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Being the latter part of the 75th, and the beginning of the 76th year
of the Independence of the United States of America ; the 6564th year of the Julian Period; the latter part of the 5611th, and the beginning of the 5612th
year since the creation of the world, according to the Jews; the 2604th year (according to Varro) since the foundation of
Rome; the 2598th year since the era of Nabonassar, which has been as
signed to Wednesday, the 26th of February, of the 3967th year of the Julian Period, which corresponds, according to the chronologists, to the 747th, and, according to the astron
omers, to the 746th year before the birth of Christ ;
Olympiad, beginning in July, 1849, if we fix the era of the
beginning of July of the year 3938 of the Julian Period;
year (of twelve lunations) since the Hegira, or flight of Mahomet, which, as is generally supposed, took place on the 16th of July, in the year 622 of the Christian era.
1. CALENDAR AND CELESTIAL PHENOMENA FOR
SIGNS OF THE PLANETS, &c.
4 Jupiter. The Earth.
h Saturn. DOC The Moon. Juno.
HI Herschel or Uranus. & Mercury.
Neptune. • Venus.
* A fixed star. ó Conjunction, or having the same Longitude or Right Ascension. o Quadrature, or differing 90° in 8 Opposition, or differing 180° in
The ascending, Y the descending node.
The sign + is prefixed to the latitude, or declination, of the Sun, or other heavenly body, when north, and the sign when south; but the former prefixed to the hourly motion of the Moon in latitude indicates that she is approaching, and the latter that she is receding from, the north pole of the ecliptic.
The letters M. A., m. a., denote Morning and Afternoon.
28 Roman Indiction, Lunar Cycle, or Golden Number, 9 Julian Period, .
go (Spring 1851, March 20th, 11 47 21 A.
8 35 12 A. 1 (Autumn
Sept. 23d, 10 42 56 M. y (Winter
Dec. 22d, 4 18 54 M.
Mean Time at Washing. ton Observatory.
d. Sun in the Winter signs,
89 1 15 40 Spring
92 20 47 51 Summer"
93 14 7 44 Autumn «
89 17 35 58 north of Equator, (Spring and Summer,) 186 10 55 35 south of
(Winter and Autumn,) 178 18 51 38 Length of the tropical year, commencing at
the winter solstice, 1850, and terminating > 365 5 47 13 Mean or average length of the tropical year, 365 5 48 48
MOVABLE FESTIVALS OF THE CHURCH IN 1851. Septuagesima Sunday, Feb. 16th | Rogation Sunday,
May 25th Quinq. or Shrove Sunday, Mar. 2d Ascen. Day, or Holy Th., May 29th Ash Wed., Lent begins, Mar. 5th Whitsunday, or Pentecost, June 8th Mid-Lent Sunday, Mar. 30th Trinity Sunday,
June 15th Palm Sunday,
June 19th Sunday,
Fête Dieu, Low Sunday,
April 27th Advent Sunday, Nov. 30th
April 20th Cerpulbichristi Day,}
(The anniversaries marked with an asterisk (*) are to be strictly observed. ] Year.
Names of the Months. 5611 Thebet begins,
Dec. 6, 1850 10th, Fast for the Siege of Jerusalem, Dec. 15, « Sebat begins,
Jan. 4, 1851 Adar begins,
Feb. 3, 14th, Little Purim,
Feb. 16, " Veader begins,
Mar. 5, 6 13th, Fast of Esther, 14th, *Purim,
Mar. 18, " 15th, Schuscan Purim,
Mar. 19, “ Nisan begins,
April 3,6 15th, *Beginning of the Passover,
April 17, 16th, *Second Feast, or Morrow of the Passover, April 18, “ 21st, *Seventh Feast,
. April 23, 22d, *End of the Passover, .
April 24, 6 “ Ijar begins,
May 3,“ 66 18th, Lag Beomer,
May 20, “ Sivan begins,
June 1, " 6th, *Feast of Weeks or Pentecost,
June 6, 66 7th, *Second Feast,
June 7, “ Thammus begins,
July 1,6 17th, Fast for the taking of the Temple,
July 17, " Ab begins,
July 30, " 9th, *Fast for the burning of the Temple,'.
Aug. 7, “ 66 Elul begins,
Aug. 29,6 5612 Tisri begins, *Feast for the New Year,
Sept. 27, 66 22, *Second Feast for the New Year,
Sept. 28,6 3d, Fast of Gedaljah,
Sept. 29, “ 6 10th, *Fast of the Reconciliation or Atonement, Oct. 6,“ “ 15th, *Feast of the Huts or Tabernacles, .