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Salary. Milo L. Bennett, of Burlington,

Associate Judge,

$1,375 Daniel Kellogg, of Rockingham,

1,375 Hiland Hall, of Bennington,

1,375 Luke P. Poland, of Morristown,

1,375 Peter T. Washburn, of Woodstock, Reporter,

Clerks of the Supreme and County Courts.

Samuel H. Blackmer,

Marshall Miller,

Frederic W. Hopkins,

Norman Williams,

George S. Swift,

Joseph Berry,

David B. Buckley,

Jackson A. Vail,

G. A. Burbank,

Edward B. Sawyer,

Grand Isle,
Elijah Haynes,

North Hero. Franklin, Joseph H. Brainerd,

St. Albans.
Henry M. Bates,

Isaac Cummings,

Guildhall. The judiciary powers are vested in a Supreme Court, consisting of six judges; in County Courts, or Courts of Common Pleas, comprising six circuits, each County Court being composed of one judge of the Supreme Court, who is ex officio chief justice of the County Courts of his circuit, and two assistant judges for each county; and in justices of the peace; all the judges and justices being chosen annually by the Legislature.

The Supreme Court sits once, and the County Courts twice a year, in each county. Each judge of the Supreme Court is Chancellor of a circuit. The Court of Chancery has two stated sessions annually in each county, and is always in session for all purposes except the final hearing of a cause. An appeal from the decree of the Chancellor lies to the Supreme Court.

Common Schools. — Number of school districts in the State, 2,647; number of scholars, 95,616; average of wages paid male teachers per month, $ 13.78; average of wages paid female teachers per month, $5.60; whole wages for males, $ 65,896.54; for females, $ 58,475.29; number of weeks of school by males, 19,125; females, 41,721 ; whole wages to teachers, $ 124,371.83; cost for wages, board, and fuel, $ 204,695.27; public money divided for support of schools, $ 74,180.15. The school fund was abolished in 1845, to pay the State bt.

State Prison. — Year ending Sept. 1, 1849. — Number of convicts, Sept. 1, 1848, 52; admitted during the year, 34; total, 86. 24 were discharged during the year; 13 by expiration of sentence, 6 by pardon, 1 escaped, and 4 died. One of the prisoners is a female. The income of the prison for the year was $ 3,652.99. Expenditures and loss, $ 6,713.05. Bal. ance of expenditures for the year against the prison, $3,060.06. Total liabilities exclusive of interest, $ 22,805.68; total assets, $ 19,460.81. Excess of liabilities, $ 4,849.79. Entire indebtedness, $5,849.79.

Vermont Asylum for the Insane, Brattleboro'. - William H. Rockwell, M. D., Superintendent. Since the opening of the asylum, there have been admitted, to September, 1849, 1,459 patients; 1,141 have been discharged, and 318 remain in the institution. Of the 1,459 patients thus admitted 666 have recovered, equal to 45.64 per cent. ; 165 have died, equal to 11.30 per cent. Of the 1,141 discharged, 666 have recovered, equal to 58.37 per cent. During the year ending August 1st, 1849, the whole number of patients was 448. Admitted, 136; discharged, 130; remaining in the institution, 318. Of those discharged, 74 were cured; 22 died; improved, 22; not improved, 12.

Terms of Admission. — For the first six months, $2 per week, and $ 1.75 afterwards. When the insanity is connected with epilepsy or paralysis, $ 2.50 per week. Patients are received from other States for $2 per week, or $ 100 per year.

Banks. — Number of banks in the State, 23; capital paid in, $ 1,829,395; circulation, $ 2,321,808. Total liabilities, $4,502,862.31. Notes and bills discounted, $3,541,081.22; deposits in city banks, $ 606,320.47; specie, $ 120,811.01; total resources, $4,623,731.70.

FINANCES, For Fiscal Year ending September 1, 1849. Amount received into the Treasury, including balance of 1848, $ 119,386.34 expended,

111,056.05 Balance in Treasury Sept. 1st, 1849,

$ 8,330.29 Principal Items of Expenditure.

Principal Sources of Revenue. Expenses of the Legislature, $27,651.32 In Treasury, Sept. 1, 1848, $3,659.40 Executive expenses, - salaries, 2,759.77 From taxes,

87,135.46 Judiciary, and prosecuting criine, 51,534.08 Safety and School Funds,

2,864.89 Military expenses, 1,299.03 Peddlers', &c., licenses,

3,165.00 Infirm poor, insane,and deaf and dumb, 8,289.78 Loans,

12,700.00 Common Schools, 3,698.08 State Attorneys,

4,178.86 Geological Survey, 133.33 Court fees by Clerks,

4,580.05 Agricultural Societies, &c.,

1,983.68 Financial disbursements,


State Liabilities, Sept. 1, 1849.
Indebted to Safety Fund Banks, $38,794.61] To meet which, it has, –
Salaries due October 1,
3,333.33 Balance in the Treasury,

$ 8,330 29 Due from Loans, 12,700.00 Taxes not collected,

37,886.91 Outstanding orders of Auditor and

Notes for School Fund,

6,424.30 County Clerks, 5.312.43 From County Clerks,

1,775.00 Total,

$ 60,170.37 Demands (good) in hands of State's Resources, 59,416.50 Attorneys,

5,000.00 Balance against the State, 753.87

$ 59,416.50

IV. MASSACHUSETTS. Government for the Year ending the 1st Wednesday in January, 1851.

Salary. GEORGE N. BRIGGS, of Pittsfield, Governor,

$2,500 John Reed,

of Yarmouth, Lieutenant-Governor, $4 a day. William B. Calhoun, of Springfield, Sec. of Commonwealth, 1,600 Ebenezer Bradbury, of Newburyport, Treas. and Receiver-Gen., 1,600 David Wilder, Jr., of Leominster, Auditor,

1,500 George H. Devereux, of Salem, Adj.-Gen. and Keeper of

Military Stores, 1,500

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Salary. William Tufts,

1st Clerk, Secretary of State's Office, 1,200 Joseph Foster, 1st Clerk, Treasurer's Office,

1,200 Barnas Sears,

of Newton, Sec. of Board of Educa

tion and State Librarian, 1,500 Marshall P. Wilder, of Dorchester, Pres't of the Senate, $ 4 per day. Ensign P. Kellogg, of Pittsfield, Speaker of House of Rep. “ Charles Calhoun,

of Boston, Clerk of Senate, $10 per day. Charles W. Storey, Jr., of Boston, Clerk of House, 10 per day.


Supreme Judicial Court. Lemuel Shaw, of Boston, Chief Justice,

$3,500 Samuel S. Wilde, of Boston, Justice,

3,000 Charles A. Dewey, of Northampton,

3,000 Theron Metcalf, of Boston,

3,000 Richard Fletcher, of Boston,

3,000 John H. Clifford, of New Bedford, Attorney-General,

2,500 Luther S. Cushing, of Boston, Reporter,

300 Charles R. Train, of Framingham, District Attorney, N. Dist. 1,000 H. G. O. Colby, of New Bedford,


1,000 Ezra Wilkinson, of Dedham,

800 William Porter, Jr., of Lee,

800 Asahel Huntington, of Salem,


800 Samuel D. Parker, of Boston,

Attorney, Co. of Suffolk, 2,000 The Supreme Court consists of five judges, who hold office during good behaviour. It has exclusive cognizance of all capital crimes, and exclusive chancery jurisdiction, so far as chancery powers are given by statute; and concurrent original jurisdiction of all civil cases, where the amount in dispute exceeds $600, in Suffolk, and $ 300 in the other counties. It holds law terms in eight of the fourteen counties of the State, and nisi prius terms in all the counties.

Court of Common Pleas. Daniel Wells, of Greenfield, Chief Justice,

$2,300 Edward Mellen, of Wayland, Associate Justice,

2,100 Horatio Byington, of Stockbridge,

2,100 George Tyler Bigelow, of Boston,

2,100 Jonathan C. Perkins, of Salem,

2,100 E. Rockwood Hoar, of Concord,

2,100 The Court of Common Pleas is held for the trial of civil cases above $ 20, and, except in Suffolk County, has criminal jurisdiction in all cases not capital. In Suffolk, the criminal jurisdiction is surrendered to the Municipal Court. There are six judges, and frequent terms are held in every county. Since July, 1850, Trial Justices, several of whom are appointed by the Governor in each county, to hold office for seven years, exercise the jurisdiction formerly held by justices of the peace; to issue writs, &c., in all civil cases under $ 20, and warrants in all criminal cases; and the power

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of justices of the peace is limited to that extent, except that, in criminal cases, they may issue warrants returnable before a Trial Justice. This act does not affect the Police Courts, nor the “ Justices' Court” of Boston, which the Justices of the Police Court hold on Wednesdays and Saturdays.

Police Court of Boston. John G. Rogers, Jas. C. Merrill, Abel Cushing, Justices, salary, $1,500 each.

Commissioners of Insolvency. John M. Williams, of Boston,

for Suffolk County. John G. King,

of Salem,

for Essex Asa F. Lawrence, of Pepperell, for Middlesex Henry Chapin,

of Worcester,

for Worcester Myron Lawrence, of Belchertown, for Hampshire Daniel W. Alvord, of Greenfield, for Franklin George B. Morris, of Springfield, for Hampden Thomas Robinson, of Adams,

for Berkshire Francis Hilliard,

of Roxbury,

for Norfolk Welcome Young, of E. Bridgewater, for Plymouth David Perkins,

of Fall River,

for Bristol Zeno Scudder,

of Barnstable, for Barnstable George Cobb,

of Nantucket, fof Nantucket Leavitt Thaxter,

of Edgartown,

for Dukes These Commissioners hold a Court of Insolvency at the shire towns in their respective counties on the first Tuesday of each month, and as much oftener as they may deem necessary. Salary, — fees not exceeding the amount of $1,500 each.

Probate Courts.

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Salary. Barnstable, Nymphas Marston, $400 Timothy Reed,

$ 500 Berkshire, Daniel N. Dewey,

375 Henry W. Bishop,

550 Bristol, Oliver Prescott,

400 Anselm Bassett,

750 Dukes, Theod. G. Mayhew, 100 B. C. Marchant,

150 Essex, Daniel A. White, 600 Nathaniel Lord, Jr., 1,500 Franklin, George Grennell, 240 Wendell T. Davis,

425 Hampden, Oliver B. Morris,

240 Justice Willard,

550 Hampshire, Ithamar Conkey,

240 Samuel F. Lyman,

450 Middlesex, Samuel P. P. Fay,

700 Isaac Fiske,

1,500 Nantucket, Samuel Mitchell, 200 George Cobb,

300 Norfolk, Sherman Leland, 400 Jonathan H. Cobb, 700 Plymouth, Aaron Hobart,

350 Jacob H. Loud,

650 Suffolk, Edward G. Loring,

800 H. M. Willis, 2,000 Worcester, Thomas Kinnicutt,

600 Charles G. Prentiss, 11,500

The receipts of all kinds, including loans, for the year ending January
Ist, 1850, were

$1,078,340.85 The entire expenditure for the same period was .

1,057,406.93 Excess of receipts, .



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Principal Items of Expenditure. School for Idiots,

$2,500.00 Councillors, $3,779.00 Bounty to militia,

19,713.04 Legislature, 81,146.50 State Prison,

4,200.00 Salaries,

72,157.69 Prevention of counterfeiting, 1,489.15 Adj'nt and Q. M. General's Dep't, 5,500.00 Pensions, .

1,387.17 Fuel, &c., for State-House, 1,071.08 State Reform School,

5,648.94 Repairs of do. 5,469.70 Life boats and preservers,

2,500.00 Furniture for do. 1,265.40 Miscellaneous,

18,804.14 Stationery for do.


Total ordinary expenditure, 512,409.23 State printing, .

16,717.50 Newspapers and advertising, 3,537.80 Term reports,


Chief Sources of Income.
Auction tax,

38,579.94 County Treasurers,


338,264.55 State paupers,


Attorney for Suffolk County, 11,217.84 Interest on temporary loans, 5,881.38

Alien passengers,

10,306.08 Railroad do.

Alien Estates,

1,678.90 Western Railroad scrip, 50,150.00

Hawkers and peddlers' licenses, 1,842.00 Agricultural Societies,

Interest on deposits, .

461.66 American Institute of Instruction, 300.00

Lands in Maine, .

995.83 Asylum for the Blind,

9,000.00 Deaf and Dumb,

Western Railroad dividends, 87,136.00 8,155.08 Miscellaneous,

419.91 Eye and Ear Infirmary,

7,000.00 State Lunatic Hospital,

Total ordinary revenue,

490,903.71 The debt of Massachusetts, on its own account, was, on the 1st January, 1850, $ 1,085,508.50 Liability of the Commonwealth for scrip loaned to the various railroads, 5,049,555.56 Total absolute and contingent debt,

6,135,064.06 The value of the property of the Commonwealth, January 1, 1850, consisting

of notes, mortgages, railroad stock and scrip, cash on hand, and proceeds of temporary loans,

$2,539,061.96 Western Railroad stock sinking fund, interest in, say,

123,500.00 Claim on United States for militia services in last war,

181,000.00 Real estate unproductive,

1,315,100.00 State Reform School fund in the hands of trustees,

20,000.00 Mortgages on the various railroads,

5,049,555.56 Total property of the Commonwealth,

9,228,217.52 Excess of resources over liabilities,

$3,093,153.46 To this may be added about 2,000,000 acres of Maine lands, worth $1,500,000, the proceeds of the sales of which are to be divided between the school fund and the sinking fund until they amount to $1,000,000 each; and also the Western Railroad loan sinking fund, held in trust by the Commonwealth, $ 541,841.

Institutions for Savings. - In the 42 institutions that made returns, there were 71,629 depositors, and $ 12,111,553.64 deposits securely invested. The average annual per cent. of dividends of the last five years is 5.9 per cent. The whole expense of managing these 42 Savings Banks was $ 37,361.26.

Insurance Abstract for 1849. — Number of stock offices, 29, 16 of which are in Boston. Capital, $5,775,000. In United States stocks and Treasury.notes, $ 52,239. Bank stocks in Massachusetts, $4,045,044. Stock of the State of Massachusetts, $ 174,438. Loans on bottomry and respondentia, $ 87,650. Real estate, $ 447,258. Mortgages on do., $ 840,386. Loans on collateral and personal security, $ 390,386; loans on personal security only, $ 421,632. Cash, $ 211,742. Reserved or contingent fund, $ 402,932. Railroad stock, $415,190. Losses ascertained and unpaid, $ 93,212. Estimated losses in addition, $ 232,629. Premium notes, $2,188,603. Notes bad or doubtful, but not charged to profit and loss, $ 12,410. At risk, marine, $ 63,696,079; fire, $ 58,428,929. Premiums on fire risks undetermined, $ 435,572. Average annual dividends for 5 preceding years, or since incorporated, 84 per cent. (Boston offices, a fraction over 9 per cent.) Fire losses paid last year, $ 210,025. Marine losses do., $1,428,770.

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