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Salary. John J. Adams, of Tecumseh, Auditor-General,

1,000 B. C. Whittemore, of Pontiac,

State Treasurer,

1,000 George V. N. Lothrop, of Detroit, Attorney-General, Exp. and 700 Francis W. Sherman, of Marshall, Sup't of Public Instruction, 500 Porter Kibber, of Mt. Clemens, Comm'r of Land-Office, 1,000 Henry C. Bunce, of Marshall, Recorder of Land-Office, 400 John E. Schwarz, of Detroit, Adj.-Gen. and Q. M. Gen., 450 Justis Goodwin, of Calhoun Co., Agent of State Prison, 750

The seat of government is located permanently at Lansing, Ingham county, to which place the public offices were removed in December, 1847. A new constitution, adopted in convention, will be submitted to the people in November, 1850. The judges and cabinet officers are, by an amend. ment of the constitution, made elective by the people; the first election to be in November, 1850.

Supreme Court.*

Salary. Charles W. Whipple, of Niles,

Chief Justice, $ 1,500 Warner Wing,

of Monroe, Associate Justice, 1,500 Sanford M. Green, of Pontiac,

1,500 Edward Mundy, of Grand Rapids,

1,500 Randolph Manning,

1,500 Samuel T. Douglass, of Detroit, Reporter,

500 The judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and hold office for seven years.

Circuit Courts. — There are five judicial circuits in the State, to each of which is assigned a justice of the Supreme Court, who holds one or two terms of the Circuit Court annually in each county. These courts have original equity jurisdiction, and appellate jurisdiction of probate cases and cases from the County Courts. They have concurrent jurisdiction with the County Courts of all civil actions where the amount in controversy exceeds five hundred dollars.

County Courts. — These are courts of general common law jurisdiction, both civil and criminal. They have exclusive jurisdiction of all actions where the amount in controversy does not exceed five hundred dollars, except cases cognizable by a justice of the peace, and concurrent jurisdiction with the Circuit Courts in all other civil actions, and in proceedings in equity for the foreclosure of mortgages. They have also appellate jurisdiction of causes cognizable by justices of the peace. Persons indicted for offences punishable by imprisonment in the State prison may demand a trial before the circuit judge, who in such cases presides in the County Court upon the trial. These courts are held by the county judge, or in his absence, or where be is interested, by the second judge, both of whom are elected by the people for four years, and are paid by fees.

Courts of Probate. - There is a Court of Probate in each county. The judge is elected by the people, and paid by fees.

* Judge Miles, of the Supreme Court, died Aug. 24, 1850.


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FINANCES. Balance in the Treasury, Nov. 30th, 1848, .

$ 51,681.55 Total receipts into the Treasury for the fiscal year,

494,165.06 Total available means for the year,

545,846.61 Total expenditures during the fiscal year,

490,399.22 Balance in the Treasury, Nov. 30th, 1849, .

55,447.39 Chief Sources of Income.


·$ 12,602.18 Taxes and sales of lands, among


9,570.74 which are

State prison,

14,609.54 Taxes on Michigan C. R. R., $ 11,000.00

To counties for taxes,

8,377.99 Michigan S. R. R., . 2,500.00

Expenses of sales of tax lands, 17,054.32
Erie and Kalamazoo,

State Library,

54.05 Mining in Territory, 1,264.00 Volunteer regiment, advanced U.S., 2,384.70 Banks,

State buildings,

1,793.91 Principal Items of Expenditure in 1849. School moneys apportioned, 39,382.95 Legislature, $ 53,709.16 Treasurer of University, .

5,096.27 The aggregate amount of indebtedness of the State of Michigan, as stated by the Auditor-General in his last report of December 1st, 1849, was,

$2,812,717.55 Some of it draws interest at 7 per cent., but the most of it bears only 6 per cent. interest.

The resources and property of the State, other than State buildings and furniture, are stated at

740,754.65 Consisting of balance due from Southern Railroad Co., of . $335,846.85 Due from the United States,

82,456.98 Wild lands, not including school lands, about

176,000.00 Cash on hand, - taxes due from counties, — due for lands and lots sold, – lands bought in for taxes, &c., &c., .

146,450.82 Leaving the actual State debt, over and above the resources of the State to be applied in payment,

$2,071,962.90 The following table shows the valuation of State property, both real and personal, from 1838 to 1849, inclusive ; also, the rate and amount of the State tax.

per Head.


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Rate of State tax.

Estimated Rate
Mills on $1.

Amount of Tax. 1838 42,952,495.61

$ 85,904.97

50 cts. 1839 46,192,702.29 2

92,385.43 50 1840 37,833,024.13

75,666.04 36 1841 34,603,021.85

103,809.03 1842 29,148,039.19 2

58,296.07 25 1843 27,696,940.41 2

55,393.88 21 1844 28,583,007.32 2

57,166.01 21 1845 28,922,097.59 2

72,305.23 24 1846 29,426,865.67 2.

73,562.15 23 1847 27,617,240.13 2}

69,043.10 19 1848 29,908,769.25 21

74,771.92 1848 Interest State debt tax,

36 23 on 1847.

75,947.41) 1849 28,999,202.23 21

72,498.00 1849 Interest State debt tax,

1 on 1848. 29,908.75) Common Schools in 1849. — Number of townships in the State, 471 ; number reporting, 448. Number of districts, 3,060; number reporting, 2,536. Number of children attending

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school during the year, 102,871. Number drawing public money, 125,218. Number of scholars under 4 years of age, 1,937; over 18, 5,022. 4,788 scholars have attended unincorporated, private, or select schools. Amount of school money apportioned $ 52,305.37; raised by tax, $ 73,801.92. Raised for purchasing, building, &c., school-houses, $ 51,085.20. Received from local funds, $ 6,830.68. Volumes in township libraries, 67,877. Mill tax for township libraries and support of schools, $ 17,830.11.

A State Normal School has been established at Ypsilanti, with an endowment of school lands. It is to be under the control of a Board of Education of six persons, appointed by the Legislature. The school buildings are now in process of erection.

Asylum for the Insane, and for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind. — By act of the Legis. lature of 1848, the Michigan Asylum for educating the deaf, the dumb, and the blind, was established at Kalamazoo, and by the same Legislature, “the Michigan Asylum for the Insane" was established at Flint. Both institutions are endowed with lands, and are under the control of a board of five trustees, elected by the Legislature. The buildings are not yet completed.

From a report of the Secretary of State, made under the act to procure statistical information, it appears that the land under cultivation in the State in 1848 was 1,437,460 acres, of which 465,900 acres were sown with wheat. The quantity of wheat raised was 4,739,300 bushels, and of all other grains 8,179,767 bushels; of wool produced, 1,645,756lbs. ; of sugar made, 1,774,3691bs.; in the State, there were 52,305 horses, 210,268 neat cattle, 152,541 swine, 610,534 sheep, 228 Aouring-mills, 568 run of stones, 719,478 barrels of flour made, 594 hands employed, $ 1,496,400 capital employed, 730 saw-mills, 157,179,257 fee of lumber sawed, 1,959 hands employed, $ 939,470 capital invested, and $4,660,074 in mer• chandise imported, exclusive of Detroit.

The Secretary thinks that the amount of capital said to be invested in saw and flour mills is underrated, but that the remainder of the report is nearly correct.


Government for the Year 1851. Joseph A. WRIGHT, Governor (term of office expires in Decem- Salary. ber, 1852),

$ 1,300 James H. Lane, Lieut.-Governor & President of the Senate, $3 a day. Charles H. Test, of Wayne Co., Secretary of State f. of Senate, 800 James P. Drake, of Indianapolis, Treasurer of State,

1,000 E. W. H. Ellis, of Goshen, Auditor of Public Accounts, 1,000 Samuel Hannah, of Wayne Co., Superintendent of Schools. James Morrison, of Indianapolis, President of State Bank, 1,300 James M. Ray,

Cashier of State Bank, 1,100 Allen May,

State Agent, * $ 1,000 and travelling expenses. Samuel Beck, of Indianapolis, Quartermaster-General, 100 David Reynolds,


100 Jacob P. Chapman,

of Indianapolis, State Printer. Lemuel Ford,

of Clark Co., Warden of State Prison, Samuel H. Patterson, of Jeffersonville, Keeper of the Penitentiary, Profits. John B. Dillon, of Indianapolis, State Librarian, Geo. W. Carr, of Lawrence Co., Speaker of the House. John M. Lord, of Grant Co., Clerk of the House. Frank Emerson, of Brownstown, Secretary of Senate. William Noel, of Rockville, Governor's Private Secretary, 300

* The State Agelit of Indiana has an office in the City of New York.

$ 600

$ 500

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Supreme Court.

Salary. Isaac Blackford, of Indianapolis, Chief Judge,

1,300 Samuel E. Perkins, of Richmond, Judge,

1,300 Thomas L. Smith, of New Albany,

1,300 Lucian Barbour, of Indianapolis, Attorney.General. Henry P. Coburn, of Indianapolis, Clerk,

Fees. The judges are appointed by the Governor and Senate for 7 years, and the senior in commission is the chief judge. This court holds its sessions at Indianapolis, in May and November. It has appellate jurisdiction only, except in cases of chancery in which the President of the Circuit Court may be interested.

Circuit Courts.
President Judges.

Prosecuting Attorneys.
Ist. Isaac Naylor,

of Crawfordsville. Jos. E. McDonald, of Lafayette. 2d. William T. Otto, of Brownstown. Lyman Leslie,

of Charleston. 3d. Courtland Cushing, of Madison. John Dumont, of Vevay. 4th. James Lockhart, of Evansville. Lemuel Q. De Bruler. 5th. Wm. W. Wick, of Indianapolis. 6th J. T. Elliott, of Newcastle. John B. Stitt,

of Centreville. 7th. John Law, of Vincennes. James C. Allen, of Rockville. 8th. Horace P. Biddle, of Logansport. William Z. Stuart, of Logansport. 9th. E. M. Chamberlain, of Goshen.

Joseph H. Mather, of Goshen. 10th. David McDonald, of Bloomington. Craven P. Hester, of Bloomington. 11th. Jeremiah Smith, of Winchester. Joseph S. Buckles, of Muncie. 12th. James W. Borden, of Ft. Wayne. Robert L. Douglass, of Angola. 13th. Wm. M. McCarty, of Brookville.

The president judges are elected by the Legislature for 7 years. The attorneys are chosen by the people for 3 years; and the associate judges and clerks of the courts are elected by the people for 7 years. The salary of the judges is $ 800 each; the attorneys have $ 150 each and fees. The judges hold two terms in each county annually. There are two associate judges in each county, who receive $2 a day during the session.

Common Pleas Courts.

Term ends. Salary. Tippecanoe Co., A. M. Crane, of Tippecanoe Co., 1855, $1 & fees. Marion Co.,

Edward Lander, of Indianapolis, 1856, Costs.

FinanCES. Balance in the Treasury, Oct. 31, 1848,

$ 694,096.09 Total receipts into the Treasury for year ending Oct. 31, 1849,

872,243.35 Total revenue,

$1,566,339.44 Total warrants on Treasury for same period,

1,137,398.25 Balance in Treasury, Oct. 31, 1849,

$ 428,941.19 Of this sum, however, $ 200,000 consists of a balance in the hands of the trustees of the Wabash and Erie Canal, over which the Treasury Department has no control, and a large portion of the remainder is made up of Treasury notes and land scrip, which have been redeemed and are ready for cancellation. Chief Sources of Income. Judiciary,

$ 21,728.67 Cash on hand,

$ 694,096.09
Public printing, .

7,471.22 Permanent revenue, •

443,650 22
State library,

751.99 State prison, 24,620.14 State prison,

2,475.04 Common school fund,


Interest on Treasury notes, 44,711.05 Wabash and Erie Canal trust, 277,820.80

Interest on public debt,

188,344.00 Wabash and Erie Canal,

531,859.83 Principal Items of Expenditure. Deaf and dumb, ·

26,370.00 Legislature, $ 28,465.86 Blind,

15,146.89 Executive, : 4,496.66 Insane Hospital, .

20,331.00 The Auditor's Report shows that the lands assessed for taxes of 1849 amounted to 15,794,163 acres. These lands, for the purposes of taxation, were valued at $ 55,067,080 ; improvements at $ 23,746,962; town lots and buildings at $ 14,667,368; corporation stock at $116,364; personal property, $33,453,391. Total of taxable property, $ 127,051,165. Polls assessed for 1849, 135,919. There is a poll-tax of 75 cents, and an ad valorem tax upon property of 25 cents on the $ 100, for State purposes.

State Debt. — Prior to 1847 the State owed on her foreign debt, principal, $ 11,048,000; interest, 83,326,640; total, $ 14,374,640. By the acts of the Legislature of 19th January, 1846, and 27th January, 1847, proposals were made to the holders of bonds that they should complete the Wabash and Erie Canal, and take the State's interest in it for one half of this debt, and the State would issue new certificates for the other half, upon which she would pay interest at the rate of four per cent. per annum until January, 1853, and after that time at five per cent., and issue certificates for one half of the arrears of interest, upon which she would pay interest at the rate of 24 per cent. per annum after January, 1853. In this 24 per cent. stock is also included one per cent. per annum upon the principal, which gives the holder of the old bond, when surrendered, five per cent. per annum upon the new five per cent, stock from the dividend day next preceding his surrender of the old bonds.

On the 1st day of July, 1849, there had been surrendered of the old bonds, and new certificates taken under this proposition by the State, of principal, $9,320,000, leaving then outstanding of her old bonds, of principal, $ 1,728,000. The State has issued of the new certificates of stock, paying four per cent. until 1853, and after that time five per cent., $4,660,000; of 2 per cent. stock, she has issued $ 1,656,207.50. The State keeps an agency in the city of New York for the surrender of the old stock, issuing the new, and receiving transfers of the new.

The State in 1839 - 40 authorized the issue of one and a half millions of treasury-notes to pay off her internal improvement liabilities. These notes were made receivable for all State dues, and have been annually returning into the treasury, and are now nearly all with. drawn from circulation. The State also issued bonds for the bank capital, and treasury-notes to pay the bank a debt which the State owed it. But these treasury-notes were based upon a sinking fund belonging to the State and held by the bank. The bank attends to the bonds issued for its capital, and also to the redemption of the notes based upon the sinking fund. The means held by the bank are considered ample for these purposes. The liabilities of the State and Canal may be thus stated:

State Debt. State's half principal of bonds surrendered,

$4,660,000.00 State's half interest on bonds with 1 per cent. of principal, with half of coupons added,

1,656,207.50 Total foreign debt, .

6,316,207.50 Add domestic debt, .

215,530.00 Total foreign and domestic debt,


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