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such per cent. as Congress shall grant on the sale of lands in this State, shall be a fund, the interest of which, and the rents of unsold lands, shall be inviolably appropriated to the support of common schools. The proceeds and income of certain lands are set apart for the support of a University.
Being knowingly concerned in any way in a duel forfeits the right to vote, and to be elected to office. The credit of the State shall not be given or loaned to any individual or corporation. The real and personal property of the wife before marriage, and that acquired after by gift, devise, or descent, shall be her separate property. The Legislature shall protect by law from forced sale a certain portion of the homestead and other property of all heads of families. A plurality of votes shall constitute a choice, where not otherwise directed by the constitution.
No State debt or debts, amounting singly or in the aggregate with previous debts to $300,000, shall be contracted, except in case of war, unless such debt be authorized for some single work by a law, which shall provide means exclusive of loans for the payment of the annual interest, and of the principal in twenty years, which law shall be irrepealable until the debt and interest are paid, and shall not take effect until it shall have received a majority of all the votes cast at a general election by the people, and have been published at least three months before such election in one newspaper in each judicial district throughout the State.
Amendments to the constitution must be agreed to by a majority of the members elected to each of the two houses; be entered on the journals with the yeas and nays; be referred to the Legislature then next to be chosen, and be published three months previous to such election; be passed by a majority of all the members elected to this Legislature, be then submitted to the people, and, if approved by a majority of the qualified voters, they shall become a part of the constitution. Or if two thirds of both houses shall think a change necessary, they shall recommend to the people to vote for or against a convention, and if a majority so vote, the Legislature at its next session shall call a convention, to be held within six months, which convention shall consist of a number of members not less than that of both branches of the Legislature.
The boundary of the State shall be as follows: - Commencing at the point of intersection of the 42d degree of north latitude with the 120th degree of longitude west from Greenwich, and running south on the line of said 120th degree of west longitude until it intersects the 39th degree of north latitude; thence running in a straight line, in a southeasterly direction, to the River Colorado, at a point where it intersects the 35th degree of north latitude; thence down the middle of the channel of said river, to the boundary line between the United States and Mexico, as established by the treaty of May 30th, 1848; thence running west, and along said boundary line, to the Pacific Ocean, and extending therein three English miles; thence running in a northwesterly direction, and following the direction of the Pacific coast to the 42d degree of north latitude; thence on the line of said 42d degree of north latitude to the place of beginning; including also all the islands, harbours, and bays along and adjacent to the Pacific coast.
Government for the Year 1851.
PETER H. BURNETT, of San José,
Dec. 31, 1851), C. P. Ryland,
Gov.'s Priv. Secretary,
John McDougall, of Sacramento City, Lieutenant-Governor, $3 per day.
Governor (term expires
of San Francisco,
3. David P. Douglass, Stockton,
Secretary of State,
II. Poll tax of $5 each on 50,000 inhabitants,
Superior Court of San Francisco.
J. C. Smith,
Chief Sources of State Revenue. (Estimated.)
I. State tax of per cent. on $200,000,000 worth of real and personal
III. Miners' tax of $20 per month on 25,000 foreign miners, which may net
San Francisco, Brig.-Gen.
Whole value of taxable property,
Whole amount of absolute State debt,
Monthly interest on State debt,
Ordinary annual expenditure, inclusive of State debt,
Whole amount of revenue from all sources,
Whole amount of annual expenses of State government, including interest on
Balance remaining in the Treasury after deducting entire expenses of State government,
Post-Offices and Postmasters in California.
Special Post-Office Agent for California, R. T. P. Allen.
C. H. Hayden,
T. W. Hope,
S. B. Freeland,
J. D. Powers,
Jacob B. Moore,
Sacramento to Marysville,
The cost of the mail service to and in California is as follows:
Contract Laws Line, New York to Chagres, per annum,
Aspinwall's, Panama to San Francisco,
Mail agents, and freight of mails over the Isthmus,
The first mails despatched to California left New York the 2d of October, 1848, and were sent by way of Cape Horn. The subsequent mails have been sent by the Isthmus of Panama. The first mail was contained in a single bag. The one on the 23d of June, 1850, filled 160 bags.
These contracts were authorized by Congress, and made for ten years, for semi-monthly service on the east, and monthly on the west.
The contracts made for interior service in California by the special agent are as follows: San Francisco to Sacramento, .
$14,000 San Francisco to Monterey,
"" to Stockton, .
12,000 San José to Santa Cruz,
G. R. Buffmun,
G. A. Grunt.
From the best data, the emigration since January 1st, 1849, up to July 1st, 1850,
by sailing vessels and steamers, is about Americans over land from last year's emigration, Up to date over land of this year's emigration, From Oregon,
Charges of postage between any points in California and Oregon, 124 cents, and to any other place in the United States, 40 cents.
The amount of foreign arrivals by sea up to date, about
The number returned, about
Total now in the State,
Americans, up to date,
Foreigners, up to date,
The remaining population up to this date, Americans and foreigners, is, Natives and residents before January 1st, 1849,
Meteorological Table for Monterey, California. Lat. 36° 38' N.
William P. Bryant,
XXXII. OREGON TERRITORY.
JOHN P. GAINES, of Oregon City, Governor and Superintend-
Therm. Detached. Sun- 9 3 9 rise. A.M. P.M. P.M. 52.0 61.0 71.0 60.0 62.0 50.0 56.0 69.0 55.0 59.9 51.8 57.4 66.0 57.0 60.0 51.0 58.0 69.0 56.0 60.5 48.0 55.0 62.0 53.0 56.5 0.62 43.0 50 0 61.0 45.0 53.2 3.45 40.0 50.0 61.0 46.0 51.6 2.95 41.5 50.5 65.0 45.6 47.7 2.00 March, 30.076 30.740 30.018 30.043 38.8 52.8 52.8 50.0 42.0 51.0 62.0 46.8 47.2 4.22 April, 29.971 29.987 30.039 30.004 53.1 56.6 60.9 56.5 50.0 50.0 59.0 51.0 54.9 .33 May, 29.978 29.976 29.991 29.984 54.3 57.1 60.3 56.1 51.0 58.0 61.0 51.0 56.5 June, 29.824 29.815 29.833 29.836 54.6 58.2 61.0 53.751.0 59.0 62.0 53.0 56.9
9 Sun- 9 3 9
57.1 58.2 61.6 60.8
Slight earthquake at 8 A. M. on the 10th of July. At 9 P. M. on the 18th of August, very quick flashes of lightning. Foggy every evening through the month of September. Light rain on the 7th and 30th of October. Frost on the 24th of November; rained 10 days during the month. Rained 11 days in December, and violent storm on the 17th; heavy frost on the 4th and 29th. Rained 10 days during January; hail-storm on the 22d. 12th of February, at 3 P. M., thermometer 1220 in the sun; 6 rainy days; hail storms on the 21st, 25th, 26th, and 27th. 9 days' rain in March. 2 days' rain in April. The general flowering-time of fruit-trees along the coast is the middle of March, peaches generally taking the lead, but the interval between them and the pear and apple being less marked than in the States.
140 feet. By A. Randall.
Term expires. Salary.
Fees and 200
XXXIII. MINESOTA TERRITORY.
THIS Territory was organized by act of Congress of March 3, 1849, a full abstract of which act, containing boundaries, constitution, &c., is found in the Almanac for 1850, p. 145.
ALEXANDER RAMSEY, of St. Paul,
Joseph R. Brown,
William D. Phillips,
C. K. Smith,
David Olmsted, of Long Prairie,
Government for the Year 1851.
Broughton D. Harris,
Joseph L. Haywood,
of St. Paul,
Term ends. Salary.
President of Council.
Henry L. Moss, of Stillwater,
XXXIV. UTAH TERRITORY.
FOR the act establishing a territorial government in Utah, see post, Abstracts of Public Laws, No. 23.
Government for the Year 1851.
1853, $2,500 1,800
Term ends. Salary. Governor and Sup't of
Indian Affairs, 1854, $2,500