrew Jackson.
leg, and swayed with a curved line upward; “We marched," said the officer, “in a the right arm was extended, the hand graspsolid column of twelve thousand men, in a ing the rifle near the muzzle, the butt of direct line upon the American defenses. I which rested near the toe of his right foot, belonged to the staff; and, as we advanced, while with the left hand he raised the rim of we watched through our glasses the position the hat from his eyes, and seemed gazing and arrangements of our enemy, with that from beneath intensely upon our advancing intensity an officer only feels when march- column. The cannon of General Coffee had ing into the jaws of death, with the assurance opened upon us, and tore through our ranks that, while he thus offers himself a sacrifice with dreadful slaughter; but we continued to the demands of his country, every action, to advance, unwavering and cool, as if nobe he successful or otherwise, will be judged thing threatened our progress. with the most heartless scrutiny.
“ The roar of cannon had no effect upon “It was a strange sight, that long range of the figure standing on the cotton bales, but cotton bales — a new material for breast- he seemed fixed and motionless as a statue. works — with the crowd of beings behind, At last he moved, threw back the hat rim their heads only visible above the line of de- over the crown with his left band, raised the fense. We could distinctly see their long rifle to the shoulder, took aim at our group. rifles lying over the bales, and the battery Our eyes were riveted upon him; at whom of General Coffee directly in our front, with had
had he leveled his piece? But the distance its great mouths gaping towards us, as if was so great, that we looked at each other they waited to devour us, and the position and smiled. We saw the rifle flash, and my of General Jackson, with his staff around right-hand companion, as noble a looking him. But what attracted our attention fellow as ever rode at the head of a regimost, was the figure of a tall man, standing ment, fell from his saddle. The hunter on the breastworks, dressed in linsey-woolsey, I paused a few moments, without moving the gun from his shoulders, then reloaded, and his rifle with the same unfailing aim, and assumed his former attitude. Throwing the with the same unfailing result; and it was hat rim over his eyes, and again holding it up with indescribable pleasure that I beheld, as with the left hand, he fixed his piercing gaze we neared the American lines, the sulphureupon us, as if hunting out another victim. ous cloud gathering around us, and shutting Once more the hat rim was thrown back, that spectral hunter from my gaze. We the gun raised to the shoulder. This time lost the battle; and, to my mind, the Kenwe did not smile, but cast short glances at tucky rifleman contributed more to our defeat each other, to see which of us must die; than any thing else ; for while he remained and when again the rifle flashed, another of to our sight, our attention was drawn from us dropped to the earth. There was some- our duties; and when, at last, we became thing the most awful in thus marching on enshrouded in the smoke, the work was comto certain death. General Coffee's battery, plete, we were in utter confusion, and unable, and thousands of musket-balls playing upon in the extremity, to restore order sufficient our ranks, we cared not for—there was a to make any successful attack. We lost the chance of escaping unscathed; most of us had battle.” walked as coolly upon batteries a hundred So long as thousands and thousands of rifles times more destructive without quailing; but remain in the hands of the people ; so long to know that every time that rifle was leveled as men come up from their childhood, able, towards us, and its bullet sprang from the ere the down appears on the chin, to hit the barrel, one of us must as surely fall; to see centre of a mark, or strike the deer, at one the gleaming sun flash as the deadly iron hundred and fifty yards, in the most vital point; came down, and see it rest, motionless as if so long as there is a great proportion of the poised upon a rock, and know when the ham- republic who live free as the wild Indian, mer struck, and the spark flew to the full knowing no leader but of their own choosprimed pan, that the messenger of death ing, knowing no law but that of right, and drove unerringly to its goal—to know this, the honorable observance of friendly interand still march on, was awful. I could see course, America is unconquerable; and all nothing but the tall figure standing on the the armies of the combined world, though breastworks; he seemed to grow, phantom- they might drive them from the sea-coast, like, higher and higher, assuming, through and across the Alleghany Mountains, would the smoke, the supernatural appearance of not be able to subdue the free-souled hunter some great spirit of death; again did he re- amongst the mountains, and great prairies, load and discharge, and reload and discharge and mighty rivers of the West.
BY J. M. KNOWLTOX.
Earth is full of gladsome pleasure,
Full of beauties bright and fair,
Than the choicest gems more rare!
As it hears the quiet call,
To the Power that gives us all.
Forms the lake, the wood, the stream,
To the sun its mellowing beam,
Gilds with grace and peaceful beauty
Ways through which the faithful wend,
May our grateful thanks ascend !
Scents the flower and decks the tree,
Spreads bright verdure o'er the lea.
Wrapt in wonder while we gaze,
Yield their Maker all the praise !
TOWN GLIMPSES BY THE AY-SIDE.
READER, did you ever see New-York ? mulated riches by prudence, industry, and
“Ay," says one, “ a thousand times;" and sagacity; but his wife would have a gentleanother answers, “I never saw any thing else.” man for a son, and there he is ! Well, I don't mean just looking about, and The old man is dead, and the son would walking about, inhaling the stench and fumes fain forget that his father was any thing but of the streets and cellars; but did you ever " a foreigner of distinction”-to wit: a French note with a careful eye the busy scenes cook, or an Italian barber. around you—the spirit that actuates, or the Do you see that lady who smiles so motive that urges the crowd which throngs sweetly on him as they meet! She is the around, as you hourly pass along? That daughter of a Broadway merchant, supman's fierce scowl, for instance, just now, as posed to have been very rich until lately; yonder stylish equipage dashes by, spat- built a house in Fifth Avenue, and was living tering the mud of the street upon him; or in style, as merchant-princes know how to live. that little, squalid, mire-saturated girl, who One fine day his store was closed; neither he sweeps the crossing, and humbly begs the nor his partners could be found; the winding recompense of a cent from you for her labor ? up of the concern showed twelve and a half These two illustrate my meaning; the ex- cents to the dollar; yet this man bought a britremes meet here.
dal-dress, the week before, at a cost of seven He that rolled along in his carriage, made hundred and fifty dollars, for that gay young his fortune upon the ruin of him that his lady there. “Poor unfortunate!" the world wheels soiled in their rapid whirl. No won said ; scheming scoundrel, I say. What der, then, that his fierce scowl betokens business had he to spend other people's hatred and revenge. And the little girl money at that rate! Did he not know, begs for a cent, honestly earned, and when when he spread a sumptuous feast on Newrudely refused, meekly submits to her fate Year's day, that it was not his own! He without repining. Are not these the ex- had no capital of his own when he started. tremities!
“Poor unfortunate !” Rogue, more like. Much there is to pain you, but also much Are you tired of this picture? No wonto amuse in this view of the metropolitan der. Well, look yonder-observe that cavworld. See that young man yonder, with alcade approaching. "Hallo! what is all his attempt to ape the "bearded pard" and this about; is it to teach drones their letfierce hussar, looking severe enough to ters? No? I declare, in this age of educafrighten young misses; only, alas! nature tion, I thought that maybe those men with being prematurely abused by dissipation, he letters on their shoulders were commissioned resembles some bungling, unfinished piece to go about into the highways and byeways, of statuary, made by an apprentice in Na- so that all might learn, while attending to ture's studio, and is thus more an object of their ordinary employments; a new plan to curiosity and pity than fear. The sunken teach 'the young idea how to shoot;' in eye and tottering knee show to what class fact, that every man might have a schoolhe belongs. Well, that creature's father was master at his own door." an honest, hard-working mechanic, and accu- No, Sir, you are altogether wrong. Pray stand here, and spell those letters in rota- fortune to him turns out "a blessing in distion as they pass :
guise;" for, while other men, with their
eyes open, are puzzled to make a living “WIZARD OF THE NORTH.”
for one family, this fellow manages to keep 6 Well ?"
two, and well at that; for, what with silent Why, don't you see that it announces appeals to the sympathy of passers-by, and the performance of Professor Anderson, the a little show of piety in the way of church great Wizard of the North?
membership, he manages to keep up with “Ha, ha, ha! capital! That is a new
the world probably better than he would if mode of advertising."
blessed with double vision : bis being blind, But here comes another of the same sort, makes others blind to his mistake of having reminding one of the old song,
children by different mothers, whose ages Four-and-twenty fiddlers all in a row;
(the children's, not the mothers') are within a Spell it now.
few days of the same. Poor fellow, he can
not see, and therefore knows not his wife "FELLOWS' MINSTRELS."
from any other; it isn't his fault, 'tis his " What does that mean ?”
misfortune. Mean, eh? Why, it means that ten or “But, after all, don't you think it a pity a dozen white men black their faces to imi- to see a man, made in the image of God, tate plantation negroes.
converted into a walking sign-board ?" “ White men degrading themselves after Oh, if you have reference to those alphathat fashion! Is it possible ?"
bet-carriers, I can't say that they are any Yes, and refined people, who imagine worse off than many others—an editor, for they have taste, patronize such exhibitions; instance. In fact, I think the pasteboard persons who would scorn to be seen at a man is the more to be envied of the two. theatre, crowd such resorts nightly. To Only think of the goodness of a man's heart, some, the difference is great betwixt tweedle- who consents to be labeled for the benefit dum and tweedledee ; so there they go to of his fellow-men. Why, it is a new feature grin at negro jokes and antics, while the in the moral world; every body passes by, soi-disant darkies laugh in their sleeves at looking in wonder and respect on the pastethem, and pocket the “quarters.” This con- board hero, as he walks calmly and placidly stitutes reciprocal happiness; no one is in- along the street, saying 'nothing to no body,' jured, and both parties are satisfied. and yet so eloquent all over. One would
Ah, here is another walking advertise almost have said his corporeal body thought, ment. This one is on his own hook, as the looking as if he was quite unconscious of newspapers say-sole editor and proprietor. any thing in particular, and yet all the time There is a slight difference, however, be- practising a silent ventriloquism-readable, tween this one and the others: they con- also, in the rear, like a book, telling a great tinually perambulate, this one is more often deal in the back-title. stationary. Read his placard :
Is he not to be envied ! Talk about dig
nity! I should like to know in what con“I AM BLIND.”
sists the difference between the walking “So, that is the reason of your remaining placard and the lying editor. Placard lets in statu quo. Well, well; what a pity that out his body for so much a day, for the pura man should be compelled to publish his pose of asserting a few questionable facts misfortunes to the world, with a tin sign about negro melodies, matchless pain exsuspended about his neck!"
tractors, and what not; and in like manner Never mind, my friend, keep your sym- does Mr. Editor let out his brains, daily or pathy for a more fitting object. That mis- weekly, to detail all the dubious facts or