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3d. George D. Shortridge, Montevallo,

William S. Mudd. 4th. Leroy P. Walker,


John S. Kennedy. 5th. Thomas A. Walker,

Jacksonville, William O. Winston. 6th. John Bragg,


William H. Platt.
William R. Smith, Fayette C. H.,

Daniel Coggin.
8th. George Goldthwaite, Montgomery,

Marion A. Baldwin. 9th. Robert Dougherty, Tuskegee,

Johnson J. Hooper. This court has original jurisdiction in all civil and criminal causes in the State. Two sessions (spring and fall) are held each year in every county. The Solicitors, besides fees, receive a salary of $ 250, except in the first circuit, where the salary is $ 350. The Attorney-General acts as Solicitor for the eighth circuit.

In Mobile County the criminal jurisdiction has been transferred to a special City Court for Mobile.

Salary. Alexander McKinstry, of Mobile, Judge,

$ 2,000 This court holds three terms each year, on the first Mondays of February, June, and December, and has concurrent jurisdiction with the Circuit Courts except in real actions. Judges of Probate, (who are also Clerks of the court and Registers of Deeds

for their respective counties). Counties. Judges. Counties. Judges. Counties. Judges. Antauga - Henley Brown, De Kalb - Reuben Estes, Monroe - Charles H. Foster, Baldwin - Patrick Byrne, Fayette - John C. Moore, Montgomery - H. N. Watson, Barbour Wm. K. Cowen, Franklin - Jas. H. Trimble, Morgan - Thomas Price, Benton Alexander Woods, Green - James R. Evans, Perry - James F. Bailey, Blount - John C. Gellespie, Henry – Hastings C. Owens, Pickens — Tristr. S. Thomas, Bibb - John W. Suttle, Jackson - John C. Dixon, Pike - Bird Fitzpatrick, Butler - Samuel J. Bolling, Jefferson - Irab Baily, Randolph – Joseph Burton, Chambers -- Samuel Pearson, Lawrence - Hen. H. McGhee, ssell - Thomas S. Tate, Clarke - Henley W. Coate, Lowndes - Edward H. Cook, Shelby – J. M. McClanahan, Choctaw- Carter N. Wilcox, Lauderdale - W. T. Hawkins, St. Clair — Irby Woolley, Cherokee-Wm. E. McDaniel, Limestone - Thos. G. Tyus, Sumter — Benj. J. H. Gaines, Coffee - James Claxton, Macon - Lewis Alexander, Talladega - Alex. J. Cotton, Conecuh- A. D. Carey, Madison - John W. Otey, Tallapoosa — Marcus C. Lane, Coosa - J. W. Suttle, Marion - John D. Terrell, Tuscaloosa

- Moses McGuire, Covington - Wm. T. Acree, Marengo - James A. Young, Walker - John Irwin, Dale - Abel Echols,

Marshall - Montg. Gilbreath, Washington — T. S. Parker, Dallas — Thomas G. Rainer, Mobile - Edwin Rust, Wilcox — John A. Jackson.

In consequence of an amendment of the constitution of the State, ratified in January, 1850, the preceding list of Judges of the Circuit Courts, Judge of the City Court of Mobile, and Judges of Probate were all elected by the people on the first Monday of May, 1850, and for the term of six years.

FINANCES. Balance in the Treasury, November 27, 1845,

$ 146,861.13 Received from all sources to November 27, 1847 (two years),


714.992.85 Total expenditures for ihe same period,

172.188.92 Balance, 27th November, 1847,


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Foreign debt of the State, December 31, 1849, .

$6,693,888.98 University Fund,

250,000.00 Sixteenth Section (school) Fund,

995,220.99 State bonds, invested in the capital stock of the Bank of Mobile, on which the State does not pay interest,

600,000.00 Total amount of foreign and domestic debt,

8,539,109.97 The annual liabilities of the State are as follows:-Interest on the University Fund,

$ 15,000.00 Interest on the Sixteenth Section Fund,

59,713.26 Interest on the foreign debt,

343,914.44 Estimated current expenses of the State government,

97,678.00 Immediate annual liabilities of the Treasury,

516,305.70 The immediate means to meet the above are: Balance in the Treasury, November 1, 1849, .

$538,792.44 Estimated amount of taxes for 1850,

487,987.48 Interest on $ 1,100,000, U. S. 6 per cent. stock owned by the State, 66,000.00 Estimated annual amount of receipts into the Treasury, including balance on hand, November 1, 1849,

1,092,779.92 From this amount deduct the annual disbursements, and there remains an unexpended balance at the close of 1850 of

576,474.22 From this balance it is proper to deduct the amount of notes of the State Bank and branches in the Treasury, November, 1849,

439,016.00 Estimated balance in the Treasury, November 1, 1850,

138,458.22 The above sum is liable to an extra charge of $60,000, appropriated for rebuilding the State Capitol.

The resources of the State (and which are mostly available) are as follows:U. S. six per cent. stock,

$1,100,000.00 Amount of debts due State Bank and branches, and which are estimated as good, 1,221,000.00 Stock in the Bank of Mobile (par value),

600,000.00 Cash unexpended in the hands of the Bank Commissioner, November, 1849, 564,314.64 Total assets,

3,485,314.64 From this amount deduct the outstanding circulation of the State Bank and branches, ..

618,407.00 Balance of assets,

2,866,907.64 All of which will probably be applied to the discharge of the State debt.

Joseph Bell,
Richard Griffith,
George T. Swann,
Charles B. Green,
John W. Patton,
Joseph Moseley,

Government for the Year 1851.

Term expires. Salary.

Jan. 1852, $ 3,000 Secretary of State,

1,200 State Treasurer,

1,500 Auditor of Public Accounts,

Keeper of the Capitol and Librarian,
Keeper of the Penitentiary,



66 1851,

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High Court of Errors and Appeals.

Term ends. Salary. William L. Sharkey, of Vicksburg, Presiding Judge, Nov. 1853, $ 3,000 Alexander M. Clayton,


3,000 Cotesworth P. Smith, of Woodville,

3,000 D. C. Green, of Jackson, Attorney-General,

1,000 Wilson Hemmingway,


Fees. John F. Cushman, of Woodville, Reporter.

The jurisdiction of the High Court is appellate exclusively. There are two terms each year in Jackson, commencing on the first Monday of November and January. The court may continue in session as long as business requires, and may order a special term, or adjourn to meet at any time.

The Superior Court of Chancery, held at the Capitol, at Jackson, is in law considered always open. The chancellor is authorized to hold the same at such times and for such periods as business may require, upon giving three weeks' notice in the newspapers. The District Chancery Courts have concurrent power and jurisdiction, within their respective districts, with the Superior Court of Chancery, where the amount in controversy does not exceed $ 500,000, and have the same power as the Chancellor of the State, both in term time and in vacation. Special terms of the District Chancery Courts may be holden by the vice-chancellors, respectively, by giving thirty days' public notice.

The Circuit Court has original jurisdiction in civil cases in which the sum in controversy exceeds $50. For each of the seven circuits, a judge and attorney are elected, every four years, in the month of November. It has also exclusive criminal jurisdiction. Superior Court of Chancery.

Salary. Stephen Cocke, of Lowndes Co., Chancellor, Nov. 1851, $ 2,600 John T. Simms, of Jackson, Clerk.

District Chancery Courts. Henry Dickinson, Vice-Chancellor, Northern Dist., Nov. 1851, $2,000 James M. Smiley,

Southern Dist.,

2,000 District or Circuit Courts.

Term ends.



District Attorneys.



District Attorneys.


Stanhope Posey. Edward H. Hicks. 5 Robert C. Perry.

Wiley P. Harris. John E. McNair. 6 Francis M. Rogers. 3 Patrick W. Tompkins. Charles E. Hooker. 7 Hugh K. Miller. 4 John Watts.

George Wood.

R. S. G. Perkins.
Isham Harris.
John W.Thompson

For the Fiscal Year ending April 30, 1850.
Receipts into the Treasury for the year,
Expenditures by warrant during the same period,




$ 94,403.05

State tax,


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Chief Sources of Income. Contingent funds (executive), $ 4,195 $334,689 Appropriations,

26,179 Internal improvement fund, 13,196 Penitentiary,

25,266 Sinking fund, 19,857 Printing,

5,323 Penitentiary,

Executed slaves,

3,762 Seminary fund, 1,251 University of Mississippi,

10,957 Redemption of lands,

Common schools,

17 Land sales,

Lunatic Asylum,

5,000 Institution for the Blind,

2,455 Principal Items of Expenditure. Seminary fund,

3,920 Legislature, $48,731 Commissions for assessing,

9,540 Judiciary, 82,307 Elections,

2,024 Executive, 8,869 Ten per cent. fund,

38,312 For the items and amount of taxable property in the State in detail, see the American Almanac for 1849, p. 278.

Common Schools - The school laws have been altered, and special laws for particular counties have been passed. When the system is completed and in successful operation, information will be furnished.




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Government for the Year 1851.

Term ends. Salary. JOSEPH WALKER, of Rapides, Governor,

Jan. 1854, $ 6,000 J. B. Plauche, of New Orleans, Lieut.-Governor,

$8 a day

[during the session of the Legislature. Charles Gayarré,

Secretary of State, Jan. 1854, 2,000 J. J. Gutiérrez,

Prio. Sec. to Gov., Perquisites and 600 George C. McWhorter,

Treasurer, Jan. 1852,

4,000 Louis Bringier,


600 Charles N. Rowley, of Concordia, Adj.and Insp.-General, 1854, 2,000 Louis Bordelon, of St. Landry, Auditor of Accounts,

4,000 Richard Lausk,

Register of Land-Office, 687.75 Alexander Dimitry,

Superintend. of Education," 3,000 A. D. Wooldridge,

State Engineer, Henry Dwy,

State Librarian.

600 E. W. Moise,

Speaker of House of Rep. The Legislature meets biennially on the third Monday in January. Senators, 32 in number, are chosen for four years ; one half every two years. Representatives, not less than 70, nor more than 100 (the present number is 98), are chosen for two years. The election is on the second Monday in November. The pay of members of the Legislature is $4 a day during the session, and while going and returning. No session shall last more than sixty days. Acts passed after fifty days shall be void. The State Treasurer is chosen biennially, by joint ballot. Since December, 1849, the seat of government has been at Baton Rouge.


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Supreme Court. This court consists of a chief justice and three associate justices appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, for the term of eight years. The court sits in New Orleans from the first Monday in November to the end of June, inclusive. The Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction only, when more than $ 300 is in dispute ; when the legality of any tax is in question ; on all fines and penalties imposed by municipal corporations; and in criminal cases, on points of law alone, when death, hard labor, or a fine of more than $ 300 is imposed. They may issue writs of habeas corpus in all cases where they have appellate jurisdiction. If the judges are equally divided, the judgment appealed from shall stand affirmed.

Term ends. Salary. George Eustis, of New Orleans, Chief Justice, 1854, $ 6,000 Pierre A. Rost, of St. Charles, Associate Justice, 1852, 5,500 Thomas Slidell, of New Orleans,

1856, 5,500 Isaac F. Preston,

5,500 W. W. King, of New Orleans, Reporter,

2,500 Isaac Johnson, of West Feliciana, Attorney-General, 1854, 3,000 Eugene Lasere,

Clerk in New Orleans, Fees. Robert Taylor,

Opelousas, Duncan S. Goodwin,

Alexandria, Henry H. Bry,


District Courts. The State shall be divided into not less than twelve, nor more than twenty, judicial districts, which may be reorganized every sixth year. One district judge is appointed for six years, for each district, except for the districts of New Orleans and Lafayette, where as many are appointed as are necessary. District judges must be citizens of the United States, above thirty years old, residents of the State for five years, and have practised law therein five years. The District Courts have jurisdiction when more than fifty dollars is at stake, and in all criminal cases.

District Courts of New Orleans : - 1st District. Districts.


Term ends. Salary. 1. John C. Larue,

1854, $ 3,500 Alfred Rousseau. 2. James N. Lea,

1854, 3,500 Thomas C. Poole. 3. Thomas H. Kennedy,

3,500 William P Bedlock. 4. George Strawbridge, 1852, 3,500 Thomas Gilmore. 5. A. M. Buchanan, 1850, 3,500 Prosper Le Blanc. Mortimer M. Reynolds, District Attorney.— John L. Lewis, Sheriff.

Other District Courts.
Districts. Judges.
Attorneys. Districts. Judges.

Attorneys. 2. Octave S. Rousseau, J. Foulhouse. 4. R. Wellman Nicholls, E. Legendre. 3. J. Calvin Clarke,

A. N. Jordan. 5. David A. Randall, G. A. Baby.

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